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# Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and

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Manager
Joined: 23 Jun 2008
Posts: 138
Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2008, 15:27
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Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destruction of a city are excavating in several possible places, including a middle and a lower layer of a large mound. The bottom of the middle layer contains some pieces of pottery of type 3, known to be from a later period than the time of the destruction of the city, but the lower layer does not.

Q. The force of the evidence cited above is most seriously weakened if which of the following is true?

A. Gerbils, small animals long native to the area, dig large burrows into which objects can fall when the burrows collapse.

B. Pottery of types 1 and 2, found in the lower level, was used in the cities from which, according to the legend, the besieging forces came.

C. Several pieces of stone from a lower-layer wall have been found incorporated into the remains of a building in the middle layer.

D. Both the middle and the lower layer show evidence of large-scale destruction of habitations by fire.

E. Bronze ax heads of a type used at the time of the siege were found in the lower level of excavation.

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Manager
Joined: 12 May 2006
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22 Aug 2008, 16:37
Very tough one. Will take a try on this:

The passage says that since the type 3 pottery was not found in lower layer either the siege existed before the lower layer or the type 3 pottery in middle layer came from somewhere else.

Hence the conclusion is that excavating lower layer is not fruitful for finding the evidence of the city/siege.

Choice E proves this to be false and weakens the conclusion.
Senior Manager
Joined: 31 Jul 2008
Posts: 271

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22 Aug 2008, 19:30
i think its D ;

as both the layers show evidence pointing to the fact that middle and lower levels carry material of destruction and hence negating the authors conclusion that middle layer was formed after the siege.
Manager
Joined: 21 Aug 2008
Posts: 186

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22 Aug 2008, 22:09
balboa wrote:
Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destruction of a city are excavating in several possible places, including a middle and a lower layer of a large mound. The bottom of the middle layer contains some pieces of pottery of type 3, known to be from a later period than the time of the destruction of the city, but the lower layer does not.

Q. The force of the evidence cited above is most seriously weakened if which of the following is true?

A. Gerbils, small animals long native to the area, dig large burrows into which objects can fall when the burrows collapse.

B. Pottery of types 1 and 2, found in the lower level, was used in the cities from which, according to the legend, the besieging forces came.

C. Several pieces of stone from a lower-layer wall have been found incorporated into the remains of a building in the middle layer.

D. Both the middle and the lower layer show evidence of large-scale destruction of habitations by fire.

E. Bronze ax heads of a type used at the time of the siege were found in the lower level of excavation.

Lower level does not have pottery 3. But bottom of middle level has it. And the pottery 3 is from later period than the destruction time. So this statement gives us an understanding that the lower level maybe has something from the destruction time. If this is true, then archaeologists would be happy.^^. But it's Weakening question. If D is true, then they can't be happy...since it indicates that even the lower layer is from later period than the destruction time.
So D stands...
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Joined: 06 Apr 2008
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24 Aug 2008, 00:25
balboa wrote:
Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destruction of a city are excavating in several possible places, including a middle and a lower layer of a large mound. The bottom of the middle layer contains some pieces of pottery of type 3, known to be from a later period than the time of the destruction of the city, but the lower layer does not.

Q. The force of the evidence cited above is most seriously weakened if which of the following is true?

A. Gerbils, small animals long native to the area, dig large burrows into which objects can fall when the burrows collapse.

B. Pottery of types 1 and 2, found in the lower level, was used in the cities from which, according to the legend, the besieging forces came.

C. Several pieces of stone from a lower-layer wall have been found incorporated into the remains of a building in the middle layer.

D. Both the middle and the lower layer show evidence of large-scale destruction of habitations by fire.

E. Bronze ax heads of a type used at the time of the siege were found in the lower level of excavation.

IMO A)

Large objects falling into middle layer means that evidence is wrong
Retired Moderator
Joined: 18 Jul 2008
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25 Aug 2008, 15:21
I choose A as well.
Manager
Joined: 05 Aug 2008
Posts: 88
Schools: McCombs Class of 2012

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25 Aug 2008, 15:34
Senior Manager
Joined: 15 Aug 2007
Posts: 267

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25 Aug 2008, 18:51
balboa wrote:
Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destruction of a city are excavating in several possible places, including a middle and a lower layer of a large mound. The bottom of the middle layer contains some pieces of pottery of type 3, known to be from a later period than the time of the destruction of the city, but the lower layer does not.

Q. The force of the evidence cited above is most seriously weakened if which of the following is true?

A. Gerbils, small animals long native to the area, dig large burrows into which objects can fall when the burrows collapse.

B. Pottery of types 1 and 2, found in the lower level, was used in the cities from which, according to the legend, the besieging forces came.

C. Several pieces of stone from a lower-layer wall have been found incorporated into the remains of a building in the middle layer.

D. Both the middle and the lower layer show evidence of large-scale destruction of habitations by fire.

E. Bronze ax heads of a type used at the time of the siege were found in the lower level of excavation.

The argument is :
Findind of Archeolgist -----<(based on ) Findind of pottery in Middle Layer

But what if the pottery reach the middle layer in some other way ? Then Findings
of Archl. are false.

A for me

Director
Joined: 03 Sep 2006
Posts: 840

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25 Aug 2008, 22:05
A
VP
Joined: 30 Jun 2008
Posts: 1008

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25 Aug 2008, 23:23
balboa wrote:
Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destruction of a city are excavating in several possible places, including a middle and a lower layer of a large mound. The bottom of the middle layer contains some pieces of pottery of type 3, known to be from a later period than the time of the destruction of the city, but the lower layer does not.

Q. The force of the evidence cited above is most seriously weakened if which of the following is true?

A. Gerbils, small animals long native to the area, dig large burrows into which objects can fall when the burrows collapse.

B. Pottery of types 1 and 2, found in the lower level, was used in the cities from which, according to the legend, the besieging forces came.

C. Several pieces of stone from a lower-layer wall have been found incorporated into the remains of a building in the middle layer.

D. Both the middle and the lower layer show evidence of large-scale destruction of habitations by fire.

E. Bronze ax heads of a type used at the time of the siege were found in the lower level of excavation.

This is a tough one

A -> weakens the evidence by showing another cause for the effect

Please correct me if i am wrong
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"You have to find it. No one else can find it for you." - Bjorn Borg

Intern
Joined: 27 Aug 2007
Posts: 27

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28 Aug 2008, 21:29
I just checked CR1000.

OA is A.

Another question from the 1000CR on the same passage:

Which of the following hypotheses is best supported by the evidence above?
(A) The lower layer contains the remains of the city where the siege took place.
(B) The legend confuses stories from two different historical periods.
(C) The middle layer does not represent the period of the siege.
(D) The siege lasted for a long time before the city was destroyed.
(E) The pottery of type 3 was imported to the city by traders.
VP
Joined: 30 Jun 2008
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29 Aug 2008, 00:15
Quote:
Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destruction of a city are excavating in several possible places, including a middle and a lower layer of a large mound. The bottom of the middle layer contains some pieces of pottery of type 3, known to be from a later period than the time of the destruction of the city, but the lower layer does not.

Q2 ) Which of the following hypotheses is best supported by the evidence above?

(A) The lower layer contains the remains of the city where the siege took place.
(B) The legend confuses stories from two different historical periods.
(C) The middle layer does not represent the period of the siege.
(D) The siege lasted for a long time before the city was destroyed.
(E) The pottery of type 3 was imported to the city by traders.

i guess its (C) The middle layer does not represent the period of the siege.

Since the pottery found in the middle layer is from a later period than the time of the siege, the middle layer might be representing the period AFTER the siege

whats the OA ??
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Manager
Joined: 11 Mar 2008
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09 Sep 2008, 10:02
Quote:
Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destruction of a city are excavating in several possible places, including a middle and a lower layer of a large mound. The bottom of the middle layer contains some pieces of pottery of type 3, known to be from a later period than the time of the destruction of the city, but the lower layer does not.

The force of the evidence cited above is most seriously weakened if which of the following is true?

(A) Gerbils, small animals long native to the area, dig large burrows into which objects can fall when the burrows collapse.
(B) Pottery of types 1 and 2, found in the lower level, was used in the cities from which, according to the legend, the besieging forces came.
(C) Several pieces of stone from a lower-layer wall have been found incorporated into the remains of a building in the middle layer.
(D) Both the middle and the lower layer show evidence of large-scale destruction of habitations by fire.
(E) Bronze ax heads of a type used at the time of the siege were found in the lower level of excavation.

This is a fun question because it actually asks two questions in one!

This is how I see it:

First, what does the question ask? “weaken the force of the evidence” i.e. weaken the conclusion.

What is the conclusion then? Uhm..Christmas should be celebrated in August? No seriously

Ok, Archaeologists seek possible location of the siege in two layers; middle layer has something from an earlier time, layer bellow has nothing SO the conclusion is: wrong place suckers you wasted your time and money!

That is the “force of the evidence”.

Second, weaken the conclusion:

if I were one of the archaeologists who was just about to lose his bet (a case of tequila) I would desperately look for any explanation that would help me to prolongate the fun of flattening the mound.

-You lost your bet, the force of the evidence shows that this is a wrong location! Where is my case of tequila?

-yeah, dude, we should keep on diggin’, coz’ locals told me that there is that animal that goes around mounds and digs burrows left and right. A large diameter burrows, ya know! So my guess would be that the Type 3 thingy (originally from the top layer) got into one of those holes and managed to show up in the bottom of the lower level! I even found the dead Gerbils underneath the pottery! Must’ve hit him while he was sleeping...

- no way man...

- Who could’ve though, eh?

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Re: CR1000: Q160   [#permalink] 09 Sep 2008, 10:02
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# Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and

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