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A political party considered by many citizens extreme

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A political party considered by many citizens extreme  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 02 Nov 2013, 04:50
3
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A
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A political party considered by many citizens extreme and incompetent is working hard at overcoming what it perceives as an unfair and prejudiced public image. The group believes it is stereotyped simply because it opposes any preemptive military action, which is unpopular, and calls for a 50% reduction in carbon emissions, a cut far more severe than most citizens want.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the party's belief about the source of its poor public image?

A) The current ruling political party, whose popularity is at near record levels, launched a preemptive military strike against a neighboring country three weeks ago.
B) A neighboring country recently suffered a surprise attack that devastated its country and polluted its environment.
C) A popular rival party bans unilateral attacks to defend the homeland and unconditionally supports a 60% reduction in carbon emissions.
D) A recent poll showed that a party whose most prominent candidate supports preemptive war and minimal carbon restrictions is quite popular.
E) Twenty years ago, a pacifist party successfully and popularly ruled the country.


Source: platinumgmat.com | OE to follow

Originally posted by avohden on 01 Nov 2013, 15:56.
Last edited by dentobizz on 02 Nov 2013, 04:50, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: A political party considered by many citizens extreme  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2013, 19:18
A) The current ruling political party, whose popularity is at near record levels, launched a preemptive military strike against a neighboring country three weeks ago.--- Incorrect, because it does not prove both preemptive military action and carbon emissions as the cause of unpop. It only says that the ruling part is popular even though it has launched a military strike... What about the carbon emissions though????
B) A neighboring country recently suffered a surprise attack that devastated its country and polluted its environment.--- Out of Scope.
C) A popular rival party bans unilateral attacks to defend the homeland and unconditionally supports a 60% reduction in carbon emissions.--- CORRECT because it shows that the popular party is doing both the things but even more extreme than the not popular party... Weakens for sure.
D) A recent poll showed that a party whose most prominent candidate supports preemptive war and minimal carbon restrictions is quite popular.--- Strengthens the argument. Supports preemptive way and minimal carbon emission is popular. That means a part who does not support both is not going to be popular. Exactly what the question stem says. But we want the OPPOSITE.
E) Twenty years ago, a pacifist party successfully and popularly ruled the country.--- Out of Scope.
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Re: A political party considered by many citizens extreme  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Nov 2013, 19:29
Official Explanation

Correct Answer: C
- If the political party's belief about the source of its public image is correct (i.e., "it is stereotyped simply because" [i.e., only because] of its position on military action and carbon emissions), any other political party that holds these two views (or more extreme versions of them) will have the same public image (or worse). If it can be shown that another political party hold these same two views (or views citizens consider more extreme) and yet this other party is popular, the argument is weakened. Note that the citizens do not consider the 50% carbon reduction extreme because they view it as too small but because they view it as too large (i.e., "a cut far more severe than most citizens want").

A. In order to undermine the original argument, we must show that a popular party supports both preemptive war and 50+% reductions in carbon emissions. It could be that the electorate will tolerate preemptive war, unless it is accompanied by large carbon cuts—in which case the public cannot tolerate the political party anymore.

B. This answer provides information that is not relevant to the country in question. Although we might be tempted to believe that the attack on the neighboring country changed the attitudes toward preemptive war among citizens of the country in question, we cannot make this assumption, especially since the original question explicitly states that preemptive war "is unpopular" among the despised party's constituents. Further, this does not directly address the carbon reduction issue.

C. This answer shows that a party that is even more extreme on the two issues in question is popular. Consequently, it cannot "simply" be the unpopular party's stance on these two issues that causes the poor public image. Note as well that "unilateral attacks to defend the homeland" include preemptive attacks.

D. The original question implies that the party with a bad public image is unpopular because of its stance against preemptive military action and for environmentalism. If anything, this answer strengthens the original argument instead of weakening it since it provides some evidence that the party's positions on these two issues are a source of unpopularity.

E. This answer only deals with the "preemptive military action" and not the reduction in carbon emissions. Since the original argument depends "simply" (i.e., only) on these two issues and yet this answer only addresses one (and it addresses the one issue by referring back to 20 years ago, when the electorate and country no doubt were much different), this answer does not seriously weaken the original argument.
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Re: A political party considered by many citizens extreme  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jan 2014, 12:14
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akashb106 wrote:
A) The current ruling political party, whose popularity is at near record levels, launched a preemptive military strike against a neighboring country three weeks ago.--- Incorrect, because it does not prove both preemptive military action and carbon emissions as the cause of unpop. It only says that the ruling part is popular even though it has launched a military strike... What about the carbon emissions though????
B) A neighboring country recently suffered a surprise attack that devastated its country and polluted its environment.--- Out of Scope.
C) A popular rival party bans unilateral attacks to defend the homeland and unconditionally supports a 60% reduction in carbon emissions.--- CORRECT because it shows that the popular party is doing both the things but even more extreme than the not popular party... Weakens for sure.
D) A recent poll showed that a party whose most prominent candidate supports preemptive war and minimal carbon restrictions is quite popular.--- Strengthens the argument. Supports preemptive way and minimal carbon emission is popular. That means a part who does not support both is not going to be popular. Exactly what the question stem says. But we want the OPPOSITE.
E) Twenty years ago, a pacifist party successfully and popularly ruled the country.--- Out of Scope.


And you want to know something else about A? What does record levels mean? Is it record high's low's? One cannot make such an assumption

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Re: A political party considered by many citizens extreme  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2014, 04:09
CAUSAL RELATIONSHIP- Opposing any preemptive military action, which is unpopular, and call for a 50% reduction in carbon emissions -------leads to being-----stereotyped as extreme and incompetent......

TO WEAKEN GIVE EVIDENCE TO THE CONTRARY.......

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the party's belief about the source of its poor public image?

C) A popular rival party bans unilateral attacks to defend the homeland and unconditionally supports a 60% reduction in carbon emissions. SINCE EVIDENCE TO CONTRARY..... HENCE CORRECT ANSWER
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Re: A political party considered by many citizens extreme  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2017, 17:29
everything is clear in this question.
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A political party considered by many citizens extreme  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2017, 06:10
Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the party's belief about the source of its poor public image?

C) A popular rival party bans unilateral attacks to defend the homeland and unconditionally supports a 60% reduction in carbon emissions.
D) A recent poll showed that a party whose most prominent candidate supports preemptive war and minimal carbon restrictions is quite popular.

Nice question ! This party X blamed 2 things - preemptive war and 60% CO2 emission - for the poor public image. To weaken this belief, show that the public had supported some party in spite of these two reasons.

D is a good trap answer choice. But D fails to provide an absolute value for "minimal" carbon restrictions. What's minimal for the public may be quite smaller a value than 60%.
C stands out clearly.
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A political party considered by many citizens extreme &nbs [#permalink] 15 Dec 2017, 06:10
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