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A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on Ja

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A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on Ja [#permalink]

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A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on James Baldwin's books that Baldwin wrote in France while he was living there.

A) on James Baldwin's books that Baldwin wrote in France while he was living there
B) about the books James Baldwin wrote in France
C) into James Baldwin's books written while in France
D) on the books of James Baldwin, written while he lived in France
E) the books James Baldwin wrote while he lived in France
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on Ja [#permalink]

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Comparing the differences in the answer choices, I'm going to focus on the part that comes right before the underlined part. To research on? To research into? To research about? The only one that makes sense is to research the books.

If you're not familiar with that idiom, or rather, that there is no prepositional phrase comes after to research, separate the answer choices based on wrote or written.

The choices that say written make it ambiguous as to who was doing the writing. I would focus on ABE first.

At that point hopefully you will notice that to research on and to research about are both incorrect. E is the answer.

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Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on Ja [#permalink]

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"he lived in France" does not have a clear antecedent. So A,D, and E are out.

B is less wordy. Though the info that "he lived there" is being omitted I would pick B.

Whats the OA?

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Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on Ja [#permalink]

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nikhilnaik wrote:
"he lived in France" does not have a clear antecedent. So A,D, and E are out.

B is less wordy. Though the info that "he lived there" is being omitted I would pick B.

Whats the OA?

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the books James Baldwin wrote while he lived in France

straight E
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Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on Ja [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2016, 08:41
paidlukkha wrote:
nikhilnaik wrote:
"he lived in France" does not have a clear antecedent. So A,D, and E are out.

B is less wordy. Though the info that "he lived there" is being omitted I would pick B.

Whats the OA?

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the books James Baldwin wrote while he lived in France

straight E

The problem with E , in my opinion, is that who lived in France? Baldwin or Proff? So I selected B. Wats OA?

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Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on Ja [#permalink]

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shashanksagar wrote:
paidlukkha wrote:
nikhilnaik wrote:
"he lived in France" does not have a clear antecedent. So A,D, and E are out.

B is less wordy. Though the info that "he lived there" is being omitted I would pick B.

Whats the OA?

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the books James Baldwin wrote while he lived in France

straight E

The problem with E , in my opinion, is that who lived in France? Baldwin or Proff? So I selected B. Wats OA?

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Although "he" is apparently ambiguous, there is a principle stated in Manhattan SC guide as follows:
"Proximity: The pronoun should refer to the closest eligible antecedent."
Nonetheless the guide also makes it clear that this principle is "not absolute".

Now in the subject question options A to D can be eliminated because of wrong idiomatic usage of "research". Option E is the best, although there is a slight ambiguity with the pronoun "he" - this ambiguity can be ignored because of the principle stated above.
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Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on Ja [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2016, 05:11
sayantanc2k wrote:
shashanksagar wrote:
paidlukkha wrote:
[quote="nikhilnaik"]"he lived in France" does not have a clear antecedent. So A,D, and E are out.

B is less wordy. Though the info that "he lived there" is being omitted I would pick B.

Whats the OA?

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the books James Baldwin wrote while he lived in France

straight E

The problem with E , in my opinion, is that who lived in France? Baldwin or Proff? So I selected B. Wats OA?

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Although "he" is apparently ambiguous, there is a principle stated in Manhattan SC guide as follows:
"Proximity: The pronoun should refer to the closest eligible antecedent."
Nonetheless the guide also makes it clear that this principle is "not absolute".

Now in the subject question options A to D can be eliminated because of wrong idiomatic usage of "research". Option E is the best, although there is a slight ambiguity with the pronoun "he" - this ambiguity can be ignored because of the principle stated above.[/quote]
Ok... but what is the issue with B then?

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Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on Ja [#permalink]

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shashanksagar wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
shashanksagar wrote:
The problem with E , in my opinion, is that who lived in France? Baldwin or Proff? So I selected B. Wats OA?

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Although "he" is apparently ambiguous, there is a principle stated in Manhattan SC guide as follows:
"Proximity: The pronoun should refer to the closest eligible antecedent."
Nonetheless the guide also makes it clear that this principle is "not absolute".

Now in the subject question options A to D can be eliminated because of wrong idiomatic usage of "research". Option E is the best, although there is a slight ambiguity with the pronoun "he" - this ambiguity can be ignored because of the principle stated above.

Ok... but what is the issue with B then?

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"Research about" is unidiomatic. "Research" as a verb does not take any preposition.
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Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on Ja [#permalink]

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Hi!
Picked up a wrong one solely focused : Research on / research the/ research about.
daagh / syantanc2k / chetan4u/ egmat / magoosh: kindly throw some light on the idiom usage. although the mbaprepcoach did share on it, but I am unable to grasp the concept.
Looking forward to read your analysis ...
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Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on Ja [#permalink]

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walker wrote:
A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on James Baldwin's books that Baldwin wrote in France while he was living there.

A) on James Baldwin's books that Baldwin wrote in France while he was living there
B) about the books James Baldwin wrote in France
C) into James Baldwin's books written while in France
D) on the books of James Baldwin, written while he lived in France
E) the books James Baldwin wrote while he lived in France


A B C D wrong idiomatic usage of research

to research on= WRONG
to research about = WRONG
to research into = WRONG

E is the only remaining option.
The entire exercise has become a POE trick rather than actually honing into the right answer using elegant grammar rules.
"He" is ambiguous in E but by the "pronoun touch rule for unclear antecedents" :- Such pronouns are considered to refer the to the closest noun or other pronoun.
"He" refers to the closest noun which is Baldwin and thus this options delivers the correct intended meaning of the sentence.
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Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on Ja [#permalink]

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My dear @LogicGuru1, to me, the entire SC section is a POE exercise, as opposed to an exercise in mastery of grammar rules. It's a process of mastering one difference at a time. In my opinion, or rather in my experience which is pretty deep.

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Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on Ja [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2016, 01:34
walker wrote:
A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on James Baldwin's books that Baldwin wrote in France while he was living there.

A) on James Baldwin's books that Baldwin wrote in France while he was living there
B) about the books James Baldwin wrote in France
C) into James Baldwin's books written while in France
D) on the books of James Baldwin, written while he lived in France
E) the books James Baldwin wrote while he lived in France


Hi mikemcgarry , DmitryFarber, daagh and other experts !

I have serious doubts in this question and questions like this that stress on diction and idiomatic usages don't breed much confidence in me.

I have a couple of doubts in this question if you can help.

- Can you please clear the air around the right idiomatic usage of research - how "research on" / "research into" etc. differ when used in right context.And how the usage of a preposition after research (when used as verb) jeopardizes the meaning.
- is the usage of 'there' correct in option A when it is used to refer back to a noun i.e. France.
- is there any sort of pronoun ambiguity in option D or E (that actually counts against this option) as suggested by many posts.
- is it correct to say that in option A pronoun 'he' can't refer to James Baldwin because the noun is in possessive form.

Thanks in advance !

Regards
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Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on Ja [#permalink]

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can you please elaborate on why is research on , research about, research into wrong?

as research on also seems correct here as the books were written in past and the professor now is researching on those books not the books .. we generally research on a topic not research the topic.

please explain

Last edited by smanujahrc on 29 Mar 2017, 04:23, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on Ja [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2017, 04:22
sayantanc2k wrote:
shashanksagar wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:

Although "he" is apparently ambiguous, there is a principle stated in Manhattan SC guide as follows:
"Proximity: The pronoun should refer to the closest eligible antecedent."
Nonetheless the guide also makes it clear that this principle is "not absolute".

Now in the subject question options A to D can be eliminated because of wrong idiomatic usage of "research". Option E is the best, although there is a slight ambiguity with the pronoun "he" - this ambiguity can be ignored because of the principle stated above.

Ok... but what is the issue with B then?

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"Research about" is unidiomatic. "Research" as a verb does not take any preposition.


can you please elaborate on why is research on , research about, research into wrong?

as research on also seems correct here as the books were written in past and the professor now is researching on those books not the books .. we generally research on a topic not research the topic.

please explain
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Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on Ja [#permalink]

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can you please elaborate on why is research on , research about, research into wrong?

as research on also seems correct here as the books were written in past and the professor now is researching on those books not the books .. we generally research on a topic not research the topic.

please explain


When "research" alone is used as a verb, no preposition should be used.

Correct: He researched the subject.

When a verb such as as "do" or "conduct" is placed before the word "research" (which is then used as a noun), a preposition should be used. "On," "into," and "about" are all acceptable.

Correct: He did research on the subject.
Correct: He did research into the subject
Correct: He conducted research about the subject.
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Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on Ja [#permalink]

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solitaryreaper wrote:
walker wrote:
A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on James Baldwin's books that Baldwin wrote in France while he was living there.

A) on James Baldwin's books that Baldwin wrote in France while he was living there
B) about the books James Baldwin wrote in France
C) into James Baldwin's books written while in France
D) on the books of James Baldwin, written while he lived in France
E) the books James Baldwin wrote while he lived in France


Hi mikemcgarry , DmitryFarber, daagh and other experts !

I have serious doubts in this question and questions like this that stress on diction and idiomatic usages don't breed much confidence in me.

I have a couple of doubts in this question if you can help.

- Can you please clear the air around the right idiomatic usage of research - how "research on" / "research into" etc. differ when used in right context.And how the usage of a preposition after research (when used as verb) jeopardizes the meaning.
- is the usage of 'there' correct in option A when it is used to refer back to a noun i.e. France.
- is there any sort of pronoun ambiguity in option D or E (that actually counts against this option) as suggested by many posts.
- is it correct to say that in option A pronoun 'he' can't refer to James Baldwin because the noun is in possessive form.

Thanks in advance !

Regards
SR


- Can you please clear the air around the right idiomatic usage of research - how "research on" / "research into" etc. differ when used in right context. And how the usage of a preposition after research (when used as verb) jeopardizes the meaning. Mentioned in the post right above this one.

- is the usage of 'there' correct in option A when it is used to refer back to a noun i.e. France. France is the Only place mentioned. Hence 'there' is used correctly.

- is there any sort of pronoun ambiguity in option D or E (that actually counts against this option) as suggested by many posts. There is an ambiguity. HOWEVER among the grammar rules, pronoun ambiguity should be checked last as GMAC has been inconsistent in this regards, much like the usage of Like to propose Examples.

- is it correct to say that in option A pronoun 'he' can't refer to James Baldwin because the noun is in possessive form. Though James Baldwin is mentioned in Possessive, he is also mentioned there Directly.
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Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on Ja [#permalink]

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SR wrote

1. Is the usage of 'there' correct in option A when it is used to refer back to a noun i.e. France.


Yes, the usage is correct. According to the Free Dictionary, 'there' is a noun, an adverb, a pronoun, or an adjective. Therefore, please be confirmed that 'there' can well refer back to the place and noun 'France'.


Quote:
is it correct to say that in option A pronoun 'he' can't refer to James Baldwin because the noun is in possessive form
.

2. Yes. A is certainly wrong for using the possessive noun Baldwin's for the non-possessive pronoun 'he'.


Quote:
3. Can you please clear the air around the right idiomatic usage of research - how "research on" / "research into" etc. differ when used in right context. And how the usage of a preposition after research (when used as verb) jeopardizes the meaning


'Research' can be used both as a noun and as a verb. However when the term is used as a verb, say like in this case, it doesn't normally take a preposition such as on, into, or about etc. Even this is a gray area since dictionaries like the Free Dictionary have not raised any objection to sentence such as --
I decided that I would research into Queen Elizabeth.
We researched into the period in which she lived.
http://idioms.thefreedictionary.com/research


On the contrary, research freely takes a preposition when acting as a noun. Example --I did research on Dinosaurs in my Masters
Project SETI was asked to conduct research into UFOs.
Therefore A, B, C and can all be eliminated in a knock

Quote:
4. Is there any sort of pronoun ambiguity in option D or E (that actually counts against this option) as suggested by many posts.


In my firm opinion- no-. D is, of course, is dispensable on the verb research + preposition score like in A, B, and C. but not on pronoun ambiguity. The pronoun ambiguity referred here is whether the word 'he' stands for the professor or Baldwin. IMO, there is no ambiguity about 'he' referring to Baldwin. I do not also take the argument that he is ok with Baldwin because of proximity. Nay. Look at the verb tenses.
The professor has taken a sabbatical (a present perfect tense, while he lived in the past tense. While denotes simultaneity and hence the professor living in a present perfect could not have taken a leave in the past. It should be either he took a sabbatical when he lived or has taken a sabbatical when has lived or has been living. Tense grammar is clear about this aspect. He cannot logically refer to the professor and only can antecede Baldwin.

The takeaway; boldly click E

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Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on Ja [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2017, 23:13
Thanks a lot for the explanation :)
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Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on Ja [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2017, 20:54
Shouldn't it be "the books that James Baldwin wrote while he lived in France" rather than "the books James Baldwin wrote while he lived in France" in choice D, because "wrote" comes out of nowhere.
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Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on Ja [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2017, 21:05
MadaraU wrote:
Shouldn't it be "the books that James Baldwin wrote while he lived in France" rather than "the books James Baldwin wrote while he lived in France" in choice D, because "wrote" comes out of nowhere.


THAT is a relative pronoun referring to some noun...if you put THAT then it refers to what?
abc has taken a sabbatical to research xyz (James Baldwin wrote)--->this part modifying the books..which books?
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Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on Ja   [#permalink] 25 Jul 2017, 21:05

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