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As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2

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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2017, 04:21
zoezhuyan wrote:
thanks abhimahna,

I am afraid I still did not get it
would you please explain further
appreciate if point out my fault.

thanks a lot
have a nice day

>_~



Sorry, I missed your post. Looks like I was never notified for this post.

Ok. So, Let me explain you why C is wrong.

As per the original sentence, meaning is Production is expected to double and this will be helpful to provide electricity to various households.

But in C, the meaning says, production will double so that it could provide enough electricity to various households.

So, did you notice something different in C? That's the reason we rejected C.

Notice that we may have answer choices that sound weird to our ears but they are the BEST options as they maintain the original meaning of the sentence. C is correct grammatically but it changes the meaning, hence INCORRECT on GMAT. I hope it is clear now. :)

seanick wrote:
abhimahna, shouldn't it be expected to almost double instead of expected almost to double. I picked C because it avoided this awkwardness. Granted that expected that it will is awkward, too. I picked the one that sounded less awkward to me.


I marked D is the answer as it is the only option that maintains the original meaning and though sounds weird, is grammatically correct.

HiLine wrote:
Crazy. I thought you'd have to say "expected to almost double". I have never heard of "almost to double". Why would "almost" be placed before "to"?


Here is the official explanation I found for D.

(D) Correct. Both “almost to double” and “to almost double” convey the same meaning and are fine. This option uses the former construction. Besides, “to provide” after “and” is parallel to “to double” before “and”. The sentence logically conveys that the production is expected to provide almost enough electricity.
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2017, 13:14
As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2,500 megawatts nationwide, but
production is almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide enough electricity for
1.3 million households.

A. almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide
Placement of adjective “almost” is leading to a change in the meaning.
Intended meaning to say that the production is expected almost to double.. However, this sentence says that “the expectation is almost”
Also, the modifier clause “which …” illogically modifies “year” whereas the intended meaning is “the doubling of production would provide enough electricity …”

B. almost expected that it will double by the end of the year, thus providing
Same misplaced “almost” error
Also the usage of “that it will” is redundant

C. expected that it will almost double by the end of the year to provide
The usage of “that it will” is redundant

D. expected almost to double by the end of the year and thus to provide
Correct option

E. expected almost to double by the end of the year, which would thus be providing
the modifier clause “which …” illogically modifies “year” whereas the intended meaning is “the doubling of production would provide enough electricity …”
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2017, 05:30
Hello GMATNinja, daagh and other experts,

In option D, when we are considering parallelism, do we ignore "almost" and "thus" in the list? I eliminated D because I thought parallelism cannot fit here. The two things is the list are

1. Production is expected almost to double by the end of the year
2. Production is expected almost thus to provide enough electricity.....

I repeated "almost" because the first list started after "almost"

the #2 in the list doesn't make any sense at all. But upon reading other replies on this thread I found that others have ignored "almost" and "thus" . So do we need to exclude "adverbs" (I am assuming they are adverbs, i can't think of anything else:-( ) when we check for parallelism?

Please throw some light on this
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2017, 02:33
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pikolo2510 wrote:
Hello GMATNinja, daagh and other experts,

In option D, when we are considering parallelism, do we ignore "almost" and "thus" in the list? I eliminated D because I thought parallelism cannot fit here. The two things is the list are

1. Production is expected almost to double by the end of the year
2. Production is expected almost thus to provide enough electricity.....

I repeated "almost" because the first list started after "almost"

the #2 in the list doesn't make any sense at all. But upon reading other replies on this thread I found that others have ignored "almost" and "thus" . So do we need to exclude "adverbs" (I am assuming they are adverbs, i can't think of anything else:-( ) when we check for parallelism?

Please throw some light on this



Hello pikolo2510,

I will be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

First of all, it is imperative to identify the correct parallel list.

Following is the sentence with the correct answer choice D:

As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2,500 megawatts nationwide, but production is expected
    almost to double by the end of the year and
    thus to provide enough electricity for 1.3 million households.


The thing to understand here is that the words almost and thus are adverbs = action modifiers.

Hence, their presence before the core parallel entities to double and to provide does not affect the intended parallelism because the modifiers attached to the core parallel entities have no bearing on parallelism.

Hence, Choice D is perfectly parallel.

We do cover this point about modifiers of core parallel entities not affecting the parallel list in our concept named Parallelism: Helpful Tips.


Hope this helps. :-)
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2018, 02:18
Hi,

I understand why the modifier error in A is wrong but I still don't understand the "almost expected" vs "expected almost" difference conceptually. In everyday language, these phrases are often used interchangeably.
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Oct 2018, 22:29
bpdulog wrote:
Hi,

I understand why the modifier error in A is wrong but I still don't understand the "almost expected" vs "expected almost" difference conceptually. In everyday language, these phrases are often used interchangeably.


This difference lies in the overall meaning of the sentence. "Expected almost to double" here means the production is "approximately" expected to jump by the factor of 2, maybe by a factor of 1.8 or 1.9 or some other factor. So, "almost" signifies approximation or round off to the nearest interger. The meaning holds the key. First understand what is the author trying to say.
So, almost should modify "double" and not "expected".
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2019, 01:30
Hi daagh, GMATNinja, GMATninja2 VeritasKarishma

My doubt is that in the original sentence as well as in the correct choice 'D' there's an expectation of production doubling and with an expectation comes uncertainty. Therefore shouldn't the correct answer choice need to have the conditional 'would' in it.
As in, 'would' provide enough electricity for 1.3 mn households.


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As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2019, 02:20
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Quote:
As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2,500 megawatts nationwide, but production is almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide enough electricity for 1.3 million households.

A. almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide
B. almost expected that it will double by the end of the year, thus providing
C. expected that it will almost double by the end of the year to provide
D. expected almost to double by the end of the year and thus to provide
E. expected almost to double by the end of the year, which would thus be providing



Actual D

Quote:
As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2,500 megawatts nationwide, but production is expected almost to double by the end of the year and thus to provide enough electricity for 1.3 million households.

This is the re-phrase of your point.

Quote:
As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2,500 megawatts nationwide, but production is
expected almost to double by the end of the year and thus would provide enough electricity for 1.3 million households.


If we introduce the subjunctive 'would', then the sentence would suffer bad parallelism. One thing is that we cannot get away from the idiomatic 'expected almost to double' in the first arm and therefore if we introduce the word 'would' in the second arm only, then parallelism would get warped.

Or else, the entire sentence should be changed as --- production is expected that it would almost double by the end of the year and thus would provide enough electricity for 1.3 million households ---.
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2019, 15:13
Hello Everyone!

Let's tackle this question, one issue at a time, and narrow it down to the right choice quickly! First, let's take a look at the original question and highlight any major differences in orange:

As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2,500 megawatts nationwide, but production is almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide enough electricity for 1.3 million households.

(A) almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide
(B) almost expected that it will double by the end of the year, thus providing
(C) expected that it will almost double by the end of the year to provide
(D) expected almost to double by the end of the year and thus to provide
(E) expected almost to double by the end of the year, which would thus be providing

After a quick glance over the options, a couple key differences jump out that we can focus on:

1. almost expected vs. expected almost (Adverbs & Meaning)
2. which would provide / thus providing / to provide / and thus to provide / which would thus be providing (Modifiers)


Let's start with #1 on our list because it will eliminate 2-3 options rather quickly. What we're dealing with here is adverb placement. We need to figure out what the adverb "almost" SHOULD be paired up with to determine which one we need:

almost expected to double = refers to the likelihood that production will double at all
expected almost to double = refers to the amount by which production will change

It makes more sense to say that the amount of production might double, and not that production might be expected. So let's rule out any options that don't clearly place the adverb "almost" with "double/s":

(A) almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide
(B) almost expected that it will double by the end of the year, thus providing
(C) expected that it will almost double by the end of the year to provide
(D) expected almost to double by the end of the year and thus to provide
(E) expected almost to double by the end of the year, which would thus be providing

We can eliminate options A & B because they don't have the adverb "almost" in the proper place to convey the meaning we're after. Now that we have things narrowed down, let's take a closer look at each remaining option with the non-underlined parts plugged in and determine which is the best one:

(C) As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2,500 megawatts nationwide, but production is expected that it will almost double by the end of the year to provide enough electricity for 1.3 million households.

This option is INCORRECT because it contains a vague pronoun! It's not clear at all what the pronoun "it" is referring to here - windmills, production, megawatts? If we read this sentence through, the phrase "production is expected that it will almost double" sounds incredibly clunky and awkward as well.

(D) As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2,500 megawatts nationwide, but production is expected almost to double by the end of the year and thus to provide enough electricity for 1.3 million households.

This is CORRECT! The adverb "almost" is in the right place, there are no issues with parallelism (to double/to provide), and there are no modifier issues.

(E) As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2,500 megawatts nationwide, but production is expected almost to double by the end of the year, which would thus be providing enough electricity for 1.3 million households.

This option is INCORRECT for a couple reasons. First, it has a ", which"modifier that's being used incorrectly. "Which" modifiers are NOUN modifiers, and they can only modify the noun closest to them. In this case, the modifier is trying to modify the noun "year," which isn't right. The modifier should refer back to "production." It's also incorrect because the two things that production accomplishes aren't written using parallel format (to double / be providing).


There you have it - option D is the correct choice! By focusing on the obvious differences between the options, we can easily weed out wrong choices to get to the right one quickly!


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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2019, 06:29
As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2,500 megawatts nationwide, but production is almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide enough electricity for 1.3 million households.

(D) expected almost to double by the end of the year and thus to provide

When we take option D, can we understand the meaning as :

production will double by the end of year and thus production will provide electricity for .......

seeing the parallelism involved here with the repetition of "to" ? This meaning does not make much sense.
Please clarify
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2019, 11:11
Hi,
Just want to get some clarity on my understanding?

"Production is expected" ..In what form "expected" has been used?

is + Past participle?
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As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 15 Oct 2019, 19:31
Dear EMPOWERgmatVerbal
As for option (B): "almost expected that it will double by the end of the year, thus providing," may I ask whether the word "thus" is redundant? As the V-ing "providing..." modifies the preceding clause and implies consequence, there is no need to have "thus" before "providing".

Originally posted by Tracy95 on 11 Oct 2019, 03:11.
Last edited by Tracy95 on 15 Oct 2019, 19:31, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2019, 08:22
ankitrenee wrote:
Hi,
Just want to get some clarity on my understanding?

"Production is expected" ..In what form "expected" has been used?

is + Past participle?

Your understanding is correct Ankit.
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2019, 11:31
Tracy95 wrote:
Dear EMPOWERgmatVerbal
As for option (B): "almost expected that it will double by the end of the year, thus providing," may I ask whether the word "thus" is redundant? As the V-ing "providing..." modifies the preceding clause and implies consequence, there is no need to have "thus" before "providing".


Hello Tracy95!

Thanks for your question! I don't think the word "thus" is redundant here because it's showing the reader the order of events. If we leave out the word "thus," it implies that the doubling of windmill production and powering more homes happens at the same time, rather than the production doubling then homes getting power.

I hope that clears it up! If you have any other questions, feel free to tag me at EMPOWERgmatVerbal!
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2   [#permalink] 18 Oct 2019, 11:31

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