GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 19 Jun 2019, 16:32

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Applying the scientific method improves the results of research studi

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Status: Manager
Joined: 02 Nov 2018
Posts: 273
Applying the scientific method improves the results of research studi  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Updated on: 19 May 2019, 08:47
3
00:00

Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

33% (01:35) correct 67% (01:43) wrong based on 247 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Applying the scientific method improves the results of research studies by ensuring an objective analysis of data using a standardized approach to problem-solving.

A. ensuring an objective analysis of data using a standardized approach to problem-solving

B. analyzing data objectively using a standardized approach to problem-solving

C. problem-solving using a standardized approach to ensure the objective analysis of data

D. using a standardized approach to problem-solving in order to ensure an objective analysis of data

E. ensuring an objective analysis of data by solving problems using a standardized approach

_________________
Give a kudos if u find my post helpful. kudos motivates active discussions

Originally posted by Noshad on 17 May 2019, 00:15.
Last edited by generis on 19 May 2019, 08:47, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question
Manager
Joined: 28 Jan 2019
Posts: 90
Location: India
Re: Applying the scientific method improves the results of research studi  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 May 2019, 04:13
Applying the scientific method improves the results of research studies by ensuring an objective analysis of data using a standardized approach to problem-solving.

A. ensuring an objective analysis of data using a standardized approach to problem- solving

B. analyzing data objectively using a standardized approach to problem-solving

C. problem-solving using a standardized approach to ensure the objective analysis of data

D. using a standardized approach to problem-solving in order to ensure an objective analysis of data

E. ensuring an objective analysis of data by solving problems using a standardized approach

Hi,
Can someone explain me why A is incorrect?
_________________
"Luck is when preparation meets opportunity!"
Manager
Joined: 29 Jan 2019
Posts: 66
Location: India
GPA: 4
Re: Applying the scientific method improves the results of research studi  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 May 2019, 07:07
2
OhsostudiousMJ wrote:
Applying the scientific method improves the results of research studies by ensuring an objective analysis of data using a standardized approach to problem-solving.

A. ensuring an objective analysis of data using a standardized approach to problem- solving

B. analyzing data objectively using a standardized approach to problem-solving

C. problem-solving using a standardized approach to ensure the objective analysis of data

D. using a standardized approach to problem-solving in order to ensure an objective analysis of data

E. ensuring an objective analysis of data by solving problems using a standardized approach

Hi,
Can someone explain me why A is incorrect?

two points to eliminate A

1- the main action is not 'ensuring'

rather they are using a standarized approach in order to ensure analysis

2- using is modifying DATA...it is not what we intend to do so.

Hope it Helps

Thanks = Kudos
Senior Manager
Joined: 03 Mar 2017
Posts: 303
Re: Applying the scientific method improves the results of research studi  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 May 2019, 23:20
Quote:
Applying the scientific method improves the results of research studies by ensuring an objective analysis of data using a standardized approach to problem-solving.

How do you apply the scientific method?? By ensuring or by using an approach.

Well you use an approach first .This means using will come after the results of research studies by

Quote:
A. ensuring an objective analysis of data using a standardized approach to problem- solving

B. analyzing data objectively using a standardized approach to problem-solving

C. problem-solving using a standardized approach to ensure the objective analysis of data

D. using a standardized approach to problem-solving in order to ensure an objective analysis of data

E. ensuring an objective analysis of data by solving problems using a standardized approach

In Between A and C, C is correct because of my above reasoning.
_________________
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
All the Gods, All the Heavens, and All the Hells lie within you.
Manager
Joined: 23 Jan 2018
Posts: 172
Location: India
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: Applying the scientific method improves the results of research studi  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 May 2019, 00:02
generis

Could you please explain why B is incorrect?

Regards,
Arup
Intern
Joined: 12 Oct 2017
Posts: 13
Re: Applying the scientific method improves the results of research studi  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 May 2019, 16:07
Manager
Joined: 21 Jul 2018
Posts: 166
Location: United States
Concentration: General Management, Social Entrepreneurship
Applying the scientific method improves the results of research studi  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Updated on: 19 May 2019, 18:23
3
Applying the scientific method improves the results of research studies by ensuring an objective analysis of data using a standardized approach to problem-solving.

Odd question but here's my thought.

Basically the crux of the sentence is: How do we do X? By doing Y...which will ensure Z.
How does applying the scientific method improve results?
THROUGH/BY the use of a standardised approach (via the scientific method).

A. ensuring an objective analysis of data using a standardized approach to problem-solving
“Using” is currently modifying data…and that means that the “data” is currently “using a standardised approach to problem-solving” which makes 0 sense. This is an error with verb-ing modifiers not preceded by commas, which can only modify the preceding noun or noun phrase. Also wrong order of by doing Y to ensure Z.

To be correct, it'd probably have to say: by ensuring an objective analysis of data that uses a standardised approach to problem solving. [In this case, the objective analysis = approach.]

B. analyzing data objectively using a standardized approach to problem-solving
Wrong order. We want BY to be followed by the approach. The objective analysis of the data is supplemental. Also don't think the "using" can modify "data" here...either.

C. problem-solving using a standardized approach to ensure the objective analysis of data
Changes the meaning. We want the “by” to be close to the usage of the approach.

D. using a standardized approach to problem-solving in order to ensure an objective analysis of data.
Correct meaning. Emphasises the approach as the solution.

E. ensuring an objective analysis of data by solving problems using a standardized approach

Too many “bys”! Also, not the right order.

_________________
.
"What you do in practice determines your level of success. I used to tell my players: You have to give 100% everyday. Whatever you don't give, you can't make it up tomorrow."

Originally posted by anothermillenial on 19 May 2019, 18:14.
Last edited by anothermillenial on 19 May 2019, 18:23, edited 4 times in total.
Senior SC Moderator
Joined: 22 May 2016
Posts: 2902
Applying the scientific method improves the results of research studi  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 May 2019, 18:17
2
Applying the scientific method improves the results of research studies by ensuring an objective analysis of data using a standardized approach to problem-solving.

A. ensuring an objective analysis of data using a standardized approach to problem-solving

B. analyzing data objectively using a standardized approach to problem-solving

C. problem-solving using a standardized approach to ensure the objective analysis of data

D. using a standardized approach to problem-solving in order to ensure an objective analysis of data

E. ensuring an objective analysis of data by solving problems using a standardized approach

• Two main problems:
1) A, B, C, and E assert rather than explain.

2) the participle phrase "using a standardized approach" ends up modifying weird things and getting relegated to secondary status.

• By ___ING must tell us how the application of scientific methods improves the results of research studies

In the main clause we have
subject + verb + direct object + BY + ___ING
By ___ING must explain HOW the action or result in the main clause happened

• In all of these options, very nearly identical phrases are scrambled differently.

-- objective analysis of data/analyzing data objectively

-- a standardized approach to problem-solving

-- to ensure/ensuring

-- problem solving/solving problems

• rearrange the phrases in their most logical order
(or let the options do so for you)

-- We must answer HOW the application of the scientific method achieves improved study results

-- We should start with a noun. The verbals are noun-like anyway (using, ensuring), and we need a meaningful concept to tie the scientific method to improved study results.

We have three choices: data analysis, problem solving, or a standardized approach to problem solving

-- eliminate problem solving.
C is silly.
Question: How do you solve the problem [of needing improved study results]? Answer: By problem solving.
That answer is circular, and a standardized approach to problem solving includes problem solving, if that's what we're after

objective data analysis vs. a standardized approach?

If we choose objective data analysis, we choose a very specific detail as our HOW answer.
We relegate "a standardized approach" to secondary status and leave the phrase with little content.

If we choose a standardized approach, we have only one option: D
What happens in D?

The results in the main clause are achieved . . .
BY using a standardized approach to problem solving [a general and predictable method of problem solving] . . .
in order to ensure an objective analysis of data.

This standard approach has a purpose/result: objective analysis of data.
Objectively analyzed data = improved study results

Option D looks very promising.

Can we go the other way and be as effective?

A) ensuring an objective analysis of data using a standardized approach to problem-solving
The scientific method improves study results by [somehow!] ensuring objective analysis of data,
an analysis of data that itself uses a standardized approach to problem-solving.

Cause and effect are asserted, not explained. Ensuring objective data analysis is not exactly wrong,
The phrase just doesn't say much.
There is little sense of mechanism or logical sequence.
HOW does the scientific method ensure objective data analysis (again, data analysis that itself uses a standardized approach)?
It's a good thing to "ensure objective data analysis," but A is inferior to D because we do not have a sense of "because."

Notice that in D we can say, Because the approach to problem solving is standardized and because its purpose is to ensure objective analysis of data, the application of the scientific method improves study results.
We have explanatory reasons, not just assertions.

Eliminate A.

• Options B and E lack explanatory power just as A does .

Option B may be worse than A.
analyzing data objectively using a standardized approach to problem-solving
Okay, but HOW does this thing work?

Again, it's good to have objectively analyzed data [that itself uses some standardized approach to problem-solving].

Merely asserting that data are analyzed objectively is not the same as explaining the mechanism by which that analysis happens.
The end game, the purpose of the approach, in D, is objective data analysis.
We don't have an end game in B.
At the end of the sentence we have a vague standardized approach to problem solving that data analysis itself somehow uses.
Eliminate B

Option E is a variation on option A and has the same problems
E) ensuring an objective analysis of data by solving problems using a standardized approach

• This statement might help. ASSERTED, NOT EXPLAINED.

All the options except D are asserting the HOW rather than explaining the HOW.
Options describing a HOW should not assert. They should explain.

This question is hard.
Step back a bit.
Forget obvious grammar errors. There aren't any obvious ones.

I am curious to understand why option D is not more attractive to people.

If I were willing to pick answer A, B, or E, I think that I would have to be willing to pick the other two as well.

ArupRS , I hope that analysis helps.
_________________
SC Butler has resumed!
Get two SC questions to practice, whose links you can find by date, here.

Tell me, what is it you plan to do with your one wild and precious life? -- Mary Oliver
Senior Manager
Status: Manager
Joined: 02 Nov 2018
Posts: 273
Re: Applying the scientific method improves the results of research studi  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 May 2019, 08:59
OE
D. The correct response is (D). The scientific method is a standardized approach to problem-solving, and taking a standardized approach to problem-solving helps ensure an objective analysis of data.This is the only option for which the phrase “in order to” properly connects the subordinate clause (“ensure an objective analysis of data”) to the main clause.

Response (A) is incorrect because applying the scientific method is equal to providing a standardized approach, which, in turn, ensures an objective analysis.

Response (B) is incorrect because applying the scientific method is not equal to analyzing data objectively; it is equal to taking a specific approach to analyzing data, which helps eliminate bias and therefore ensures an objective analysis.

Response (C) is incorrect because the scientific method is an approach to problem-solving, not problem-solving in itself.

Response (E) is incorrect because, though the sentence expresses the correct idea, the awkward phrasing clouds the clarity of expression.
_________________
Give a kudos if u find my post helpful. kudos motivates active discussions

Manager
Joined: 23 Jan 2018
Posts: 172
Location: India
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: Applying the scientific method improves the results of research studi  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 May 2019, 09:26
1
generis wrote:
Applying the scientific method improves the results of research studies by ensuring an objective analysis of data using a standardized approach to problem-solving.

A. ensuring an objective analysis of data using a standardized approach to problem-solving

B. analyzing data objectively using a standardized approach to problem-solving

C. problem-solving using a standardized approach to ensure the objective analysis of data

D. using a standardized approach to problem-solving in order to ensure an objective analysis of data

E. ensuring an objective analysis of data by solving problems using a standardized approach

• Two main problems:
1) A, B, C, and E assert rather than explain.

2) the participle phrase "using a standardized approach" ends up modifying weird things and getting relegated to secondary status.

• By ___ING must tell us how the application of scientific methods improves the results of research studies

In the main clause we have
subject + verb + direct object + BY + ___ING
By ___ING must explain HOW the action or result in the main clause happened

• In all of these options, very nearly identical phrases are scrambled differently.

-- objective analysis of data/analyzing data objectively

-- a standardized approach to problem-solving

-- to ensure/ensuring

-- problem solving/solving problems

• rearrange the phrases in their most logical order
(or let the options do so for you)

-- We must answer HOW the application of the scientific method achieves improved study results

-- We should start with a noun. The verbals are noun-like anyway (using, ensuring), and we need a meaningful concept to tie the scientific method to improved study results.

We have three choices: data analysis, problem solving, or a standardized approach to problem solving

-- eliminate problem solving.
C is silly.
Question: How do you solve the problem [of needing improved study results]? Answer: By problem solving.
That answer is circular, and a standardized approach to problem solving includes problem solving, if that's what we're after

objective data analysis vs. a standardized approach?

If we choose objective data analysis, we choose a very specific detail as our HOW answer.
We relegate "a standardized approach" to secondary status and leave the phrase with little content.

If we choose a standardized approach, we have only one option: D
What happens in D?

The results in the main clause are achieved . . .
BY using a standardized approach to problem solving [a general and predictable method of problem solving] . . .
in order to ensure an objective analysis of data.

This standard approach has a purpose/result: objective analysis of data.
Objectively analyzed data = improved study results

Option D looks very promising.

Can we go the other way and be as effective?

A) ensuring an objective analysis of data using a standardized approach to problem-solving
The scientific method improves study results by [somehow!] ensuring objective analysis of data,
an analysis of data that itself uses a standardized approach to problem-solving.

Cause and effect are asserted, not explained. Ensuring objective data analysis is not exactly wrong,
The phrase just doesn't say much.
There is little sense of mechanism or logical sequence.
HOW does the scientific method ensure objective data analysis (again, data analysis that itself uses a standardized approach)?
It's a good thing to "ensure objective data analysis," but A is inferior to D because we do not have a sense of "because."

Notice that in D we can say, Because the approach to problem solving is standardized and because its purpose is to ensure objective analysis of data, the application of the scientific method improves study results.
We have explanatory reasons, not just assertions.

Eliminate A.

• Options B and E lack explanatory power just as A does .

Option B may be worse than A.
analyzing data objectively using a standardized approach to problem-solving
Okay, but HOW does this thing work?

Again, it's good to have objectively analyzed data [that itself uses some standardized approach to problem-solving].
Mere assertion that data are analyzed objectively is not the same as explaining the mechanism by which that analysis happens.
The end game, the purpose of the approach, in D, is objective data analysis.
We don't have an end-game in B.
At the end of the sentence we have a vague standardized approach to problem solving that data analysis itself somehow uses.
Eliminate B

Option E is a variation on option A and has the same problems
E) ensuring an objective analysis of data by solving problems using a standardized approach

• This statement might help. ASSERTED, NOT EXPLAINED.

All the options except D assert the HOW rather than explaining the HOW.
Options describing a HOW should not assert. They should explain.

This question is hard.
Step back a bit.
Forget obvious grammar errors. There aren't any obvious ones.

I am curious to understand why option D is not more attractive to people.

If I were willing to pick answer A, B, or E, I think that I would have to be willing to pick the other two as well.

ArupRS , I hope that analysis helps.

generis :

This is a heck of a solution. The meaning changes are subtle. I was not able to comprehend the subtle changes in the meaning in each answer choices.
I haven't found out any grammatical mistakes as such. Being a non-native speaker, it was, even more, harder for me. This is the only question I faced till now faced, was missed by me because of this aspect.

Regards,
Arup
Arup
Re: Applying the scientific method improves the results of research studi   [#permalink] 21 May 2019, 09:26
Display posts from previous: Sort by