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# Advanced SC: The increased popularity and availability of televisions

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Intern
Joined: 26 Feb 2015
Posts: 30
Location: Thailand
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Strategy
GMAT 1: 630 Q49 V27
GMAT 2: 680 Q48 V34
GPA: 2.92
WE: Supply Chain Management (Manufacturing)

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30 Jul 2017, 00:05
TommyWallach wrote:

(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
PROBLEM: Again, we look after the marker "and" and find the participle "perpetuated". Unfortunately, "originated" here is a past tense verb, not a participle. How do we know? Consider the difference here:

-tommy

How can we justify whether "originated" is a past tense verb or a verb-ed modifier?
I thought it is verb-ed modifier, modifying "language variations"
Intern
Joined: 28 Aug 2017
Posts: 21

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17 Oct 2017, 01:48
I have question about verb-ing and verb-ed modifier

How to determine which one should be use and what decision making factor we should think about:

Please correct me if I am wrong, I know that the following structure:

Using experiment conducted by an expert, student concluded that......
Used experiment conducted by an expert, student concluded that......

The correct one supposes to be Using experiment conducted by an expert, student concluded that......

The decision-making point is whether a student can use the experiment or not.

But in this question (this structure: Noun. + mod. (verb-ed/verb-ing)) we are discussing the timeline of the event. So, I am not quite sure what is the decision-making point

Also, please clarify this structure as well sentense, mod. (verb-ed/verb-ing)
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Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3112
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)

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18 Oct 2017, 06:01
polpanumas wrote:
I have question about verb-ing and verb-ed modifier

How to determine which one should be use and what decision making factor we should think about:

Please correct me if I am wrong, I know that the following structure:

Using experiment conducted by an expert, student concluded that......
Used experiment conducted by an expert, student concluded that......

The correct one supposes to be Using experiment conducted by an expert, student concluded that......

The decision-making point is whether a student can use the experiment or not.

But in this question (this structure: Noun. + mod. (verb-ed/verb-ing)) we are discussing the timeline of the event. So, I am not quite sure what is the decision-making point

Also, please clarify this structure as well sentense, mod. (verb-ed/verb-ing)

Present participle modifier (verb+ing):
Can be used an adjective (without comma - refers to noun) or as an adverb (with comma - refers to verb).

I know the man standing there. (adjective - refers to "man")
The prices decreased, causing concern among the investors. (adverb - refers to "decreased")

Past participle modifier (verb + ed):

Tired of the hard work, I went to sleep immediately. (adjective - refers to "I").

=========================

Now to determine between the adjective present participle and the adjective past participle, see whether the usage is in passive voice or active voice - passive voice would take past participle and active would take present participle:

E.g.: The used book is of no worth. ("used" passive - the book was used by someone else - the book did not use anything)
The sleeping cat did not realise the threat. ( "sleeping" active - the cat was sleeping)
Re: Advanced SC: The increased popularity and availability of televisions &nbs [#permalink] 18 Oct 2017, 06:01

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