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Director
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12 Jun 2007, 12:15
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27. A report by the American Academy for the Advancement of Science has concluded that much of the currently uncontrolled dioxins to which North Americans are exposed comes from the incineration of wastes.
(A) much of the currently uncontrolled dioxins to which North Americans are exposed comes
(B) much of the currently uncontrolled dioxins that North Americans are exposed to come
(C) much of the dioxins that are currently uncontrolled and that North Americans are exposed to comes
(D) many of the dioxins that are currently uncontrolled and North Americans are exposed to come
(E) many of the currently uncontrolled dioxins to which North Americans are exposed come

When to use a much v/s many. and should it be "exposed to" or just "exposed" ? A better explaination instead of just an answer letter would be preferred. Thanks
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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12 Jun 2007, 12:46
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many is used for countable nouns

much is used for uncountable nouns

dioxins i think should be categorized as countable, hence i will eliminate answers with 'much' leaving me with D & E, between whom E is the better choice.
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12 Jun 2007, 20:58
Agreed, E, although one really needs to know what a dioxin is to understand this.
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12 Jun 2007, 23:30
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27. A report by the American Academy for the Advancement of Science has concluded that much of the currently uncontrolled dioxins to which North Americans are exposed comes from the incineration of wastes.
(A) much of the currently uncontrolled dioxins to which North Americans are exposed comes
(B) much of the currently uncontrolled dioxins that North Americans are exposed to come
(C) much of the dioxins that are currently uncontrolled and that North Americans are exposed to comes
(D) many of the dioxins that are currently uncontrolled and North Americans are exposed to come
(E) many of the currently uncontrolled dioxins to which North Americans are exposed come

When to use a much v/s many. and should it be "exposed to" or just "exposed" ? A better explaination instead of just an answer letter would be preferred. Thanks

This is an easy one. There are 2 mistakes in the original question -
1. use of much or many. Dioxins are countable like carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide, etc. Therefore it should be many rather than much.

2. come/comes - Since it is plural is is come rather than comes.

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19 May 2008, 08:03
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Well competition is between B and E. Now who knows whether dioxins are countable or not.
So, I would look into the context of the sentence to see what makes sense!

Here the sentence clearly suggesting the count of dioxins not the amount of it/them. So 'many' would make more sense.
E.

(E) A report by the American Academy for the Advancement of Science has concluded that many of the currently uncontrolled dioxins to which North Americans are exposed come the incineration of wastes.
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19 May 2008, 20:56
27. A report by the American Academy for the Advancement of Science has concluded that much of the currently uncontrolled dioxins to which North Americans are exposed comes from the incineration of wastes.
(A) much of the currently uncontrolled dioxins to which North Americans are exposed comes
(B) much of the currently uncontrolled dioxins that North Americans are exposed to come
(C) much of the dioxins that are currently uncontrolled and that North Americans are exposed to comes
(D) many of the dioxins that are currently uncontrolled and North Americans are exposed to come
(E) many of the currently uncontrolled dioxins to which North Americans are exposed come

When to use a much v/s many. and should it be "exposed to" or just "exposed" ? A better explaination instead of just an answer letter would be preferred. Thanks

Agreed E is a better option. I would like to add isint " are exposed to come" sounding ackward and unidiomatic
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19 May 2008, 20:59
E,

many different kind of dioxins would be countable, requires "many ... come" thus E.
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17 Nov 2008, 02:09
But I check dictionary about dioxin, it shows that dioxin is C or U noun
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17 Nov 2008, 23:15
i think C....

(C) much of the dioxins that are currently uncontrolled and that North Americans are exposed to comes
(D) many of the dioxins that are currently uncontrolled and North Americans are exposed to come
(E) many of the currently uncontrolled dioxins to which North Americans are exposed come

- between many and much... i'd say much. because - we are talking about a certain amount of dioxin that are currently being exposed. and we dont know... how much it is.
can u count that amount?? we dont say many of the carbon idoxide is missing?!!
- exposed to is better
- comes from - is sounding better.
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18 Feb 2009, 10:40
gmat101 wrote:
i think C....

(C) much of the dioxins that are currently uncontrolled and that North Americans are exposed to comes
(D) many of the dioxins that are currently uncontrolled and North Americans are exposed to come
(E) many of the currently uncontrolled dioxins to which North Americans are exposed come

- between many and much... i'd say much. because - we are talking about a certain amount of dioxin that are currently being exposed. and we dont know... how much it is.
can u count that amount?? we dont say many of the carbon idoxide is missing?!!
- exposed to is better
- comes from - is sounding better.

should be E

here we are taking about different kinds (types) of dioxins

We can say much of the dioxin presents in the air.
here we are taking about dioxin level.. "dioxin" --> uncountable

many of dioxins present in the air.
--> dixoins -- countable.
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18 Feb 2009, 15:30
"E" is my answer. Countable nouns should be referred by using "many."
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22 Mar 2009, 18:38
I need help to understand why D is wrong...
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22 Mar 2009, 20:15
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I need help to understand why D is wrong...

many of the dioxins that are currently uncontrolled and North Americans are exposed to come

North americans are exposed -> to what? This is not clear, because North americans are exposed to is an independent clause.
Option E corrects this by clearly eliminating the independent clause and bringing in the infinitive and the pronoun.

Also dioxins that are uncontrolled is wordy as compared to 'uncontrolled dioxins'.

Hope this helps,
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Last edited by pleonasm on 23 Mar 2009, 07:37, edited 1 time in total.
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23 Mar 2009, 07:38
Thanks.

pbanavara wrote:
I need help to understand why D is wrong...

many of the dioxins that are currently uncontrolled and North Americans are exposed to come

North americans are exposed -> to what? This is not clear, because North americans are exposed to is an independent clause.
Option E corrects this by clearly stating eliminating the independent clause and brining in the infinitive and the pronoun.

Also dioxins that are uncontrolled is wordy as compared to 'uncontrolled dioxins'.

Hope this helps,

It's funny how a solution to the SC question has a million typos .. corrected the same .. sorry about that.

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04 May 2009, 11:16
Friends, IMO Choice E has a split infinitive, where "to" and the verb "exposed" are split. According to manhattan SC guide, this is an error. D has teh reference issue of "to". Also is too wordy. A and B might be having a few errors but one of them is subject verb agreement. IMO B is the correct ans...
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04 Jun 2009, 02:27
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trainspotting wrote:
Friends, IMO Choice E has a split infinitive, where "to" and the verb "exposed" are split. According to manhattan SC guide, this is an error. D has teh reference issue of "to". Also is too wordy. A and B might be having a few errors but one of them is subject verb agreement. IMO B is the correct ans...

split infinites occurs when you place a word between the "to" and the base verb. For example: "to really like."

What you need to keep in mind is that it's considered clumsy when you keep the "to" at the end of the sentence. For example, it is better to say "to which he was accustomed" than "he was accustomed to." This is also true for any prepositins.

Using the relative pronoun "which" doesn't interfer in interupting the split infinitive. That is why option E is correct.
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15 Jun 2009, 16:41
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(A) much of the currently uncontrolled dioxins to which North Americans are exposed comes – using ‘’comes’’ here is wrong since dioxins are plural.-
(B) much of the currently uncontrolled dioxins that North Americans are exposed to come [color=#0000FF]– I am agree with the idea that mentions We can say much of the dioxin presents in the air.
here we are taking about dioxin level.. "dioxin" --> uncountable
many of dioxins present in the air.
--> dixoins -- countable.
[/color]

(C) much of the dioxins that are currently uncontrolled and that North Americans are exposed to comes comes – using ‘’comes’’ here is wrong since dioxins are plural.-

(D) many of the dioxins that are currently uncontrolled and North Americans are exposed to come – it is wrong because of two reasons . 1)It distors paralelism , it should be many of the dioxins that are currently uncontrolled and that North Americans are exposed inserting that here will eliminate the problem of North americans are exposed -> to what?- 2) using ‘’that are’’ makes the sentence too wordy’’

(E) many of the currently uncontrolled dioxins to which North Americans are exposed come
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16 Jun 2009, 09:35
without getting into much and many issue using POE we can get down to E. IMO E it is.
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23 Oct 2009, 09:06
E for me

many is required here as "dioxins" is countable
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13 Feb 2010, 09:16
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E makes sense --

but wouldnt it be more correct of the option was:
(E) many of the currently uncontrolled dioxins to which North Americans are exposed to come

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