It is currently 21 Nov 2017, 05:20

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 23 Jun 2008
Posts: 140

Kudos [?]: 146 [0], given: 0

Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Aug 2008, 15:27
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

0% (00:00) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 1 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destruction of a city are excavating in several possible places, including a middle and a lower layer of a large mound. The bottom of the middle layer contains some pieces of pottery of type 3, known to be from a later period than the time of the destruction of the city, but the lower layer does not.

Q. The force of the evidence cited above is most seriously weakened if which of the following is true?

A. Gerbils, small animals long native to the area, dig large burrows into which objects can fall when the burrows collapse.

B. Pottery of types 1 and 2, found in the lower level, was used in the cities from which, according to the legend, the besieging forces came.

C. Several pieces of stone from a lower-layer wall have been found incorporated into the remains of a building in the middle layer.

D. Both the middle and the lower layer show evidence of large-scale destruction of habitations by fire.

E. Bronze ax heads of a type used at the time of the siege were found in the lower level of excavation.

Kudos [?]: 146 [0], given: 0

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 12 May 2006
Posts: 175

Kudos [?]: 72 [0], given: 0

Re: CR1000: Q160 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Aug 2008, 16:37
Very tough one. Will take a try on this:

The passage says that since the type 3 pottery was not found in lower layer either the siege existed before the lower layer or the type 3 pottery in middle layer came from somewhere else.

Hence the conclusion is that excavating lower layer is not fruitful for finding the evidence of the city/siege.

Choice E proves this to be false and weakens the conclusion.

Kudos [?]: 72 [0], given: 0

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 31 Jul 2008
Posts: 290

Kudos [?]: 57 [0], given: 0

Re: CR1000: Q160 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Aug 2008, 19:30
i think its D ;

as both the layers show evidence pointing to the fact that middle and lower levels carry material of destruction and hence negating the authors conclusion that middle layer was formed after the siege.

Kudos [?]: 57 [0], given: 0

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 21 Aug 2008
Posts: 199

Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 0

Re: CR1000: Q160 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Aug 2008, 22:09
balboa wrote:
Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destruction of a city are excavating in several possible places, including a middle and a lower layer of a large mound. The bottom of the middle layer contains some pieces of pottery of type 3, known to be from a later period than the time of the destruction of the city, but the lower layer does not.

Q. The force of the evidence cited above is most seriously weakened if which of the following is true?

A. Gerbils, small animals long native to the area, dig large burrows into which objects can fall when the burrows collapse.

B. Pottery of types 1 and 2, found in the lower level, was used in the cities from which, according to the legend, the besieging forces came.

C. Several pieces of stone from a lower-layer wall have been found incorporated into the remains of a building in the middle layer.

D. Both the middle and the lower layer show evidence of large-scale destruction of habitations by fire.

E. Bronze ax heads of a type used at the time of the siege were found in the lower level of excavation.


Lower level does not have pottery 3. But bottom of middle level has it. And the pottery 3 is from later period than the destruction time. So this statement gives us an understanding that the lower level maybe has something from the destruction time. If this is true, then archaeologists would be happy.^^. But it's Weakening question. If D is true, then they can't be happy...since it indicates that even the lower layer is from later period than the destruction time.
So D stands...

Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 0

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 06 Apr 2008
Posts: 429

Kudos [?]: 168 [0], given: 1

Re: CR1000: Q160 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Aug 2008, 00:25
balboa wrote:
Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destruction of a city are excavating in several possible places, including a middle and a lower layer of a large mound. The bottom of the middle layer contains some pieces of pottery of type 3, known to be from a later period than the time of the destruction of the city, but the lower layer does not.

Q. The force of the evidence cited above is most seriously weakened if which of the following is true?

A. Gerbils, small animals long native to the area, dig large burrows into which objects can fall when the burrows collapse.

B. Pottery of types 1 and 2, found in the lower level, was used in the cities from which, according to the legend, the besieging forces came.

C. Several pieces of stone from a lower-layer wall have been found incorporated into the remains of a building in the middle layer.

D. Both the middle and the lower layer show evidence of large-scale destruction of habitations by fire.

E. Bronze ax heads of a type used at the time of the siege were found in the lower level of excavation.


IMO A)

Large objects falling into middle layer means that evidence is wrong

Kudos [?]: 168 [0], given: 1

Retired Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 18 Jul 2008
Posts: 960

Kudos [?]: 304 [0], given: 5

Re: CR1000: Q160 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Aug 2008, 15:21
I choose A as well.

Kudos [?]: 304 [0], given: 5

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 05 Aug 2008
Posts: 91

Kudos [?]: 47 [0], given: 0

Schools: McCombs Class of 2012
Re: CR1000: Q160 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Aug 2008, 15:34
What is the correct answer?

Kudos [?]: 47 [0], given: 0

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 15 Aug 2007
Posts: 286

Kudos [?]: 120 [0], given: 0

Re: CR1000: Q160 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Aug 2008, 18:51
balboa wrote:
Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destruction of a city are excavating in several possible places, including a middle and a lower layer of a large mound. The bottom of the middle layer contains some pieces of pottery of type 3, known to be from a later period than the time of the destruction of the city, but the lower layer does not.

Q. The force of the evidence cited above is most seriously weakened if which of the following is true?

A. Gerbils, small animals long native to the area, dig large burrows into which objects can fall when the burrows collapse.

B. Pottery of types 1 and 2, found in the lower level, was used in the cities from which, according to the legend, the besieging forces came.

C. Several pieces of stone from a lower-layer wall have been found incorporated into the remains of a building in the middle layer.

D. Both the middle and the lower layer show evidence of large-scale destruction of habitations by fire.

E. Bronze ax heads of a type used at the time of the siege were found in the lower level of excavation.

The argument is :
Findind of Archeolgist -----<(based on ) Findind of pottery in Middle Layer

But what if the pottery reach the middle layer in some other way ? Then Findings
of Archl. are false.

A for me



Kudos [?]: 120 [0], given: 0

Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 03 Sep 2006
Posts: 864

Kudos [?]: 1106 [0], given: 33

GMAT ToolKit User
Re: CR1000: Q160 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Aug 2008, 22:05
A

Kudos [?]: 1106 [0], given: 33

VP
VP
User avatar
Joined: 30 Jun 2008
Posts: 1031

Kudos [?]: 729 [0], given: 1

Re: CR1000: Q160 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Aug 2008, 23:23
balboa wrote:
Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destruction of a city are excavating in several possible places, including a middle and a lower layer of a large mound. The bottom of the middle layer contains some pieces of pottery of type 3, known to be from a later period than the time of the destruction of the city, but the lower layer does not.

Q. The force of the evidence cited above is most seriously weakened if which of the following is true?

A. Gerbils, small animals long native to the area, dig large burrows into which objects can fall when the burrows collapse.

B. Pottery of types 1 and 2, found in the lower level, was used in the cities from which, according to the legend, the besieging forces came.

C. Several pieces of stone from a lower-layer wall have been found incorporated into the remains of a building in the middle layer.

D. Both the middle and the lower layer show evidence of large-scale destruction of habitations by fire.

E. Bronze ax heads of a type used at the time of the siege were found in the lower level of excavation.


This is a tough one :(

A -> weakens the evidence by showing another cause for the effect

Please correct me if i am wrong
_________________

"You have to find it. No one else can find it for you." - Bjorn Borg

Kudos [?]: 729 [0], given: 1

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 27 Aug 2007
Posts: 34

Kudos [?]: 19 [0], given: 0

Re: CR1000: Q160 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Aug 2008, 21:29
I just checked CR1000.

OA is A.

Another question from the 1000CR on the same passage:

Which of the following hypotheses is best supported by the evidence above?
(A) The lower layer contains the remains of the city where the siege took place.
(B) The legend confuses stories from two different historical periods.
(C) The middle layer does not represent the period of the siege.
(D) The siege lasted for a long time before the city was destroyed.
(E) The pottery of type 3 was imported to the city by traders.

Kudos [?]: 19 [0], given: 0

VP
VP
User avatar
Joined: 30 Jun 2008
Posts: 1031

Kudos [?]: 729 [0], given: 1

Re: CR1000: Q160 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Aug 2008, 00:15
Quote:
Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destruction of a city are excavating in several possible places, including a middle and a lower layer of a large mound. The bottom of the middle layer contains some pieces of pottery of type 3, known to be from a later period than the time of the destruction of the city, but the lower layer does not.

Q2 ) Which of the following hypotheses is best supported by the evidence above?

(A) The lower layer contains the remains of the city where the siege took place.
(B) The legend confuses stories from two different historical periods.
(C) The middle layer does not represent the period of the siege.
(D) The siege lasted for a long time before the city was destroyed.
(E) The pottery of type 3 was imported to the city by traders.


i guess its (C) The middle layer does not represent the period of the siege.

Since the pottery found in the middle layer is from a later period than the time of the siege, the middle layer might be representing the period AFTER the siege

whats the OA ??
_________________

"You have to find it. No one else can find it for you." - Bjorn Borg

Kudos [?]: 729 [0], given: 1

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 11 Mar 2008
Posts: 110

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 0

Location: Canada
Re: CR1000: Q160 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Sep 2008, 10:02
Quote:
Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destruction of a city are excavating in several possible places, including a middle and a lower layer of a large mound. The bottom of the middle layer contains some pieces of pottery of type 3, known to be from a later period than the time of the destruction of the city, but the lower layer does not.

The force of the evidence cited above is most seriously weakened if which of the following is true?

(A) Gerbils, small animals long native to the area, dig large burrows into which objects can fall when the burrows collapse.
(B) Pottery of types 1 and 2, found in the lower level, was used in the cities from which, according to the legend, the besieging forces came.
(C) Several pieces of stone from a lower-layer wall have been found incorporated into the remains of a building in the middle layer.
(D) Both the middle and the lower layer show evidence of large-scale destruction of habitations by fire.
(E) Bronze ax heads of a type used at the time of the siege were found in the lower level of excavation.




This is a fun question because it actually asks two questions in one!

This is how I see it:

First, what does the question ask? “weaken the force of the evidence” i.e. weaken the conclusion.

What is the conclusion then? Uhm..Christmas should be celebrated in August? No seriously :)

Ok, Archaeologists seek possible location of the siege in two layers; middle layer has something from an earlier time, layer bellow has nothing SO the conclusion is: wrong place suckers you wasted your time and money!

That is the “force of the evidence”.

Second, weaken the conclusion:

if I were one of the archaeologists who was just about to lose his bet (a case of tequila) I would desperately look for any explanation that would help me to prolongate the fun of flattening the mound.

-You lost your bet, the force of the evidence shows that this is a wrong location! Where is my case of tequila?

-yeah, dude, we should keep on diggin’, coz’ locals told me that there is that animal that goes around mounds and digs burrows left and right. A large diameter burrows, ya know! So my guess would be that the Type 3 thingy (originally from the top layer) got into one of those holes and managed to show up in the bottom of the lower level! I even found the dead Gerbils underneath the pottery! Must’ve hit him while he was sleeping...

- no way man...

- Who could’ve though, eh?

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 0

Re: CR1000: Q160   [#permalink] 09 Sep 2008, 10:02
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Moderators: GMATNinjaTwo, GMATNinja



GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.