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# According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine

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Senior Manager
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 00:09
1
Which of the following best completes the passage below?
According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine, managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees, thus employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises. Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that ______________.

Pre thoughts :

Here authors giving us conclusion , about the employees -- could be about the remaining employees who work hard end up getting less than they deserve or of the same employees who under perform

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.-- Incorrect
Author is talking the opposite

B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.-Incorrect
Author is not talking about the small firms

C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.-Correct
This is as per our pre-thoughts

D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.-Incorrect
Author is saying manager gives same raise to all employees under him

E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises.-Incorrect
Out of scope - author is not talking about managers raise
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 00:09

As per stimulli,employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises.Hence to get more minimal raise ,employees in lager firm will have to work hard
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 00:17
Arguments summarises the research on evaluations in large firms. in a large pool of employees are evaluated similarly. wen there are employees not outperforming their targets, they receive virtually almost the same raise. hence, based on this, what can be concluded.
Note the set of the employees talked about are not outperforming targets. they are not worst performing.

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.
Based on the argument, because managers can give similar evaluation. it can be expected they would rank the employees similarly be it high-ranked or low-ranked.
it can be expected that annal raise for employees high-ranked will be substantially different from the other bucket. this seems to follow the required conclusion. keep the answer.

B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.
Argument is about performance evaluation in larger firms, hence any input on small firms cannot help derive the conclusion for large firm.

C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.
No enough information is provided that could suggest whether employees will work harder or not. hence this cannot be concluded.

D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.
this is a good answer choice, and if employee is not high-ranked however has a higher salaries may end up earning higher raise provided the raise is in terms of percentage. it cannot be concluded that raise is in percentage or this reasoning would even follow for group of employees who have higher salaries. Due to these consideration this answer choice is less concluded.

E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises.
No information is provided that could suggest whether manager will be motivated enough to work harder to raise their own evaluations. hence this cannot be concluded.

A appears to be the closet match!
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 00:23
A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises. Research does not say anything about having different salaries for the people who were ranked similar.
B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.There is no such information about small firms, so we cannot say anything.
C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise. This looks right, as per research also, employees should work hard to get more salaries than others.
D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries. This does not go with the research as why would a manager give higher raised to employees.
E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises. Managers are not raising their evaluations to get higher salaries, as per research.
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 00:30
C is straight answer but still let's use POE to eliminate other four choices. A is gone because it goes against premise. B is gone because argument is concerned only with large firms. D is gone because it is not supported by the passage. E is gone for the same reason as D. Thus, answer should be C.
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 00:58
1
Conclusion from the report: Employees who do not exceed their targets in large firms usualy receive similar minimal annual raises.

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises. --> Wrong. The contrary is true as mentioned in the passage. Similar ranked employees will receive minimal and similar annual raises.

B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm. --> Wrong. Out of scope. We are not talking about small firms in this passage.

C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise. --> Correct. This is inline with the conclusion laid out in the passage from the report.

D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries. --> Wrong. Out of scope. The impact of current salaries of employees on their annual raises is not discussed here.

E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises. --> Wrong. Out of scope. The personal motivations of the managers is not discussed here.
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 03:27
Arguments states that if worker performs his duties on average similarly to his colleagues, he will get minimal increase in raise because he was assessed identically to his colleagues. Thus,______ (we need to finish the sentence in line of logic from the argument). Only C fits because if all my colleges and I are ranked almost similarly, while I want to get more than min raise, I will have to work so hard to be noticed by my manager in order to get better evaluation. B is out of topic because we are not talking about small companies. A is wrong because contradicts to argument. D provides such information that was not mentioned in the text. Argument never said about average salaries. E is not mentioned in argument because we do not know salaries of managers based on what. Only C is the best
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 03:31
It is E
A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises. - as to me, this is the opposite of what argument says.
B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm. - we cannot derive such information from argument
C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise. - it could be true but we will see that E is stronger
D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries. - this one could be true as such employees have outperformed their targets and keep doing so, but this is assumption.
E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises. - true, if managers raise their own evaluations and outperform their targets, then managers will get higher salary.
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 03:47
1
Which of the following best completes the passage below?

According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine, managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees, thus employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises. Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that ______________.

In our words if employees of large companies perform similarly, nobody works good enough to have remarkable difference from other employees, even if someone work a little bit better or worse, all of them get no additional increase (raise) to their salaries.

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.
this answer goes against the results of published research, quite similar evaluations lead to similar annual raises

B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.
the researcher was done about large firm managers’ employees evaluations not the small firm, and even if we compare raises of higher ranked employees of larger firms with raises of HRE of small firms we cannot say that latter receives higher salary raises

C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.

if average-ranked will work harder they might get some raise to their salary, so this answer most probably logically completes the given sentence

D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.
we don't have enough information to say so, it might happen that employee with high salary doesn't meet targets and won't get get any raises to salary, hence it goes against

E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises.
we don't have such information to support this idea, we cannot say that they get higher raises to salaires if they raise their performance

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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 04:04
1
Which of the following best completes the passage below?
According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine, managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees, thus employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises. Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that ______________.

My Take :-
one thing which is important to understand here all managers in large firm are impartial towards evaluations. so it means evaluation is pretty much fair.
Here Author is very much particular about managers in large firm . So we will go through each options to solve this question

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.
Incorrect:- This is opposite , if the rank is same , raise is same then how come different annual raise ?
B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.
Incorrect :- Author has not shared any opinion towards small firm
C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.
Correct:- Thats pretty much is left for average-ranked employees in large firms
D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.
Incorrect:- Managers from large firms are concerned here . and moreover managers are impartial towards salaries
E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises.
Incorrect :- Thats out of box. We dont know the criteria for manager's hike
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 04:30
I did this question using POE.

Which of the following best completes the passage below?
According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine, managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees, thus employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises. Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that ______________.

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.
B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.-- Passage talks about Large firms so this option is out of scope
C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise. -- nothing mentioned in passage that who will work harder
D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.---No where mentioned
E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises---no where mentioned that managers will raise their own evaluations.

as per me A is answer.
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 04:34
1
This was a simple (and a good) application of pre-thinking.

Look at it this way: employees who do not outperform their targets → get similar/identical evaluations from their managers → minimum annual raises

Now, while pre-thinking, the first thought that naturally came to my mind was: if I were an employee at this firm and if I observed and understood this pattern, I would tend to work harder to overachieve my targets, SO THAT I do not get an identical valuation as my other colleagues and thus, might get a higher annual raise compared to them.

With this thought, looking at the options, (C) exactly resonates and is in line with my pre-thinking, and hence, is the correct answer choice.

To be on the safer side, let us also eliminate all the other options before marking (C) as the correct option:

(A) exactly opposite to what the passage is saying. OUT.
(B) There's no information about small firms, and thus, we can't really infer anything regarding what might happen at small firms from the information that is provided to us. OUT OF SCOPE. ELIMINATED.
(D) We're not talking about the current salary or the role that has to play in determining the raise to be given to that employee. We're only concerned with target achievement/performance. OUT.
(E) Why do we even care what do the managers do to increase their own salaries??? EASILY ELIMINATED.

Eliminating all the others on solid grounds, we're only left with (C) - our correct answer choice.
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 04:43
1
Which of the following best completes the passage below?
According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine, managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees, thus employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises. Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that ______________.

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.
WRONG. It's quite opposite , who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive same wage.
B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.
WRONG. There is no information about small firms in passage.
C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.
RIGHT. Employees will understand that if they outperform, they will gain more money.
D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.
WRONG. We don't know this raises in % or in absolute limited value.
E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises.
WRONG. I think managers have their own higher managers, so they are part of employees. Hence, 'C' is more precise than this one.

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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 05:31
(C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.

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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 05:59
A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises. - it is given that the raises are virtually identical.

B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm. - Correct. Although not the perfect option, it is something that can be inferred about small firms (those who perform better get higher raises).

C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise. - not mentioned in the passage about employees working harder

D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries. - nothing mentioned about raises given to employees with different salaries

E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises. - motivation not mentioned in the passage
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 06:11
A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises - completely opposite to the argument: hence wrong.

B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm- nothing has been mentioned about the scenario in small firms: hence wrong.

C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise- tempting, but the argument doesn't mention anywhere that "hard" work is equivalent to "outperforming targets". Hence wrong.

D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries- The argument mentions nowhere that higher salaried employees are given higher raises. We only know that under-performing people get low raises.

E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises- Correct. The managers are very likely to raise their own evaluations, since they could also be falling under the bucket of the said employees with low raises. This directly deals with the managers & the unfortunate employees' bucket (which are the 2 subjects of this argument), and hence is the correct answer.
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 06:17
Which of the following best completes the passage below?
According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine, managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees, thus employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises. Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that ______________.

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.

Contradicts the facts in the stimulus

B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.

Keep this. doesnt contradict any fact. makes sense as well.

C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.

Cant say for sure. This is a must be true question. this is not something that must be true.

D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.

Where is this even alluded to? out

E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises.

We are talking about employees evaluations not managers evaluations

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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 07:57
Which of the following best completes the passage below?
According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine, managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees, thus employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises. Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that ______________.

in the context, it is given that managers reward those who outperform their target. as the argument talks about expectation, so those who are average ranked will work hard to get the reward.
option (C) fits well. so, the correct choice is (C).
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 09:47
I think i am not convinced with set of answer choices provided for this question. if working harder which is not mentioned in the argument can be expected so can be motivation in current managers who know the rating system well. If C is right, E is on the similar set of lines.
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 15:20
I would like to know why option A is incorrect.

I was confused between Option A and Option C.
At first I thought Option A is directly contradicting the passage, so I chose option C. But then I changed my answer to A after giving it some more thought.

Here is my argument for Option A:

The passage says that managers give similar evaluations to ALL employees. So my understanding of this statement is that managers in large organizations do not differentiate between any employees while giving evaluations (Or ranks / or ratings). (Maybe because they dont have time, but reasons are not relevant so I wont speculate)

The passage also states that people who do not outperform their targets get a similar minimal raise. (NOTE: Raise is different from evaluation. I know for a fact that in most companies people with similar 'Ratings' can get different raises. But again, my knowledge is not relevant. I was just trying to point out that RAISE is DIFFERENT from EVALUATION).

So, I inferred from this that employees not outperforming target will ALWAYS get similar and minimal raises. BUT, employees who outperform targets have a chance of getting higher than minimal raises. So, RAISE IS DECIDED BY TARGETS AND NOT EVALUATIONS/RATINGS. ALL EMPLOYEES WILL HAVE SIMILAR RATINGS IRRESPECTIVE OF TARGET ACHEIVEMENT. Consequently, employees above target and below target will have similar evaluations / ranks / ratings BUT DIFFERENT RAISES.

Please let me know what am I reading wrong? Or what am I assuming incorrectly?

Also, I understand arguments in favour of C, but in my opinion arguments in favour of A outweighed arguments in favour of C because if C were correct, we would be assuming that employees are aware of the ratings and raises that their colleagues have received. And also whether they outperform targets. Ratings and Raises are usually very confidential (Even if they werent, we cant assume that everyone knows). We will also be assuming average employees will be motivated to get higher salaries (which would be generally true, but the passage doesnt speak of motivations. Maybe they are happy with their salaries)

For these reasons I think A is better than C. Please let me knwo your thoughts and where I am going wrong.

Thanks!
Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine   [#permalink] 16 Jul 2019, 15:20

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