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As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas

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As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly successful in the job market.


(A) majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly

(B) who major in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are becoming more and more

(C) who majored in specialized areas such as those of finance and marketing are being increasingly

(D) who major in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming more and more

(E) having majored in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are being increasingly


The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 223
Page: 688

Originally posted by seekmba on 25 Mar 2010, 11:37.
Last edited by Bunuel on 11 Jan 2019, 03:11, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2010, 08:52
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The right steps to solve this question will be a follows.

The stimulus talks of specialized areas and those areas should be described as ‘areas such as’ or 'such areas as'. Use of 'like' is wrong to denote examples; it is usable only for comparisons. So A and D are out.

Among B,C and E:

‘As business grows’ indicates an on-going process. The second leg also should denote an on going process in the present tense to maintain llism. B does that well by saying’ as business grows, ….. are becoming successful,’

C is wrong in using past tense ‘who majored’, because use of past tense implies that success belongs only to those who majored in the past and not relevant to present day majors.

E by using the perfect tense limits the success to those who have majored in the past until now and excludes the likely entrants in the present and in the future.
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Re: As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2010, 02:46
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I think the answers are not well constructed here:

OA: As business grows more complex, students who major in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming more and more successful in the job market.

Referring to MGMAT SC - finance and marketing are areas themselves, so to say those of marketing and finance is not grammatical

To me the OA looks unclear since it seems that sentence says:

As business grows more complex, students who major in specialized areas like students of finance and marketing have been becoming more and more successful in the job market.
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Re: As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2010, 00:50
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ahsanmalik12 wrote:
124. As business grows more complex, students [strike][highlight][strike]majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly[/strike[/highlight] successful in the job market.
(A) majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly
(B) who major in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are becoming more and more
(C) who majored in specialized areas such as those of finance and marketing are being increasingly
(D) who major in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming more and more
(E) having majored in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are being increasingly



lets consider this:
students have been becoming increasingly successful in job market.
success can increase but when we are going to say successful we will say more and more successful.

So we end up with B and D.
B wrongly uses such specialized areas as .....

So its clearly D
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Re: As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas  [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2011, 21:15
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seekmba wrote:
124. As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly successful in the job market.

(A) majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly
(B) who major in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are becoming more and more
(C) who majored in specialized areas such as those of finance and marketing are being increasingly
(D) who major in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming more and more
(E) having majored in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are being increasingly


The sentence starts with....

As business grows more complex, students.......

A) Wrong we should prefer the one starting with who as we want to talk about students, also improper use of like.
majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly

B) Sounds good and also conveys the idea that popularity of those students is increasing day by day, so keep it on hold.

C) Sentence makes immediate shift from present to past and also weird at end.
who majored in specialized areas such as those of finance and marketing are being increasingly

D)Wrong..improper use of like. For giving example such as should be used.
who major in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming more and more

E) Awkward.
having majored in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are being increasingly


So B should be the answer :)
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Re: As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2012, 21:36
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Correct answer B.

Reasons for not choosing A

1)To introduce example use "such as" instead of "like". "areas like those of
finance and marketing" Totally wrong use of like here.

2)"Those of finance".What does those represent for?

3)Finally the tense which "are becoming" is far more appropriate than "have been becoming".Its less wordy and succinct in meaning and tense continuity.
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Re: As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2014, 09:05
As business grows more complex,
students
majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing
have been becoming increasingly successful in the job market.

(A) majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly
>> examples are shown via such as & those of is wordy and unnecessary points to areas.
(B) who major in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are becoming more and more
(C) who majored in specialized areas such as those of finance and marketing are being increasingly
>> are becoming is better compared to are being.
(D) who major in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming more and more
(E) having majored in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are being increasingly.

Is , C "who majored" incorrect because if they have already majored then they r no more student?
Experts please correct.I dont see any grammatical issue here.
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Re: As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2014, 03:55
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JarvisR wrote:
As business grows more complex,
students
majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing
have been becoming increasingly successful in the job market.

(A) majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly
>> examples are shown via such as & those of is wordy and unnecessary points to areas.
(B) who major in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are becoming more and more
(C) who majored in specialized areas such as those of finance and marketing are being increasingly
>> are becoming is better compared to are being.
(D) who major in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming more and more
(E) having majored in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are being increasingly.

Is , C "who majored" incorrect because if they have already majored then they r no more student?
Experts please correct.I dont see any grammatical issue here.




Hi Ashish,
Thank you for posting your query here. :)

Before I respond to you doubt I must say you have done a great job analyzing this sentence. However, I will like to add one point:

As you already mentioned "are becoming is better compared to are being", it is correct that "are becoming" is preferable over "are being", but "are being" is certainly not incorrect.

In choice C if we say "students who majored", then we don't include the current students in "the students". Now, we are talking only about the students who majored in the past whereas per the original sentence, it's stated as a fact true in the present context. So, it's applicable for both type of students.



Hope this helps! :)
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Re: As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2015, 17:18
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ahsanmalik12 wrote:
124. As business grows more complex, students [strike][strike]majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly[/strike successful in the job market.
(A) majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly
(B) who major in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are becoming more and more
(C) who majored in specialized areas such as those of finance and marketing are being increasingly
(D) who major in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming more and more
(E) having majored in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are being increasingly


I am not going to open up the answer like this...But i am confused in when to use being and when not....
I have studied a few articles but doesnt really help alot...


the distinction between whether finance and marketing are areas themselves and whether "those" should be inserted is not the only issue here.
On the GMAT, the preposition like is used for comparison, not to cite examples.
If you want to enumerate examples use "such as". The answer choice B perfectly utilizes stylistic usage of "such as":
specializes areas such as A & B = such specialized areas as A & B mean the exactly the same thing.
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Re: As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2015, 08:55
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As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly successful in the job market.

  • As business grows is written in simple present tense in the form of General fact.
  • Verb-ing form majoring is incorrect here as it flaws rule of parallelism.
  • usage of like instead of such as
  • usage of present perfect tense (have been becoming) is incorrect as the other portion of non-underlined sentence is in simple
  • present tense.


A. majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly
Incorrect for above reasons.

B. who major in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are becoming more and more
Correct choice as this option resolves all the errors mentioned
As X happens, Y happens
As business grows, students are becoming successful.
verbs grows and are becoming are parallel in construction.


C. who majored in specialized areas such as those of finance and marketing are being increasingly
past tense verb majored is not parallel with verb grows as in A.
finance and marketing are the areas in which students major.
usage of those of distorts the meaning here.
usage of being is incorrect here.


D. who major in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming more and more
like to show examples plays the spoilsport here.
Also have been and those of errors from A & C repeat.


E. having majored in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are being increasingly
having majored distorts the meaning totally.
being error also repeats.
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Re: As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2017, 10:39
sumanainampudi wrote:
Although i understand the analysis provided for the question. could you please throw more light on usage of "having" in sentence correction please ?


Your question is too generic, but I would try to explain at least one important correct use of "having": the perfect participle (in many of the cases "having" is considered wrong by a number of candidates without much analysis, but this could be used as a trap by the question writers):

The structure present participle "having" + past participle any verb is used to depict a task / action that has already been completed by someone before some other task / action is taken up.

Having completed my homework, I went out to play.... correct.

The perfect participle modifier (e.g., having completed my homework) is just a type of present participle modifier (used to depict a completed task) and hence follows the standard rules of present participle modifier.
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Re: As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas  [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2017, 04:06
Why we replaced 'majoring' with 'who major' ?
The modifier 'majoring' was correctly modifying noun 'studnets'.
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Re: As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas  [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2017, 04:12
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shujauee wrote:
Why we replaced 'majoring' with 'who major' ?
The modifier 'majoring' was correctly modifying noun 'studnets'.


We rejected A not because of this distinction but because of the one highlighted below:

(A) majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly
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Re: As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas  [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2017, 10:33
Quote:
Quote:
shujauee wrote:
Why we replaced 'majoring' with 'who major' ?
The modifier 'majoring' was correctly modifying noun 'studnets'.

We rejected A not because of this distinction but because of the one highlighted below:

(A) majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly

As noted by abhimahna, a "such as" construction should be used to introduce examples, not "like". Also, the use of the present perfect progressive (have been becoming) is unnecessary because we are not emphasizing the duration of that action. For example, it would make more sense to say, "Students have been becoming increasingly successful in the job market since 1990," where the tense emphasizes the duration. As in choice (B), the present progressive is sufficient to convey the meaning and less wordy.
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Re: As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jun 2017, 00:04
In answer choice b it says who major in specialized areas a finance and marketing. It is unclear because how can students major as finance and marketing.

I thought the correct answer choice should have been who major in such specialized areas such as .... but the only choice that has that structure is C
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Re: As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jun 2017, 01:18
sabicha wrote:
In answer choice b it says who major in specialized areas a finance and marketing. It is unclear because how can students major as finance and marketing.

I thought the correct answer choice should have been who major in such specialized areas such as .... but the only choice that has that structure is C


"As" can be used in the meaning "in the role of" (as you mentioned), but in option B so is not the case. There is "such" before "specialized areas" (you missed it)- this is a valid construction. It is not required that "such" and "as" be together.

in SUCH specialized areas AS finance and marketing = in specialized areas SUCH AS finance and marketing
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Re: As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jun 2017, 05:45
B sounds right, but how can students who still need to major, already become more and more successful in the job market?
To become more successful in the job market, int hat particular area, you already need to be done studying, right?
Therefor B and D should be out.
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New post 23 Aug 2017, 13:20
MaximD wrote:
B sounds right, but how can students who still need to major, already become more and more successful in the job market?
To become more successful in the job market, int hat particular area, you already need to be done studying, right?
Therefor B and D should be out.



Hello MaximD,

I would be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

The sentence intends to say that certain kind of students are becoming successful in the job market? What kind of students are they?

They are the students who major in finance and marketing. So this part of the sentence presents general information about the students. General information are stated in simple tense verbs.

The structure who major... does not imply that they are still studying. The expression implies that these students choose finance or marketing as their major subject.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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Re: As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2019, 09:26
Hi guys,

I have a question seems not addressed yet regarding those usage.

such as those of finance and marketing - for me, it sounds awkward. But I can fully get why "those of" here is ungrammatical. So, need help why it incorrectly refers to the "specialized areas"?
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Re: As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2019, 00:06
The stimulus talks of specialized areas and those areas should be described as ‘areas such as’ or 'such areas as'. Use of 'like' is wrong to denote examples; it is usable only for comparisons. So A and D are out.
Among B, C and E:
C is wrong in using past tense ‘who majored’, because use of past tense implies that success belongs only to those who majored in the past and not relevant to present day majors.
E by using the perfect tense limits the success to those who have majored in the past until now and excludes the likely entrants in the present and in the future.
B conveys the idea that popularity of those students is increasing day by day. ‘As business grows’ indicates an on-going process; the second leg maintains parallelism by saying ’are becoming successful...’
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Re: As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas   [#permalink] 15 Jan 2019, 00:06

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