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Architects and stonemasons, huge palace and temple clusters were built

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Architects and stonemasons, huge palace and temple clusters were built [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jan 2010, 19:48
2
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A
B
C
D
E

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71% (00:28) correct 29% (00:42) wrong based on 266 sessions

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Architects and stonemasons, huge palace and temple clusters were built by the Maya without benefit of the wheel or animal transport.

(A) huge palace and temple clusters were built by the Maya without benefit of the wheel or animal transport

(B) without the benefits of animal transport or the wheel, huge palace and temple clusters were built by the Maya

(C) the Maya built huge palace and temple clusters without the benefit of animal transport or the wheel

(D) there were built, without the benefit of the wheel or animal transport, huge palace and temple clusters by the Maya

(E) were the Maya who, without the benefit of the wheel or animal transport, built huge palace and temple clusters
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Re: Architects and stonemasons, huge palace and temple clusters were built [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 05 May 2018, 17:07
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Architects and stonemasons, huge palace and temple clusters were built by Maya without benefit of wheel or animal transport.

(A) huge palace and temple clusters were built by Maya without benefit of wheel or animal transport

(B) without the benefits of animal transport or the wheel, huge palace and temple clusters were built by the Maya

(C) the Maya built huge palace and temple clusters without the benefit of animal transport or the wheel

(D) there were built, without the benefit of the wheel or animal transport, huge palace and temple clusters by the Maya

(E) were the Maya who, without the benefit of the wheel or animal transport, built huge palace and temple clusters

Originally posted by Vineetk on 12 Nov 2012, 23:50.
Last edited by hazelnut on 05 May 2018, 17:07, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Architects and stonemasons, huge palace and temple clusters were built [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jan 2010, 23:05
HI jitendra,

Whenever a phrase at the beginning of a sentence is set off by commas, it usually represents a modifying or descriptive phrase. The rule for modifying and descriptive phrases is that they must be as close as possible to the thing that they modify or describe.

So, someone or something in this sentence is described as 'Architects and Stonemasons'. Who or what in this sentence could logically be described that way? The Maya! So since the Maya are architects and stonemasons, the next word after the phrase 'Architects and stonemasons' must be 'the Maya.' That makes (C) the only possible answer.
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Re: Architects and stonemasons, huge palace and temple clusters were built [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2010, 04:50
IMO is C and I know the offical answer for this also C :-)



Architects and stonemasons modifies the maya so it should be placed right after the commas only the answer choice C address that modifier issue
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Re: Architects and stonemasons, huge palace and temple clusters were built [#permalink]

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New post 13 Feb 2010, 14:11
Architects and stonemasons, huge palace and temple clusters were built by the Maya without benefit of the wheel or animal transport.

(A) huge palace and temple clusters were built by the Maya without benefit of the wheel or animal transport
(B) without the benefits of animal transport or the wheel, huge palace and temple clusters were built by the Maya
(C) the Maya built huge palace and temple clusters without the benefit of animal transport or the wheel
(D) there were built, without the benefit of the wheel or animal transport, huge palace and temple clusters by the Maya
(E) were the Maya who, without the benefit of the wheel or animal transport, built huge palace and temple clusters

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Re: Architects and stonemasons, huge palace and temple clusters were built [#permalink]

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New post 15 Feb 2010, 02:19
C ..
Since the "Architects and masons" this modifier can only modify the Maya...all the rest of the options are incorrect.
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Re: Architects and stonemasons, huge palace and temple clusters were built [#permalink]

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New post 15 Feb 2010, 18:39
the word following the comma should be the subject - the Maya
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Re: Architects and stonemasons, huge palace and temple clusters were built [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2010, 09:44
Hello KapTeacherEli,

But then what is problem in E?
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Re: Architects and stonemasons, huge palace and temple clusters were built [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2010, 13:13
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Remember, when a modifying phrase is set off from the rest of the sentence by commas, the rest of the sentence must read correctly if that descriptive phrase is ignored. Ignoring both of the parts of the sentence isolated by commas, and reading (E) into the sentence, we get "...were the Maya who... built huge palace and temple structures." This is clearly grammatically incorrect.
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Re: Architects and stonemasons, huge palace and temple clusters were built [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2010, 07:35
I never liked this one...seems like a classic example of the GMAT looking for the best answer among fairly poor choices, not exactly the ideal construction. As far as E goes, notice that the first comma is not underlined. Therefore, E can't work because you'd have: "Architects and Stonemasons, were the Maya who." The temptation with E is to make Architects and stonemasons the subject. Clearly if you make Architects and Stonemasons the subject - you can't have the , before were.
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Re: Architects and stonemasons, huge palace and temple clusters were built [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2012, 07:49
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Architects and stonemasons, huge palace and temple clusters were built by the Maya without benefit of the wheel or animal transport.
(A) huge palace and temple clusters were built by the Maya without benefit of the wheel or animal transport
(B) without the benefits of animal transport or the wheel, huge palace and temple clusters were built by the Maya
(C) the Maya built huge palace and temple clusters without the benefit of animal transport or the wheel
(D) there were built, without the benefit of the wheel or animal transport, huge palace and temple clusters by the Maya
(E) were the Maya who, without the benefit of the wheel or animal transport, built huge palace and temple clusters


Confused between C and E both both are wrong IMO.
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Re: Architects and stonemasons, huge palace and temple clusters were built [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2012, 18:30
C is correct here.

Here "architects and stonemasons" is being used as a modifier to modify "the Maya" ( ie the Mayan people) by depicting their general characterstics.

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Re: Architects and stonemasons, huge palace and temple clusters were built [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2012, 10:41
The word after the comma should refer back to the modifying phrase architects and the masons. In this case only option C does that.
Architects and masons... we require a person or a group that modifies this.. Maya..

With E I think it is wordy.. not sure if there is anything more that is grammatically incorrect.
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Re: Architects and stonemasons, huge palace and temple clusters were built [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2012, 10:52
I would go with C too, "were the Maya who" on E is awkward.
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Re: Architects and stonemasons, huge palace and temple clusters were built [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2012, 11:16
C is correct. All the other options sound awkward because "architects and stonemasons" acts as a modifier to "the Maya" and noun modifiers have to touch the noun.
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Re: Architects and stonemasons, huge palace and temple clusters were built [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2012, 16:07
the only reason to eliminate choice E is that the sentence is wordy. Otherwise it is equally correct as C is.
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Re: Architects and stonemasons, huge palace and temple clusters were built [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2012, 01:47
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While E is certainly awkward in structure, there is also a grammatical reason why E is not correct. . Normally between an appositive modifier and its noun, no intrusion is allowed. Here the verb were is superfluous. The phrase Architects and masons looks as if It is the subject of the verb were, rendering the entire apposition meaningless.
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Re: Architects and stonemasons, huge palace and temple clusters were built [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2012, 11:34
Would some one explain why E is the wrong choice?
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Re: Architects and stonemasons, huge palace and temple clusters were built [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2012, 00:03
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My guess is C will explain if its correct....
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Re: Architects and stonemasons, huge palace and temple clusters were built [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2012, 00:04
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Vineetk wrote:
Architects and stonemasons, huge palace and temple clusters were built by Maya without benefit of wheel or animal transport.

A. huge palace and temple clusters were built by Maya without benefit of wheel or animal transport.
B. without the benefits of animal transport or the wheel, huge palace and temple clusters were built by the Maya.
C. the Maya built huge palace and temple clusters without the benefit of animal transport or the wheel.
D. there were built, without the benefit of the wheel or animal transport, huge palace and temple clusters by the Maya.
E. were the Maya who, without the benefit of the wheel or animal transport, built huge palace and temple clusters.

OA after discussion.

senetence starts with an appositive modifier "Architects and stonemasons" what could it modify? only "the maya" in the entire sentence. only Ans C starts with "the maya", without even looking at anyother choice for any other error we can pick C.

Ans C it is.
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Re: Architects and stonemasons, huge palace and temple clusters were built   [#permalink] 13 Nov 2012, 00:04

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