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Joined: 15 Apr 2013
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Concentration: General Management, Marketing
GMAT Date: 11-23-2015
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Updated on: 04 Oct 2015, 22:58
13
23
00:00

Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

78% (01:15) correct 22% (01:22) wrong based on 1913 sessions

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Advertisement: When your car’s engine is running at its normal operating temperature, any major brand of motor oil will protect it about as well as Tuff does. When the engine is cold, it is a different story: Tuff motor oil flows better at lower temperatures than its major competitors do. So, if you want your car’s engine to have maximum protection, you should use Tuff.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument in the advertisement?

(A) Tuff motor oil provides above-average protection for engines that happen to overheat.
(B) Tuff motor oil is periodically supplied free of charge to automobile manufacturers to use in factory-new cars.
(C) Tuff motor oil’s share of the engine oil market peaked three years ago.
(D) Tuff motor oil, like any motor oil, is thicker and flows less freely at cold temperatures than at hot temperatures.
(E) Tuff motor oil is manufactured at only one refinery and shipped from there to all markets.

Originally posted by WillGetIt on 06 Jul 2015, 03:34.
Last edited by souvik101990 on 04 Oct 2015, 22:58, edited 2 times in total.
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21 Sep 2015, 22:00
9
3
55. Advertisement: When your car's engine is running at its normal operating temperature, any major brand of motor oil will protect it about as well as Tuff does. When the engine is cold, it is a different story: Tuff motor oil flows better at lower temperatures than its major competitors do. So, if you want your car's engine to have maximum protection, you should use Tuff.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument in the advertisement?

(A) Tuff motor oil provides above-average protection for engines that happen to overheat.

(B) Tuff motor oil is periodically supplied free of charge to automobile manufacturers to use in factory-new cars.

(C) Tuff motor oil's share of the engine oil market peaked three years ago.

(D) Tuff motor oil, like any motor oil, is thicker and flows less freely at cold temperatures than at hot temperatures.

(E) Tuff motor oil is manufactured at only one refinery and shipped from there to all markets.

IMPORTANT: The original poster reversed options A and C as they appear in the 2016 GMAT Official Guide.

Type: Strengthen
Boil It Down: Normal temp, Tuff =, at low, Tuff better, so better overall
Missing Information: There are no factors that could make Tuff less effective than maximum
Goal: Find the option that rules out factors that could jeopardize maximum protection claim
Analysis: The question appears to make a decent case that Tuff provides maximum protection if it’s as good as the others at normal temp, but better at lower temp. However, the fact that we’re asked to strengthen particular highlights the fact that there are some gaps, and we need to shore up those gaps. One big one is what happens at high temperatures? What if Tuff provides relatively poor protection at high temperatures? Then 'the maximum protection' claim would be hard to sustain.

A) Yes, here we go. This option shows that Tuff is also capable at high temperatures, and that’s exactly what was missing, therefore this option strengthens the argument by plugging that gap.

B) This option might make Tuff motor oil more enticing, but in no way does some sort of discount strengthen the argument that Tuff provides maximum protection. Gone.

C) If sales are down that wouldn’t strengthen the argument about the maximum engine protection. This option might attempt to even weaken by suggesting that something might be wrong with the oil if sales peaked three years ago, but of course sales and brand perception also has absolutely nothing to do with the argument about maximum engine protection, and even if it did, this option would weaken, so double trouble for C.

D) This option leaves us scratching our heads because it’s unclear how the free flow of oil relates to engine protection. We’d have to bring in outside knowledge and make unsupported assumptions about Engine oil behavior to even begin to guess at how option D relates to the argument.

E) This option seems to make the impression that Tuff motor oil might be scarce, but again this is an option that just doesn’t address the quality of engine protection whatsoever. The oil could be scarce or be readily available and still have limited engine protection.
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##### General Discussion
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Joined: 13 Apr 2015
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06 Jul 2015, 03:49
vikasbansal227 wrote:
motor oil will protect it about as well as Tuff does. When the engine is cold, it is a different story: Tuff motor oil
flows better at lower temperatures than its major competitors do. So, it you want your cars engine to have
maximum protection, you should use Tuff.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument in the advertisement?

(A) Tuff motor oil's share oi the engine oil market peaked three years ago.--we have no information about the share so it is OS

(B) Tuff motor oil is periodically supplied free of charge to automobile manufacturers to use in factory new cars.Even if it is it does not strengthen our conclusion that it is best among the rest

(C)Tuff motor oil provides above-average protection tor engines that happen to overheat.Since we are talking about the performance of the motor oil in extreme temprature.this works better

(D) Tuff motor oil. like any motor oil, is thicker and ﬂows less freely at cold temperatures than at hot
temperaturesThis weakens the argument.as it is similar to all other oils so no good

(E) Tuff motor oil is manufactured at only one refinery and shipped from there to all markets.Refineries have nothng do with the performance and nothing is implied in the question about it

Please hit "+1 kudos" to appreciate.

Let me know if my explanation is correct
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05 Sep 2015, 08:23
I arrived at option C by elimination, but could not understand why the answer is correct.

Any in depth analysis?
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Kindly support by giving Kudos, if my post helped you!

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30 Sep 2015, 05:11
Hello WillGetIt,
(A) Tuff motor oil provides above-average protection tor engines that happen to overheat.

However ,the question shows it as C
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04 Oct 2015, 09:02
WillGetIt wrote:
Advertisement: When your car's engine is running at its normal operating temperature, any major brand of motor oil will protect it about as well as Tuff does. When the engine is cold, it is a different story: Tuff motor oil flows better at lower temperatures than its major competitors do. So, it you want your cars engine to have maximum protection, you should use Tuff.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument in the advertisement?

(A) Tuff motor oil provides above-average protection tor engines that happen to overheat.

(B) Tuff motor oil is periodically supplied free of charge to automobile manufacturers to use in factory new cars.

(C)Tuff motor oil's share of the engine oil market peaked three years ago.

(D) Tuff motor oil. like any motor oil, is thicker and ﬂows less freely at cold temperatures than at hot
temperatures

(E) Tuff motor oil is manufactured at only one refinery and shipped from there to all markets.

Please hit "+1 kudos" to appreciate.

The correct answer is "Tuff motor oil provides above-average protection tor engines that happen to overheat". In the above edit, its given as option A. However, OA is C, instead of A. Some other version in this thread shows correct answer as A and some as B or C. Plus, the statistics and green button indicated OA as C. Confused? So was I.
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04 Oct 2015, 20:00
Edit. Official answer is A not C as was set by the original poster.
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04 Oct 2015, 22:57
1
Thank you EMPOWERgmatMax. I have edited the OA.

Also, stellar explanation there
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05 Oct 2015, 04:59
2
Cleaning up the thread from the filler posts.

Thanks to Souvik for editing the OA as spoiler

Remembering to follow the rules for posting. If yes, the mess of the question, as this case, would never happen.

Regards
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11 Jul 2016, 10:32
1

Premise 1) At normal engine temperature, all oil are the same
Premise 2) Tuff works better in low temperature then competitors
Conclusion :- Use TUFF, it gives maximum protection.

GAP :- Ok, we know at LOW TEMP tuff is best, We also know at NORMAL TEMP TUFF is as good as others. BUT WHAT ABOUT HIGH TEMP.. If tuff is not good at HIGH TEMP, then the claim will become false and the argument will become weak and uncogent. We must prove that TUFF works better than competitors at HIGH TEMP also. THEN ONLY ITS CLAIM OF MAXIMUM PROTECTION WILL BE FULFILLED.

What options proves that TUFF works better in HIGH TEMP
(A) Tuff motor oil provides above-average protection to engines that happen to overheat. (meaning TUFF perform better than the median performance of all the other engine oils )

WillGetIt wrote:
Advertisement: When your car's engine is running at its normal operating temperature, any major brand of motor oil will protect it about as well as Tuff does. When the engine is cold, it is a different story: Tuff motor oil flows better at lower temperatures than its major competitors do. So, it you want your cars engine to have maximum protection, you should use Tuff.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument in the advertisement?

(A) Tuff motor oil provides above-average protection tor engines that happen to overheat.

(B) Tuff motor oil is periodically supplied free of charge to automobile manufacturers to use in factory new cars.

(C)Tuff motor oil's share of the engine oil market peaked three years ago.

(D) Tuff motor oil. like any motor oil, is thicker and ﬂows less freely at cold temperatures than at hot
temperatures

(E) Tuff motor oil is manufactured at only one refinery and shipped from there to all markets.

Please hit "+1 kudos" to appreciate.

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09 Mar 2017, 09:45
2
Advertisement: When your car's engine is running at its normal operating temperature, any major brand of motor oil will protect it about as well as Tuff does. When the engine is cold, it is a different story: Tuff motor oil flows better at lower temperatures than its major competitors do. So, it you want your cars engine to have maximum protection, you should use Tuff.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument in the advertisement?

Analysis:
1. This is a strengthen argument and the facts presented in the premise given are to be taken as true.
2. From the argument, we know that the oil protects engine at normal operating temperature and lower temperatures.

(A) Tuff motor oil provides above-average protection tor engines that happen to overheat.
- [Keep] This options fills a gap in the argument i.e. to maximize protection one should consider effectiveness of the oil at other temperature ranges since the argument only talks about two. What if oil is not good for engines at above-average temperatures? Then it won't provide maximum protection and people are better off using other oils. However, with the addition of this this fact to the argument, we can now say that Tuff motor oil protects engine at any temperature. Hence, providing maximum protection

(B) Tuff motor oil is periodically supplied free of charge to automobile manufacturers to use in factory new cars.
- [Unrelated] The supply and cost of the oil does not relate to it's effectiveness in maximizing engine protection.

(C) Tuff motor oil's share of the engine oil market peaked three years ago.
- [Unrelated] Company's market share does not relate to it's effectiveness in maximizing engine protection.

(D) Tuff motor oil. like any motor oil, is thicker and ﬂows less freely at cold temperatures than at hot temperatures
- [Incorrect] This directly refutes the fact provided as true in the argument

(E) Tuff motor oil is manufactured at only one refinery and shipped from there to all markets.
- [Unrelated] Again this fact does not relate to it's effectiveness in maximizing engine protection.

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23 Apr 2017, 15:44
the argument is choose Turf because it can gives protection for engines in either normal temperature or cold temperature.

A is correct because it gives max protection if the engine is overheated.
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Updated on: 10 Jul 2017, 20:01
2
Advertisement: When your car’s engine is running at its normal operating temperature, any major brand of motor oil will protect it about as well as Tuff does. When the engine is cold, it is a different story: Tuff motor oil flows better at lower temperatures than its major competitors do. So, if you want your car’s engine to have maximum protection, you should use Tuff.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument in the advertisement?

(A) Tuff motor oil provides above-average protection for engines that happen to overheat.
(B) Tuff motor oil is periodically supplied free of charge to automobile manufacturers to use in factory-new cars.
(C) Tuff motor oil’s share of the engine oil market peaked three years ago.
(D) Tuff motor oil, like any motor oil, is thicker and flows less freely at cold temperatures than at hot temperatures.
(E) Tuff motor oil is manufactured at only one refinery and shipped from there to all markets.

Kudos are always welcome!

Originally posted by satsurfs on 10 Jul 2017, 08:37.
Last edited by broall on 10 Jul 2017, 20:01, edited 1 time in total.
Merged post. Please search before posting
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10 Jul 2017, 09:41
Goal is to strengthen :
So, if you want your car’s engine to have maximum protection, you should use Tuff.

A - says tuff offers above avg protection in overheat situation

Passage already mentions it is better than other oils in cold conditions
So in both extremes tuff is provides max protection
In normal condition, every oil is almost same

This is correct choice!

B, C, E-out of scope

D - weakens the argument

Posted from my mobile device
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10 Jul 2017, 17:13
1
satsurfs wrote:
Advertisement: When your car’s engine is running at its normal operating temperature, any major brand of motor oil will protect it about as well as Tuff does. When the engine is cold, it is a different story: Tuff motor oil flows better at lower temperatures than its major competitors do. So, if you want your car’s engine to have maximum protection, you should use Tuff.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument in the advertisement?

(A) Tuff motor oil provides above-average protection for engines that happen to overheat.
(B) Tuff motor oil is periodically supplied free of charge to automobile manufacturers to use in factory-new cars.
(C) Tuff motor oil’s share of the engine oil market peaked three years ago.
(D) Tuff motor oil, like any motor oil, is thicker and flows less freely at cold temperatures than at hot temperatures.
(E) Tuff motor oil is manufactured at only one refinery and shipped from there to all markets.

Kudos are always welcome!

It is a sure A!
Before going to the options, it is very important to know the main conclusion of the argument in strengthening questions.
Conclusion: So, if you want your car’s engine to have maximum protection, you should use Tuff. (Use a why test to know why is this the conclusion)
So any option that supports this conclusion is our answer.

(A) Tuff motor oil provides above-average protection for engines that happen to overheat. -yes, it is supporting the conclusion and says Tuff must be used, so hold this.
(B) Tuff motor oil is periodically supplied free of charge to automobile manufacturers to use in factory-new cars. -what does it matter if it is supplied free of charge? irrelevant.
(C) Tuff motor oil’s share of the engine oil market peaked three years ago. - why do we need this?It doesn't give the exact reason why Tuff must be used.
(D) Tuff motor oil, like any motor oil, is thicker and flows less freely at cold temperatures than at hot temperatures. - trap answer and quite tempting one. Remember, this is CR and we need to read the answer twice before marking. It says the oil is thicker and flows less freely(against the conclusion and the passage). Also, note that " Tuff motor oil flows better at lower temperatures than its major competitors do" was already mentioned in the passage. So strike it off :D
(E) Tuff motor oil is manufactured at only one refinery and shipped from there to all markets. -We don't need this.

Hope that helps!!

Thanks,
Uma
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03 Sep 2017, 11:20
EMPOWERgmatMax wrote:
55. Advertisement: When your car's engine is running at its normal operating temperature, any major brand of motor oil will protect it about as well as Tuff does. When the engine is cold, it is a different story: Tuff motor oil flows better at lower temperatures than its major competitors do. So, if you want your car's engine to have maximum protection, you should use Tuff.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument in the advertisement?

(A) Tuff motor oil provides above-average protection for engines that happen to overheat.

(B) Tuff motor oil is periodically supplied free of charge to automobile manufacturers to use in factory-new cars.

(C) Tuff motor oil's share of the engine oil market peaked three years ago.

(D) Tuff motor oil, like any motor oil, is thicker and flows less freely at cold temperatures than at hot temperatures.

(E) Tuff motor oil is manufactured at only one refinery and shipped from there to all markets.

IMPORTANT: The original poster reversed options A and C as they appear in the 2016 GMAT Official Guide.

Type: Strengthen
Boil It Down: Normal temp, Tuff =, at low, Tuff better, so better overall
Missing Information: There are no factors that could make Tuff less effective than maximum
Goal: Find the option that rules out factors that could jeopardize maximum protection claim
Analysis: The question appears to make a decent case that Tuff provides maximum protection if it’s as good as the others at normal temp, but better at lower temp. However, the fact that we’re asked to strengthen particular highlights the fact that there are some gaps, and we need to shore up those gaps. One big one is what happens at high temperatures? What if Tuff provides relatively poor protection at high temperatures? Then 'the maximum protection' claim would be hard to sustain.

A) Yes, here we go. This option shows that Tuff is also capable at high temperatures, and that’s exactly what was missing, therefore this option strengthens the argument by plugging that gap.

B) This option might make Tuff motor oil more enticing, but in no way does some sort of discount strengthen the argument that Tuff provides maximum protection. Gone.

C) If sales are down that wouldn’t strengthen the argument about the maximum engine protection. This option might attempt to even weaken by suggesting that something might be wrong with the oil if sales peaked three years ago, but of course sales and brand perception also has absolutely nothing to do with the argument about maximum engine protection, and even if it did, this option would weaken, so double trouble for C.

D) This option leaves us scratching our heads because it’s unclear how the free flow of oil relates to engine protection. We’d have to bring in outside knowledge and make unsupported assumptions about Engine oil behavior to even begin to guess at how option D relates to the argument.

E) This option seems to make the impression that Tuff motor oil might be scarce, but again this is an option that just doesn’t address the quality of engine protection whatsoever. The oil could be scarce or be readily available and still have limited engine protection.

Hi EMPOWERgmatMax,
Can you point out the mistake in argument regarding option B. The car manufacturer won't risk its market by using some inferior quality oil even if it is procuring it for free. Can't we consider it an strengthener?
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30 Jun 2018, 04:24
Its a tricky question because none of the answers provide an absolute surity since one tends to pre think the possible answer.
The logic of the question is easy making us look for an answer which directly supports the fact that Tuff oil has better performance at colder temp's as compared to all other oils.

Amongst the options, B C & E are out of context, & through extended logics can make one think that they might be the right option.
B - preferred by manufacturers at first start
C - more sales meaning more better oil option
E - better quality control

However they are all partially out of scope
A is the only option that suggests better performance.
In this scenario, it least weakens the arguement & hence most strengthens it, hence is the option of choice
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