Last visit was: 14 Jul 2024, 06:15 It is currently 14 Jul 2024, 06:15
Toolkit
GMAT Club Daily Prep
Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History
Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

# As foreign-language learning moves online, the paradigm that, to speak

SORT BY:
Tags:
Show Tags
Hide Tags
Retired Moderator
Joined: 06 Jul 2014
Posts: 1005
Own Kudos [?]: 6382 [25]
Given Kudos: 178
Location: Ukraine
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Technology
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V33
GMAT 2: 740 Q50 V40
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Status: enjoying
Posts: 5264
Own Kudos [?]: 42142 [13]
Given Kudos: 422
Location: India
WE:Education (Education)
General Discussion
Intern
Joined: 26 Feb 2017
Posts: 10
Own Kudos [?]: 3 [1]
Given Kudos: 71
Intern
Joined: 05 Nov 2016
Posts: 26
Own Kudos [?]: 11 [0]
Given Kudos: 68
Location: India
Concentration: Operations
GMAT 1: 610 Q48 V26
GMAT 2: 660 Q49 V31
GPA: 3.9
WE:Engineering (Consulting)
Is the use of a comma after "that" correct in the sentence?
VP
Joined: 12 Dec 2016
Posts: 1009
Own Kudos [?]: 1800 [1]
Given Kudos: 2562
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V33
GPA: 3.64
1
Kudos
kartzcool wrote:
In option A, the phrase "to speak a foreign language" is placed within commas. Doesn't this mean that the phrase now is a non essential modifier?

Krystallized
the order can change. In other word, this is another way to write A. "the paradigm that we need to converse with a native speaker to speak a foreign language...."
Retired Moderator
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 1258
Own Kudos [?]: 5691 [0]
Given Kudos: 416

MAGOOSH Official Explanation:

(A) This question is an example of how the GMAT will sometimes choose an OA that is less than ideal. (A) is an example of such an imperfect sentence. Typically, a comma doesn’t follow “that”. Here it is okay because we are reversing the clause, “we need to converse with a native speaker to speak a foreign language”, becomes “to speak a foreign language, we need to converse with a native speaker”.

(B) The phrase beginning with “with” should logically modify the subject “the paradigm," but in this case it does not logically do so. The paradigm is actually that we need to converse with a native speaker. Thus, this is an example of a misplaced modifier.

(C) A clause beginning with “with” is always suspect on the GMAT, since it usually illogically modifies what comes after the comma. This case is no different. Does the action of foreign-language moving online describe the act of “conversing with a native speaker”? The two are clearly independent. Also, the “which” does not have a clear referent.

(D) implies that the paradigm has become swiftly obsolete. It also says that "the need to converse with a native speaker to speak a foreign language" is the paradigm because foreign language learning moves online. This is illogical and changes the meaning.

(E) After a long beginning adverbial clause, separating the subject “paradigm” from the verb with a long relative clause is a no-no. The more obvious error, however, is the “paradigm, which”. We are describing a specific paradigm, not all paradigms in general. Therefore, we want “that”. Finally, there is a slight change in meaning. The original sentence says the paradigm is becoming obsolete. (E) implies the paradigm has already become obsolete.

Director
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 776
Own Kudos [?]: 398 [0]
Given Kudos: 2198
Re: As foreign-language learning moves online, the paradigm that, to speak [#permalink]
Harley1980 wrote:
As foreign-language learning moves online, the paradigm that, to speak a foreign language, we need to converse with a native speaker is becoming swiftly obsolete.

A) As foreign-language learning moves online, the paradigm that, to speak a foreign language, we need to converse with a native speaker is becoming
B) With the learning of a foreign language moving online, the paradigm that we need to converse with a native speaker to speak a foreign language becomes
C) With foreign-language learning moving online, conversing with a native speaker to speak a foreign language, which is the paradigm, is becoming
D) Because the learning of a foreign language moves online, the need to converse with a native speaker to speak a foreign language is the paradigm, which has become
E) As foreign-language learning moves online, the paradigm, which is we need a native speaker in order to speak a foreign language, has become

the main error of choice B is " becomes".
simple present is used to show a condition which exist indefinitely or at least i think so. the earth orbit the sun.
if in B we used becomes, its meaing is the becoming exist indefinitely before and after learning moves online. this is not logic.
Intern
Joined: 21 Aug 2021
Posts: 13
Own Kudos [?]: 1 [0]
Given Kudos: 34
Location: Indonesia
Re: As foreign-language learning moves online, the paradigm that, to speak [#permalink]
Why "is becoming" here is correct?
Intern
Joined: 26 Jan 2021
Posts: 46
Own Kudos [?]: 9 [0]
Given Kudos: 18
Re: As foreign-language learning moves online, the paradigm that, to speak [#permalink]
aragonn wrote:

MAGOOSH Official Explanation:

(A) This question is an example of how the GMAT will sometimes choose an OA that is less than ideal. (A) is an example of such an imperfect sentence. Typically, a comma doesn’t follow “that”. Here it is okay because we are reversing the clause, “we need to converse with a native speaker to speak a foreign language”, becomes “to speak a foreign language, we need to converse with a native speaker”.

(B) The phrase beginning with “with” should logically modify the subject “the paradigm," but in this case it does not logically do so. The paradigm is actually that we need to converse with a native speaker. Thus, this is an example of a misplaced modifier.

(C) A clause beginning with “with” is always suspect on the GMAT, since it usually illogically modifies what comes after the comma. This case is no different. Does the action of foreign-language moving online describe the act of “conversing with a native speaker”? The two are clearly independent. Also, the “which” does not have a clear referent.

(D) implies that the paradigm has become swiftly obsolete. It also says that "the need to converse with a native speaker to speak a foreign language" is the paradigm because foreign language learning moves online. This is illogical and changes the meaning.

(E) After a long beginning adverbial clause, separating the subject “paradigm” from the verb with a long relative clause is a no-no. The more obvious error, however, is the “paradigm, which”. We are describing a specific paradigm, not all paradigms in general. Therefore, we want “that”. Finally, there is a slight change in meaning. The original sentence says the paradigm is becoming obsolete. (E) implies the paradigm has already become obsolete.

In option (C) the statement mentions "A clause beginning with “with” is always suspect on the GMAT, since it usually illogically modifies what comes after the comma." Then, if we look at option (B) it mentions "The phrase beginning with “with” should logically modify the subject “the paradigm," but in this case it does not logically do so", given that the statement for option (B) is With the...., paradigm. SO logically as per the explaination in option (C), the preceding prepositional phrase in option (B), actually modifies paradigm. Please correct me if I am wrong.

If suppose my above explaination is correct, then please do let me know why is option (B) incorrect.

Experts' Global Representative
Joined: 10 Jul 2017
Posts: 5127
Own Kudos [?]: 4690 [1]
Given Kudos: 38
Location: India
GMAT Date: 11-01-2019
Re: As foreign-language learning moves online, the paradigm that, to speak [#permalink]
1
Bookmarks
aproposof wrote:
Why "is becoming" here is correct?

Hello aproposof,

We hope this finds you well.

To answer your query, the use of the simple present continuous tense verb "is becoming" is correct here because the action of the "paradigm" becoming obsolete is currently ongoing and continuous in nature.

We hope this helps.
All the best!
Experts' Global Team
Intern
Joined: 09 Jan 2022
Posts: 39
Own Kudos [?]: 1 [0]
Given Kudos: 24
Location: India
Re: As foreign-language learning moves online, the paradigm that, to speak [#permalink]
aragonn wrote:

MAGOOSH Official Explanation:

(A) This question is an example of how the GMAT will sometimes choose an OA that is less than ideal. (A) is an example of such an imperfect sentence. Typically, a comma doesn’t follow “that”. Here it is okay because we are reversing the clause, “we need to converse with a native speaker to speak a foreign language”, becomes “to speak a foreign language, we need to converse with a native speaker”.

(B) The phrase beginning with “with” should logically modify the subject “the paradigm," but in this case it does not logically do so. The paradigm is actually that we need to converse with a native speaker. Thus, this is an example of a misplaced modifier.

(C) A clause beginning with “with” is always suspect on the GMAT, since it usually illogically modifies what comes after the comma. This case is no different. Does the action of foreign-language moving online describe the act of “conversing with a native speaker”? The two are clearly independent. Also, the “which” does not have a clear referent.

(D) implies that the paradigm has become swiftly obsolete. It also says that "the need to converse with a native speaker to speak a foreign language" is the paradigm because foreign language learning moves online. This is illogical and changes the meaning.

(E) After a long beginning adverbial clause, separating the subject “paradigm” from the verb with a long relative clause is a no-no. The more obvious error, however, is the “paradigm, which”. We are describing a specific paradigm, not all paradigms in general. Therefore, we want “that”. Finally, there is a slight change in meaning. The original sentence says the paradigm is becoming obsolete. (E) implies the paradigm has already become obsolete.