GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 22 Jun 2018, 19:10

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

As to when the first people populated the American subcontinent is hot

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

4 KUDOS received
Senior RC Moderator
User avatar
P
Status: It always seems impossible until it's done!!
Joined: 29 Aug 2012
Posts: 1173
Location: India
WE: General Management (Aerospace and Defense)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
As to when the first people populated the American subcontinent is hot [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Apr 2015, 08:43
4
11
Question 1
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Question Stats:

26% (04:00) correct 74% (03:29) wrong based on 308

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Question Stats:

23% (01:07) correct 77% (01:21) wrong based on 288

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Question Stats:

53% (01:08) correct 47% (01:13) wrong based on 163

HideShow timer Statistics



As to when the first people populated the American subcontinent is hotly debated. Until recently, the Clovis people, based on evidence found in New Mexico, were thought to have been the first to have arrived, some 13,000 years ago. Yet evidence gathered from other sites suggest the Americas had been settled at least 1,000 years prior to the Clovis. The “Clovis first” idea, nonetheless, was treated as gospel, backed by supporters who, at least initially, outright discounted any claims that suggested precedence by non-Clovis people. While such a stance smacked of fanaticism, proponents did have a solid claim: if the Clovis peoples crossed the Bering Strait 13,000 years ago, only after it had become ice-free, how would a people have been able to make a similar trip but over ice?

A recent school of thought, backed by Weber, provides the following answer: pre-Clovis people reached the Americas by relying on a sophisticated maritime culture, which allowed them to take advantage of refugia, or small areas in which aquatic life flourished. Thus they were able to make the long journey by hugging the coast as far south as to what is today British Columbia. Additionally, they were believed to have fashioned a primitive form of crampon so that they would be able to dock in these refugia and avail themselves of the microfauna. Still, how such a culture developed in the first place remains unanswered.

The Solutrean theory has been influential in answering this question, a fact that may seem paradoxical—and startling—to those familiar with its line of reasoning: the Clovis people were actually Solutreans, an ancient seafaring culture along the Iberian peninsula, who had--astoundingly given the time period--crossed into the Americas via the Atlantic ocean. Could not a similar Siberian culture, if not the pre-Clovis themselves, have displayed equal nautical sophistication?

Even if one subscribes to this line of reasoning, the “Clovis first” school still have an objection: proponents of a pre-Clovis people rely solely on the Monte Verde site in Chile, a site so far south that its location invites yet another question: What of the 6,000 miles of coastline between the ice corridor and Monte Verde? Besides remains found in network of caves in Oregon, there has been scant evidence of a pre-Clovis peoples. Nonetheless, Meade and Pizinsky claim that a propitious geologic accident could account for this discrepancy: Monte Verde was located near a peat bog that essentially fossilized the village. Archaeologists uncovered two wooden stakes, which, at one time, were used in twelve huts. Furthermore plant species associated with areas 150 miles away were found, suggesting a trade network. These findings indicate that the Clovis may not have been the first to people the Americas, yet more excavation, both in Monte Verde and along the coast, must be conducted in order to determine the extent of pre-Clovis settlements in the Americas.
1. It can be inferred from the passage that the reason the author finds the Solutrean hypothesis both startling and paradoxical is that

(A) ancient cultures were in most likelihood unable to develop such a sophisticated form of maritime transport that they were able to cross the Atlantic

(B) it supports the Clovis school of thought, and posits the existence of a capacity not commonly associated with ancient people

(C) the Clovis people had crossed from Siberia navigating across a difficult ice corridor, whereas the pre-Clovis people had sailed, with far less difficulty, across the Atlantic ocean

(D) it suggests that the pre-Clovis people had a way to circumvent the ice-corridor, yet were unlikely to have traveled as far south as modern day Chile

(E) it runs counter to one of the chief tenets of the “Clovis first” school of thought



2. According to the passage, Meade and Pizinsky address the question, “What of the 6,000 miles of coastline...”, by offering up the Monte Verde site for which of the following reasons?

(A) The Monte Verde settlement was so rudimentary that it fundamentally differs from known Clovis settlements.

(B) Monte Verde is one of the only pre-Clovis sites found between Monte Verde and the ice corridor, and thus provides compelling evidence of a pre-Clovis settlement.

(C) The circumstances that allowed scientists to discover Monte Verde were so unique that such circumstances were unlikely to have occurred in sites between Monte Verde and the ice corridor.

(D) Evidence that the Americas were settled over thousand years ago provides support for the Solutrean hypothesis, because it suggests that water travel over long distances was possible.

(E) The spread of plant species over 150 miles from the Monte Verde site indicate that there were numerous settlements throughout the Americas, beginning from the ice corridor and stretching to Monte Verde.



3. According to the passage, the existence of the refugia would have enabled pre-Clovis people to do which of the following?

(A) Access a form of sustenance on an arduous journey

(B) Find a place to dock their watercrafts so they could undertake inland exploration

(C) Develop a sophisticated maritime culture rivaling that of the Solutreans

(D) Build settlements around the coastline

(E) Access inland regions otherwise cut off to those on watercraft



_________________

Become a GMAT Club Premium member to avail lot of discounts

VP
VP
avatar
S
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 1185
Re: As to when the first people populated the American subcontinent is hot [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Apr 2015, 21:41
the passage is not hard but the questions are hard. I can not get one correct.

the typical gmat passages are harder but the questions are not hard. this situation is opposite to the the situation of the unofficial passages, the passsages are easy and the questions are very hard.
1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 09 Feb 2015
Posts: 381
Location: India
Concentration: Social Entrepreneurship, General Management
GMAT 1: 690 Q49 V34
GMAT 2: 720 Q49 V39
GPA: 2.8
Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: As to when the first people populated the American subcontinent is hot [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Jan 2017, 02:14
1
Please explain this one!
Expert Post
Verbal Expert
User avatar
G
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3201
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: As to when the first people populated the American subcontinent is hot [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jan 2017, 03:15
goforgmat wrote:
Please explain this one!


Sorry, your query is not clear. Could you specify for which question you are asking clarification for, and specifically what your query is.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 19 Oct 2016
Posts: 73
Location: India
Concentration: Marketing, Leadership
Schools: IIMA (I)
GMAT 1: 580 Q46 V24
GMAT 2: 540 Q39 V25
GMAT 3: 660 Q48 V34
GPA: 3.15
WE: Psychology and Counseling (Health Care)
Re: As to when the first people populated the American subcontinent is hot [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jan 2017, 09:42
sayantanc2k wrote:
goforgmat wrote:
Please explain this one!


Sorry, your query is not clear. Could you specify for which question you are asking clarification for, and specifically what your query is.


Can you explain the second question. How is the answer C and not B.
Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
Verbal Expert
User avatar
G
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3201
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: As to when the first people populated the American subcontinent is hot [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Jan 2017, 04:09
1
rishit1080 wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
goforgmat wrote:
Please explain this one!


Sorry, your query is not clear. Could you specify for which question you are asking clarification for, and specifically what your query is.


Can you explain the second question. How is the answer C and not B.


The question, “What of the 6,000 miles of coastline...”, indicates a discrepency in the claim of the proponents of the pre-Clovis people who cite Monte Verde site in Chile as evidence for their claim.

The response (explanation) to the question "What of the 6,000 miles of coastline...” offered by Meade and Pizinsky is given in the following part:
"Nonetheless, Meade and Pizinsky claim that a propitious geologic accident could account for this discrepancy: Monte Verde was located near a peat bog that essentially fossilized the village.".

This answer shows why scientists were unable to find evidence of existence of pre-Clovis people between the ice corridor and Monte Verde. The objective of this answer is to explain the discrepency. In this answer, the fact that Monte Verde is the one of the only pre-Clovis sites found between Monte Verde and the ice corridor is not used as an evidence to prove the existence of pre-Clovis people, rather this answer explains why Monte Verde is the one of the only pre-Clovis sites found between Monte Verde and the ice corridor

Hence B is wrong, and C is correct.
SVP
SVP
avatar
P
Joined: 12 Dec 2016
Posts: 1896
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V33
GPA: 3.64
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: As to when the first people populated the American subcontinent is hot [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Jan 2018, 10:34
The primary purpose of the passage is to

A evaluate three theories and describe how the last theory is the most valid
B suggest that the evidence found at Monte Verde indicates the existence of a pre-Clovis people
C explore a variety of arguments and counterarguments as they relate to an issue that is no longer contentious
D illustrate how the “Clovis first” proponents, in attempting to undermine the work of proponents of the pre-Clovis school, are most likely incorrect in their views.
E discuss an ongoing dispute between two irreconcilable schools of thought regarding the peopling of the Americas

OA is E
SVP
SVP
avatar
P
Joined: 12 Dec 2016
Posts: 1896
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V33
GPA: 3.64
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: As to when the first people populated the American subcontinent is hot [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Jan 2018, 10:54
According to the passage, the existence of the refugia would have enabled pre-Clovis people to do which of the following?

A Access a form of sustenance on an arduous journey
Find a place to dock their watercrafts so they could undertake inland exploration
Develop a sophisticated maritime culture rivaling that of the Solutreans
Build settlements around the coastline
Access inland regions otherwise cut off to those on watercraft

OA is A
2 KUDOS received
Retired Moderator
User avatar
P
Status: The best is yet to come.....
Joined: 10 Mar 2013
Posts: 540
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: As to when the first people populated the American subcontinent is hot [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Feb 2018, 00:05
2
Just to know...........
What is the subject of verb 'have', marked red, here?

Even if one subscribes to this line of reasoning, the “Clovis first” school still have an objection: proponents of a pre-Clovis people rely solely on the Monte Verde site in Chile, a site so far south that its location invites yet another question: What of the 6,000 miles of coastline between the ice corridor and Monte Verde?
_________________

Hasan Mahmud

Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Status: EAT SLEEP GMAT REPEAT!
Joined: 28 Sep 2016
Posts: 173
Location: India
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: As to when the first people populated the American subcontinent is hot [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Jun 2018, 20:42
Gnpth wrote:


As to when the first people populated the American subcontinent is hotly debated. Until recently, the Clovis people, based on evidence found in New Mexico, were thought to have been the first to have arrived, some 13,000 years ago. Yet evidence gathered from other sites suggest the Americas had been settled at least 1,000 years prior to the Clovis. The “Clovis first” idea, nonetheless, was treated as gospel, backed by supporters who, at least initially, outright discounted any claims that suggested precedence by non-Clovis people. While such a stance smacked of fanaticism, proponents did have a solid claim: if the Clovis peoples crossed the Bering Strait 13,000 years ago, only after it had become ice-free, how would a people have been able to make a similar trip but over ice?

A recent school of thought, backed by Weber, provides the following answer: pre-Clovis people reached the Americas by relying on a sophisticated maritime culture, which allowed them to take advantage of refugia, or small areas in which aquatic life flourished. Thus they were able to make the long journey by hugging the coast as far south as to what is today British Columbia. Additionally, they were believed to have fashioned a primitive form of crampon so that they would be able to dock in these refugia and avail themselves of the microfauna. Still, how such a culture developed in the first place remains unanswered.

The Solutrean theory has been influential in answering this question, a fact that may seem paradoxical—and startling—to those familiar with its line of reasoning: the Clovis people were actually Solutreans, an ancient seafaring culture along the Iberian peninsula, who had--astoundingly given the time period--crossed into the Americas via the Atlantic ocean. Could not a similar Siberian culture, if not the pre-Clovis themselves, have displayed equal nautical sophistication?

Even if one subscribes to this line of reasoning, the “Clovis first” school still have an objection: proponents of a pre-Clovis people rely solely on the Monte Verde site in Chile, a site so far south that its location invites yet another question: What of the 6,000 miles of coastline between the ice corridor and Monte Verde? Besides remains found in network of caves in Oregon, there has been scant evidence of a pre-Clovis peoples. Nonetheless, Meade and Pizinsky claim that a propitious geologic accident could account for this discrepancy: Monte Verde was located near a peat bog that essentially fossilized the village. Archaeologists uncovered two wooden stakes, which, at one time, were used in twelve huts. Furthermore plant species associated with areas 150 miles away were found, suggesting a trade network. These findings indicate that the Clovis may not have been the first to people the Americas, yet more excavation, both in Monte Verde and along the coast, must be conducted in order to determine the extent of pre-Clovis settlements in the Americas.
1. It can be inferred from the passage that the reason the author finds the Solutrean hypothesis both startling and paradoxical is that

(A) ancient cultures were in most likelihood unable to develop such a sophisticated form of maritime transport that they were able to cross the Atlantic

(B) it supports the Clovis school of thought, and posits the existence of a capacity not commonly associated with ancient people

(C) the Clovis people had crossed from Siberia navigating across a difficult ice corridor, whereas the pre-Clovis people had sailed, with far less difficulty, across the Atlantic ocean

(D) it suggests that the pre-Clovis people had a way to circumvent the ice-corridor, yet were unlikely to have traveled as far south as modern day Chile

(E) it runs counter to one of the chief tenets of the “Clovis first” school of thought



2. According to the passage, Meade and Pizinsky address the question, “What of the 6,000 miles of coastline...”, by offering up the Monte Verde site for which of the following reasons?

(A) The Monte Verde settlement was so rudimentary that it fundamentally differs from known Clovis settlements.

(B) Monte Verde is one of the only pre-Clovis sites found between Monte Verde and the ice corridor, and thus provides compelling evidence of a pre-Clovis settlement.

(C) The circumstances that allowed scientists to discover Monte Verde were so unique that such circumstances were unlikely to have occurred in sites between Monte Verde and the ice corridor.

(D) Evidence that the Americas were settled over thousand years ago provides support for the Solutrean hypothesis, because it suggests that water travel over long distances was possible.

(E) The spread of plant species over 150 miles from the Monte Verde site indicate that there were numerous settlements throughout the Americas, beginning from the ice corridor and stretching to Monte Verde.



3. According to the passage, the existence of the refugia would have enabled pre-Clovis people to do which of the following?

(A) Access a form of sustenance on an arduous journey

(B) Find a place to dock their watercrafts so they could undertake inland exploration

(C) Develop a sophisticated maritime culture rivaling that of the Solutreans

(D) Build settlements around the coastline

(E) Access inland regions otherwise cut off to those on watercraft




GMATNinja

Please help in explaining question 1
_________________

Regards,
Adi

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 22 Sep 2017
Posts: 64
Re: As to when the first people populated the American subcontinent is hot [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Jun 2018, 17:25
Mahmud6 wrote:
Just to know...........
What is the subject of verb 'have', marked red, here?

Even if one subscribes to this line of reasoning, the “Clovis first” school still have an objection: proponents of a pre-Clovis people rely solely on the Monte Verde site in Chile, a site so far south that its location invites yet another question: What of the 6,000 miles of coastline between the ice corridor and Monte Verde?



Hello Mahmud,
In your query, the subject of "have" is "Clovis first school". Here school is a group noun which the passage is telling that it's a combination of ideas. In previous paragraphs, it's mentioned as "a recent school of thought". So it's a group noun(Ex-The Team, The Army etc) which can have both singular and plural verbs as per context.

Not an expert, you can counter my thought process if wrong.
Manager
Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 27 Dec 2016
Posts: 188
Concentration: International Business, Marketing
CAT Tests
Re: As to when the first people populated the American subcontinent is hot [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Jun 2018, 18:29
GMATNinja GMATNinjaTwo

Hi GMATNinja,
I was wondering could you please explain Q3? I got that one wrong and choose option B instead of option A based on the following statement from the passage: "Additionally, they were believed to have fashioned a primitive form of crampon so that they would be able to dock in these refugia and avail themselves of the microfauna. Doesn't this say that they docked their boats in the refugia and then used microfauna themselves? Did I misunderstand this statement?
Re: As to when the first people populated the American subcontinent is hot   [#permalink] 06 Jun 2018, 18:29
Display posts from previous: Sort by

As to when the first people populated the American subcontinent is hot

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


cron

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.