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According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine

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Which of the following best completes the passage below?
According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine, managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees, thus employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises. Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that ______________.

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.
B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.
C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.
D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.
E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises.


 

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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2019, 08:13
need to complete the passage



Which of the following best completes the passage below?
According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine, managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees, thus employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises. Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that ______________.

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.; not relevant
B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.not relevant
C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise. ; correct option ; the avg employee will have to work hard to get more than minimum raise... true
D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries. not relevant
E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises. OFS ;

IMO C
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2019, 08:17
According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine, managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees, thus employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises. Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that ______________.

This is an inference question, given
1.managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees and
2.employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises

Using 1 and 2, we can say employees are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises (despite of their performance due to 1)
Now since raises will be similar, then in terms of %, person with high salary would get higher raise compared to a person with lower salary i.e. what D says.

D.managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.

Hence D
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2019, 08:24
1
Which of the following best completes the passage below?
According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine, managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees, thus employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises. Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that ______________.

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises. - Incorrect, question states that employees who are rated similar (who do not outperform their targets) all get minimal increase - so the answer choice violates that.
B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm. - Incorrect. The answer choice is out of scope. Argument does not talk about small firms.
C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise. - Correct. Arguments states that if employees do not outperform they will get minimal raise. Now to not get minimal raise they need to outperform their targets. Hence they will work harder.
D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries. - Incorrect Argument does not talk about hike based on salaries.
E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises. - Incorrect Argument does not talk about managers raising their own evaluations. Infact it can be interpreted that managers will be evaluated by their managers.
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According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 15 Jul 2019, 10:19
Which of the following best completes the passage below?
According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine, managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees, thus employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises. Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that ______________.

So, as a summary passage states that employees with similar evaluations will receive identical raises. Although the text mentions low performers only, we expect high performers to have idential high raises.


A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises. - this is contradictory to the passage, which states that similar performance results in similar magnitude of salary increase. therefore OUT

B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm. - Option out of scope because it talks about small firms, whereas we expect conclusion related to large firms and no info given on small firms

C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise. Out of scope because we do not have any information about motivation of low-performers, and nowhere in the the passage there is info on motivation

D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries. I consider this option to be the best condenter, although there are
some unstated assumptions to it. So, we know that best performers' increase is higher than that of low-performers. Over the course of several years, if the performance doesn't change, high performers will have much higher salaries than low-performers, whose salaries will not virtually change. Therefore, if I were high-performer in the past and I my performance for this year is high, I and similar in terms of salary and performance people will be getting high raise.


E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises. Out of scope because we don't know whether the managers are evaluated at all, or how the evaluation affects the prospects of managers' salary increase. The passage doesn't provide this information

Originally posted by berdibekov on 15 Jul 2019, 08:27.
Last edited by berdibekov on 15 Jul 2019, 10:19, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2019, 08:29
Which of the following best completes the passage below?
According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine, managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees, thus employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises. Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that ______________.

Fairly simple question, in order to reach at the result fast, look for POE.

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.
This is just the opposite of what is told.

B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.
We don't know anything yet about small firms.

C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.
This is tricky. But I think its a long jump. Cause we don't know if they would work harder or not.

D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.
This is not mentioned in the passage.

E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises.
This is true, in order to get higher salaries, managers will increase their standards.

Hence the answer is correct.
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2019, 08:34
According to the research, employees who do not perform well will have minimal salary and raises.

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises. - inconsistent
B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm. - out of scope
C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.
D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries. - out of scope
E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises. - out of scope.

Answer should be C.
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2019, 08:39
Answer is C.
Which of the following best completes the passage below?

According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine, managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees,
This is the premise.
thus employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises. Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that ______________.
This is the conclusion.

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.
No this is the contrary.
B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.
Out of context.
C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.
Yes.
D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries. out of context.
E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises. Out of context.
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According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 15 Jul 2019, 23:54
According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine, managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees, thus employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises. Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that ______________.

1. managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees
2. employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.
This is not necessarily true based on the argument. In fact the argument says those, who do not outperform, receive identical raises

B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.
The argument does not discuss about small firms.

C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.
Whether the averaged-ranked employees will work harder is outside the scope of the argument.

D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.
Employees already receiving higher salaries are not under discussion in the argument.

E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises.
Correct.

Option E.


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Originally posted by prashanths on 15 Jul 2019, 08:43.
Last edited by prashanths on 15 Jul 2019, 23:54, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2019, 08:43
IMO answer is C:

C is the only one that goes inline with the reasearch, A is opposite of what is expected and rest all are out of scope

According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine, managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees, thus employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises. Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.
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According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2019, 08:50
A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.
We were almost explicitly told that they do receive identical raises

B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.
Out of scope

C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.
In this case we have to assume a correlation between ranking and raise which is not given

D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.
Out of scope

E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises.
This says that better evaluation will give better raises

IMO, E is better than C

Answer is E
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New post 15 Jul 2019, 08:51
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C IMO.

Stimulus suggests employees who perform poorly tend to get similar evaluations and raises compared to employees who outperform their targets. So average employees - who are doing better than poorly performing employees - should be motivated to do better to avoid minimal raises.

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.
No, stimulus says they receive the same raise.

B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.
Nothing given about small firms.

D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.
Nothing given about higher salary employees
.
E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises.
Nothing given about what happens if managers evaluate themselves. Stimulus is about managers evaluating their employees
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2019, 08:52
Stem Summarized: Managers in large firms have similar evaluations of their employees - employees not outperforming their targets receive identical and minimal raises.

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises. - Opposite of stem - substantially different Vs Identical
B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm. Small firms - not in consideration
C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.Correct by PoE
D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries. Out of scope no link discussed between higher salaries and higher bonuses
E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises. Conclusion must be about manager-employee relationship

IMO C
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2019, 09:00
Pre think
=======
From the first look the question can be inference or evaluate type.

Managers(large firm) ==> similar evaluation for those who does not outperform the target ==> identical and minimal pay raise.

Let's start eliminating the options based on the above line of thinking.

A - stating the opposite of what is discussed in the argument.
B - out of scope - talking about small firm.
C- hold
D - hold
E - out of scope, cannot be inferred or evaluated from the statement block

out of C and D, I am inclined towards D
as C stated the avg employee WILL work harder to get more than minimal raise(no support for this one)

Hence, Choosing D as the answer.
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New post Updated on: 16 Jul 2019, 00:04
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Conditional Reasoning is at play in this passage. Whatever follows the passage MUST NOT contradict that conditionality and MUST NOT bring out of scope information. Let’s dissect conditional parts of the stimulus so that we can understand it easily:

Conditionality: If NOT A, then B
Contrapositive: If NOT B, then A

Similarly:

Conditionality: If NOT outperformed, then minimal raise
Contrapositive: If NOT minimal rise, then outperformed

Finding the contrapositive is important because the conditionality of the correct answer choice is not always parallel to the conditionality of the stimulus, but sometimes to its contrapositive. Let’s begin from the correct answer choice. It helps understand why the others are incorrect.

C. Average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.

C says that: If average-ranked worker needs more than minimal raise (NOT minimal raise), then he will work harder (outperform)
Conditionality: If NOT minimal rise, then outperform = If NOT B, then A

As I have already said C is parallel to the contrapostive of the original conditionality. Hence it is Correct.

A. If NOT outperform, then different raise (both high and minimal). A contradicts the stimulus.
B. The stimulus doesn’t talk about the small firms. We are not sure about what is expected in small firms according to the data about large firms.
D. If high salary, then high salary. It doesn’t match the stimulus.
E. We are not told that managers can evaluate themselves. Basing on the data about employees’ salaries we can’t expect anything about the salaries of the managers.

Hence C
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Originally posted by JonShukhrat on 15 Jul 2019, 09:09.
Last edited by JonShukhrat on 16 Jul 2019, 00:04, edited 2 times in total.
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New post 15 Jul 2019, 09:12
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IMO C.

Premise: The passage talks about how managers evaluate their employees quiet similarly unless the employees have done exceptionally well. The last line should follow a similar tone.

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises. [This states the complete opposite to what is stated in the passage. Employees ranked similarly get almost the same raises. Hence, incorrect.]
B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm. [Nothing related to small firms is stated by the author. Out of scope.]
C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimum raise. [Correct. As average is where the maximum of the employees will be placed, they need to exceptional to be noticed and get a higher raise. ]
D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries. [Nothing related to lower or higher salary comparison is stated by the author. Out of scope.]
E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises. [Manager might have their managers judging their performance in a similar fashion and hence cannot influence their evaluations. Incorrect. ]
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According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 15 Jul 2019, 09:17
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Which of the following best completes the passage below?
According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine, managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees, thus employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises. Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that ______________.

Manager makes similar evaluation of all employees. Therefore, to be eligible for a pay hike, an employee must outperform.

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.
This is an opposite answer. Wil receive identical salaries as per the argument.

B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.
Small firms is out of scope since research is about large firms
C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.
Yes. Correct
D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.
Significantly higher salaries does not guarantee that employees will outperform. So incorrect
E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises.
This is also out of scope. Research is not about managers salary or annual raise

So, IMO C

Posted from my mobile device

Originally posted by shruthiarvindh on 15 Jul 2019, 09:12.
Last edited by shruthiarvindh on 15 Jul 2019, 09:17, edited 1 time in total.
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New post 15 Jul 2019, 09:13
Quote:
Which of the following best completes the passage below?
According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine, managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees, thus employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises. Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that ______________.

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.
B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.
C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.
D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.
E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises.


[q]: complete
[claim] mgrs in Large prod similar evals of emps… so those that dont outperform receive identical and minimal raises;
[con] hence, we can expect that those that do outperform also receive identical/min raises!

a-not stated
b-not compared
c-no: if avg emps outperform they wont get more $
e-not stated

Answer (D).
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New post 15 Jul 2019, 09:23
A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises. The arguments says that the employees who do not outperform get minimum salary which means annual raises for similar ranking will be same not different. Incorrect.

B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm. Small firms not discussed in the argument. Incorrect.

C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise. Hard work is not discussed in the argument. Incorrect.

D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries. Higher salaries suggest that the employees are out performers and will get higher raises. Correct.

E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises. Motivation level not discussed.Incorrect.

D is correct.
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According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 15 Jul 2019, 10:04
1
Quote:
Which of the following best completes the passage below?
According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine, managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees, thus employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises. Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that ______________.


According to the research, managers in large firms usually assess their employees quite similarly, and thus the employees who do not deliver expectations, get minimal annual raise. It is expected from us to conclude the sentence Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that ______________. Let us analyze each statement and find out which statement is the best fit to complete the passage.

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises. - Actually, this statement contradicts to what the passage is saying. The passage states that those employees who do not perform well, will receive minimal raise. Thus, it can be concluded from this statement that the employees who are ranked similar get similar raises. Incorrect.
B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm. - The passage does not state anything about small firms, thus we do not know how employees in small firms are evaluated. Incorrect.
C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise. - The passage states that those, who do not deliver their targets, will get minimal raise. From this statement, it can be concluded that other employees will try to work hard enough to get higher raise. Correct.
D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries. - It is not known how employees with higher salaries will perform. If they are not able to meet their targets, the raise will not be significant for them according to the passage. Incorrect.
E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises. - It is not told here in the passage how evaluation of managers is performed. Thus, this option is irrelevant. Incorrect.

Answer: C

Originally posted by RusskiyLev on 15 Jul 2019, 09:29.
Last edited by RusskiyLev on 15 Jul 2019, 10:04, edited 1 time in total.
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