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As with ants, the elaborate social structure of termites includes a

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As with ants, the elaborate social structure of termites includes a  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 00:23
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As with ants, the elaborate social structure of termites includes a few individuals reproducing and the rest serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or battling intruders.

(A) As with ants, the elaborate social structure of termites includes a few individuals reproducing

(B) As do ants, termites have an elaborate social structure, which includes a few individuals to reproduce

(C) Just as with ants, termite social structure is elaborate, including a few individuals for reproducing

(D) Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in which a few individuals reproduce

(E) Like that of ants, the termite social structure is elaborate, including a few individuals that reproduce

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As with ants, the elaborate social structure of termites includes a  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2018, 17:41
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Hello Everyone!

It looks like we have a comparison question here, and that means we are mainly dealing with parallel structure and idioms! Let’s take a quick look at each answer to figure out what to focus on:

1. Checking that the two items being compared are equal
2. Using correct idiomatic terms for comparisons

Let’s start with #1 on our list. In all of the answers, the first half of the comparison focuses on “ants.” This means the other half of the comparison must focus on something of equal value – in this case, termites. Let’s see how each answer holds up:

(A) As with ants, the elaborate social structure of termites includes a few individuals reproducing → NOT PARALLEL
(B) As do ants, termites have an elaborate social structure, which includes a few individuals to reproduce → PARALLEL
(C) Just as with ants, termite social structure is elaborate, including a few individuals for reproducing → NOT PARALLEL
(D) Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in which a few individuals reproduce → PARALLEL
(E) Like that of ants, the termite social structure is elaborate, including a few individuals that reproduce → PARALLEL

There you go – right away, we can toss out answers A and C because they are not comparing two equal items! Now that we have it narrowed down to just B, D, and E.

If you read answer E closely, you may see it has another problem with parallelism:

(E) Like that of ants, the termite social structure is elaborate, including a few individuals that reproduce and the rest serve

For this to be parallel, these two parts would need to be adjusted. It could say "individuals that reproduce and the rest that serve," or reword it to get rid of the word "that" on both sides. So let's toss out answer E because it also doesn't uses parallel structure.

Let’s look at #2 on our list: idiomatic terms for comparison.

On the GMAT exam, the use of "like" vs. "as" has to do with what two things are being compared. We use "like" to compare two nouns, and "as" to compare two actions or phrases with verbs attached to them.

LIKE = noun + noun (The yellow car, like the red car, comes with a sunroof.)
AS = verb phrase + verb phrase (My aunt bakes soft oatmeal cookies, as her mother did when she was a child.)

So let's see how answers B and D stack up:

(B) As do ants, termites have an elaborate social structure, which includes a few individuals to reproduce → WRONG

We don't use "as" to compare two nouns - it should be "like."

(D) Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in which a few individuals reproduce → CORRECT!

There you go – you’re left with only one answer! Answer D is correct because it uses the proper “like” for a comparison of two nouns, and the two items being compared are equal!


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Re: As with ants, the elaborate social structure of termites includes a  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 02:56
To Compare two nouns- use "Like".
D and E left. E uses an unnecessary 'that'.
D gets it right.

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Re: As with ants, the elaborate social structure of termites includes a  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 10:59
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As with ants, the elaborate social structure of termites includes a few individuals reproducing and the rest serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or battling intruders.


A. As with ants, the elaborate social structure of termites includes a few individuals reproducing --- ' a few individuals reproducing' and 'the rest serve' --- un//.

B. As do ants, termites have an elaborate social structure, which includes a few individuals to reproduce ----- 'a few individuals to reproduce' and 'the rest serve'-- un//.


C. Just as with ants, termite social structure is elaborate, including a few individuals for reproducing --- 'a few individuals for reproducing' and 'the rest serve' is un//.

D. Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in which a few individuals reproduce --- reproduce and serve --- correct //ism.

E. Like that of ants, the termite social structure is elaborate, including a few individuals that reproduce --- 'a few individuals that reproduce' and 'the rest serve' --un//.

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Re: As with ants, the elaborate social structure of termites includes a  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 11:57
As with ants, the elaborate social structure of termites includes a few individuals reproducing and the rest serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or battling intruders.


A. As with ants, the elaborate social structure of termites includes a few individuals reproducing

B. As do ants, termites have an elaborate social structure, which includes a few individuals to reproduce

C. Just as with ants, termite social structure is elaborate, including a few individuals for reproducing

D. Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in which a few individuals reproduce

E. Like that of ants, the termite social structure is elaborate, including a few individuals that reproduce

D is correct answer for proper comparison.

Same sentence used in a different question https://gmatclub.com/forum/like-ants-termites-have-an-elaborate-social-structure-in-39919.html


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Re: As with ants, the elaborate social structure of termites includes a  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2018, 12:06
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As with ants, the elaborate social structure of termites includes a few individuals reproducing and the rest serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or battling intruders.


A. As it is with ants, the elaborate social structure of termites includes a few individuals reproducing
It's not wrong because of as with ants. It's wrong because of || ism

B. As do ants, termites have an elaborate social structure, which includes a few individuals to reproduce

It's not wrong because of as with ants. It's wrong because of || ism

C. Just as with ants, termite social structure is elaborate, including a few individuals for reproducing
Just as ......so

D. Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in which a few individuals reproduce - Correct

E. Like that of ants, the termite social structure is elaborate, including a few individuals that reproduce
wrong comparison
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Re: As with ants, the elaborate social structure of termites includes a  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2018, 09:56
As with ants, the elaborate social structure of termites includes a few individuals reproducing[/u] and the rest serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or battling intruders.

(A) As with ants, the elaborate social structure of termites includes a few individuals reproducing
Illogical Comparison. Ant should be compared to termites.
reproducing and serve - is not parallel


(B) As do ants, termites have an elaborate social structure, which includes a few individuals to reproduce
Here again Illogical comparison.
Ant is doing sthng.... and Termites have sthng - is compared. Incorrect.
Reproduce and serve - is used in parallel structure here.


(C) Just as with ants, termite social structure is elaborate, including a few individuals for reproducing
Comparison seems to be illogical.
SAME parallelism error as in A.


(D) Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in which a few individuals reproduce
Logical Comparison & Correct Parallelism used here.
Logical Comparison - Ant is compared to termite
Parallelism - reproducer & serve is parallel


(E) Like that of ants, the termite social structure is elaborate, including a few individuals that reproduce
Here the comparison is illogical
Termite Social Structure is compared with Ant Social Structure.


IMO - D
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Re: As with ants, the elaborate social structure of termites includes a  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2018, 10:04
clear d

rest all do not have parallelism.
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Re: As with ants, the elaborate social structure of termites includes a  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2018, 22:52
https://youtu.be/mhvAgZWHEUc
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Re: As with ants, the elaborate social structure of termites includes a  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2018, 08:56
Hi, I think in B "as do ants", why two actions "termites have" and "ants do" (ants do = ants have...) are not compared correctly?

EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
Hello Everyone!

It looks like we have a comparison question here, and that means we are mainly dealing with parallel structure and idioms! Let’s take a quick look at each answer to figure out what to focus on:

1. Checking that the two items being compared are equal
2. Using correct idiomatic terms for comparisons

Let’s start with #1 on our list. In all of the answers, the first half of the comparison focuses on “ants.” This means the other half of the comparison must focus on something of equal value – in this case, termites. Let’s see how each answer holds up:

(A) As with ants, the elaborate social structure of termites includes a few individuals reproducing → NOT PARALLEL
(B) As do ants, termites have an elaborate social structure, which includes a few individuals to reproduce → PARALLEL
(C) Just as with ants, termite social structure is elaborate, including a few individuals for reproducing → NOT PARALLEL
(D) Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in which a few individuals reproduce → PARALLEL
(E) Like that of ants, the termite social structure is elaborate, including a few individuals that reproduce → PARALLEL

There you go – right away, we can toss out answers A and C because they are not comparing two equal items! Now that we have it narrowed down to just B, D, and E.

If you read answer E closely, you may see it has another problem with parallelism:

(E) Like that of ants, the termite social structure is elaborate, including a few individuals that reproduce and the rest serve

For this to be parallel, these two parts would need to be adjusted. It could say "individuals that reproduce and the rest that serve," or reword it to get rid of the word "that" on both sides. So let's toss out answer E because it also doesn't uses parallel structure.

Let’s look at #2 on our list: idiomatic terms for comparison.

On the GMAT exam, the use of "like" vs. "as" has to do with what two things are being compared. We use "like" to compare two nouns, and "as" to compare two actions or phrases with verbs attached to them.

LIKE = noun + noun (The yellow car, like the red car, comes with a sunroof.)
AS = verb phrase + verb phrase (My aunt bakes soft oatmeal cookies, as her mother did when she was a child.)

So let's see how answers B and D stack up:

(B) As do ants, termites have an elaborate social structure, which includes a few individuals to reproduce → WRONG

We don't use "as" to compare two nouns - it should be "like."

(D) Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in which a few individuals reproduce → CORRECT!

There you go – you’re left with only one answer! Answer D is correct because it uses the proper “like” for a comparison of two nouns, and the two items being compared are equal!


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Re: As with ants, the elaborate social structure of termites includes a &nbs [#permalink] 02 Aug 2018, 08:56
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