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An anthropologist studying the social function of human skin

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An anthropologist studying the social function of human skin [#permalink]

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Question Stats:

53% (01:37) correct 47% (01:47) wrong based on 334 sessions

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An anthropologist studying the social function of human skin has stated that tattoos are an ancient form of body art. Tattoos, she argues, function as a mode of self-identification; the placement and design of images communicate ideas of central importance to those who bear them. She hypothesizes that the resurgence of tattooing in Western cultures over the last 10-15 years is due to increased desire to express individuality in an environment in which other personal decorations, including clothing and jewelry, are mass-produced.

Which of the following research studies, if completed, would be most likely to provide evidence directly relating to the anthropologist’s hypothesis?


A. A study examining the attitudes in several Western cultures toward mass-produced clothing and jewelry.
B. A study that systematically interviews people with tattoos less than 15 years old to discover their reasons for tattooing.
C. A study surveying the work of other anthropologists on tattooing as a mode of self-identification.
D. A study of the most common designs for tattoos over the last 10-15 years that could determine correlations between popular images and culture.
E. A study comparing ancient and modern designs for tattoos that could reveal the way shifts in images reflect shifts in culture.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Discuss: [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2013, 20:18
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Before analyzing the question, let read the question stem carefully:
Which of the following research studies, if completed, would be most likely to provide evidence DIRECTLY relating to the anthropologist’s hypothesis?
Any indirect related research is wrong.


The anthropologist hypothesizes:

Tattooing in Western cultures over the last 10-15 years is due to desire to express individuality in an environment in which other personal decorations, including clothing and jewelry, are mass-produced

Assumptions:

(1) Over 10-15 years, express individuality is the main reason for tattooing. ==> If it is NOT the main reason, ==> the hypothesis fails.
(2) Over 10-15 years, personal decorations have NOT expressed individuality ==> If clothing and jewelry that are mass-produced do express individuality ==> The hypothesis fails

Analyze each answer:

A. A study examining the attitudes in several Western cultures toward mass-produced clothing and jewelry.
Wrong. Out of scope. We do not talk about the "attitude to ward mass-produced" here.

B. A study that systematically interviews people with tattoos less than 15 years old to discover their reasons for tattooing.
Correct. Please read carefully. It says exactly the assumption (1) above. We just talk about the reasoning for tattooing over 10-15 years.

C. A study surveying the work of other anthropologists on tattooing as a mode of self-identification.
Wrong. Clearly of of scope.

D. A study of the most common designs for tattoos over the last 10-15 years that could determine correlations between popular images and culture.
Wrong. Clearly of of scope.

E. A study comparing ancient and modern designs for tattoos that could reveal the way shifts in images reflect shifts in culture.
Wrong. Clearly of of scope.

Hope it helps
_________________

Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design.

Kudos [?]: 3595 [1], given: 123

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Re: Discuss: [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2013, 22:14
pqhai wrote:
Before analyzing the question, let read the question stem carefully:
Which of the following research studies, if completed, would be most likely to provide evidence DIRECTLY relating to the anthropologist’s hypothesis?
Any indirect related research is wrong.


The anthropologist hypothesizes:

Tattooing in Western cultures over the last 10-15 years is due to desire to express individuality in an environment in which other personal decorations, including clothing and jewelry, are mass-produced

Assumptions:

(1) Over 10-15 years, express individuality is the main reason for tattooing. ==> If it is NOT the main reason, ==> the hypothesis fails.
(2) Over 10-15 years, personal decorations have NOT expressed individuality ==> If clothing and jewelry that are mass-produced do express individuality ==> The hypothesis fails

Analyze each answer:

A. A study examining the attitudes in several Western cultures toward mass-produced clothing and jewelry.
Wrong. Out of scope. We do not talk about the "attitude to ward mass-produced" here.

B. A study that systematically interviews people with tattoos less than 15 years old to discover their reasons for tattooing.
Correct. Please read carefully. It says exactly the assumption (1) above. We just talk about the reasoning for tattooing over 10-15 years.

C. A study surveying the work of other anthropologists on tattooing as a mode of self-identification.
Wrong. Clearly of of scope.

D. A study of the most common designs for tattoos over the last 10-15 years that could determine correlations between popular images and culture.
Wrong. Clearly of of scope.

E. A study comparing ancient and modern designs for tattoos that could reveal the way shifts in images reflect shifts in culture.
Wrong. Clearly of of scope.

Hope it helps


GREAT ANSWER!!! Very detailed

Despite the answer being correct I have found that this passage also takes into assumption that a method of qualitative research would suffice to obtain accurate results. One could argue that a quantitative or mixed approach form of research over 10-15 years would actually provide more accurate results.

In the world of academics you would find this too be very true. Look at you lecturers and you will notice a huge divide between those who would say qualitative is a better form of research and other qualitative and others who would say mixed method research is indeed superior.

FOOD FOR THOUGHT

Would you agree with this?

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Re: Discuss: [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2013, 23:11
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Quote:
GREAT ANSWER!!! Very detailed


Madzstar.
Thanks so much for your kind comment. I appreciate.


Quote:
Despite the answer being correct I have found that this passage also takes into assumption that a method of qualitative research would suffice to obtain accurate results. One could argue that a quantitative or mixed approach form of research over 10-15 years would actually provide more accurate results.

In the world of academics you would find this too be very true. Look at you lecturers and you will notice a huge divide between those who would say qualitative is a better form of research and other qualitative and others who would say mixed method research is indeed superior.

FOOD FOR THOUGHT

Would you agree with this?


I absolutely agree. We don't need two stones for 1 bird. :) One shot is enough.

Regards.
_________________

Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design.

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Re: An anthropologist studying the social function of human skin [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2015, 05:30
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Re: An anthropologist studying the social function of human skin [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2017, 21:46
pqhai wrote:
Before analyzing the question, let read the question stem carefully:
Which of the following research studies, if completed, would be most likely to provide evidence DIRECTLY relating to the anthropologist’s hypothesis?
Any indirect related research is wrong.


The anthropologist hypothesizes:

Tattooing in Western cultures over the last 10-15 years is due to desire to express individuality in an environment in which other personal decorations, including clothing and jewelry, are mass-produced

Assumptions:

(1) Over 10-15 years, express individuality is the main reason for tattooing. ==> If it is NOT the main reason, ==> the hypothesis fails.
(2) Over 10-15 years, personal decorations have NOT expressed individuality ==> If clothing and jewelry that are mass-produced do express individuality ==> The hypothesis fails

Analyze each answer:

A. A study examining the attitudes in several Western cultures toward mass-produced clothing and jewelry.
Wrong. Out of scope. We do not talk about the "attitude to ward mass-produced" here.

B. A study that systematically interviews people with tattoos less than 15 years old to discover their reasons for tattooing.
Correct. Please read carefully. It says exactly the assumption (1) above. We just talk about the reasoning for tattooing over 10-15 years.

C. A study surveying the work of other anthropologists on tattooing as a mode of self-identification.
Wrong. Clearly of of scope.

D. A study of the most common designs for tattoos over the last 10-15 years that could determine correlations between popular images and culture.
Wrong. Clearly of of scope.

E. A study comparing ancient and modern designs for tattoos that could reveal the way shifts in images reflect shifts in culture.
Wrong. Clearly of of scope.

Hope it helps



Thanks for the explanation.
Useful stuff.
+1

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 57

Re: An anthropologist studying the social function of human skin   [#permalink] 10 Oct 2017, 21:46
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