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# A recent review of pay scales

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Manager
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A recent review of pay scales [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2009, 12:38
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A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1990.

a. that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
b. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times.
c. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
d. CEo's who now earn on average 419 time more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
e. CEO's now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: A recent review of pay scales [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2009, 13:54
urchin wrote:
A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1990.

b. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times.
c. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
d. CEo's who now earn on average 419 time more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
e. CEO's now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

Between A and B, I would go with A.
Actually I prefer to repeat " a ratio" in B than just say "compared to 42 times" in A, but the reason I didn't choose B is because B uses "compares" rather than "compared", I think the passive voice "the ratio is compared" is better than the active voice "the ratio compares" in this case.
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Re: A recent review of pay scales [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2009, 21:02
Even I'm confused over A and B

B - the ratio still compares...... its not a thing of past ..... that too sentence says 'recent review'

IMO B .... wat do u say ????
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Re: A recent review of pay scales [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2009, 22:49
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Quote:
A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1990.
a) incorrect comparison of pay with blue collar workers
b. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times.42 Times of what? makes an incorrect ratio comparison
c. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratioCORRECT
d. CEo's who now earn on average 419 time more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio - meaning changed - 419 times more pay is different from 419 times the pay
e. CEO's now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times
same reason as D
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Re: A recent review of pay scales [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2009, 21:09
fall2009 wrote:
urchin wrote:
A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1990.

b. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times.
c. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
d. CEo's who now earn on average 419 time more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
e. CEO's now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

Between A and B, I would go with A.
Actually I prefer to repeat " a ratio" in B than just say "compared to 42 times" in A, but the reason I didn't choose B is because B uses "compares" rather than "compared", I think the passive voice "the ratio is compared" is better than the active voice "the ratio compares" in this case.

I changed my mind. IMO, B is the answer.
A is incorrect because of "more pay than blue collar workers". This means "pay" is compared to "blue collar workers".
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Re: A recent review of pay scales [#permalink]

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04 Dec 2009, 01:11
urchin wrote:
A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1990.

b. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times.
c. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
d. CEo's who now earn on average 419 time more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
e. CEO's now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

I think both B and C are imperfect but I kinda like C here. "419 times the pay of....as compared to 42 times their pay". It would be better if it said "as compared to 42 times the pay...", but B is more unclear for me. "a ratio that compares to 42 times, in 1990"? 42 times what?
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Re: A recent review of pay scales [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2009, 06:13
OA is C ..... even I'm convinced now.

'their' in C refers to 'blue collar workers' but at first go 'their' seemed ambiguous.
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Re: A recent review of pay scales [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2009, 06:55
i think oa is B, read it somewhere
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Re: A recent review of pay scales [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2009, 23:05
Dunno know the source but I had picked it from a paper test and the answer was C.
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Re: A recent review of pay scales [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2009, 15:46
I picked B and the copy I had says the answer is C. When I googled the problem, in some forums, the answer is indicated as B.......Anyone?
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Re: A recent review of pay scales [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2009, 20:23
ANS: C

D, E are out because pay scale indicates CEO is wrong .
It should be indicates a fact that.

A is wrong because 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers
Pay can’t be compared to blue colour worker.

B is awkward.

If the above explanation helps.........
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Re: A recent review of pay scales [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2009, 23:36
IMO C
I think B is wrong because a ratio cannot "compares" but "be compared".
b. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times.
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Re: A recent review of pay scales [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2010, 03:35
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I saw this question in GPREP and the answer should be C!

On top of what was discussed, C also manifests parallelism in the comparison, i.e. "X times the pay of P, compared to Y times P's pay". Neither A nor B shows this structure.

This one is really tough!
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Re: A recent review of pay scales [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2010, 08:05
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tough question....could get down to B and C...picked (C) because B sounds awkward with...."a ratio that compares....."

A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1990.

b. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times.
c. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
d. CEo's who now earn on average 419 time more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio - should be indicates that
e. CEO's now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times - should be indicates that
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Re: A recent review of pay scales [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2010, 08:14
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In C, what THEIR represents: CEO's or workers?

In B, it is already mentioned the ratio is b/w CEO's and workers is 419 while it is 42 in 1990's. IMO B.
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn [#permalink]

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Hi e-gmat,

Toughest SC Qs that I have ever come across.

Regards,
Sach
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Re: A recent review of pay scales [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2013, 19:24
carcass wrote:
OA is C

well yeah, but could you please explain why this is correct and why others are wrong?
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Re: A recent review of pay scales [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2013, 10:56
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Hi,
I received a Pm to respond to this one.

A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEOs now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1990.

According to a recent review, CEOs now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers. The ratio of the same was 42:1 in 1990.

Now let’s look at error of this sentence:
1. Usage of “a ratio of” is incorrect here. It’s ambiguous what does it refer to. Also, it breaks the parallelism between “419 times” and “42 times”. Only the expression “42 times” would have been enough to present the correct comparison.

PoE:

a. that CEOs now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

b. that, on average, CEOs now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times: Incorrect. This choice suggests the ratio compares to 42 times, that is in 42 different times in 1990. This is illogical comparison.

c. that, on average, CEOs now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio: Correct. The parallelism is correctly maintained. “a ratio” correctly modifies “ “42 times their pay”.

d. CEOs who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio: Incorrect. Per this choice, recent reviews indicate “CEOs”.

e. CEOs now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times: Incorrect.
1. Repeats the same error as in choice A.
2. Repeats the same error as in choice D.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: A recent review of pay scales [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2013, 11:01
a. that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
b. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times.
c. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
d. CEo's who now earn on average 419 time more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
e. CEO's now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

A,D Out as we don't use "Times" and "more than (comparison signals) " simultaneously .

Moreover, B is awkward as colored.

E changes the tense from simple to progressive .

Well that will help !!!
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Re: A recent review of pay scales [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2013, 22:58
targetgmatchotu wrote:
a. that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
b. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times.
c. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
d. CEo's who now earn on average 419 time more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
e. CEO's now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

A,D Out as we don't use "Times" and "more than (comparison signals) " simultaneously .

Moreover, B is awkward as colored.

E changes the tense from simple to progressive .

Well that will help !!!

Hai, Wanted to clarify the same. Can we eliminate A and D for the reasons stated here? "Times" and "more than" both are used.

I wanted to clarify bcz i made a 2/3 split using this approach. Thanks in advance.
Re: A recent review of pay scales   [#permalink] 28 Feb 2013, 22:58

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