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A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on

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A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2018, 00:02
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blitzkriegxX wrote:
Hey aalekhoza

I will try to explain in simple terms as to why "to research on, to research about, to research into" is incorrect.

But first for the main doubts- "To research" is not a verb. Yes agreed. "To + action word" is not a verb.

Now only focus on the word "research".
Does it have a VERB before it? NO.
Hence we cannot use a preposition after it.

Simple Example:
1. The professor at the university has taken a leave to do a research on James Baldwin's books. -------- CORRECT.
Why is the above example correct? Because we have a verb before research.

2. The professor at the university has taken a leave to research on James Baldwin's books. --------- INCORRECT
Why is it incorrect? Because we DO NOT have a verb before research.
So how do i correct it? Just remove the preposition "on".

Hope it helps. :)
Please correct me if I am wrong. GMATNinja VeritasKarishma


Dear blitzkriegxX,
Your explanation is similar to what I researched later regarding the usage of the word "research".

I made a note of its usage that goes like -
When "research" alone is used as a verb, no preposition should be used. The verb research requires a direct object, not a preposition followed by its object.
Correct: He researched the subject.

When a verb such as "do" or "conduct" is placed before the word "research" (which is then used as a noun), a preposition should be used. "On", "into," and "about" are all acceptable.

Correct: He did research on the subject.
Correct: He did research into the subject
Correct: He conducted research about the subject.



'Research' can be used both as a noun and as a verb. However when the term is used as a verb, it doesn't normally take a preposition such as on, into, or about etc.

Thanks for your response, mate!
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A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 02 Oct 2018, 00:18
The only problem with remembering it this way "When "research" alone is used as a verb, no preposition should be used." is that it sometimes causes confusion when we have things like "to research". We might automatically think that "to research" is not a verb so it seems alright to use a preposition after it. I assumed u have the same confusion and i just tried to make it a little simpler. :lol: ;)

Originally posted by blitzkriegxX on 02 Oct 2018, 00:10.
Last edited by blitzkriegxX on 02 Oct 2018, 00:18, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2018, 00:14
1
blitzkriegxX wrote:
aalekhoza wrote:
blitzkriegxX wrote:
Hey aalekhoza

I will try to explain in simple terms as to why "to research on, to research about, to research into" is incorrect.

But first for the main doubts- "To research" is not a verb. Yes agreed. "To + action word" is not a verb.

Now only focus on the word "research".
Does it have a VERB before it? NO.
Hence we cannot use a preposition after it.

Simple Example:
1. The professor at the university has taken a leave to do a research on James Baldwin's books. -------- CORRECT.
Why is the above example correct? Because we have a verb before research.

2. The professor at the university has taken a leave to research on James Baldwin's books. --------- INCORRECT
Why is it incorrect? Because we DO NOT have a verb before research.
So how do i correct it? Just remove the preposition "on".

Hope it helps. :)
Please correct me if I am wrong. GMATNinja VeritasKarishma


Dear blitzkriegxX,
Your explanation is similar to what I researched later regarding the usage of the word "research".

I made a note of its usage that goes like -
When "research" alone is used as a verb, no preposition should be used. The verb research requires a direct object, not a preposition followed by its object.
Correct: He researched the subject.

When a verb such as as "do" or "conduct" is placed before the word "research" (which is then used as a noun), a preposition should be used. "On", "into," and "about" are all acceptable.

Correct: He did research on the subject.
Correct: He did research into the subject
Correct: He conducted research about the subject.



'Research' can be used both as a noun and as a verb. However when the term is used as a verb, it doesn't normally take a preposition such as on, into, or about etc.

Thanks for your response, mate!


The only problem with remembering it this way "When "research" alone is used as a verb, no preposition should be used." is that it sometimes causes confusion when we have things like "to research". We might automatically think that "to research" is not a verb so it seems alright to use a preposition after it. I assumed u have the same confusion and i just tried to make it a little simpler. :lol: ;)


Sure, you did! Kudos given because you confirmed that I understood it correctly :)
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Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2018, 20:48
normally, gmat tests meaning and logic. but why in this problem, preposition is tested. the reason is that a characteristics of english is combination of verb or noun with idiom. we do have to remember the basic combinations such as reseach on, information on, study of.../

the takeaway is that whenever we se a preposition, ask yourself is this preposition belong to any verb or noun or is independent preposition, which do not combine with any noun or verb.
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Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2018, 21:51
1
normally, gmat tests meaning and logic. but why in this problem, preposition is tested. the reason is that a characteristics of english is combination of verb or noun with idiom. we do have to remember the basic combinations such as reseach on, information on, study of.../

the takeaway is that whenever we se a preposition, ask yourself is this preposition belong to any verb or noun or is independent preposition, which do not combine with any noun or verb. this process makes us able to read english
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Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2018, 16:55
Hello Everyone!

Let's tackle this question, one issue at a time, to figure out which option is the correct choice! Here is the original question, with the major differences between each option highlighted in orange:


A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on James Baldwin's books that Baldwin wrote in France while he was living there.

(A) on James Baldwin's books that Baldwin wrote in France while he was living there
(B) about the books James Baldwin wrote in France
(C) into James Baldwin's books written while in France
(D) on the books of James Baldwin, written while he lived in France
(E) the books James Baldwin wrote while he lived in France

After a quick glance over the options, two major differences become clear:

1. How they begin
2. How they end


If we start with how each option begins, we need to focus on the idiomatic structure with the phrase "to research."

Whenever we research something, we have to ask the question: WHAT are we going to research? In English, we follow the structure "to research X," with X being the topic at hand. Let's see which options use the idiomatic structure correctly, and rule out those that don't:

(A) to research on James Baldwin's books that Baldwin wrote in France while he was living there --> "to research on X" is INCORRECT
(B) to research about the books James Baldwin wrote in France --> "to research about X" is INCORRECT
(C) to research into James Baldwin's books written while in France --> "to research into X" is INCORRECT
(D) to research on the books of James Baldwin, written while he lived in France --> "to research on X" is INCORRECT
(E) to research the books James Baldwin wrote while he lived in France --> "to research X" is CORRECT

There you go - option E is the only one that uses the proper idiom structure "to research X."


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