GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 25 Mar 2019, 21:22

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

 
Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 14 Jan 2017
Posts: 55
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Oct 2018, 00:02
1
blitzkriegxX wrote:
Hey aalekhoza

I will try to explain in simple terms as to why "to research on, to research about, to research into" is incorrect.

But first for the main doubts- "To research" is not a verb. Yes agreed. "To + action word" is not a verb.

Now only focus on the word "research".
Does it have a VERB before it? NO.
Hence we cannot use a preposition after it.

Simple Example:
1. The professor at the university has taken a leave to do a research on James Baldwin's books. -------- CORRECT.
Why is the above example correct? Because we have a verb before research.

2. The professor at the university has taken a leave to research on James Baldwin's books. --------- INCORRECT
Why is it incorrect? Because we DO NOT have a verb before research.
So how do i correct it? Just remove the preposition "on".

Hope it helps. :)
Please correct me if I am wrong. GMATNinja VeritasKarishma


Dear blitzkriegxX,
Your explanation is similar to what I researched later regarding the usage of the word "research".

I made a note of its usage that goes like -
When "research" alone is used as a verb, no preposition should be used. The verb research requires a direct object, not a preposition followed by its object.
Correct: He researched the subject.

When a verb such as "do" or "conduct" is placed before the word "research" (which is then used as a noun), a preposition should be used. "On", "into," and "about" are all acceptable.

Correct: He did research on the subject.
Correct: He did research into the subject
Correct: He conducted research about the subject.



'Research' can be used both as a noun and as a verb. However when the term is used as a verb, it doesn't normally take a preposition such as on, into, or about etc.

Thanks for your response, mate!
Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 28 Jun 2018
Posts: 133
Location: Bouvet Island
GMAT 1: 490 Q39 V18
GMAT 2: 640 Q47 V30
GMAT 3: 670 Q50 V31
GMAT 4: 700 Q49 V36
GPA: 4
CAT Tests
A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 02 Oct 2018, 00:18
The only problem with remembering it this way "When "research" alone is used as a verb, no preposition should be used." is that it sometimes causes confusion when we have things like "to research". We might automatically think that "to research" is not a verb so it seems alright to use a preposition after it. I assumed u have the same confusion and i just tried to make it a little simpler. :lol: ;)

Originally posted by blitzkriegxX on 02 Oct 2018, 00:10.
Last edited by blitzkriegxX on 02 Oct 2018, 00:18, edited 1 time in total.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 14 Jan 2017
Posts: 55
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Oct 2018, 00:14
1
blitzkriegxX wrote:
aalekhoza wrote:
blitzkriegxX wrote:
Hey aalekhoza

I will try to explain in simple terms as to why "to research on, to research about, to research into" is incorrect.

But first for the main doubts- "To research" is not a verb. Yes agreed. "To + action word" is not a verb.

Now only focus on the word "research".
Does it have a VERB before it? NO.
Hence we cannot use a preposition after it.

Simple Example:
1. The professor at the university has taken a leave to do a research on James Baldwin's books. -------- CORRECT.
Why is the above example correct? Because we have a verb before research.

2. The professor at the university has taken a leave to research on James Baldwin's books. --------- INCORRECT
Why is it incorrect? Because we DO NOT have a verb before research.
So how do i correct it? Just remove the preposition "on".

Hope it helps. :)
Please correct me if I am wrong. GMATNinja VeritasKarishma


Dear blitzkriegxX,
Your explanation is similar to what I researched later regarding the usage of the word "research".

I made a note of its usage that goes like -
When "research" alone is used as a verb, no preposition should be used. The verb research requires a direct object, not a preposition followed by its object.
Correct: He researched the subject.

When a verb such as as "do" or "conduct" is placed before the word "research" (which is then used as a noun), a preposition should be used. "On", "into," and "about" are all acceptable.

Correct: He did research on the subject.
Correct: He did research into the subject
Correct: He conducted research about the subject.



'Research' can be used both as a noun and as a verb. However when the term is used as a verb, it doesn't normally take a preposition such as on, into, or about etc.

Thanks for your response, mate!


The only problem with remembering it this way "When "research" alone is used as a verb, no preposition should be used." is that it sometimes causes confusion when we have things like "to research". We might automatically think that "to research" is not a verb so it seems alright to use a preposition after it. I assumed u have the same confusion and i just tried to make it a little simpler. :lol: ;)


Sure, you did! Kudos given because you confirmed that I understood it correctly :)
Director
Director
avatar
G
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 597
Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Oct 2018, 20:48
normally, gmat tests meaning and logic. but why in this problem, preposition is tested. the reason is that a characteristics of english is combination of verb or noun with idiom. we do have to remember the basic combinations such as reseach on, information on, study of.../

the takeaway is that whenever we se a preposition, ask yourself is this preposition belong to any verb or noun or is independent preposition, which do not combine with any noun or verb.
Director
Director
avatar
G
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 597
Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Oct 2018, 21:51
1
normally, gmat tests meaning and logic. but why in this problem, preposition is tested. the reason is that a characteristics of english is combination of verb or noun with idiom. we do have to remember the basic combinations such as reseach on, information on, study of.../

the takeaway is that whenever we se a preposition, ask yourself is this preposition belong to any verb or noun or is independent preposition, which do not combine with any noun or verb. this process makes us able to read english
EMPOWERgmat Instructor
User avatar
S
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 411
A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 07 Mar 2019, 18:49
1
1
Hello Everyone!

Let's tackle this question, one issue at a time, to figure out which option is the correct choice! Here is the original question, with the major differences between each option highlighted in orange:

A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on James Baldwin's books that Baldwin wrote in France while he was living there.

(A) on James Baldwin's books that Baldwin wrote in France while he was living there
(B) about the books James Baldwin wrote in France
(C) into James Baldwin's books written while in France
(D) on the books of James Baldwin, written while he lived in France
(E) the books James Baldwin wrote while he lived in France

After a quick glance over the options, two major differences become clear:

1. How they begin
2. How they end


If we start with how each option begins, we need to focus on the idiomatic structure with the phrase "to research."

Whenever we research something, we have to ask the question: WHAT are we going to research? In English, we follow the structure "to research X," with X being the topic at hand. Let's see which options use the idiomatic structure correctly, and rule out those that don't:

(A) to research on James Baldwin's books that Baldwin wrote in France while he was living there --> "to research on X" is INCORRECT
(B) to research about the books James Baldwin wrote in France --> "to research about X" is INCORRECT
(C) to research into James Baldwin's books written while in France --> "to research into X" is INCORRECT
(D) to research on the books of James Baldwin, written while he lived in France --> "to research on X" is INCORRECT
(E) to research the books James Baldwin wrote while he lived in France --> "to research X" is CORRECT

There you go - option E is the only one that uses the proper idiom structure "to research X."


Don't study for the GMAT. Train for it.
_________________

Originally posted by EMPOWERgmatVerbal on 16 Oct 2018, 16:55.
Last edited by EMPOWERgmatVerbal on 07 Mar 2019, 18:49, edited 2 times in total.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 27 Dec 2016
Posts: 233
Concentration: Marketing, Social Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.65
WE: Marketing (Education)
Premium Member Reviews Badge
A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Nov 2018, 07:11
walker wrote:
A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on James Baldwin's books that Baldwin wrote in France while he was living there.

(A) on James Baldwin's books that Baldwin wrote in France while he was living there
(B) about the books James Baldwin wrote in France
(C) into James Baldwin's books written while in France
(D) on the books of James Baldwin, written while he lived in France
(E) the books James Baldwin wrote while he lived in France



I'm curious. If the question sounds like this :

Quote:
A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to conduct a research on James Baldwin's books that Baldwin wrote in France while he was living there


Can I choose B as the correct answer?

Wdyt?
_________________
There's an app for that - Steve Jobs.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 19 Jul 2018
Posts: 2
Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Dec 2018, 12:46
In Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary, The first usage on Research - as a verb - is research (into/in/on something), of course, you can say research something , but can you really just eliminate the answers simply because of the prep after it? cuz wrong choices have other different splits. Can anyone plz help me out?
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 27 Nov 2018
Posts: 82
A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Dec 2018, 14:57
daagh What about the possibility that the professor wants to research books, which James Baldwin wrote while the professor lived in France? Unlikely of course, but I think it does prove that there is some ambiguity in choice (E). It just so happens that the ambiguity is not that bad.


I'm convinced that all of the options suffer from ambiguity. Thus it makes the most sense to go with (E) because it is the only one that doesn't suffer from using the wrong idiom.

Ambiguities found in each option:

(A) "while he was living there" could be subordinate to the "A professor..." clause or the "that Baldwin wrote..." clause. Even if we assume that it binds the "that Baldwin wrote..." clause, then the "he" could refer to "A professor" or "Baldwin".

(B) "in France" could refer to where James Baldwin wrote his books or it could refer to where the professor has taken his sabbatical.

(C) This one has grammar problems, but if we assume the author meant "into James Baldwins' books [that were] written while in France", then we run into ambiguity problems. They were written while who was in France?

(D) "he" could refer to James Baldwin or the professor

(E) "he" could refer to James Baldwin or the professor
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4693
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Dec 2018, 00:54
Top Contributor
GmatMan

Quote:
A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on James Baldwin's books that Baldwin wrote in France while he was living there.

(A) on James Baldwin's books that Baldwin wrote in France while he was living there
(B)about the books James Baldwin wrote in France
(C) into James Baldwin's books written while in France
(D) on the books of James Baldwin, written while he lived in France
(E) the books James Baldwin wrote while he lived in France


For most of us, perhaps the use of the correct idiom has come to a great help to get over the vexing dilemma of ambiguity. We can simply brush aside the first four choices on wrong idiomatic expression alone.

Yet, what will happen if there were no help from idioms? Will we drop this official question calling it controversial?


Let us go deeper. Baldwin lived in the last century. The clause says that the professor has taken a sabbatical (present tense). This it is clear that all of the past tense events such as 'wrote and was living' in A, wrote in B, Baldwin wrote while he lived in France" in E, all pertain to Baldwin and not to the Professor. Therefore, I see no clash of entity as far as the pronoun 'he' is concerned.
the
The introduction of the ambiguity of the pronoun 'he' is a clever pitfall by GMAT to test how many fall into it. Those who trip into the trap may not complete this question on the d-day

IMHO, this is the crux of this amazing OG question.
_________________
GMAT tuition under able guidance is less expensive and time-consuming than self-study in the final reckoning
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 21 Apr 2018
Posts: 71
Location: India
Schools: Sloan '21
GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V29
Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Dec 2018, 03:31
abhimahna wrote:
StrugglingGmat2910 wrote:
sir Can you please clarify why A is wrong
according to pronoun rule :his/her can refer to apostrophes and he and she can only refer to noun
but in the above sentence when we use: that Baldwin wrote in France while he was living there . why can't the he refer to the baldwin mentioned


Hey StrugglingGmat2910 ,

Problem with A is that we have two nouns to which "he" can refer to.

It could be either the professor or Baldwin. Therefore, the meaning is ambiguous here. Who was living in france?

Does that make sense?


Wouldn't the similar pronoun ambiguity exist in Choice E?
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 27 Nov 2018
Posts: 82
Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Dec 2018, 09:45
daagh

I don't think this question is controversial. I agree the correct answer is (E), but for different reasons than those stated in your analysis. (E) suffers from ambiguity with the use of "he", but it is still the best answer because all the other answers suffer from ambiguity as well. (A), (B), (C), and (D) all suffer from ambiguity and they use the wrong idiomatic expression. (E) suffers from ambiguity, but uses the correct idiomatic expression. Therefore we choose (E).

For (E) I agree with you that "while he lived in France" is clearly a subordinate of the clause "(that) James Baldwin wrote" rather than the main clause "A professor at the university...". However, there is still ambiguity around the use of "he" (even with it bound to the correct clause). "He" could still refer to the professor.

For example, it is a possibility that (E) could be read like this:
A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research the books. The books that James Baldwin wrote while the professor lived in France.
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4693
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Dec 2018, 01:30
1
Top Contributor
GmatMan

noted. thanks

daagh
_________________
GMAT tuition under able guidance is less expensive and time-consuming than self-study in the final reckoning
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 26 Aug 2017
Posts: 16
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Jan 2019, 02:05
Dear all, I would like to seek your assistance on how to decipher the following, if the idiomatic use of the word 'research' is done correctly.

Revised the question as below:
A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on James Baldwin's books that Baldwin wrote in France while he was living there.

(A) James Baldwin's books that Baldwin wrote in France while he was living there
(B) the books James Baldwin wrote in France
(C) James Baldwin's books written while in France
(D) the books of James Baldwin, written while he lived in France
(E) the books James Baldwin wrote while he lived in France

In this case, how would you guys analyze the answer set and select the right answer?
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 04 Dec 2015
Posts: 50
WE: Operations (Commercial Banking)
CAT Tests
A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Feb 2019, 07:42
isn't the word *he* in A D and E ambiguous?
VP
VP
User avatar
P
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 1181
Location: India
Schools: ISB
GPA: 3.31
Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Feb 2019, 09:21
gmatman1031 wrote:
For example, it is a possibility that (E) could be read like this:
A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research the books. The books that James Baldwin wrote while the professor lived in France.

Hi gmatman1031, option E cannot be interpreted this way. If this were the intention, then the sentence would have been:

A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research the books James Baldwin wrote while he lives in France.

The usage of simple past tense books James Baldwin wrote while he lived in France indicates that sentence is talking about the time when James Baldwin lived in France.
_________________
Thanks,
Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com
VP
VP
User avatar
P
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 1181
Location: India
Schools: ISB
GPA: 3.31
Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Feb 2019, 09:24
aditliverpoolfc wrote:
isn't the word *he* in A D and E ambiguous?

Hi Aditi, indeed technically the pronoun he is ambiguous.

In case of ambiguity, the pronoun subject in one clause (he in this case) can be presumed to refer to the noun-subject of the previous clause (in this case James Baldwin).

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Pronoun Ambiguity, its application and examples in significant detail. If you or someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
_________________
Thanks,
Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 10 Oct 2018
Posts: 16
Location: France
GMAT 1: 620 Q46 V30
GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V34
GPA: 3.37
Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Feb 2019, 13:48
See this usage of research on.
https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries. ... research_2
_________________
Once you think about it, just go for it!
GMAT Club Bot
Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on   [#permalink] 28 Feb 2019, 13:48

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 38 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.