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Although the Democratic party entered the 104th Congress in

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Although the Democratic party entered the 104th Congress in  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 09 Aug 2013, 11:13
2
7
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A
B
C
D
E

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  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

61% (01:07) correct 39% (01:22) wrong based on 315 sessions

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Although the Democratic party entered the 104th Congress in 1995 with five more Senators than they had in the 103rd Congress, they would soon lose two Senators with the defections of both Richard Shelby of Alabama and Ben Nighthorse Campbell of Colorado to the Republican party.

(A)they had in the 103rd Congress, they
(B)they had for the 103rd Congress, they
(C)its 103rd Congress had had, it
(D)in the 103rd Congress, they
(E)in the 103rd Congress, it

How is the answer "e"?i feel the ans is" c"..Pls explain

Originally posted by krans10 on 09 Aug 2013, 10:24.
Last edited by Zarrolou on 09 Aug 2013, 11:13, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question, renamed the topic.
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Re: Although the Democratic party entered the 104th Congress in  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2013, 14:49
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Hi krans10

Although the Democratic party entered the 104th Congress in 1995 with five more Senators than they had in the 103rd Congress, they would soon lose two Senators with the defections of both Richard Shelby of Alabama and Ben Nighthorse Campbell of Colorado to the Republican party.

(A)they had in the 103rd Congress, they
Wrong. "Democratic party" is singular ==> pronoun "they" is incorrect.

(B)they had for the 103rd Congress, they
Wrong. "Democratic party" is singular ==> pronoun "they" is incorrect.

(C)its 103rd Congress had had, it
Wrong.
- "Congress" means a formal assembly of representatives. "its" is possessive form ==> "its 103rd Congress" is wrong because Democratic party cannot possess the Congress. (Logical problem).
- Past perfect tense is not necessary. The sentence is a normal reporting sentence, so past tense is correct. Do not use the perfect tenses when the simple tenses can do. The GMAT prefers simplicity.

(D)in the 103rd Congress, they
Wrong. "Democratic party" is singular ==> pronoun "they" is incorrect.

(E)in the 103rd Congress, it
Correct.
- The comparison is: Democratic party entered the 104th Congress with five more Senators than [the number of Senators with which Democratic party entered] in 103rd Congress.
- Pronoun "it" refers to "Democratic party" correctly.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Although the Democratic party entered the 104th Congress in  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2013, 11:44
I feel C

Reason : Democratic party is singular so rule out A,B,D.

Out of E and C :

E makes the meaning ambiguous by using "than in the 103rd". It feels like democratic was suppose to enter 103rd Congress but they entered 104th with 5 more senators.

C: makes it simple. "entered" is simple past and use of "had had, it " makes it clear that 103rd congress an event that happened before the 104th congress so use of had is perfect.
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Re: Although the Democratic party entered the 104th Congress in  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2014, 03:16
My OA: E

The "Democratic party" has to be considered collectively as a single entity, thus we cannot use "they" as it would refer to plural items. Thus options A, B & D are ruled out. Now out of C & E, C is ruled out as the "Congress" is not of the Democratic Party, but of the country as a whole. Thus we will go with E.
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Re: Although the Democratic party entered the 104th Congress in  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Sep 2018, 12:14
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Although the Democratic party entered the 104th Congress in &nbs [#permalink] 18 Sep 2018, 12:14
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