Author 
Message 
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Joined: 13 Jun 2013
Posts: 277

A positive integer x has 60 divisors and 7x has 80 divisors. What is t [#permalink]
Show Tags
22 Jan 2015, 02:01
Question Stats:
45% (01:58) correct 55% (01:40) wrong based on 120 sessions
HideShow timer Statistics
A positive integer x has 60 divisors and 7x has 80 divisors. What is the greatest integer y such that \(7^y\) divides n? a) 0 b) 1 c) 2 d) 3 e) 4
Official Answer and Stats are available only to registered users. Register/ Login.



Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 8102
Location: Pune, India

Re: A positive integer x has 60 divisors and 7x has 80 divisors. What is t [#permalink]
Show Tags
22 Jan 2015, 02:43
manpreetsingh86 wrote: A positive integer x has 60 divisors and 7x has 80 divisors. What is the greatest integer y such that \(7^y\) divides n?
a) 0 b) 1 c) 2 d) 3 e) 4 Total number of factors of x = 60 = (p+1)*(q+1)*(r+1)... = 2^2 * 3 * 5 Now note that 7x has only one 7 more than x. The number of all other prime factors stays the same. Total number of factors of 7x = 80 = (p+2)*(q+1)*(r+1)... = 2^4 * 5 Here, the 3 of previous expression has disappeared so it must have converted to 4. Does it make sense? Let's see: Total number of factors of x = 60 = 2^2 * 3 * 5 = (3+1)*(2+1)*(4+1) Total number of factors of 7x = 80 = 2^2 * 4 * 5 = (3+1)*(3+1)*(4+1) Perfect! The powers of other factors stay the same. Only the power of 7 increases by 1. So initially, in x, the power of 7 must have been 2. Hence the maximum value of y must be 2. Answer (C)
_________________
Karishma Veritas Prep  GMAT Instructor My Blog
Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199
Veritas Prep Reviews



Current Student
Status: The Final Countdown
Joined: 07 Mar 2013
Posts: 288
Concentration: Technology, General Management
GPA: 3.84
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)

Re: A positive integer x has 60 divisors and 7x has 80 divisors. What is t [#permalink]
Show Tags
10 Feb 2015, 11:51
I am still unable to understand this explanation.. Total number of factors of x = 60 = 2^2 * 3 * 5(Its fine till here) = (3+1)*(2+1)*(4+1)(why this??) Total number of factors of 7x = 80 = 2^2 * 4 * 5(Its fine till here) = (3+1)*(3+1)*(4+1)(why this??) And this part leaves me The powers of other factors stay the same. Only the power of 7 increases by 1. So initially, in x, the power of 7 must have been 2. Hence the maximum value of y must be 2. Could you please elaborate on this?How can a 3 become a 4?and why?and how does 7 come into the picture? TIA!



Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 8102
Location: Pune, India

Re: A positive integer x has 60 divisors and 7x has 80 divisors. What is t [#permalink]
Show Tags
10 Feb 2015, 22:38
Ralphcuisak wrote: I am still unable to understand this explanation.. Total number of factors of x = 60 = 2^2 * 3 * 5(Its fine till here) = (3+1)*(2+1)*(4+1)(why this??) Total number of factors of 7x = 80 = 2^2 * 4 * 5(Its fine till here) = (3+1)*(3+1)*(4+1)(why this??) And this part leaves me The powers of other factors stay the same. Only the power of 7 increases by 1. So initially, in x, the power of 7 must have been 2. Hence the maximum value of y must be 2. Could you please elaborate on this?How can a 3 become a 4?and why?and how does 7 come into the picture? TIA! Tia, I think you need to check out this post first: http://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2010/12 ... lynumber/This tells you that if N is of the form a^p*b^q*c^r..., the Total Number of Factors of a number N = (p+1)(q+1)(r+1)... (note that this is the number of factors of N, not N itself) Here you are given that total number of factors on x is 60. Remember, x is not 60. The total number of factors of x is 60. You need to write 60 in the form (p+1)(q+1)(r+1)... One way of doing that is \(60 = 4*3*5 = (3+1)*(2+1)*(4+1)\) Note that 4 = 3+1, 3 = 2+1, 5 = 4+1. So we have done nothing except changed the form. When will we write that total number of factors of x are (3+1)*(2+1)*(4+1)? This happens when x is of the form \(a^3 * b^2 * c^4\)
_________________
Karishma Veritas Prep  GMAT Instructor My Blog
Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199
Veritas Prep Reviews



Math Expert
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 5911

Re: A positive integer x has 60 divisors and 7x has 80 divisors. What is t [#permalink]
Show Tags
11 Feb 2015, 21:27
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote: manpreetsingh86 wrote: A positive integer x has 60 divisors and 7x has 80 divisors. What is the greatest integer y such that \(7^y\) divides n?
a) 0 b) 1 c) 2 d) 3 e) 4 Total number of factors of x = 60 = (p+1)*(q+1)*(r+1)... = 2^2 * 3 * 5 Now note that 7x has only one 7 more than x. The number of all other prime factors stays the same. Total number of factors of 7x = 80 = (p+2)*(q+1)*(r+1)... = 2^4 * 5 Here, the 3 of previous expression has disappeared so it must have converted to 4. Does it make sense? Let's see: Total number of factors of x = 60 = 2^2 * 3 * 5 = (3+1)*(2+1)*(4+1) Total number of factors of 7x = 80 = 2^2 * 4 * 5 = (3+1)*(3+1)*(4+1) Perfect! The powers of other factors stay the same. Only the power of 7 increases by 1. So initially, in x, the power of 7 must have been 2. Hence the maximum value of y must be 2. Answer (C) hi, you have given a good way of solving it .. kudos for that i can think of one straight way to do it.. let the number(x..n..?) be a^k*b^l...7^t.. here we are just interested in value of 't'. two points now.. 1) n=a^k*b^l...7^t.. so number of factors=(k+1)(l+1)..(t+1)=60.. lets take all other values as z ie z=(k+1)(l+1)..... so z(t+1)=60....(1) 2)7n=a^k*b^l...7^(1+t).. so number of factors=(k+1)(l+1)..(t+2)=80.. as we take all other values as z ie z=(k+1)(l+1)..... so z(t+2)=80....(2) from eq (1)and(2)... 80(t+1)=60(t+2)... t=2.. so ans is 2.. C
_________________
Absolute modulus :http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolutemodulusabetterunderstanding210849.html#p1622372 Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
GMAT online Tutor



Intern
Joined: 07 Feb 2015
Posts: 3

Re: A positive integer x has 60 divisors and 7x has 80 divisors. What is t [#permalink]
Show Tags
11 Feb 2015, 21:42
chetan2u wrote: VeritasPrepKarishma wrote: manpreetsingh86 wrote: A positive integer x has 60 divisors and 7x has 80 divisors. What is the greatest integer y such that \(7^y\) divides n?
a) 0 b) 1 c) 2 d) 3 e) 4 Total number of factors of x = 60 = (p+1)*(q+1)*(r+1)... = 2^2 * 3 * 5 Now note that 7x has only one 7 more than x. The number of all other prime factors stays the same. Total number of factors of 7x = 80 = (p+2)*(q+1)*(r+1)... = 2^4 * 5 Here, the 3 of previous expression has disappeared so it must have converted to 4. Does it make sense? Let's see: Total number of factors of x = 60 = 2^2 * 3 * 5 = (3+1)*(2+1)*(4+1) Total number of factors of 7x = 80 = 2^2 * 4 * 5 = (3+1)*(3+1)*(4+1) Perfect! The powers of other factors stay the same. Only the power of 7 increases by 1. So initially, in x, the power of 7 must have been 2. Hence the maximum value of y must be 2. Answer (C) hi, you have given a good way of solving it .. kudos for that i can think of one straight way to do it.. let the number(x..n..?) be a^k*b^l...7^t.. here we are just interested in value of 't'. two points now.. 1) n=a^k*b^l...7^t.. so number of factors=(k+1)(l+1)..(t+1)=60.. lets take all other values as z ie z=(k+1)(l+1)..... so z(t+1)=60....(1) 2)7n=a^k*b^l...7^(1+t).. so number of factors=(k+1)(l+1)..(t+2)=80.. as we take all other values as z ie z=(k+1)(l+1)..... so z(t+2)=80....(2) from eq (1)and(2)... 80(t+1)=60(t+2)... t=2.. so ans is 2.. C hi chetan2u, super bro.. how could simplify it so easily ..



Senior Manager
Status: Math is psychological
Joined: 07 Apr 2014
Posts: 423
Location: Netherlands
GMAT Date: 02112015
WE: Psychology and Counseling (Other)

Re: A positive integer x has 60 divisors and 7x has 80 divisors. What is t [#permalink]
Show Tags
02 Mar 2015, 14:10
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote: manpreetsingh86 wrote: A positive integer x has 60 divisors and 7x has 80 divisors. What is the greatest integer y such that \(7^y\) divides n?
a) 0 b) 1 c) 2 d) 3 e) 4 Total number of factors of x = 60 = (p+1)*(q+1)*(r+1)... = 2^2 * 3 * 5 Now note that 7x has only one 7 more than x. The number of all other prime factors stays the same. Total number of factors of 7x = 80 = (p+2)*(q+1)*(r+1)... = 2^4 * 5 Here, the 3 of previous expression has disappeared so it must have converted to 4. Does it make sense? Let's see: Total number of factors of x = 60 = 2^2 * 3 * 5 = (3+1)*(2+1)*(4+1) Total number of factors of 7x = 80 = 2^2 * 4 * 5 = (3+1)*(3+1)*(4+1) Perfect! The powers of other factors stay the same. Only the power of 7 increases by 1. So initially, in x, the power of 7 must have been 2. Hence the maximum value of y must be 2. Answer (C) Great Karishma. I also read your post and it was quite helpful. One question I have refers to the difference of x and 7x. What do we mean with "7x has only one 7 more than x" and with "Only the power of 7 increases by 1"? I do understand the difference between (3+1)*(2+1)*(4+1) and (3+1)*(3+1)*(4+1), and I can see that the 2 became a 3. But I don't know how this relates to 7...



Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 8102
Location: Pune, India

Re: A positive integer x has 60 divisors and 7x has 80 divisors. What is t [#permalink]
Show Tags
02 Mar 2015, 20:04
pacifist85 wrote: One question I have refers to the difference of x and 7x. What do we mean with "7x has only one 7 more than x" and with "Only the power of 7 increases by 1"?
I do understand the difference between (3+1)*(2+1)*(4+1) and (3+1)*(3+1)*(4+1), and I can see that the 2 became a 3. But I don't know how this relates to 7... Ask yourself, why does 2 become 3? Say \(x = 2^3 * 7^2 * 11^4\) Total number of factors of \(x = (3+1)*(2+1)*(4+1) = 60\) What will be 7x? \(7x = 2^3 * 7^3 * 11^4\) When you prime factorize 7x, you will get another 7. Total number of factors of \(7x = (3+1)*(3+1)*(4+1) = 80\)
_________________
Karishma Veritas Prep  GMAT Instructor My Blog
Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199
Veritas Prep Reviews



Senior Manager
Status: Math is psychological
Joined: 07 Apr 2014
Posts: 423
Location: Netherlands
GMAT Date: 02112015
WE: Psychology and Counseling (Other)

Re: A positive integer x has 60 divisors and 7x has 80 divisors. What is t [#permalink]
Show Tags
03 Mar 2015, 01:52
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote: pacifist85 wrote: One question I have refers to the difference of x and 7x. What do we mean with "7x has only one 7 more than x" and with "Only the power of 7 increases by 1"?
I do understand the difference between (3+1)*(2+1)*(4+1) and (3+1)*(3+1)*(4+1), and I can see that the 2 became a 3. But I don't know how this relates to 7... Ask yourself, why does 2 become 3? Say \(x = 2^3 * 7^2 * 11^4\) Total number of factors of \(x = (3+1)*(2+1)*(4+1) = 60\) What will be 7x? \(7x = 2^3 * 7^3 * 11^4\) When you prime factorize 7x, you will get another 7. Total number of factors of \(7x = (3+1)*(3+1)*(4+1) = 80\) So, the point it that you can get whatever number using this number of factors for x: (3+1)*(2+1)*(4+1). Then, you see than when x becomes 7x, the number of factors of one of the bases increases: (3+1)*(3+1)*(4+1). Since the only thing that changed is that 7x has an additional prime factor (7), we conclude that this 7 belonged to (2+1) that became (3+1). Then we know that it was 2 before and this is how we get to our answer.



Manager
Joined: 14 Jul 2014
Posts: 187
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 600 Q48 V27 GMAT 2: 720 Q50 V37
GPA: 3.2

Re: A positive integer x has 60 divisors and 7x has 80 divisors. What is t [#permalink]
Show Tags
11 Apr 2016, 09:08
How is n related to x? I didn't understand this question at all..



Senior Manager
Joined: 03 Apr 2013
Posts: 288
Location: India
Concentration: Marketing, Finance
GPA: 3

A positive integer x has 60 divisors and 7x has 80 divisors. What is t [#permalink]
Show Tags
31 Oct 2016, 04:53
manpreetsingh86 wrote: A positive integer x has 60 divisors and 7x has 80 divisors. What is the greatest integer y such that \(7^y\) divides n?
a) 0 b) 1 c) 2 d) 3 e) 4 Here's another method to do this. I have used algebraic method here.. First of all..notice that a power of 7 has to be a part of n already for the given condition to be true, because if that is not the case..then a completely new 7 will make the number of factors as 120(exactly double). The number of factors of n can be written as (a+1)(b+1)(c+1)...(s+1)(t+1) = 60...(t+1) is for powers of 7  eq(1)
Let (a+1)(b+1)...(s+1) = k
According to the next condition.. (a+1)(b+1)....(s+1)(t+2) = 80
Or
k(t+2) = 80 => k(t+1+1) = 80 => k(t+1) + k = 80 Using the given value => 60 + k = 80 => k = 20 Using this value in eq(1)
(t+1) = 3 => t = 2
And Voila! Answer(C)
_________________
Spread some love..Like = +1 Kudos



Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 8102
Location: Pune, India

Re: A positive integer x has 60 divisors and 7x has 80 divisors. What is t [#permalink]
Show Tags
31 Oct 2016, 05:42
dina98 wrote: How is n related to x? I didn't understand this question at all.. Note that n is a typo. The question is "What is the greatest integer y such that 7^y divides x?
_________________
Karishma Veritas Prep  GMAT Instructor My Blog
Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199
Veritas Prep Reviews



Senior Manager
Joined: 13 Oct 2016
Posts: 367
GPA: 3.98

A positive integer x has 60 divisors and 7x has 80 divisors. What is t [#permalink]
Show Tags
31 Oct 2016, 10:06
As I understand there should be x instead of n. If x has 60 divisors we can represent it as follows: 1*60; 2*30; 3*20; 4*15 ; 5*12 ; 6*10 ; 2*2*15 ; 2*3*10 ; 2*2*3*5 \(p^{59}\) ; \(p*q^{29}\) ; \(p^2*q^{19}\) ; \(p^3*q^{14}\) ; \(p^4*q^{11}\) ... (etc.  power of prime is 1 less than its representation in factor grouping) Now if 7 is not present in initial number x, then in 7*x we’ll have 120 as total number of factors (we are adding 2 additional choices for additional prime and due to multiplication rule the whole result will be doubled). So the only possibility is that 7 is already a prime factor of x. In this case, we just need to increase its power by 1. The obvious choice we can spot at first glance is 3*20. In order to get 80 we need 4*20. So the initial power of 7 in x was one less than 3. Answer 2 (C) Kind of amateurish by I hope understandable



Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Apr 2014
Posts: 485

A positive integer x has 60 divisors and 7x has 80 divisors. What is t [#permalink]
Show Tags
01 Jan 2018, 21:15
I solved it like this:
First thing to note: if x does not have 7 as one of the prime factors, then 7x will have double the factors i.e. 120
so x already has 7 as one of the prime factors. say prime factorization of \(x = (p + 1)(q+1)(r+1).... = 60\) (total factors) Let p be the power of 7 in x
then prime factorization of \(7x = (p+1+1)(q+1)(r+1).... = 80\) substituting \((q+1)(r+1)....\) as = \(60/(p+1)\) => \((p+2) * 60/(p+1) = 80\) => \(3p + 6 = 4p + 4\) => \(p = 2\) so x has \(7^2\) has the factor.
So maximum y such that \(7^y\) will divide x is 2 => (C)




A positive integer x has 60 divisors and 7x has 80 divisors. What is t
[#permalink]
01 Jan 2018, 21:15






