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# As business grows more complex, students majoring in

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25 Mar 2010, 12:37
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73% (01:53) correct 27% (01:07) wrong based on 1282 sessions

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124. As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly successful in the job market.

(A) majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly
(B) who major in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are becoming more and more
(C) who majored in specialized areas such as those of finance and marketing are being increasingly
(D) who major in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming more and more
(E) having majored in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are being increasingly
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
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09 Sep 2010, 01:50
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ahsanmalik12 wrote:
124. As business grows more complex, students [strike][highlight][strike]majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly[/strike[/highlight] successful in the job market.
(A) majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly
(B) who major in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are becoming more and more
(C) who majored in specialized areas such as those of finance and marketing are being increasingly
(D) who major in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming more and more
(E) having majored in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are being increasingly

lets consider this:
students have been becoming increasingly successful in job market.
success can increase but when we are going to say successful we will say more and more successful.

So we end up with B and D.
B wrongly uses such specialized areas as .....

So its clearly D
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24 Dec 2010, 03:46
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I think the answers are not well constructed here:

OA: As business grows more complex, students who major in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming more and more successful in the job market.

Referring to MGMAT SC - finance and marketing are areas themselves, so to say those of marketing and finance is not grammatical

To me the OA looks unclear since it seems that sentence says:

As business grows more complex, students who major in specialized areas like students of finance and marketing have been becoming more and more successful in the job market.
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24 Dec 2010, 09:52
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The right steps to solve this question will be a follows.

The stimulus talks of specialized areas and those areas should be described as ‘areas such as’ or 'such areas as'. Use of 'like' is wrong to denote examples; it is usable only for comparisons. So A and D are out.

Among B,C and E:

‘As business grows’ indicates an on-going process. The second leg also should denote an on going process in the present tense to maintain llism. B does that well by saying’ as business grows, ….. are becoming successful,’

C is wrong in using past tense ‘who majored’, because use of past tense implies that success belongs only to those who majored in the past and not relevant to present day majors.

E by using the perfect tense limits the success to those who have majored in the past until now and excludes the likely entrants in the present and in the future.
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04 May 2011, 22:15
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seekmba wrote:
124. As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly successful in the job market.

(A) majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly
(B) who major in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are becoming more and more
(C) who majored in specialized areas such as those of finance and marketing are being increasingly
(D) who major in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming more and more
(E) having majored in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are being increasingly

The sentence starts with....

As business grows more complex, students.......

A) Wrong we should prefer the one starting with who as we want to talk about students, also improper use of like.
majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly

B) Sounds good and also conveys the idea that popularity of those students is increasing day by day, so keep it on hold.

C) Sentence makes immediate shift from present to past and also weird at end.
who majored in specialized areas such as those of finance and marketing are being increasingly

D)Wrong..improper use of like. For giving example such as should be used.
who major in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming more and more

E) Awkward.
having majored in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are being increasingly

So B should be the answer
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06 May 2011, 01:05
rachanamisra wrote:
this question is a complex one . as business grows..............................students....become more more and .........should be correct not becoming .........................

I will take a stab at the explanation for you -

A) majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly -- like is not correct usage.Such as should be used. Have been is also not required,showing present perfect tense. POE

(B) who major in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are becoming more and more -- becoming essentially shows that 'major' and becoming successful is essentially happening at the same time. Correct usage of present perfect tense here.

(C) who majored in specialized areas such as those of finance and marketing are being increasingly -- specialized areas are Finance and Marketing. Not those within Finance and Marketing. Being is not correct usage too. POE.

(D) who major in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming more and more - -- like is not correct usage.Such as should be used. those of is also not correct usage. POE.

(E) having majored in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are being increasingly -- having majored -- using a gerund and being ...not correct usage. POE.

Thus 'becoming' is a correct usage here. Hence OA is B
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06 May 2011, 01:14
+ 1 B

Reasons:
When you need to provide examples, you have to use "such as", not "like".
"Those of" is not necessary because finance and marketing are areas. They don't belong to an academic area; they are academic areas.
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23 Jul 2012, 22:36
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Reasons for not choosing A

1)To introduce example use "such as" instead of "like". "areas like those of
finance and marketing" Totally wrong use of like here.

2)"Those of finance".What does those represent for?

3)Finally the tense which "are becoming" is far more appropriate than "have been becoming".Its less wordy and succinct in meaning and tense continuity.
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23 Jul 2012, 23:50
A) majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been
becoming increasingly
like-incorrect use in quoting examples(such as should be used)
B) who major in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are becoming
more and more
(who clearly modifies students;examples are quoted using "such as"is correct)
C) who majored in specialized areas such as those of finance and marketing are
being increasingly
majored-past tense;the author intent is to present something in present-incorrect
D) who major in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been
becoming more and more
like-incorrect
E) having majored in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are being
awkward and wordy.
Increasingly
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22 Aug 2013, 11:58
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veenu08 wrote:
seekmba wrote:
124. As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly successful in the job market.

(A) majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly
(B) who major in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are becoming more and more
(C) who majored in specialized areas such as those of finance and marketing are being increasingly
(D) who major in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming more and more
(E) having majored in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are being increasingly

Can someone please explain me why
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C
is incorrect, isnt example given here.

Regards,
Veenu

(C) who majored in specialized areas such as those of finance and marketing are being increasingly
THOSE is refering to STUDENTS.
SO SENTENCE IS LIKE THIS
As business grows more complex, students who majored in specialized areas such as STUDENTS of finance and marketing are being increasingly

THIS IS ILLOGICAL as example should be finance an dmarketing and not students of....

hope it helps
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22 Aug 2013, 12:04
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veenu08 wrote:
seekmba wrote:
124. As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly successful in the job market.

(A) majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly
(B) who major in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are becoming more and more
(C) who majored in specialized areas such as those of finance and marketing are being increasingly
(D) who major in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming more and more
(E) having majored in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are being increasingly

Can someone please explain me why
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C
is incorrect, isnt example given here.

Regards,
Veenu

Hi Veenu08,

Finance and marketing themselves are areas of specialization. No need to use 'those of' . Also, those of - seems to modify students instead of areas.
So, option C makes the statement as -

As business grows more complex, students who majored in specialized areas such as students of finance and marketing are being increasingly[] successful in the job market. - wrong comparison
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26 Aug 2014, 10:05
students
majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing
have been becoming increasingly successful in the job market.

(A) majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly
>> examples are shown via such as & those of is wordy and unnecessary points to areas.
(B) who major in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are becoming more and more
(C) who majored in specialized areas such as those of finance and marketing are being increasingly
>> are becoming is better compared to are being.
(D) who major in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming more and more
(E) having majored in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are being increasingly.

Is , C "who majored" incorrect because if they have already majored then they r no more student?
Experts please correct.I dont see any grammatical issue here.
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27 Aug 2014, 04:55
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Expert's post
JarvisR wrote:
students
majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing
have been becoming increasingly successful in the job market.

(A) majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly
>> examples are shown via such as & those of is wordy and unnecessary points to areas.
(B) who major in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are becoming more and more
(C) who majored in specialized areas such as those of finance and marketing are being increasingly
>> are becoming is better compared to are being.
(D) who major in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming more and more
(E) having majored in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are being increasingly.

Is , C "who majored" incorrect because if they have already majored then they r no more student?
Experts please correct.I dont see any grammatical issue here.

Hi Ashish,
Thank you for posting your query here.

Before I respond to you doubt I must say you have done a great job analyzing this sentence. However, I will like to add one point:

As you already mentioned "are becoming is better compared to are being", it is correct that "are becoming" is preferable over "are being", but "are being" is certainly not incorrect.

In choice C if we say "students who majored", then we don't include the current students in "the students". Now, we are talking only about the students who majored in the past whereas per the original sentence, it's stated as a fact true in the present context. So, it's applicable for both type of students.

Hope this helps!
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02 Dec 2014, 05:30
easy kill B, stands out.
Usage of like is incorrect in the sentence above hence A & D are out.
C uses past tense 'Majored' where as we sentence is in not in past tense.
E - Uses 'having majored' this is incorrect and nonsensical.
Hence B stands out.
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15 Jul 2015, 06:18
Here is my explanation:

124. As business grows more complex, students [strike][strike]majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly[/strike successful in the job market.

(A) majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly area vs. area: "those of" should be deleted
(B) who major in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are becoming more and more
(C) who majored in specialized areas such as those of finance and marketing are being increasingly the same as A
(D) who major in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming more and more the same as A
(E) having majored in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are being increasingly present continuous tense is not suitable
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30 Aug 2015, 18:18
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ahsanmalik12 wrote:
124. As business grows more complex, students [strike][strike]majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly[/strike successful in the job market.
(A) majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly
(B) who major in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are becoming more and more
(C) who majored in specialized areas such as those of finance and marketing are being increasingly
(D) who major in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming more and more
(E) having majored in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are being increasingly

I am not going to open up the answer like this...But i am confused in when to use being and when not....
I have studied a few articles but doesnt really help alot...

the distinction between whether finance and marketing are areas themselves and whether "those" should be inserted is not the only issue here.
On the GMAT, the preposition like is used for comparison, not to cite examples.
If you want to enumerate examples use "such as". The answer choice B perfectly utilizes stylistic usage of "such as":
specializes areas such as A & B = such specialized areas as A & B mean the exactly the same thing.
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14 Oct 2015, 09:55
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As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly successful in the job market.

• As business grows is written in simple present tense in the form of General fact.
• Verb-ing form majoring is incorrect here as it flaws rule of parallelism.
• usage of like instead of such as
• usage of present perfect tense (have been becoming) is incorrect as the other portion of non-underlined sentence is in simple
• present tense.

A. majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly
Incorrect for above reasons.

B. who major in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are becoming more and more
Correct choice as this option resolves all the errors mentioned
As X happens, Y happens
As business grows, students are becoming successful.
verbs grows and are becoming are parallel in construction.

C. who majored in specialized areas such as those of finance and marketing are being increasingly
past tense verb majored is not parallel with verb grows as in A.
finance and marketing are the areas in which students major.
usage of those of distorts the meaning here.
usage of being is incorrect here.

D. who major in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming more and more
like to show examples plays the spoilsport here.
Also have been and those of errors from A & C repeat.

E. having majored in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are being increasingly
having majored distorts the meaning totally.
being error also repeats.

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14 Oct 2015, 12:25
First, LIKE can not be used in case of examples. Such...as has to be used. A, D out.

Having majored is not correct. E out.

Between B and C,
C:. who majored in specialised areas such as those of finance and marketing are being increasingly .... makes it grammatically incoherent.

So B should be correct.
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14 Oct 2015, 21:39
The problem with E is that it fails to identify the particular set of students we are talking about i.e. Students who major in fields of Finance and Marketing.
The way it is currently written, it seems to include all students. Otherwise I don't anything wrong in the use of 'having'.

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09 Aug 2016, 03:30
As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly successful in the job market.

(A) majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly
(B) who major in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are becoming more and more
(C) who majored in specialized areas such as those of finance and marketing are being increasingly
(D) who major in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming more and more
(E) having majored in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are being increasingly

students are current majoring so "majored" not ok. SO B

Also being is usually used for gerund. or for passive voice.
As business grows more complex, students majoring in   [#permalink] 09 Aug 2016, 03:30

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