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Anthropologist: Violence is an extreme form of aggression and is disti

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Anthropologist: Violence is an extreme form of aggression and is disti  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2014, 08:13
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Anthropologist: Violence is an extreme form of aggression and is distinct from the self-expression sufficient for survival under notmal conditions. Human beings in certain situations react to unpleasant stimuli with violence - but only because they are conditioned by their culture to react in this manner.

Each of the following can be logically inferred form the anthropologist's statements, EXCEPT :


A. Not all aggression is violent.

B. The self-expression required for survival is generally non-aggressive.

C. Some behaviors are influenced by the cultures in which human beings live.

D. Under normal circumstances, human beings can survive by responding non-violently.

E. Violent behavior is a product of one's cultural environment.

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Re: Anthropologist: Violence is an extreme form of aggression and is disti  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2014, 19:51
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MasterOogway wrote:
Source : A local GMAT center

Anthropologist: Violence is an extreme form of aggression and is distinct from the self-expression sufficient for survival under notmal conditions. Human beings in certain situations react to unpleasant stimuli with violence - but only because they are conditioned by their culture to react in this manner.

Each of the following can be logically inferred form the anthropologist's statements, EXCEPT :

A. Not all aggression is violent.
B. The self-expression required for survival is generally non-aggressive.
C. Some behaviors are influenced by the cultures in which human beings live.
D. Under normal circumstances, human beings can survive by responding non-violently.
E. Violent behavior is a product of one's cultural environment.


Spoiler: :: Explanation and answer below
Since the question is "all can be inferred except :" we need to see which ones are true and then eliminate those options
A. "Violence is an extreme form of aggression" - means forms of aggression exist which are non-violent. This option seems to be true. Eliminate option.
B. It is nowhere mentioned that the self expression required for survival is non-aggressive. We only know that violence is distinct from self-expression necessary for survival (from second part of first statement). Not true. Let's keep this for now.
C. ".... because they are conditioned by their culture to react in this manner." This statement talks about reaction of human beings, being influenced by culture. Option seems to be true. Eliminate.
D. The first statement tells us that violence is extreme form of aggression + violence is distinct from the self-expression required for survival under normal conditions. This option seems correct. Eliminate.
E. The second statement "....react to unpleasant stimuli with violence" + "... because they are conditioned by their culture to react in this manner" means violence is a result of cultural conditioning. Option is true. Eliminate.

Only option left is B. Hence, mark B.

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Re: Anthropologist: Violence is an extreme form of aggression and is disti  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2014, 11:28
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Re: Anthropologist: Violence is an extreme form of aggression and is disti  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2014, 22:59
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Re: Anthropologist: Violence is an extreme form of aggression and is disti  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2014, 23:55
souvik101990 wrote:
carcass wrote:
Is this question comes from a GMAT official session ?' i.e. did you see this question during your exam ??

Could you confirm or not this ??

Thank you


No. This is a pretty old question as posted here


Apologies for repost.

I found this question in a practice book of local GMAT center IMS. This is not related to GMATprep.

Sent from my ATnT Note 2 using Tapatalk
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Re: Anthropologist: Violence is an extreme form of aggression and is disti  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2014, 04:05
Anthropologist: Violence is an extreme form of aggression and is distinct from the self-expression sufficient for survival under normal conditions. Human beings in certain situations react to unpleasant stimuli with violence - but only because they are conditioned by their culture to react in this manner.

Each of the following can be logically inferred form the anthropologist's statements, EXCEPT :

A. Not all aggression is violent. -- True within scope. As violence is extreme form of aggression and is distinct form of elf-expression sufficient for survival.

B. The self-expression required for survival is generally non-aggressive. -- Some form of aggression which is not violent still under scope of normal self expression. We can not infer that people generally do not choose to be little aggressive.

C. Some behaviors are influenced by the cultures in which human beings live. -- Last sentence address this part.

D. Under normal circumstances, human beings can survive by responding non-violently. -- Under scope -- can -- leaves the probability.

E. Violent behavior is a product of one's cultural environment. -- can be inferred from last sentence.
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Re: Anthropologist: Violence is an extreme form of aggression and is disti  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2014, 08:37
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I thnk B ....The self-expression required for survival is generally non-aggressive - Incorrect
corrected statement - The self-expression required for survival is generally non-violent. Since violence is an extreme form of aggression so the self expression required for survival can be aggressive but not violent.

Hope this makes sense.
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Re: Anthropologist: Violence is an extreme form of aggression and is disti  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Feb 2016, 12:18
bschool17 wrote:
Source : A local GMAT center

Anthropologist: Violence is an extreme form of aggression and is distinct from the self-expression sufficient for survival under notmal conditions. Human beings in certain situations react to unpleasant stimuli with violence - but only because they are conditioned by their culture to react in this manner.

Each of the following can be logically inferred form the anthropologist's statements, EXCEPT :

A. Not all aggression is violent.
B. The self-expression required for survival is generally non-aggressive.
C. Some behaviors are influenced by the cultures in which human beings live.
D. Under normal circumstances, human beings can survive by responding non-violently.
E. Violent behavior is a product of one's cultural environment.


I hope this picture/diagram will help us decode the stimulus better.

Quote:
Violence is an extreme form of aggression and is distinct from the self-expression sufficient for survival under normal conditions.

Attachment:
AGRESSION.png
AGRESSION.png [ 10.38 KiB | Viewed 1787 times ]


Quote:
Human beings in certain situations react to unpleasant stimuli with violence - but only because they are conditioned by their culture to react in this manner.


Now approach this question as a Venn Diagram/syllogism problem it is just a matter of 30 seconds and you can come to the correct answer choice (B)

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Re: Anthropologist: Violence is an extreme form of aggression and is disti  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2018, 04:23
B. It says nonaggressive rather than nonviolent. The excerpt tells us that violence is distinct from self-expression sufficient for survival under normal conditions. Since violence is a subset of aggression (as indicated by the first sentence of the excerpt), there may indeed be possibility that sufficient self expression is aggressive (but not violent). Hence, B is the answer.
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Re: Anthropologist: Violence is an extreme form of aggression and is disti  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2018, 06:10
Why is C wrong? From the last sentence option c can be inferred?
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Re: Anthropologist: Violence is an extreme form of aggression and is disti   [#permalink] 19 Dec 2018, 06:10
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