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As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2

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As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2011, 21:53
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Question No.: SC 798

As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2,500 megawatts nationwide, but production is almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide enough electricity for 1.3 million households.

(A) almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide
(B) almost expected that it will double by the end of the year, thus providing
(C) expected that it will almost double by the end of the year to provide
(D) expected almost to double by the end of the year and thus to provide
(E) expected almost to double by the end of the year, which would thus be providing
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Feb 2016, 07:02
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RAHKARP27071989 wrote:
Hi chetan2u / daagh,

Can you please explain why C is wrong...??



Hi,
i'll just replace the underlined portion with C and lets test the choice then

As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2,500 megawatts nationwide, but production is expected that it will almost double by the end of the year to provide enough electricity for 1.3 million households

The usage of that after expected requires a subject and production cannot be the subject for it..
production is expected that it will almost double by the end of the year.. THIS DOES NOT MAKE SENSE

If I write :-
It is expected that production will almost double by the end of the year... would be ok if there is an antecedent for "it"..
but than "to provide" is to parallel with ''expected almost to double ", which requires a different construction ..

so two ways to speak is..
production is expected to double..
OR it is expected that the production will double
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2013, 10:31
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As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2500 megawatts nationwide, but production is almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide enough electricity for 1.3 million household.

a)almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide
Wrong. "which" is placed wrongly --> modifies "year".

b)almost expected that it would double by the end of the year,thus providing
Wrong. "it" is redundant because "it" refers to production --> the sentence becomes: "production is expected that production would double....." <-- we don't need the second "production".

c)expected that it will almost double by the end of the year to provide
Wrong. Same as B. "it" is redundant.

d)expected almost to double by the end of the year and thus to provide
Correct. Parallel and concise --> Production is expected almost to double ....and to provide......

e)expected almost to double by the end of the year, which would thus be providing
Wrong. Same as in A. "which" is placed wrongly.

Hope it helps.
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2011, 21:58
I got it as E, but the answer here given is D, can anyone explain it why D is wrong?
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2011, 00:27
2
A and B
-almost is incorrectly modifying expected implying it may or may not happen
-modifying double implies it may or may not double.
C - unidiomatic
E - wordy
D - parallel and concise
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2011, 01:47
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what is to happen 'almost'? doubling of production, or the expectation of doubling of production. Since expectation being almost is awckward, while a figure getting almost double is alright, all answer choice with almost expecte are rejected rightaway. This gets rid of A and B

C. says that ' production is expected that it will almost double by the end of the year to provide' This is clearly wrong usage of pronoun it- either it should be 'it is expected that production will almost double', or 'it is expected about production that it will almost double' (wordy but gramatically sensical)
Therefore, C is rejected.

Between 'thus to provie' and 'which would thus be providing' I choose D. Thus to provide.
production is the subject f this clause- it is expected to double and thus to provide for blah blah..
use of 'which would thus be providing' makes this more wordy, changes the tatructure of the sentence, and also use of which is confusing.
hence D is the correct option.
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2011, 18:50
yes it is D. clear and concise. I was leaning towards C, but it is wordy and has pronoun error.
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jan 2012, 07:53
In this problem which is a relative pronoun that should modify immediately preceding noun in this case production but it is not the immediate noun.So option A and E gone.
Second the relative pronoun that can act as a subordinating conjunction or as a relative pronoun. In B and C that is acting as a subordinating conjunction(adding to structures which is not correct).That should act more as relative pronoun to modify production.Thus the option B and C gone.
At last to check the option D we check parallelism of the infinitive (to double and to provide) as well as see that sentence makes sense(logically correct).
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jan 2012, 08:46
IMO...
to double by the end of the year and thus to provide

are parallel
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2013, 23:04
I have 2 doubts :

1. Can I also say that (B) and (C) are out because we have used "will" with "expected"

When we expect something, we should use conditional tense.

Hence it should be " expected that... would .."

2. The original sentence meaning is production is expected to double - and this will result in providing 1.3 households with electricity.
But when we choose (d) , we are making " expected to double " and " ... "to provide" parallel.
Does that mean we are loosing the original meaning because in (d) we are not putting "expected to double" as the cause for "providing the 1.3 household with electricity"

Could someone clarify?
Thanks!
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2013, 10:10
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Ralphcuisak wrote:
Q.As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2500 megawatts nationwide, but production is almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide enough electricity for 1.3 million household.
a)almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide
b)almost expected that it would double by the end of the year,thus providing
c)expected that it will almost double by the end of the year to provide
d)expected almost to double by the end of the year and thus to provide
e)expected almost to double by the end of the year, which would thus be providing


A and B are ruled out due to the the almost expected construction, cant figure out exactly why its D and not E..
:?


Choice D keep the phrases parallel. Production expected to double by the ........... and (expected) to provide enough electricity.......

While in Choice E, The usage of which creates ambiguity. which/that refers to the closest noun i.e. year in this case.

For other Choices

A) Incorrect Placement of ALMOST. Misplaced Modifier WHICH

B) Incorrect Placement of ALMOST. Unidiomatic Usage Production is expected that it would double CORRECT USAGE IS Production is expected to double OR It is expected that Production will double

C) Same Unidiomatic Usage here too.

Hope That Helps!
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2014, 08:16
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As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2,500 megawatts nationwide, but production is almost expected to double
by the end of the year, which would provide
enough electricity for 1.3 million households.

ALMOST EXPECTED is wrong modifier.Author intend to say almost double and which is used incorrectly
This also clear out B and E
We are left with C and D

The problem with C is the THAT clause.
THAT begin a new clause and sentence is now incomplete. Production is expected THAT.... household .. Production is expected what and THAT is modifying expected
Hence D is the correct answer


A. almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide
B. almost expected that it will double by the end of the year, thus providing
C. expected that it will almost double by the end of the year to provide
D. expected almost to double by the end of the year and thus to provide
E. expected almost to double by the end of the year, which would thus be providing
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 04 Jun 2015, 04:52
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As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2500 megawatts nationwide, but production is almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide enough electricity for 1.3 million household.

a)almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide
b)almost expected that it would double by the end of the year,thus providing
c)expected that it will almost double by the end of the year to provide
d)expected almost to double by the end of the year and thus to provide
e)expected almost to double by the end of the year, which would thus be providing

Spoiler: :: OA
D

Originally posted by sauravleo123 on 03 Jun 2015, 06:34.
Last edited by carcass on 04 Jun 2015, 04:52, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2015, 08:00
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sauravleo123 wrote:
As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2500 megawatts nationwide, but production is almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide enough electricity for 1.3 million household.
a)almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide
b)almost expected that it would double by the end of the year,thus providing
c)expected that it will almost double by the end of the year to provide
d)expected almost to double by the end of the year and thus to provide
e)expected almost to double by the end of the year, which would thus be providing

Spoiler: :: OA
D


which: cannot modify a whole clause

almost expected: almost is misplaced.
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2015, 08:09
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sauravleo123 wrote:
As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2500 megawatts nationwide, but production is almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide enough electricity for 1.3 million household.


a)almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide - Incorrect

b)almost expected that it would double by the end of the year,thus providing

c)expected that it will almost double by the end of the year to provide- Incorrect

d)expected almost to double by the end of the year and thus to provide - Correct

As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2500 megawatts nationwide, but production is expected almost to double by the end of the year and thus to provide enough electricity for 1.3 million household.

e)expected almost to double by the end of the year, which would thus be providing - Incorrect

D correctly maintains parallelism Hence IMO (D)..
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2015, 08:10
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You cannot "almost expect". You either expect or you dont. There is no middle ground. Therefore, "almost" is placed incorrectly in A and B. Both out.

"production is expected that" is incorrect. "production is expected to" or "it is expected that production" is correct. C out.

"which" is incorrect in E.

D it is.

A more comprehensive POE:

A. 1. "almost" placed incorrectly.
2. "which" is incorrect.
3. "would" the past future tense is incorrect. We need a future tense since the sentence is written in the present tense ("production is")

B. 1. "almost" placed incorrectly.
2. The verb of intention "to" is preferable. This is not very crisp in meaning.

C. 1. "production is expected to" is correct not "production is expected that"
2. Meaning error. The production is expected to double with an intention to provide electricity?

D. 1. "almost" placed properly
2. "to double" correct.
3. Parallelism good. expected...to double || to provide.

E. 1. "which" is wrong.
2. Who is providing?

Answer: D
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2015, 21:57
Is it really GMATPrep question? sauravleo123, can you let me know if you encountered this question while giving the mock exam?

"expected almost to double" sounds really strange. Should it not have been: "expected to almost double "?
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2015, 07:32
Yes, None of the option sticks out well. I felt answer choice b but I was very dissatisfied.

sauravleo123 wrote:
As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2500 megawatts nationwide, but production is almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide enough electricity for 1.3 million household.

a)almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide
b)almost expected that it would double by the end of the year,thus providing
c)expected that it will almost double by the end of the year to provide
d)expected almost to double by the end of the year and thus to provide
e)expected almost to double by the end of the year, which would thus be providing

Spoiler: :: OA
D

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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2015, 07:45
shriramvelamuri & AngelV - Completely agree with you , in fact none of the options look good.

Correct idiomatic usage of Expect is Expect to

expected almost to double by the end of the year and thus to provide

However I relied completely on Parallelism -

As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2500 megawatts nationwide, but production is expected almost to double by the end of the year and thus to provide enough electricity for 1.3 million household.

I think as in GMAT land the rule is - Dont always try look for the most gramatical sentence in the given option , try to look for the one which is less erronous.
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2015, 22:55
Abhishek009 wrote:
I think as in GMAT land the rule is - Dont always try look for the most gramatical sentence in the given option , try to look for the one which is less erronous.

Yes, but if the person who originally posted this question or if someone else who actually came across this question on GMATprep, can confirm, it will provide authenticity.
Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2 &nbs [#permalink] 04 Jun 2015, 22:55

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