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A South American bird that forages for winged termites and

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A South American bird that forages for winged termites and  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 15 Aug 2018, 06:19
14
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

69% (01:10) correct 31% (01:20) wrong based on 1027 sessions

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A South American bird that forages for winged termites and other small insects while swinging upside down form the foliage of tall trees, the graveteiro belongs to the ovenbird family, a group of New World tropical birds that includes more than 230 species and that are represented in virtually every kind of habitat.

A. graveteiro belongs to the ovenbird family, a group of New World tropical birds that includes more than 230 species and that are
B. graveteiro belongs to the ovenbird family, a group of New World tropical birds that includes more than 230 species and is
C. graveteiro belongs to the ovenbird family, a group of New World tropical birds that include more than 230 species and is
D. graveteiro, which belongs to the ovenbird family, a group of New World tropical birds that includes more than 230 species and that are
E. graveteiro, which belongs to the ovenbird family, a group of New World tropical birds that includes more than 230 species and is


Spoiler: :: My Doubt
whenever a relative pronoun is used in a case "x of y that+verb" , then whether verb following y is singular or plural depends on y
but in the above mentioned sentence correct answer is b, plural birds doesn't go with singular verb includes

Originally posted by Ankit04041987 on 29 Aug 2012, 02:59.
Last edited by pikolo2510 on 15 Aug 2018, 06:19, edited 4 times in total.
Formatted the post
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Re: A South American bird that forages for winged termites and  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Aug 2012, 03:59
1
A South American bird that forages for winged termites and other small insects while
swinging upside down form the foliage of tall trees, the graveteiro belongs to the
ovenbird family,
a group of New World tropical birds that includes more than 230
species and that are represented in virtually every kind of habitat.

thus the reduced stem : A group THAT includes more than 230 species and THAT are represented in .................

The intent : The sentence reveals something about a Group = WHAT?

1. A group THAT..................includes more than 230 species

2. A group THAT..................are represented in every kind of habitat

A group ( SINGULAR ) ============== should pair with SINGULAR VERB

Vertical scan revals only B to fit :

B : A Group ........THAT INCLUDES........................AND.....................THAT IS represented = (Parallel & A group - Sin pairs perfectly with Sing verbs includes & IS )
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Re: A South American bird that forages for winged termites and  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Aug 2012, 06:08
B is correct .A group is always singular .I am not sure whether the rule you have mentioned is correct.Where did you come across it .?
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Re: A South American bird that forages for winged termites and  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Aug 2012, 07:27
Selected E.

can someone explain how B is correct?
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Re: A South American bird that forages for winged termites and  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Aug 2012, 08:21
3
There is a simple way to look at it. D and E are instant untouchables because they are fragments. Among A, B and C,

A. graveteiro belongs to the ovenbird family, a group of New World tropical birds that includes more than 230 species and that are--- that includes and that are - one is singular verb and for the same pronoun , the other noun is plural; - A classic S-V mismatch. Drop m


B. graveteiro belongs to the ovenbird family, a group of New World tropical birds that includes more than 230 species and is – that includes and that is – both are singular; keep it


C. graveteiro belongs to the ovenbird family, a group of New World tropical birds that include more than 230 species and is--- A group that include - plural verb ) and is ( singular) ; both not in tandem --in addition that is missing leading un//ism drop
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Re: A South American bird that forages for winged termites and  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2014, 23:39
1
A South American bird that forages for winged termites and other small insects while swinging upside down form the foliage of tall trees, the graveteiro belongs to the ovenbird family, a group of New World tropical birds that includes more than 230 species and that are represented in virtually every kind of habitat.

, the graveteiro (with comma) is our main enemy here. :evil: It confuses us to determine the main verb of the whole sentence! :twisted: If we take a look at the sentence once more without , the graveteiro here what it looks like :P :

A South American bird that forages for winged termites and other small insects while swinging upside down form the foliage of tall trees belongs to the ovenbird family, a group of New World tropical birds that includes more than 230 species and that are represented in virtually every kind of habitat.

So the sentence above is clearer. If we try once more removing the , the graveteiro :x on the choices

A. belongs to the ovenbird family, a group of New World tropical birds that includes more than 230 species and that are

B. belongs to the ovenbird family, a group of New World tropical birds that includes more than 230 species and is

C. belongs to the ovenbird family, a group of New World tropical birds that include more than 230 species and is

D. , which belongs to the ovenbird family, a group of New World tropical birds that includes more than 230 species and that are

E. , which belongs to the ovenbird family, a group of New World tropical birds that includes more than 230 species and is


Now, through correct comprehension that the main verbs are belongs and is represented

Quote:
A bird [belongs to the family, a group that (includes species)] and [is represented].


We know that these comprehensions are wrong: :lol:
1. a group is represented
2. tropical birds include
.... sounds really funny here :lol: It's like saying "Birds are including humans."

So now we are between B and C with s-v agreement issues. :?:

Hence, B. :o
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Re: A South American bird that forages for winged termites and  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2015, 06:40
In option E

graveteiro, which belongs to the ovenbird family, a group of New World tropical birds that
includes more than 230 species and is

which - refers to graveteiro.
a group of - refers to graveteiro.

Grammatically too, it make sense to me. Can someone help me here with my understanding and way of approaching?
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Re: A South American bird that forages for winged termites and  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2015, 07:20
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alokkumargupta wrote:
In option E

graveteiro, which belongs to the ovenbird family, a group of New World tropical birds that
includes more than 230 species and is

which - refers to graveteiro.
a group of - refers to graveteiro.

Grammatically too, it make sense to me. Can someone help me here with my understanding and way of approaching?

In option E, if we notice the structure of the sentence, the sentence with option E does not have any Independent clause (in other words, there is no main verb in the sentence). So, option E is not a sentence at all. Let’s look at the structure more closely. With option E, the sentence is:

A South American bird that forages for winged termites and other small insects while swinging upside down form the foliage of tall trees, the graveteiro, which belongs to the ovenbird family, a group of New World tropical birds that includes more than 230 species and is represented in virtually every kind of habitat.

By deconstructing the sentence:

Phrase (<A South American bird>) Dependent clause (<that forages for winged termites and other small insects while swinging upside down form the foliage of tall trees >), Phrase (<the graveteiro>), Dependent clause (<which belongs to the ovenbird family>), Phrase (<a group of New World tropical birds>) Dependent clause (<that includes more than 230 species and is represented in virtually every kind of habitat>).

As we see, there is no Independent clause in this sentence. Hence, it is incorrect.

On the other hand, option B has an Independent clause: graveteiro belongs to the ovenbird family.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Dependent/Independent clauses, their application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id, I can mail the corresponding section.
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Re: A South American bird that forages for winged termites and  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2016, 03:01
Quote:
A South American bird that forages for winged termites and other small insects while swinging upside down form the foliage of tall trees, the graveteiro belongs to the ovenbird family, a group of New World tropical birds that includes more than 230 species and is represented in virtually every kind of habitat.


Here is the intended meaning:
..... a group of New World tropical birds that includes more than 230 species and is represented in virtually every kind of habitat. (is represented refers to group)

But you can take a look at the sentence from a different perspective:
..... the graveteiro belongs to the ovenbird family..... and is represented in virtually every kind of habitat. (is represented refers to the graveteiro)

Although the grammar is correct in both cases, but the meaning is totally different.
What is wrong with the second case and how to avoid such ambiguities?
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Re: A South American bird that forages for winged termites and  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2016, 10:26
AndreiGMAT wrote:
Quote:
A South American bird that forages for winged termites and other small insects while swinging upside down form the foliage of tall trees, the graveteiro belongs to the ovenbird family, a group of New World tropical birds that includes more than 230 species and is represented in virtually every kind of habitat.


Here is the intended meaning:
..... a group of New World tropical birds that includes more than 230 species and is represented in virtually every kind of habitat. (is represented refers to group)

But you can take a look at the sentence from a different perspective:
..... the graveteiro belongs to the ovenbird family..... and is represented in virtually every kind of habitat. (is represented refers to the graveteiro)

Although the grammar is correct in both cases, but the meaning is totally different.
What is wrong with the second case and how to avoid such ambiguities?


We should always try to maintain the original meaning of the sentence. That is the key rule.
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Re: A South American bird that forages for winged termites and  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2018, 00:24
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Hmm..
A and D are eliminated straight away
c is a trap
I have a small doubt in eliminating choice E.
I was down to 2 options B and E;
I have eliminated E because Which is a non essential modifier. So we read the sentence as

graveteiro, which belongs to the ovenbird family, a group of New World tropical
birds that includes more than 230 species and is


Now , group in the sentence is referring to graveteiro which is not the correct reference!.


Please correct me if my thought process is wrong.
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Re: A South American bird that forages for winged termites and  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2018, 09:45
daagh wrote:
There is a simple way to look at it. D and E are instant untouchables because they are fragments. Among A, B and C,

A. graveteiro belongs to the ovenbird family, a group of New World tropical birds that includes more than 230 species and that are--- that includes and that are - one is singular verb and for the same pronoun , the other noun is plural; - A classic S-V mismatch. Drop m


B. graveteiro belongs to the ovenbird family, a group of New World tropical birds that includes more than 230 species and is – that includes and that is – both are singular; keep it


C. graveteiro belongs to the ovenbird family, a group of New World tropical birds that include more than 230 species and is--- A group that include - plural verb ) and is ( singular) ; both not in tandem --in addition that is missing leading un//ism drop


Hi Daagh,
I remember a rule that I've learned from you which was saying: "A sentence with two arms, if use THAT to introduce one arm will use THAT to introduce the other arm. What have happened to the THAT in answer B?
Re: A South American bird that forages for winged termites and &nbs [#permalink] 19 Aug 2018, 09:45
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