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Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destructi

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Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destructi  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 13 Nov 2018, 21:47
1
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65% (01:56) correct 35% (02:04) wrong based on 1032 sessions

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Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destruction of a city are excavating in several possible places, including a middle and a lower layer of a large mound. The bottom of the middle layer contains some pieces of pottery of type 3, known to be from a later period than the time of the destruction of the city, but the lower layer does not.

Which of the following hypotheses is best supported by the evidence above?


(A) The lower layer contains the remains of the city where the siege took place.

(B) The legend confuses stories from two different historical periods.

(C) The middle layer does not represent the period of the siege.

(D) The siege lasted for a long time before the city was destroyed.

(E) The pottery of type 3 was imported to the city by traders.


Same stem Weaken question: https://gmatclub.com/forum/archaeologis ... 38845.html

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Originally posted by surbab on 05 Apr 2007, 11:33.
Last edited by Bunuel on 13 Nov 2018, 21:47, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destructi  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2007, 09:30
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(A) The lower layer contains the remains of the city where the siege took place.
The argument does NOT provide any information about the lower layer. This statement can not be supported by the evidence.

(B) The legend confuses stories from two different historical periods.
Here is a scope-shift. The fact that the middle layer containts information about a specific age is a FACT and an evidence. It's not affected by what the Archaeologists are looking for.

(C) The middle layer does not represent the period of the siege. Exactly, if the middle layer contains pottery from another period, after the time of the city distruction, then it difnitely does NOT represent the period of the siege. By Logic, the siege comes first, then comes the distruction of the city.

(D) The siege lasted for a long time before the city was destroyed.
While this could be a possibility explaining the evidence in the argument, yet it can not be supported by the argument.

(E) The pottery of type 3 was imported to the city by traders.
Irrelevant and out of scope. Imported by traders ? where are we getting this from ?


Correct Answer: C
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Re: Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destructi  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jan 2014, 08:35
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Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destruction of a city are excavating in several possible places, including a middle and a lower layer of a large mound. The bottom of the middle layer contains some pieces of pottery of type 3, known to be from a later period than the time of the destruction of the city, but the lower layer does not.

ITS AN INFERENCE QUESTION....if the middle layer represented period of the seize........the bottom most layer would,nt have had pottery of a later period .....as this part(bottom most) represents the earliest occurrence of its evolution.....HENCE THE MIDDLE LAYER CANNOT REPRESENT PERIOD OF SEIZE......


(A) The lower layer contains the remains of the city where the siege took place.......MAY OR MAY NOT BE TRUE FROM THE STIMULUS.......
(B) The legend confuses stories from two different historical periods. CAN'T INFER THAT ....
(C) The middle layer does not represent the period of the siege. CORRECT..... WE CAN DEFINITELY SAY THAT FROM THE STIMULUS STATEMENTS....
(D) The siege lasted for a long time before the city was destroyed. CAN'T INFER THAT.....ITS HISTORY...INCORRECT....
(E) The pottery of type 3 was imported to the city by traders...NOWHERE MENTIONED.... INCORRECT...
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Re: Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destructi  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Nov 2018, 08:13
+1 Kudos to the posts containing explanations for all the choices.
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Re: Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destructi  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Nov 2018, 08:52
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Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destruction of a city are excavating in several possible places, including a middle and a lower layer of a large mound. The bottom of the middle layer contains some pieces of pottery of type 3, known to be from a later period than the time of the destruction of the city, but the lower layer does not.

Which of the following hypotheses is best supported by the evidence above?

(A) The lower layer contains the remains of the city where the siege took place.
From the prompt we know only about pottery of type 3 which WASN'T found in the lower layer. There is no mention of the legendary siege
(B) The legend confuses stories from two different historical periods.
Two historical periods are discussed, the period of the legendary siege and the period when pottery of type 3 was made/used, but there is no confusion.
(C) The middle layer does not represent the period of the siege.
Correct. The task was to locate the legendary siege. The prompt suggests that the middle layer contained some pieces of pottery of type 3, and nothing is mentioned about the main motive of the archaeologists' task. We can assume that it did not have anything to do with the legendary siege
(D) The siege lasted for a long time before the city was destroyed.
No information in this regard is provided, or can be inferred from the prompt.
(E) The pottery of type 3 was imported to the city by traders.
Completely irrelevant.
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Re: Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destructi  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jan 2019, 08:31
Argument:

Middle Layer --- Old --- No details of anything found
Bottom of Middle Layer --- Older --- Pottery found which is possibly made in later period of destruction
Lower Layer --- Oldest --- No details of anything found


Option C clears states that middle layer does not represent the period of the siege.
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Re: Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destructi  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jan 2019, 23:20
Please clarify how C is the correct answer
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Re: Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destructi  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2019, 15:15
KaranB1 wrote:
Please clarify how C is the correct answer

KaranB1, Mishari did a nice run down of the answer choices in this post.

This particular question is a bit tricky in that it flips the usual format of GMAT questions -- instead of the passage containing a conclusion/hypothesis that we must analyze in some way, the passage only contains the evidence. Our task is to find a hypothesis in the answer choices that logically follows from the evidence in the passage.

So let's go through the evidence systematically:

  • Archaeologists are excavating a middle and a lower layer of a large mound to find the site of a legendary city that was besieged/destroyed.
  • The bottom of the middle layer contains some pieces of pottery of type 3, known to be from a later period than the time of the destruction of the city. So, the middle layer was created sometime after the destruction of the city.
  • The lower layer does not have any type 3 pottery pieces.

Then, with this evidence in mind, go through each answer choice and add the word "therefore" at the beginning:

As an example, answer choice (A) would be "therefore the lower layer contains the remains of the city where the siege took place."

This clearly doesn't logically follow the evidence in the passage (all we know is that a certain type of pottery is not in the bottom layer). Repeat this process with the other answer choices, and see if that helps you arrive at the correct answer.

I hope this helps!
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Re: Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destructi  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Apr 2019, 06:25
Hello @ GMATNinja,@ egmat, nightblade354, gmat1393 Bunuel Skywalker18 VeritasKarishma

Could you please Clarify the below doubts:
1. Do we have to assume that the siege happened before the destruction of the City.
What if the city was destroyed first and after that it was besieged.

2. In option A
(A) The lower layer contains the remains of the city where the siege took place.

And in Passage as it is mentioned that pottery of type 3, known to be from a later period than the time of the destruction of the city -->destruction of city happened before the formation of middle layer--->The lower layer contains the remains of the city where the siege took place.

And from where the siege took place, it does not matter whether siege took place before or after the destruction.
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Re: Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destructi  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2019, 01:38
nitinaroraaa wrote:
Hello @ GMATNinja,@ egmat, nightblade354, gmat1393 Bunuel Skywalker18 VeritasKarishma

Could you please Clarify the below doubts:
1. Do we have to assume that the siege happened before the destruction of the City.
What if the city was destroyed first and after that it was besieged.

2. In option A
(A) The lower layer contains the remains of the city where the siege took place.

And in Passage as it is mentioned that pottery of type 3, known to be from a later period than the time of the destruction of the city -->destruction of city happened before the formation of middle layer--->The lower layer contains the remains of the city where the siege took place.

And from where the siege took place, it does not matter whether siege took place before or after the destruction.


"siege" means surrounding and attacking a place. So you siege a city and destroy it. It doesn't make sense that you destroy a city and then siege it. There is nothing to siege once you destroy it.
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Re: Archaeologists seeking the location of a legendary siege and destructi   [#permalink] 29 Apr 2019, 01:38
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