It is currently 22 Feb 2018, 03:00

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# A successful ascent of Mt. Everest is rendered tremendously

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Intern
Joined: 03 Dec 2011
Posts: 31
A successful ascent of Mt. Everest is rendered tremendously [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Sep 2013, 03:11
4
KUDOS
14
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

45% (01:03) correct 55% (01:09) wrong based on 733 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

A successful ascent of Mt. Everest is rendered tremendously difficult by numerous obstacles, not the least of which is the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudes.

A) is the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudes
B) are the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudes
C) is the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterizes very high altitudes
D) are the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterizes very high altitudes
E) is the challenges of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudes

OA
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

OE
[Reveal] Spoiler:
Both the decreased atmospheric pressure and the low oxygen availability are things to which the climber must adjust, and the sentence needs to express that one obstacle is the challenge of adjusting to both of these things. Since this predicate nominative (essentially, Y in the sentence X is Y) is singular, we need "is," not "are," so B and D are out. (E) is out because "is the challenges" doesn't work. Finally, both the decreased atmospheric pressure and the low oxygen availability characterize very high altitudes; since the verb has a plural subject, (C) is out (we couldn't say "they characterizes"). (A) is the only answer choice in which all subjects agree with all verbs.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

Kudos if the post helped!

The heights by great men reached and kept were not attained by sudden flight, but they, while their companions slept, were toiling upward in the night. -H.W. Longfellow

Intern
Joined: 13 Aug 2013
Posts: 45
Re: A successful ascent of Mt. Everest is rendered tremendously [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Sep 2013, 06:23
1
KUDOS
notrandom wrote:
A successful ascent of Mt. Everest is rendered tremendously difficult by numerous obstacles, not the least of which is the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudes.

A) is the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudes
B) are the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudes
C) is the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterizes very high altitudes
D) are the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterizes very high altitudes
E) is the challenges of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudes

A) is the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudes
Correct is correctly agrees with the challenge and characterize agrees with altitudes

B) are the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudes
Use of are is incorrect. Hence incorrect

C) is the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterizes very high altitudes
characterizes does not agree with altitudes. Hence incorrect

D) are the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterizes very high altitudes
use of are and characterizes introuduces S-V errors. Hence incorrect

E) is the challenges of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudes
Here challenges is plural so use of is is incorrect. Hence incorrect
_________________

Kudos plz if it helped

Manager
Joined: 09 Apr 2013
Posts: 148
Location: India
WE: Supply Chain Management (Consulting)
Re: A successful ascent of Mt. Everest is rendered tremendously [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Jan 2014, 02:06
A successful ascent of Mt. Everest is rendered tremendously difficult by numerous obstacles, not the least of which is the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudes.

A) is the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudesYes. Proper SV agreement. Hold it for a while.
B) are the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudesWrong SV pair.
C) is the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterizes very high altitudesdecreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability together characterized very high altitudes but neither of the both alone.
D) are the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterizes very high altitudesWrong SV pair again.
E) is the challenges of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudesis the challanges is wrong.

Now +A it is.

Hope that helps.
_________________

+1 KUDOS is the best way to say thanks

"Pay attention to every detail"

Current Student
Joined: 06 Sep 2013
Posts: 1954
Concentration: Finance
Re: A successful ascent of Mt. Everest is rendered tremendously [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Jan 2014, 06:30
2
KUDOS
notrandom wrote:
A successful ascent of Mt. Everest is rendered tremendously difficult by numerous obstacles, not the least of which is the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudes.

A) is the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudes
B) are the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudes
C) is the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterizes very high altitudes
D) are the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterizes very high altitudes
E) is the challenges of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudes

OA
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

OE
[Reveal] Spoiler:
Both the decreased atmospheric pressure and the low oxygen availability are things to which the climber must adjust, and the sentence needs to express that one obstacle is the challenge of adjusting to both of these things. Since this predicate nominative (essentially, Y in the sentence X is Y) is singular, we need "is," not "are," so B and D are out. (E) is out because "is the challenges" doesn't work. Finally, both the decreased atmospheric pressure and the low oxygen availability characterize very high altitudes; since the verb has a plural subject, (C) is out (we couldn't say "they characterizes"). (A) is the only answer choice in which all subjects agree with all verbs.

First split IS vs ARE. Is here refers to the least of which, singular
Second split the challenge singular not plural
Third split A and B characterize cause its a compound subject we need plural

Hence A

Hope it helps
Cheers!
J
Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10326
Re: A successful ascent of Mt. Everest is rendered tremendously [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Jun 2015, 01:40
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Manager
Joined: 05 Dec 2015
Posts: 125
Re: A successful ascent of Mt. Everest is rendered tremendously [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Apr 2017, 21:35
rockstar23 wrote:
notrandom wrote:
A successful ascent of Mt. Everest is rendered tremendously difficult by numerous obstacles, not the least of which is the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudes.

A) is the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudes
B) are the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudes
C) is the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterizes very high altitudes
D) are the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterizes very high altitudes
E) is the challenges of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudes

A) is the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudes
Correct is correctly agrees with the challenge and characterize agrees with altitudes

B) are the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudes
Use of are is incorrect. Hence incorrect

C) is the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterizes very high altitudes
characterizes does not agree with altitudes. Hence incorrect

D) are the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterizes very high altitudes
use of are and characterizes introuduces S-V errors. Hence incorrect

E) is the challenges of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudes
Here challenges is plural so use of is is incorrect. Hence incorrect

can someone elaborate on why IS is correct instead of ARE? Is it because "not the least of which" denotes a singular item? I got it right just sorta being a native speaker, but otherwise i'm confused. thanks!
Manager
Joined: 14 Mar 2011
Posts: 147
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
Re: A successful ascent of Mt. Everest is rendered tremendously [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Apr 2017, 21:52
1
KUDOS
mdacosta wrote:
can someone elaborate on why IS is correct instead of ARE? Is it because "not the least of which" denotes a singular item? I got it right just sorta being a native speaker, but otherwise i'm confused. thanks!

Its an inverted construction, where "challenge/challenges" is the keyword that determine "is/are". Refer this : https://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2016/1 ... tructures/
_________________

If you find my posts/replies helpful, please take a moment to click on the "kudos" icon.

Senior Manager
Joined: 24 Oct 2016
Posts: 317
Location: India
Schools: IIMB
GMAT 1: 550 Q42 V28
GPA: 3.96
WE: Human Resources (Retail Banking)
Re: A successful ascent of Mt. Everest is rendered tremendously [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Apr 2017, 03:53
godot53 wrote:
mdacosta wrote:
can someone elaborate on why IS is correct instead of ARE? Is it because "not the least of which" denotes a singular item? I got it right just sorta being a native speaker, but otherwise i'm confused. thanks!

Its an inverted construction, where "challenge/challenges" is the keyword that determine "is/are". Refer this : https://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2016/1 ... tructures/

hi,

in answer A , is followed =challenge(subject)
characterize= atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen(2nd plural subject)

please correct me if i am wrong . i really appreciate that.

thanks
Manager
Joined: 14 Mar 2011
Posts: 147
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
Re: A successful ascent of Mt. Everest is rendered tremendously [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Apr 2017, 04:35
nks2611 wrote:
hi,

in answer A , is followed =challenge(subject)thanks

Yes, your understanding is correct. But, technically, "challenge" is not the subject. Consider this..
There are books on the table.
There is a book on the table.

Here, "there" is actually an expletive, or the logical subject, and the "books/book" is the object. Since, both the following sentences are derived from...
Book/books are/is on the table: its "book/books" that decide which verb to use.

nks2611 wrote:
characterize= atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen(2nd plural subject)

Again, I would argue "that" is the subject of the relative clause "that characterize very high altitudes" and "that" refers to a compound noun, hence a need for plural verb.
So, I won't use the term subject for "atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen", because "that" is the subject here.
----
However, by whatever name you define all the above, as long as you realize the need for plural verb and eliminate the answer choices, you are done. All you need is to recognize the splits - "characterizes/characterize" and "is/are".

Cheers !!
_________________

If you find my posts/replies helpful, please take a moment to click on the "kudos" icon.

Senior Manager
Joined: 24 Oct 2016
Posts: 317
Location: India
Schools: IIMB
GMAT 1: 550 Q42 V28
GPA: 3.96
WE: Human Resources (Retail Banking)
Re: A successful ascent of Mt. Everest is rendered tremendously [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Apr 2017, 04:49
Thanks for the emphatic explanation. [SMILING FACE WITH SMILING EYES], but i didn't get how did you recognize the subject of 2nd part, ('that' is a compund noun) i didn't get this part.
Could you please elaborate more .
Loads of kudos for the great explanation ?

Sent from my vivo 1601 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
Manager
Joined: 14 Mar 2011
Posts: 147
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
A successful ascent of Mt. Everest is rendered tremendously [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Apr 2017, 05:01
nks2611 wrote:
Thanks for the emphatic explanation. [SMILING FACE WITH SMILING EYES],

Thank you !!

nks2611 wrote:
i didn't get how did you recognize the subject of 2nd part, ('that' is a compund noun) i didn't get this part.

"that" is not a compound noun. What I mean :
1. "that" refers to a compound noun i.e. "atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen", hence a need of plural verb form "characterize".
2. "that" itself is the subject and not the compound noun "atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen".
_________________

If you find my posts/replies helpful, please take a moment to click on the "kudos" icon.

Last edited by godot53 on 17 Apr 2017, 05:04, edited 1 time in total.
Senior Manager
Joined: 24 Oct 2016
Posts: 317
Location: India
Schools: IIMB
GMAT 1: 550 Q42 V28
GPA: 3.96
WE: Human Resources (Retail Banking)
Re: A successful ascent of Mt. Everest is rendered tremendously [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Apr 2017, 05:12
Thank you very much for cleaning it up,.

Sent from my vivo 1601 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
Manager
Joined: 06 May 2015
Posts: 68
Re: A successful ascent of Mt. Everest is rendered tremendously [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Apr 2017, 06:24
There are 2 Obstacles
2) low Oxygen availability.

Hence the verb is plural " are"

That refers to immediate noun
Low Oxygen availability .

Hence characterizes Singular verb must be used.

Else it must be quoted as ING modifier which modifies entire clause.

I feel Ans D is correct.

Sent from my iPhone using GMAT Club Forum
Manager
Joined: 20 Sep 2016
Posts: 122
GMAT 1: 680 Q49 V35
GPA: 3.99
Re: A successful ascent of Mt. Everest is rendered tremendously [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Apr 2017, 06:27
I think that this is a really good question. It has two splits where you have to decide based on meaning (is vs. are and characterize vs characterizes), and also tests for parallelism.
The key is to really think what the original sentence tries to say:

A successful ascent of Mt. Everest is rendered tremendously difficult by numerous obstacles, not the least of which is the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and (to) correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudes.

-The challenge is an example of one obstacle. If we were given two examples of numerous obstacles, we would have to use are.
-When we decide whether it is characterize or characterizes we have to ask what is the subject. Is it 'correspondingly low oxygen availability' or 'the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability'? It is logiccal that both of them characterize very high altitudes, hence plural verb is needed.
Director
Joined: 12 Nov 2016
Posts: 790
Re: A successful ascent of Mt. Everest is rendered tremendously [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Aug 2017, 13:06
notrandom wrote:
A successful ascent of Mt. Everest is rendered tremendously difficult by numerous obstacles, not the least of which is the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudes.

A) is the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudes
B) are the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudes
C) is the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterizes very high altitudes
D) are the challenge of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterizes very high altitudes
E) is the challenges of adjusting to the decreased atmospheric pressure and correspondingly low oxygen availability that characterize very high altitudes

OA
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

OE
[Reveal] Spoiler:
Both the decreased atmospheric pressure and the low oxygen availability are things to which the climber must adjust, and the sentence needs to express that one obstacle is the challenge of adjusting to both of these things. Since this predicate nominative (essentially, Y in the sentence X is Y) is singular, we need "is," not "are," so B and D are out. (E) is out because "is the challenges" doesn't work. Finally, both the decreased atmospheric pressure and the low oxygen availability characterize very high altitudes; since the verb has a plural subject, (C) is out (we couldn't say "they characterizes"). (A) is the only answer choice in which all subjects agree with all verbs.

The challenge of - takes singular verb - is
What characterizes very high altitudes? The decreased atmospheric pressure AND correspondingly low oxygen availability- plural verb- characterize

A
Re: A successful ascent of Mt. Everest is rendered tremendously   [#permalink] 18 Aug 2017, 13:06
Display posts from previous: Sort by