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A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in

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A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2012, 18:49
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A
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A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in the midst of a tough campaign, often make statements about an opponent that they may not think is true.

(A) is
(B) are
(C) to be
(D) of as
(E) it is

Guys need help to analyze the last clause... that they may not think is true. what is subject that or they? why there are two verbs.
I picked up C(not a verb) ..but its wrong...
please post your comments.
People who only want to post the ans option rather than full dissection please refrain . B'coz all of us know the ans no need to repeat it.

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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2012, 08:18
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HI Sujit,

A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in the midst of a tough campaign, often make statements about an opponent that they may not think is true.

Since your question is specific, let us dissect this sentence to know analyze the structure:

Cl. 1: A recent poll of elected officials suggests

Cl. 2: that candidates, when in the midst of a tough campaign, often make statements about an opponent

Cl. 3: that

Cl. 4: they may not think

Cont. of Cl. 3: is true.

(blue = subjects, pink = verbs)

Let’s focus only on the structure of the sentence. For a minute assume that Clause 4 “they may not think” is not there. So the relevant portion of the sentence now is as follows:
Candidates,…, often make statements about an opponent that is true.

As you can see now in this sentence there should not be any confusion that “that” is the subject of the verb – is. And obviously “that” refers to the noun phrase “statements about an opponent”. Now let’s bring back clause 4 – they may not think. This clause adds contextually important information - what candidates may think or not think about those statements. But it by itself has SV pair. So this clause definitely adds contextually important information but structurally it fits right in.

The subject of Cl. 3 “that” stands for “statements”. Since “statements” is a plural subject, we need a plural verb for that. That is why choice B (are) is the correct answer.

Choice A leads to SV number agreement error and the other choices fail to make a clause with subject “that” that refers to “statements”.

I hope this helps resolve the confusion. If you still have doubts about this then think of it the following questions - what is “that” associated with; what “is true”.

You can refer to OG 12#118 question as well. Following is the sentence with correct answer choice C:

The world wildlife fund has declared that global warming, a phenomenon that most scientists agree is caused by human beings's burning of fossil fuels will create havoc among migratory birds by altering the enviroment in ways harmful to their habitats.

Thanks
Shraddha
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2012, 23:50
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A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in the midst of a tough campaign, often make statements about an opponent that they may not think is true.
Here
recent poll suggests that candidates ..... often make STATEMENTS about....that they may not think ARE true.
It is number (noun) problem. the subject of is plural (statements); so plural verb is needed.

HTH
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2012, 05:02
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A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates,when in the midst of a tough campaign, oftenmake statements about an opponent that they may not think is true.

the reduced stem : Candidates make statements THAT they think .................... true.

Guess removing the clutter makes it a bit easier to zone in on the correct variable / to fill up the blank

Leading to ARE.
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2012, 06:56
They refer to candidates .....

an opponent is singular so it will be "is" and not "are" ....

Hence A ...
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2012, 08:15
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Abhi398

Only statements about opponents can be true or untrue. An opponent cannot be said to be true or not. What will be the meaning of a true opponent or an untrue opponent? The meaning doesn’t gel, does it
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Nov 2012, 05:03
egmat wrote:
HI Sujit,

A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in the midst of a tough campaign, often make statements about an opponent that they may not think is true.

Since your question is specific, let us dissect this sentence to know analyze the structure:

Cl. 1: A recent poll of elected officials suggests

Cl. 2: that candidates, when in the midst of a tough campaign, often make statements about an opponent

Cl. 3: that

Cl. 4: they may not think

Cont. of Cl. 3: is true.

(blue = subjects, pink = verbs)

Let’s focus only on the structure of the sentence. For a minute assume that Clause 4 “they may not think” is not there. So the relevant portion of the sentence now is as follows:
Candidates,…, often make statements about an opponent that is true.

As you can see now in this sentence there should not be any confusion that “that” is the subject of the verb – is. And obviously “that” refers to the noun phrase “statements about an opponent”. Now let’s bring back clause 4 – they may not think. This clause adds contextually important information - what candidates may think or not think about those statements. But it by itself has SV pair. So this clause definitely adds contextually important information but structurally it fits right in.

The subject of Cl. 3 “that” stands for “statements”. Since “statements” is a plural subject, we need a plural verb for that. That is why choice B (are) is the correct answer.

Choice A leads to SV number agreement error and the other choices fail to make a clause with subject “that” that refers to “statements”.

I hope this helps resolve the confusion. If you still have doubts about this then think of it the following questions - what is “that” associated with; what “is true”.

You can refer to OG 12#118 question as well. Following is the sentence with correct answer choice C:

The world wildlife fund has declared that global warming, a phenomenon that most scientists agree is caused by human beings's burning of fossil fuels will create havoc among migratory birds by altering the enviroment in ways harmful to their habitats.

Thanks
Shraddha



Can anyone please explain how to rule out options C and D ?

Thanks,
Ankit
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Nov 2012, 07:31
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ankit0411 wrote:
Can anyone please explain how to rule out options C and D ?

Thanks,
Ankit


Hi Ankit,

If you have studied the sentence structure that I have mentioned in my post, you will notice that there are 4 clauses in this sentence. Clause 3 is a “that clause” where “that” stands for “statements”. In the original sentence, this plural subject has singular verb “is” and hence is incorrect because we have subject-verb number agreement error.

Now let’s analyze choice C: “to be”. Notice that “to be” is not a verb. This does not complete Clause 3. We need a verb to have a complete Clause 3. We need a verb for “that = statements”. Hence, this choice is incorrect.

Choice D is incorrect again for the same reason. Prepositional phrase “of as” does not complete Clause 3. There is no verb for “that”.

Choice B is the correct naswer as it rectifies the SV number agreement issue.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2013, 11:28
egmat wrote:
Cl. 1: A recent poll of elected officials suggests

Cl. 2: that candidates, when in the midst of a tough campaign, often make statements about an opponent

Cl. 3: that

Cl. 4: they may not think

Cont. of Cl. 3: is true.

(blue = subjects, pink = verbs)

Let’s focus only on the structure of the sentence. For a minute assume that Clause 4 “they may not think” is not there. So the relevant portion of the sentence now is as follows:
Candidates,…, often make statements about an opponent that is true.

As you can see now in this sentence there should not be any confusion that “that” is the subject of the verb – is. And obviously “that” refers to the noun phrase “statements about an opponent”. Now let’s bring back clause 4 – they may not think. This clause adds contextually important information - what candidates may think or not think about those statements. But it by itself has SV pair. So this clause definitely adds contextually important information but structurally it fits right in.

The subject of Cl. 3 “that” stands for “statements”. Since “statements” is a plural subject, we need a plural verb for that. That is why choice B (are) is the correct answer.


I think this whole explanation relies on the fact That "that" in this sentence acts as a subject.

now to understand this construction I read a good article here learn-how-that-can-help-you-demystify-a-long-sentence-138358.html (Kudos for this BTW.

but the way I see is something like this.

A recent poll of elected officials suggests
Suggest what?
that candidates, when in the midst of a tough campaign, often make statements about an opponent (so "that" is a connector here not a subject.)

that they may not think is true
what kind of statements they make.. answer is that is not true.

now again as I noticed in eg in link of post above "that" where used as a connector combines 2 clauses and where it is subject it touches the noun left to "that" (in the examples cited in the article). I understand that it may be just a case with the examples mentioned in article but not a general rule, however in the context of this sentence problem I felt that "they" is subject and not "that" can you tell me a more elaborate or a mechanical way to make out what is the context of "that" in such tricky sentences as I really get confused in such situations.
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2013, 07:22
nikhil007 wrote:
egmat wrote:
Cl. 1: A recent poll of elected officials suggests

Cl. 2: that candidates, when in the midst of a tough campaign, often make statements about an opponent

Cl. 3: that

Cl. 4: they may not think

Cont. of Cl. 3: is true.

(blue = subjects, pink = verbs)

Let’s focus only on the structure of the sentence. For a minute assume that Clause 4 “they may not think” is not there. So the relevant portion of the sentence now is as follows:
Candidates,…, often make statements about an opponent that is true.

As you can see now in this sentence there should not be any confusion that “that” is the subject of the verb – is. And obviously “that” refers to the noun phrase “statements about an opponent”. Now let’s bring back clause 4 – they may not think. This clause adds contextually important information - what candidates may think or not think about those statements. But it by itself has SV pair. So this clause definitely adds contextually important information but structurally it fits right in.

The subject of Cl. 3 “that” stands for “statements”. Since “statements” is a plural subject, we need a plural verb for that. That is why choice B (are) is the correct answer.


I think this whole explanation relies on the fact That "that" in this sentence acts as a subject.

now to understand this construction I read a good article here learn-how-that-can-help-you-demystify-a-long-sentence-138358.html (Kudos for this BTW.

but the way I see is something like this.

A recent poll of elected officials suggests
Suggest what?
that candidates, when in the midst of a tough campaign, often make statements about an opponent (so "that" is a connector here not a subject.)

that they may not think is true
what kind of statements they make.. answer is that is not true.

now again as I noticed in eg in link of post above "that" where used as a connector combines 2 clauses and where it is subject it touches the noun left to "that" (in the examples cited in the article). I understand that it may be just a case with the examples mentioned in article but not a general rule, however in the context of this sentence problem I felt that "they" is subject and not "that" can you tell me a more elaborate or a mechanical way to make out what is the context of "that" in such tricky sentences as I really get confused in such situations.


Image


Hi nikhil007,

I completely agree with you that the first "that" in the sentence is a connector that joins two clauses. However, the second "that" is a relative pronoun. It is not a connecter that joins the clause "they may not think" with the previous clause. This clause is actually inserted between the Subject "that" and the verb "is" in the original choice. You can see my clause split for this sentence.

Now insertion of clauses between the Subject and the Verb is not uncommon on GMAT SC. Since the second "that", the relative pronoun, refers to its immediately preceding noun plural "statements about an opponent", we need a plural verb to agree in number with the plural Subject. The clause "they may not think" gives us some more information that candidates often make statements that they themselves may not think are true. The information given by the clause adds to the context of the sentence.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2013, 05:54
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Nice question,caught b/w B and C. Initially My ear led me to believe that option C is correct but when you read again 'statements about an opponent that they may not think are true' is better than 'statements about an opponent that they may not think to be true'
IMO the word think changes it because you usually find think being paired up with 'that' not 'to be'.
'To be' would work if the question said 'often make statements about an opponent that may not be true'
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2013, 11:53
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Good question. Tricky!

B it is.

I got caught between B and C. Colloquialism tempted me to choose C. But after analyzing a bit more I figured that since we are talking about 'statements about an opponent that they may not think', it has to be 'are'.B is the clear cut winner ;)

A, D and E are incorrect.
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in  [#permalink]

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New post 31 May 2016, 21:30
sidvish wrote:
A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in the midst of a tough campaign, often make statements about an opponent that they may not think is true.

A. is
B. are
C. to be
D. of as
E. it is


i choose d and wrong
"think of something as something"
is idiom
there is no "think of something as+adjective"

this question test a basic idiom , which is seldom used. hard one.
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New post 31 May 2016, 23:15
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thangvietnam,

Yes, we can use "think of X as (noun)," but I can't think of a case where "think of X as (adjective)" is useful. It would be easier just to say "think X is (adjective."

The noun form is used when we want someone to look at something a different way:

Person 1: "Thanks for paying for dinner, but you didn't have to do that."
Person 2: "Think of it as an early birthday present."
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2016, 11:14
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sidvish wrote:
A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in the midst of a tough campaign, often make statements about an opponent that they may not think is true.

A. is
B. are
C. to be
D. of as
E. it is


Test of Subject Verb issue

A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in the midst of a tough campaign, often make statements about an opponent that they may not think are true.
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2016, 12:59
BukrsGmat wrote:
A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in the midst of a tough campaign, often make statements about an opponent that they may not think is true.

A. is
B. are
C. to be
D. of as
E. it is



B is the answer because opponents may not think statements are true. We need plural form 'are'.

Thin of X as Y can not be used here because this idiom is used when x product is viewed as Y. There is no product 'x' in the statement that is not viewed as y.

For example:- Think of apple as pear and make a shake :)
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2017, 08:39
BukrsGmat wrote:
A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in the midst of a tough campaign, often make statements about an opponent that they may not think is true.


(A) is -- pronoun number agreement error! Incorrect!
(B) are -- CORRECT!
(C) to be -- awkward (usage of "are" is better than the "to be" usage)
(D) of as -- awkward (verb is needed)
(E) it is -- it for a plural noun -- statements -- Incorrect!
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2018, 00:04
I am confused among options B, C, and D.
in the question statement "often make statements (about an opponent) that they may not think.....true

in the "that' clause here:-
they= subject
think= verb

then why are options "B" and "C" incorrect based on the reason :- "that clause is missing verb"
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2019, 20:12
gauravjec wrote:
I am confused among options B, C, and D.
in the question statement "often make statements (about an opponent) that they may not think.....true

in the "that' clause here:-
they= subject
think= verb

then why are options "B" and "C" incorrect based on the reason :- "that clause is missing verb"


A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in the midst of a tough campaign, often make statements about an opponent that they may not think is true.

(A) is
(B) are --> correct
(C) to be
(D) of as
(E) it is
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2019, 00:18
A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in the midst of a tough campaign, often make statements about an opponent that they may not think is true.

(A) is
(B) are
(C) to be
(D) of as
(E) it is

The coloured relative clause modifies a noun "statements about an opponent", therefore the relative clause functions here as an adjective. Within the relative clause we must have a subject and verb - "they" is the subject and "is" is the verb, but the singular verb "is" does not agree with the plural subject to which the relative clause is modifying. Therefore, we must correct this by using a plural verb, "are".

A is incorrect for the reason above
B is correct for the reason above
C is incorrect because the infinitive "to be" acts as a noun and removes the verb completely.
D is incorrect because of the literal translation
E is incorrect because we duplicate the subject here in the reference and lose a verb.
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in   [#permalink] 14 Jul 2019, 00:18

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