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A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer’s Cane has been

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A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer’s Cane has been  [#permalink]

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A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer’s Cane has been called one of the three best novels ever written by Black Americans—the others being Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man.

(A) Black Americans—the others being Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man

(B) Black Americans—including Native Son by Richard Wright and Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison

(C) a Black American—including Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man

(D) a Black American—the others being Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man

(E) a Black American—the others being Richard Wright’s Native Son and Ralph Ellison’s Invisible Man

Originally posted by KC on 23 Oct 2006, 21:15.
Last edited by hazelnut on 09 Nov 2018, 19:06, edited 7 times in total.
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Re: A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer’s Cane has been  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2012, 06:00
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Why in spite of stating the names of the three authors, GMAT prefers to use the term, a Black American, is a riddle. It may be because a Black American notionally stands as a generic name for all the Black American authors. But GMAT seems to have ignored that point and gone for some subtle //ism by choosing E.

A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer's Cane has been one of the three best novels ever written by Black Americans-the other being Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man.

a. Black Americans-the other being Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man ------ wrong comparison between a book and some humans


B.Black Americans-including Native Son by Richard Wright and Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison --- Toomer’s Cane should be matched by equally parallel Richard Wright’s Native Son and Ralph Ellison’s Invisible Man and not by the prepositional possessive using - of -.

c.a Black American-including Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man --- wrong comparison; same as in A

d.a Black American-the others being Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man – wrong comparison; same as in A and C

e.a Black American-the others being Richard Wright's Native Son and Ralph Elision’s Invisible Man --- correct parallelism, possibly the best among the lot , in spite of the prickly “ A Black American”
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Re: A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer’s Cane has been  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2013, 11:44
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Use of being is not always wrong on GMAT.

Go through the below link in order to understand correct usage of being:

http://gmatclub.com/forum/when-you-shou ... l#p1133958

hope it helps
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Re: A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer’s Cane has been  [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2015, 01:39
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I don't understand why B is incorrect?
The reason that Ron Purewal shows in the Manhattan forum is that "Native Son by Richard and Invisible Man by Ralph" is not parallel to "Jean Toomer's Cane". But I think is it necessary to make parallelism exactly word by word like this? Is Noun vs Noun not enough?

The other reason that I think why B is incorrect is that the usage of "including" right after "Black Americans" because it may make sense that "Including" modifies "Black Americans". But according to what I learn from e-GMAT SC course, Including definitely can jump over "Black Americans" to modify "Best Novels" if there is no ambiguity and "Black American" cannot be placed any else where. So I think choice B is the case.
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Re: A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer’s Cane has been  [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2015, 00:58
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tronghieu1987 wrote:
I don't understand why B is incorrect?
The reason that Ron Purewal shows in the Manhattan forum is that "Native Son by Richard and Invisible Man by Ralph" is not parallel to "Jean Toomer's Cane". But I think is it necessary to make parallelism exactly word by word like this? Is Noun vs Noun not enough?

The other reason that I think why B is incorrect is that the usage of "including" right after "Black Americans" because it may make sense that "Including" modifies "Black Americans". But according to what I learn from e-GMAT SC course, Including definitely can jump over "Black Americans" to modify "Best Novels" if there is no ambiguity and "Black American" cannot be placed any else where. So I think choice B is the case.


Hi tronghieu1987,

Thanks for posting your question here. :-)

I would reject answer choices B and C for the usage of "including". Now "including" is a noun modifier that should modify the preceding noun entity. However, it cannot jump over the prepositional phrase "by Black Americans" because it modifies the action denoted by the verb-ed modifier "written". It does not modify the noun entity "one of the three best novels". So here we can say that usage of "including" does leave a scope for some ambiguity.

So choice B is ambiguous and Choice C presents incorrect comparison because the book has been compared to two novelists.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
SJ
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Re: A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer’s Cane has been  [#permalink]

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A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer's Cane has been called one of the three best novels ever written by Black Americans-the others being Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellision, author of Invisible Man.

The novel Cane was written by Jean Toomer. Since Jean Toomer is singular and should be followed by a singular noun (a Black American). Eliminate A and B.

As we are mentioning the three best novels, the novels and not the authors should follow. Eliminate C and D

Originally posted by OptimusPrepJanielle on 02 Jun 2015, 11:08.
Last edited by OptimusPrepJanielle on 17 Jun 2015, 07:23, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer’s Cane has been  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Apr 2016, 08:50
After the correction, it is clear that E is the answer, since A, C and E wrongly compare a novel with some authors and B says a novel by some author and a novel by another author, rather than saying B’s novel and Y’s novel to structurally match the first one that says Tommer’s Cane.
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Re: A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer’s Cane has been  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2016, 01:37
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The essential structure of the sentence could be simplified to “one of the three best novels ….
A the other
B including
C including
D the other
E the others
There are two other novels. Eliminate the singular “other” in A and D. “Including” implies there are still others in addition to the two mentioned (Native Son and Invisible Man). This is not true. Only E remains. Other reasons also lead to E, as many have pointed out. Simplifying sentences can bring you to the right answer quickly.
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Re: A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer’s Cane has been  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2016, 07:51
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reto wrote:
KC wrote:
A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer’s Cane has been called one of the three best novels ever written by Black Americans—the others being Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man.

A. Black Americans—the others being Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man
B. Black Americans—including Native Son by Richard Wright and Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison
C. a Black American—including Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man
D. a Black American—the others being Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man
E. a Black American—the others being Richard Wright’s Native Son and Ralph Ellison’s Invisible Man


Just stumbled over this OG Question and wondering what's wrong with B?

IMO it compares Books/Novels with Books/Novels since the expressions "Native Son" and "Invisible Man" are written in italics. So B is in my view superior because it is shorter and therefore more concise than E which is rightly parallel and comparing Novels with Novels.

The only thing which would make me go for E, is that it sounds more parallel than B. How to decide in this case?




To clarify this, you have to see what is the including pointing to.

One of the three best novels by black Americans, including.

This implies that Cane includes the other two novels. This is plain wrong!!!

One of the three best novels by black Americans, the other being..

This clarifies that Cane is one and the other two are blah blah.

Hope this helps
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Re: A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer’s Cane has been  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2016, 15:38
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Choice B is a problem because of using the inappropriate ‘including’ whether with the dash or without the dash. If we mean to have the dash, as an adverbial modifier, it will wrongly modify the book ' 'Cane’ as Blackfoot has pointed out. If you use it without the dash, then it will absurdly refer to Black Americans that include two novels
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Re: A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer’s Cane has been  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2017, 22:07
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iloveTroyeSivan wrote:
A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer's Cane has been called one of the three best novels ever written by Black Americans—the others being Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man.
A. Black Americans—the others being Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man.
B. Black Americans — including Native Son by Richard Wright and Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison.
C. a Black American — including Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man.
D. a Black American — the others being Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man.
E. a Black American — the others being Richard Wright's Native Son and Ralph Ellison's Invisible Man.
I am wondering whether B or E is the right answer and the reason for it. Thank you.



Hi..

Firstly the Q must have been discussed and you would readily get answers to your queries.

Now WHY E wins over B..
1) we are talking of a novel being written by indls so a black American is better than black Americans.
2) parallelism:- Toomer's cane is PARALLEL with Wright's native son ..
3) we are talking of 3 novels and in second part we have listed out the other two. INCLUDING means there are other novels apart from these three. So " the others" is better than " including"
So E
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Re: A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer’s Cane has been  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2017, 04:27
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A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer’s Cane has been called one of the three best novels ever written by Black Americans—the others being Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man.

A. Black Americans—the others being Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man - the sentence makes it clear that you're comparing novels, not their authors ; their second half mistakenly mention the people themselves as part of the comparison.
B. Black Americans—including Native Son by Richard Wright and Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison - (b) is not as parallel as (e), either. since the original says "jean toomer's cane", the others should also have the form "X's Y", not "Y by X".
C. a Black American—including Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man - same as A
D. a Black American—the others being Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man - same as A
E. a Black American—the others being Richard Wright’s Native Son and Ralph Ellison’s Invisible Man - Correct

Answer E
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Re: A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer’s Cane has been  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Apr 2018, 21:35
how did we figure out that a black american is correct and not Black Americans??
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Re: A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer’s Cane has been  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2018, 22:03
(A) Black Americans—the others being Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man - The list considered here is the novels. So we need novels to be in parallel.

(B) Black Americans—including Native Son by Richard Wright and Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison - The list should be parallel to Jane Toomer's Cane. Richard Wright's Native son and Ralph Ellison's Invisible Man would be a better option.

(C) a Black American—including Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man - Repeats the error in A

(D) a Black American—the others being Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man - Repeats the error in A

(E) a Black American—the others being Richard Wright’s Native Son and Ralph Ellison’s Invisible Man - Correct.

Answer: E
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Re: A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer’s Cane has been  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2018, 20:21
suramya26 wrote:
how did we figure out that a black american is correct and not Black Americans??


suramya26, In non underlines portion author's name Jean Toomer is mentioned. Novel cane is written by only one author.

You can find best explanation in below site.

https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/foru ... t6725.html

Ron, as always, has given best explanation.
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Re: A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer’s Cane has been  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2018, 12:51
Quote:
A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer’s Cane has been called one of the three best novels ever written by Black Americans—the others being Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man.


(A) Black Americans—the others being Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man - Incorrect. Wrong comparison.

(B) Black Americans—including Native Son by Richard Wright and Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison - Incorrect.

(C) a Black American—including Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man - Incorrect.

(D) a Black American—the others being Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man - Incorrect. Wrong comparison.

(E) a Black American—the others being Richard Wright’s Native Son and Ralph Ellison’s Invisible Man - Correct. Parallelism.

Answer: (E).
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Re: A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer’s Cane has been  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2018, 05:44
chetan2u, GMATNinjaTwo, egmat - I got this question correct for a valid reason. What I am still wondering the usage of 'Black American' vs ' A Black American' . Am I correct in understanding that 'A black american' gives meaning of out of many black american [ i.e. a number vs the number concept] ? And what should follow in this sentence to make meaning with 'one of the'...?
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Re: A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer’s Cane has been  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2018, 14:39
Em dash: Twice as long as the en dash, the em dash can be used in place of a comma, parenthesis, or colon to enhance readability or emphasize the conclusion of a sentence. For example, She gave him her answer - No!
Whether you put spaces around the em dash or not is a style choice. Just be consistent.
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Re: A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer’s Cane has been  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2018, 04:03
(A) Black Americans—the others being Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man

(B) Black Americans—including Native Son by Richard Wright and Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison

(C) a Black American—including Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man

(D) a Black American—the others being Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man

(E) a Black American—the others being Richard Wright’s Native Son and Ralph Ellison’s Invisible Man
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Re: A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer’s Cane has been  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2019, 03:25
KC wrote:
A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer’s Cane has been called one of the three best novels ever written by Black Americans—the others being Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man.

(A) Black Americans—the others being Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man

(B) Black Americans—including Native Son by Richard Wright and Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison

(C) a Black American—including Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man

(D) a Black American—the others being Richard Wright, author of Native Son, and Ralph Ellison, author of Invisible Man

(E) a Black American—the others being Richard Wright’s Native Son and Ralph Ellison’s Invisible Man


why E is better than B.
first, "Richard's Son" is paralel to "Tom's Cane". this paralel is good.
second thing is "including"
"including " is used to list some of elements in a group and there are still some of element in the group we do not know. for example,

many persons, including MrA and Mr. B, studied gmat

in this sentence, we still do not know all elements in the group. so, including is good

but, if we know all elements in the group, as in the case of choice E, we can not use "including". we already have known 3 novels. no novel is unknown to us, so "including" can not be used

this use of "inluding" is terrible because it is not explaned in the grammar books.

300 persons, 2 persons my friends and others your friends, studies gmat

in this sentence, "others" means the remaining persons. but if we write

Tom' Cane is one of the 4 best novels, including Richard's Son and Raft's Man

in this sentence , "including " is used, because there is still one element we do not know. "others" can not be here logically.

in choice E, one element is mentioned in the previous part, the remaining is mentioned in the second part, "others" is logically used to refer to the remaining part.

takeaway is that
INcluding is used to mention some elements in a group, all members of which we do not know.
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Re: A mixture of poems and short fiction, Jean Toomer’s Cane has been   [#permalink] 28 Jan 2019, 03:25
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