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# Amphibians have been able to maintain a specific level of hydration in

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Retired Moderator
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Amphibians have been able to maintain a specific level of hydration in  [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2016, 10:39
1
9
00:00

Difficulty:

85% (hard)

Question Stats:

32% (01:08) correct 68% (00:58) wrong based on 330 sessions

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Amphibians have been able to maintain a specific level of hydration in and out of water ever since they developed neurohypophysial hormones which adjusted the permeability of their skin.

Source-Gmatfree
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Re: Amphibians have been able to maintain a specific level of hydration in  [#permalink]

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10 Nov 2016, 08:46
1
souvonik2k wrote:
Amphibians have been able to maintain a specific level of hydration in and out of water ever since they developed neurohypophysial hormones which adjusted the permeability of their skin.

[A] Seems to convey that it was a one time activity that happened in the past and no longer happens.
[B] Addresses the situation, whenever the Amphibians move in and out of water, there are harmones that adjust permeability of their skin.

Can you please provide the OE?
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Re: Amphibians have been able to maintain a specific level of hydration in  [#permalink]

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10 Nov 2016, 08:54
Got it.

[B} has S-V issue, harmones - adjusted

So B,C,E all are out.

Out of [A] and [E], E is out as a relative pronoun should be followed, after a clause that is used to define a noun.
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Re: Amphibians have been able to maintain a specific level of hydration in  [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2017, 02:04
Not clear - why is B incorrect? - isnt it a present-tense activity of hormones that adjust permeability? (I mean this phenomenon is till happening)?
A would mean that amphibians developed it at a point in time (in the past) and that has adjusted the permeability of the skin?
Expert advice needed, would like to understand the flaw in my understanding here
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Re: Amphibians have been able to maintain a specific level of hydration in  [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2017, 02:55
1
This is a poorly written question.
Apart from A,all the answer choices are wrong because of S-V issue.Now lets analyze A.First,we need to use a comma before which and second we need to use that instead of the non essential which.

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Re: Amphibians have been able to maintain a specific level of hydration in  [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2017, 03:07
1
Not clear - why is B incorrect? - isnt it a present-tense activity of hormones that adjust permeability? (I mean this phenomenon is till happening)?
A would mean that amphibians developed it at a point in time (in the past) and that has adjusted the permeability of the skin?
Expert advice needed, would like to understand the flaw in my understanding here

B has Subject Verb error. It says Hormones THAT adjusts. Hormones are plural, hence it should be adjust.

I agree with your point on A but A is the only best possible answer.

Does that make sense?
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Re: Amphibians have been able to maintain a specific level of hydration in  [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2017, 07:48
abhimahna wrote:
Not clear - why is B incorrect? - isnt it a present-tense activity of hormones that adjust permeability? (I mean this phenomenon is till happening)?
A would mean that amphibians developed it at a point in time (in the past) and that has adjusted the permeability of the skin?
Expert advice needed, would like to understand the flaw in my understanding here

B has Subject Verb error. It says Hormones THAT adjusts. Hormones are plural, hence it should be adjust.

I agree with your point on A but A is the only best possible answer.

Does that make sense?

yes completely - I realize the S-V issue in B here
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Re: Amphibians have been able to maintain a specific level of hydration in  [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2017, 23:56
We use "which" instead of "That" as the sentence after hormones is an additional information and the former sentence is complete even without it.
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Re: Amphibians have been able to maintain a specific level of hydration in  [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2017, 04:47
I feel that it is not a good quality question. Although A seems to be the best answer out of all the 5.

Amphibians have been able to maintain a specific level of hydration in and out of water ever since they developed neurohypophysial hormones which adjusted the permeability of their skin.

Developing the hormones happened in the past but adjusting the permeability still happens. IMO which adjust the permeability of the skin is right.

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Re: Amphibians have been able to maintain a specific level of hydration in  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2019, 00:17
souvonik2k wrote:
Amphibians have been able to maintain a specific level of hydration in and out of water ever since they developed neurohypophysial hormones which adjusted the permeability of their skin.

Source-Gmatfree

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:

Creating a filter: We read the prompt, ignoring the "neuro-" word for now. The sentence passes the subject-verb test and doesn't raise flags. We proceed to the answer choices to proceed exhaustively and eliminate choices based on objective defects.

Finding objective defects: Choice (B) has a grammatically singular verb, so it's out. Same with (C) and (D). We are referring to the grammatically plural "hormones."

So we are down to (A) and (E). Choice (E) sounds weird and is flawed. When a clause is used to define or describe a noun, it should begin with the relative pronouns "which" or "that."

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Re: Amphibians have been able to maintain a specific level of hydration in   [#permalink] 20 Aug 2019, 00:17