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# Being a United States citizen since 1988 and born in

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SVP
Joined: 03 Jan 2005
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Being a United States citizen since 1988 and born in [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2005, 00:21
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261. Being a United States citizen since 1988 and born in Calcutta in 1940. author Bharati Mukherjee has lived in England and Canada, and first came to the United States in 1961 to study at the Iowa Writers' Workshop.
(A) Being a United States citizen since 1988 and born in Calcutta in 1940, author Bharati Mukherjee has
(B) Having been a United States citizen since 1988, she was born in Calcutta in 1940; author Bharati Mukherjee
(C) Born in Calcutta in 1940, author Bharati Mukherjee became a United States citizen in 1988; she has
(D) Being born in Calcutta in 1940 and having been a United States citizen since 1988, author Bharati Mukherjee
(E) Having been born in Calcutta in 1940 and being a United States citizen since 1988, author Bharati Mukherjee

Question, isn't it wrong to say "she has lived in England and Canada, and first came to US in 1961"? If she is not living in England and Canada now, shouldn't past perfect tense be used?
Manager
Joined: 28 Jan 2005
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12 Feb 2005, 07:39
Anwer is C

Honghu- Its not wrong to say she has lived in XXXX and first came. Its all past tense. Am not sure about the exact rule, because i dont rely on rules yet, just a good sense of language

I hired three workers yesterday and i fired them all this morning. CORRECT

Having hired three workers yesterday, I managed to finish the job on time. CORRECT
Director
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12 Feb 2005, 10:12
Present perfect tense is used in 3 cases:
(i) If some event in the past has happenned at some unspecified point in the past
(ii) for actions and states that happen a number of times in the past and may happen again in the future
(iii) actions/states that started in the past and continue up to and into the present time
(From Kaplan Verbal workout)

Applying it to this question, we really don't know when she lived in England and cannada...so, the use of present perfect is valid in this case!
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12 Feb 2005, 10:33
nothing to add in vithals explanation.

good work ! vithal
12 Feb 2005, 10:33
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