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# Bag A contains red, white and blue marbles such that the red to white

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Bag A contains red, white and blue marbles such that the red to white  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 26 Nov 2018, 05:07
15
00:00

Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

70% (02:49) correct 30% (02:51) wrong based on 334 sessions

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Bag A contains red, white and blue marbles such that the red to white marble ratio is 1:3 and the white to blue marble ratio is 2:3. Bag B contains red and white marbles in the ratio of 1:4. Together, the two bags contain 30 white marbles. How many red marbles could be in bag A?

A. 1
B. 3
C. 4
D. 6
E. 8

Explanation:
We are told that bag B contains red and white marbles in the ration 1:4. This implies that WB, the number of white marbles in bag B, must be a multiple of 4.

What can we say about WA, the number of white marbles in bag A? We are given two ratios involving the white marbles in bag A. The fact that the ratio of red to white marbles in bag A is 1:3 implies that WA must be a multiple of 3. The fact that the ratio of white to blue marbles in bag A is 2:3 implies that WA must be a multiple of 2. Since WA is both a multiple of 2 and a multiple of 3, it must be a multiple of 6.

We are told that WA + WB = 30. We have already figured out that WA must be a multiple of 6 and that WB must be a multiple of 4. So all we need to do now is to test each candidate value of WA (i.e. 6, 12, 18, and 24) to see whether, when plugged into WA + WB = 30, it yields a value for WB that is a multiple of 4. It turns out that WA = 6 and WA = 18 are the only values that meet this criterion.

Recall that the ratio of red to white marbles in bag A is 1:3. If there are 6 white marbles in bag A, there are 2 red marbles. If there are 18 white marbles in bag A, there are 6 red marbles. Thus, the number of red marbles in bag A is either 2 or 6. Only one answer choice matches either of these numbers.

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VP

Originally posted by vigneshpandi on 08 Sep 2010, 20:56.
Last edited by Bunuel on 26 Nov 2018, 05:07, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question and added the OA.
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Posts: 58402
Re: Bag A contains red, white and blue marbles such that the red to white  [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2010, 21:27
15
15
vigneshpandi wrote:
Bag A contains red, white and blue marbles such that the red to white marble ratio is 1:3 and the white to blue marble ratio is 2:3. Bag B contains red and white marbles in the ratio of 1:4. Together, the two bags contain 30 white marbles. How many red marbles could be in bag A?
1. 1
2. 3
3. 4
4. 6
5. 8

Bag A:
R/W=1/3=2/6;
W/B=2/3=6/9;
So R/W/B=2/6/9 --> # of marbles in bag A would be $$2x$$, $$6x$$, and $$9x$$, for some positive integer multiple $$x$$, where $$6x$$ corresponds to the # of white marbles and $$2x$$ corresponds to the # of red marbles (so # of red marbles must be a multiple of 2, so answers A and B are out at this stage);

Bag B:
R/W=1/4 --> # of marbles in bag B would be $$y$$ and $$4y$$, for some positive integer multiple $$y$$, where $$4y$$ corresponds to the # of white marbles;

Given: $$6x+4y=30$$ --> $$3x+2y=15$$ --> there are two positive integer solutions for this equation:
$$x=3$$ and $$y=3$$ --> in this case # of red marbles equals to $$2x=6$$;
Or:
$$x=1$$ and $$y=6$$ --> in this case # of red marbles equals to $$2x=2$$;

Only 6 is in the answer choices.

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Re: Bag A contains red, white and blue marbles such that the red to white  [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2011, 16:40
4
1
Bag A
R:W = 1:3
W:B = 2:3
R:W:B = 2:6:9

Because the proportion of 2:6:9 must hold constant, the number of white marbles in Bag A has to equal 6n, where n is a positive integer.

Bag B
R:W = 1:4

Because the proportion of 1:4 must hold constant, the number of white marbles in Bag B has to equal 4m, where m is a positive integer.

Given that there are a total of 30 white marbles, 30 = 6n + 4m. Given that m and n are both positive integers:

(m,n) = (3,3),(6,1)

If n = 1, the number of red marbles in Bag A = 2.
If n = 3, the number of red marbles in Bag A = 6.

Since 6 is the only answer among the 5 that satisfies the above conditions, the answer is D.
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Re: Bag A contains red, white and blue marbles such that the red to white  [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2011, 03:18
2
aeros232 wrote:
Bag A contains red, white and blue marbles such that the red to white marble ratio is 1:3 and the white to blue marble ratio is 2:3. Bag B contains red and white marbles in the ratio of 1:4. Together, the two bags contain 30 white marbles. How many [highlight]red marbles could be in bag A[/highlight]? [/[color=#40FF00]color]

a 1
b 3
c 4
d 6
e 8

Bag A:
R:W = 1:3
W:B = 2:3
W is the common one here so make it equal i.e. R:W = 2:6 and W:B = 6:9 (the ratios remain the same). So R:W:B = 2:6:9
Since number of marbles has to be an integer, number of red marbles in this bag must be 2 or a multiple of 2 and number of white marbles must be 6 or a multiple of 6.

Bag B:
R:W = 1:4
The number of white marbles must be 4 or a multiple of 4.

To make 30 white marbles, you could mix white marbles from Bag A and Bag B in many ways.
BagA: 6 + BagB: 24 (No. of red marbles in BagA = 2)
BagA: 12 + BagB: 18 - Not possible because 18 is not a multiple of 4
BagA: 18 + BagB: 12 (No. of red marbles in BagA = 6)
BagA: 24 + BagB: 6 - Not possible because 6 is not a multiple of 4

No of red marbles in bag A can be both 2 and 6. Answer (D)
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Re: Bag A contains red, white and blue marbles such that the red to white  [#permalink]

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10 Nov 2011, 23:01
8
1
enigma123 wrote:
Bag A contains red, white and blue marbles such that the red to white marble ratio is 1:3 and the white to blue marble ratio is 2:3. Bag B contains red and white marbles in the ratio of 1:4. Together, the two bags contain 30 white marbles. How many red marbles could be in bag A?

A) 1
B) 3
C) 4
D) 6
E) 8

Responding to a pm:

We need the relation between number of red, white and total number of marbles.

We don't know what that relation in bag A. Let's find it out first.
Red:White = 1:3 = 2:6
White:Blue = 2:3 = 6:9
Red:White:Blue = 2:6:9
In bag A, if you have 17 marbles, 2 will be Red, 6 will be White and 9 will be Blue.
If you have 34 marbles, 4 will be Red, 12 will be White and 18 will be Blue etc
No of white marbles could be 6/12/18/24... etc
No of red marbles could be 2/4/6/8/... etc

In bag B,
Red:White = 1:4
If you have 5 marbles, 1 will be Red, 4 will be White.
If you have 10 marbles, 2 will be Red, 8 will be White.
etc
No of white marbles could be 4/8/12/16... etc
No of red marbles could be 1/2/3/4... etc

Total number of white marbles = 30
There are two ways in which we could have obtained 30.
White marbles in (Bag A, Bag B) = (6, 24) or (18, 12)

If Bag A has 6 white marbles, it will have 2 red marbles.
If Bag A has 18 white marbles, it will have 6 red marbles.

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Bag A contains red, white and blue marbles such that the red to white  [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2014, 00:30
rajesh04 wrote:
Bag A contains red, white and blue marbles such that the red to white marble ratio is 1:3 and the white to blue marble ratio is 2:3. Bag B contains red and white marbles in the ratio of 1:4. Together, the two bags contain 30 white marbles. How many red marbles could be in bag A?

A. 1
B. 3
C. 4
D. 6
E. 8

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Re: Bag A contains red, white and blue marbles such that the red to white  [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2014, 16:30
The ratio for bag A is 2:6:9 for red to white to blue marbles. You can get this number by multiplying the ration of red to white marbles by two to get 2:6, then multiplying the white to blue ration by three to get 6:9 and you can put them all together to get 2:6:9

The ratio of bag B equals 1:4 of red to white marbles and 0 blue marbles.

The problem also tells us that together the two bags contain 30 white marbles. This means that 6x+4y=30. There are two different combinations that work for this. x and y could both be 3. That would mean the total number of red marbles in bag A would be 6, which is D.

You could also have y=6 and x=1 and the total number of red marbles in bag A would be 2, but that is not an answer choice, so you would have to keep looking.
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Re: Bag A contains red, white and blue marbles such that the red to white  [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2018, 09:19
Bunuel,

it took me 3 minutes to solve this one. can you please suggest some more questions like this one to practice upon?
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Posts: 58402
Re: Bag A contains red, white and blue marbles such that the red to white  [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2018, 01:08
1
Manager
Joined: 01 Dec 2018
Posts: 66
Re: Bag A contains red, white and blue marbles such that the red to white  [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2019, 23:14
1
Blueblu wrote:
Bunuel,

it took me 3 minutes to solve this one. can you please suggest some more questions like this one to practice upon?

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Hi,

I did this question in below way . Experts Please let me know if there is any flaw in this approach .

No. of R:W in Bag A = 1/3
No. of R:W in Bag B = 1/4
Total in bag A + B WHITE = 30

which means 1X/3+1Y/4 = 30
Now lets make possible pair and X,Y have to be multiple of 3 , 4 so that ans comes in integer .
(3,17 ) = 30 BUT 17 IS NOT DIVISIBLE BY 1/4 so REJECT .
(6,24) = ACCEPT as 1 * 6 /3 is an integer and Y=24 means 1* 24/4 is an integer and both totals to 30 .
Re: Bag A contains red, white and blue marbles such that the red to white   [#permalink] 29 Jul 2019, 23:14
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