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# As witnessed by the Shawnee and Choctaw nations, the Iroquois coalesce

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Manager
Joined: 08 Jan 2018
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Location: United States (ID)
GPA: 3.33
WE: Accounting (Accounting)
As witnessed by the Shawnee and Choctaw nations, the Iroquois coalesce  [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2018, 12:54
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As witnessed by the Shawnee and Choctaw nations, the Iroquois coalesced as a people in the 17th century and developed three distinct political and geographical divisions-eastern, western and southern-that created different alliances with nearby European powers.

A As witnessed by the Shawnee and Choctaw nations, the Iroquois coalesced as a people in the 17th century and developed three distinct political and geographical divisions-eastern, western and southern-that created

B As witnessed by the Shawnee and Choctaw nations, the Iroquois coalescing as a people in the 17th century and developing three distinct political and geographical divisions-eastern, western and southern-that created

C Like the Shawnee and Choctaw nations, the Iroquois coalescing as a people in the 17th century and developing three distinct political and geographical divisions-eastern, western and southern-that created

D Like the Shawnee and Choctaw nations, the Iroquois coalesced as a people in the 17th century and developed three distinct political and geographical divisions-eastern, western and southern-that created

E Like the Shawnee and Choctaw nations, the Iroquois coalesced as a people in the 17th century and developed three distinct political and geographical divisions-eastern, western and southern-creating
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 30 Oct 2017
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Re: As witnessed by the Shawnee and Choctaw nations, the Iroquois coalesce  [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2018, 18:04
1
aaba wrote:
As witnessed by the Shawnee and Choctaw nations, the Iroquois coalesced as a people in the 17th century and developed three distinct political and geographical divisions-eastern, western and southern-that created different alliances with nearby European powers.

A As witnessed by the Shawnee and Choctaw nations, the Iroquois coalesced as a people in the 17th century and developed three distinct political and geographical divisions-eastern, western and southern-that created

B As witnessed by the Shawnee and Choctaw nations, the Iroquois coalescing as a people in the 17th century and developing three distinct political and geographical divisions-eastern, western and southern-that created

C Like the Shawnee and Choctaw nations, the Iroquois coalescing as a people in the 17th century and developing three distinct political and geographical divisions-eastern, western and southern-that created

D Like the Shawnee and Choctaw nations, the Iroquois coalesced as a people in the 17th century and developed three distinct political and geographical divisions-eastern, western and southern-that created

E Like the Shawnee and Choctaw nations, the Iroquois coalesced as a people in the 17th century and developed three distinct political and geographical divisions-eastern, western and southern-creating

Let's find the splits here!

First, "As witnessed by the Shawnee and Choctaw nations" is incorrect here -- it implies that the Shawnee and Choctaw nations are the ones doing the witnessing, which doesn't make sense. The Shawnee and Choctaw nations aren't witnessing anything -- we have witnessed the Shawnee and Choctaw nations coalesce as a people. So we want to use "Like the Shawnee and Choctaw nations" here. This eliminates A and B.

Next, we see "coalescing" in choice C. This removes the verb in the sentence (since "coalescing" is acting as a modifier, not a verb). That's a major problem! So C is incorrect, because it does not have a verb.

Finally, we see "that created" vs. "creating". The dashes here that separate "eastern, western and southern" can be thought of as acting like commas. Now, "that" is a restrictive modifier, which means it is incorrect to use after a comma (or in this case, a dash). You can read more about restrictive vs. non-restrictive modifiers here: That vs. Which on the GMAT

That eliminates D, so E is our answer!

-Carolyn
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As witnessed by the Shawnee and Choctaw nations, the Iroquois coalesce  [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2018, 19:40
Here is another version of the question. I agree that empower gmat has put the wrong OA for the question above. The correct answer should be E, but OA is D.

Here is another version of the same question from Empower Gmat with OA is E.

Like that witnessed by the Shawnee and Choctaw nation, the Iroquois coalesced as a people in the 17th century, and developed three distinct political and geographical divisions, including the eastern, western and southern, which sometimes created differing alliances with nearby European powers.

A Like the Shawnee and Choctaw nation, the Iroquois coalesced as a people in the 17th century, and developed three distinct political and geographical divisions, including the eastern, western and southern, creating

B As it is of the Shawnee and Choctaw nation, the Iroquois coalesced as a people in the 17th century, and developed three distinct political and geographical divisions, including the eastern, western and southern, that sometimes created

C Like that witnessed by the Shawnee and Choctaw nation, the Iroquois coalesced as a people in the 17th century, and developed three distinct political and geographical divisions, including the eastern, western and southern, creating

D As witnessed by the Shawnee and Choctaw nation's, the Iroquois coalescing as a people in the 17th century, and developing three distinct political and geographical divisions, including the eastern, western and southern, which sometimes creating

E Like that witnessed by the Shawnee and Choctaw nation, the Iroquois coalesced as a people in the 17th century, and developed three distinct political and geographical divisions, including the eastern, western and southern, which sometimes created

OA is A
Manager
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Posts: 213
Re: As witnessed by the Shawnee and Choctaw nations, the Iroquois coalesce  [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2018, 03:50
aaba wrote:
As witnessed by the Shawnee and Choctaw nations, the Iroquois coalesced as a people in the 17th century and developed three distinct political and geographical divisions-eastern, western and southern-that created different alliances with nearby European powers.

A As witnessed by the Shawnee and Choctaw nations, the Iroquois coalesced as a people in the 17th century and developed three distinct political and geographical divisions-eastern, western and southern-that created

B As witnessed by the Shawnee and Choctaw nations, the Iroquois coalescing as a people in the 17th century and developing three distinct political and geographical divisions-eastern, western and southern-that created

C Like the Shawnee and Choctaw nations, the Iroquois coalescing as a people in the 17th century and developing three distinct political and geographical divisions-eastern, western and southern-that created

D Like the Shawnee and Choctaw nations, the Iroquois coalesced as a people in the 17th century and developed three distinct political and geographical divisions-eastern, western and southern-that created
E Like the Shawnee and Choctaw nations, the Iroquois coalesced as a people in the 17th century and developed three distinct political and geographical divisions-eastern, western and southern-creating

IMO E
i eliminated as following:-
A its not the action that is contrasting but the person so we need Like as we are contrasting nation of this to other So we need like
B same as above eliminated
C that refers to southern means southern created something eliminated
D same reason as above
E ,ing gives answer of how or result in this ,ing works as result. geographical division resulting in creating ..... which make sense so E is the answer

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Re: As witnessed by the Shawnee and Choctaw nations, the Iroquois coalesce   [#permalink] 12 Mar 2018, 03:50
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# As witnessed by the Shawnee and Choctaw nations, the Iroquois coalesce

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