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Ahmed, Farida, Tala, and Yousef are debating how to measure Summer Oly

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Ahmed, Farida, Tala, and Yousef are debating how to measure Summer Oly  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2020, 08:23
Discussion

Ahmed, Farida, Tala, and Yousef are debating how to measure Summer Olympics achievement by countries.

  • Ahmed maintains that the best measure of overall Olympic achievement by a country is the most straightforward: a simple count of all medals won by that country.
  • Farida observes that more populous countries have more potential Olympic athletes and argues that a fair measure of overall Olympic achievement must in some way include consideration of a country’s population.
  • Tala argues that the only real Olympic achievement by an athlete is victory. Gold medals (for first place) should be counted; silver and bronze medals (for second and third place, respectively) should not.
  • Yousef recommends counting each silver medal as half a gold medal, and each bronze medal as half a silver medal.


Rankings Table

The table ranks 6 countries by various measures of their achievement in the 2008 Summer Olympics, with a ranking of 1st indicating greatest achievement and 6th indicating least achievement. The rankings compare the 6 countries only to each other, not to other competing nations. The weighted medals per capita measure counts each gold medal as equal to 2 silver medals and 4 bronze medals. There are no other types of Olympic medal.

Attachment:
345.jpg
345.jpg [ 72.26 KiB | Viewed 436 times ]


Graph

With respect to a particular measure of Olympic success by the countries listed in the Rankings Table, the graph shows total numbers of points won by Countries C, D, and H in each Summer Olympics from 2000 through 2012. Each country gets 4 points for each gold medal, 2 points for each silver medal, and 1 point for each bronze medal. Countries B, E, and G each consistently had lower point totals than Country D.

Attachment:
erfd.png
erfd.png [ 30.67 KiB | Viewed 437 times ]


1. Suppose that another person, Aisha, asserts that weighted totals, calculated according to the method indicated in the Graph tab, should provide the sole criterion of Olympic achievement. For each of the following participants in the Discussion, select Compatible if the participant’s stated recommendation is compatible with Aisha’s measure of Olympic success. Otherwise, select Incompatible.

CompatibleIncompatible
Ahmad
Farida
Yousef


Spoiler: :: OA
Compatible: Yousef
Incompatible: Ahmad and Farida


2. For each of the following measures of Olympic achievement by countries, select Yes if the information given clearly indicates that 1 of the 6 countries discussed received a higher ranking than the other 5 by that measure in the year indicated, and which country this is. Otherwise, select No.

YesNoStatements
Total number of medals received in 2004
Total weighted medals in 2008, calculated as per Yousef’s recommendation
Total weighted medals in 2012, calculated as per Yousef’s recommendation


Spoiler: :: OA
No, Yes and Yes


3. Suppose that the participants in the Discussion are aware of the information given in the table and the graph. Which of the following statements about the relative achievement in the 2008 Summer Olympics of the six countries referred to in the table and graph is most clearly supported?

A. Ahmed would agree that Country C had the greatest achievement.
B. Farida would agree that Country B had the greatest achievement.
C. Tala would agree that Country E had the greatest achievement.
D. Yousef would agree that Country C had the greatest achievement.
E. Yousef would agree that Country E had the greatest achievement.

Spoiler: :: OA
A


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Ahmed, Farida, Tala, and Yousef are debating how to measure Summer Oly  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2020, 23:21
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1)Only Yousef is compatible with Aisha since Yousef quotes about the importance of all the three medals in ranking and also gives a strategy to decide about the points by giving an equivalent value to silver and bronze medals,while the other two (Ahmad & Farida) didn't talk about the importance of individual medals.


2)a)No,since we have the ranking based on total medals per capita and not on total medals and that too we just know the total points for 2004 and there are many possibilities between total number of medals and total number of points.

b)Yes,since we know the criteria given by Yousef so we can get the total points and then use Yousef's formula to get the exact count of individual medals and then decide the ranking in 2008.

c)Yes,since we know the criteria given by Yousef so we can get the total points and then use Yousef's formula to get the exact count of individual medals and then decide the ranking in 2012.


3)a)Yes,since per the table ,according to total number of medals country C is 1st,thus satisfying Ahmad's criteria.
b)No,since if we go by Farida's logic to include country's populationand we see total medals per capita,total gold medals per capita and weighted medals per capita than the ranking is different in all the criteria.
c)No,since Taka's logic says to count on gold medals and according to that G&H are achievers.
d & e) We cannot comment here because although Yousef talks about weighted medals concept but he doesn't talks about per capita sin e he doesn't want to include population so we cannot define an achiever here.

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Re: Ahmed, Farida, Tala, and Yousef are debating how to measure Summer Oly  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2020, 17:07
would this be considered 1 question or 3 questions out of 12 questions in IR section?
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Re: Ahmed, Farida, Tala, and Yousef are debating how to measure Summer Oly  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2020, 21:54
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Renzo92 wrote:
would this be considered 1 question or 3 questions out of 12 questions in IR section?


These will be considered 3 questions.

Thanks
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Re: Ahmed, Farida, Tala, and Yousef are debating how to measure Summer Oly  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2020, 22:03
SajjadAhmad wrote:
Renzo92 wrote:
would this be considered 1 question or 3 questions out of 12 questions in IR section?


These will be considered 3 questions.

Thanks

Okay, Thank you!
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Re: Ahmed, Farida, Tala, and Yousef are debating how to measure Summer Oly   [#permalink] 06 Jul 2020, 22:03

Ahmed, Farida, Tala, and Yousef are debating how to measure Summer Oly

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