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# A store sells chairs and tables. If the price of 3 chairs and 1 table

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Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 55718
A store sells chairs and tables. If the price of 3 chairs and 1 table  [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2015, 02:35
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Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

84% (01:55) correct 16% (02:25) wrong based on 95 sessions

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A store sells chairs and tables. If the price of 3 chairs and 1 table is 60% of the price of 1 chair and 3 tables, and the price of 1 table and 1 chair is \$60, what is the price, in dollars, of 1 table? (Assume that every chair has the same price and every table has the same price.)

(A) 15
(B) 20
(C) 30
(D) 40
(E) 45

Kudos for a correct solution.

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Re: A store sells chairs and tables. If the price of 3 chairs and 1 table  [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2015, 07:40
1
C = price of a chair, T = price of a table, T = ?
3C + T = 0.6 (C + 3T) and T + C = 60 => 60 - T = C

3C + T = .6C + 1.8T => 3C - .6C = 1.8T - T
2.4C = .8T to make the math easier multiply by 10 and factor out 8..24C=8T => 3C = T
3 (60 - T) = T => 180 - 3T = T = > 180 = 4T
T = 45
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Re: A store sells chairs and tables. If the price of 3 chairs and 1 table  [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2015, 08:05
Option D.
3x+y= (x+3y) * 0.6

12x=4y

Given x+y= 60.

Y=45(Table); X=15 (Chair)

Bunuel wrote:
A store sells chairs and tables. If the price of 3 chairs and 1 table is 60% of the price of 1 chair and 3 tables, and the price of 1 table and 1 chair is \$60, what is the price, in dollars, of 1 table? (Assume that every chair has the same price and every table has the same price.)

(A) 15
(B) 20
(C) 30
(D) 40
(E) 45

Kudos for a correct solution.

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Re: A store sells chairs and tables. If the price of 3 chairs and 1 table  [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2015, 08:50
Bunuel wrote:
A store sells chairs and tables. If the price of 3 chairs and 1 table is 60% of the price of 1 chair and 3 tables, and the price of 1 table and 1 chair is \$60, what is the price, in dollars, of 1 table? (Assume that every chair has the same price and every table has the same price.)

(A) 15
(B) 20
(C) 30
(D) 40
(E) 45

Kudos for a correct solution.

Let, COst of Chair = C, Cost of Table = T

i.e. 3C+T = (60/100)*(C+3T)
i.e. 3C+T = (3/5)*(C+3T)
i.e. 15C + 5T = 3C + 9T
i.e. 12C = 4T
i.e. T = 3C

and T+C = 60
i.e. 3C + C = 60
i.e. C = \$15
i.e. T = \$45

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Re: A store sells chairs and tables. If the price of 3 chairs and 1 table  [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2015, 12:23
Bunuel wrote:
A store sells chairs and tables. If the price of 3 chairs and 1 table is 60% of the price of 1 chair and 3 tables, and the price of 1 table and 1 chair is \$60, what is the price, in dollars, of 1 table? (Assume that every chair has the same price and every table has the same price.)

(A) 15
(B) 20
(C) 30
(D) 40
(E) 45

Kudos for a correct solution.

From the text we know;
3C + 1T = 0.6(1C +3T)
and:
1T + 1C = 60 >>> T = 60 - C

Plug in T in the formula above:
3C + 60 - C = 0.6C + 1.8(60-C)
2C + 60 = 108 - 1.2C
3.2C = 48
C = 15
T = 45

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Re: A store sells chairs and tables. If the price of 3 chairs and 1 table  [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2015, 19:53
1
Hi All,

While this question can certainly be solved algebraically, it can also be solved rather easily by TESTing THE ANSWERS and doing a little arithmetic...

We're given a few facts to work with:
1) 3 chairs + 1 table = 60% of the price of (1 chair + 3 tables)
2) 1 chair + 1 table = \$60
3) Each chair has the same price and each table has the same price

We're asked for the price of 1 table.

Since 3 chairs and 1 table cost LESS than 1 chair and 3 tables, a chair MUST cost LESS than a table. Since 1 chair + 1 table = \$60, that means that 1 chair costs LESS than \$30 and 1 table costs MORE than \$30. There are only two answers that fit THIS pattern....

IF....1 table = \$40....
1 chair = \$20
3 chairs + 1 table = \$100
1 chair + 3 tables = \$140
60% of \$140 = \$84 (not \$100....so this CANNOT be the answer).

Here's the proof though....

IF....1 table = \$45....
1 chair = \$15
3 chairs + 1 table = \$90
1 chair + 3 tables = \$150
60% of \$150 = \$90 (this is a MATCH, so this MUST be the answer).

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Re: A store sells chairs and tables. If the price of 3 chairs and 1 table  [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2015, 08:51
Bunuel wrote:
A store sells chairs and tables. If the price of 3 chairs and 1 table is 60% of the price of 1 chair and 3 tables, and the price of 1 table and 1 chair is \$60, what is the price, in dollars, of 1 table? (Assume that every chair has the same price and every table has the same price.)

(A) 15
(B) 20
(C) 30
(D) 40
(E) 45

Kudos for a correct solution.

Let T be the price of one table
C be the price of one chair

T + C = 60 --- Equation 1
(3C + T) = (60/100) ( 3T + C)
on solving we get
T - 3C = 0 ---- Equation 2

Solving Equation 1 and 2 simultaneously
we get
T = 45.

Hence Option E is correct.
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Posts: 55
Re: A store sells chairs and tables. If the price of 3 chairs and 1 table  [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2015, 10:31
1
3Chair + 1Table = 6/10 (Chair + 3Table)
1Table + 1Chair = 60
3Chair + 1Table = 6/10Chair + 18/10Table
24/10Chair = 8/10Table
Table = 45
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Re: A store sells chairs and tables. If the price of 3 chairs and 1 table  [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2015, 10:46
1
3c + 1t = 60/100 (1c + 3t)
1t + 1c = 60; 1t = ?

2.4c - 0.8t = 0
1c + 1t = 60 (*2.4)
-----------------------
2.4c + 2.4t = 144
2.4c - 0.8t = 0
-----------------------
3.2t = 144
t = 45
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A store sells chairs and tables. If the price of 3 chairs and 1 table  [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2015, 14:31
1
Ans is E
Given,
3C + 1T =60/100(1C+3T)
by solving we get,
3C=T
Also given, C+T=60
substituting value for T , C= 15
T=6-15=45,
hence Ans is E
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Re: A store sells chairs and tables. If the price of 3 chairs and 1 table  [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2017, 23:46
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Re: A store sells chairs and tables. If the price of 3 chairs and 1 table   [#permalink] 25 Dec 2017, 23:46
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