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Between 1975 and 1985, nursing-home occupancy rates averaged 87 percen

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Between 1975 and 1985, nursing-home occupancy rates averaged 87 percen  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2008, 17:02
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Between 1975 and 1985, nursing-home occupancy rates averaged 87 percent of capacity, while admission rates remained constant, at an average of 95 admissions per 1,000 beds per year. Between 1985 and 1988, however, occupancy rates rose to an average of 92 percent of capacity, while admission rates declined to 81 per 1,000 beds per year.

If the statements above are true, which of the following conclusions can be most properly drawn?

(A) The average length of time nursing-home residents stayed in nursing homes increased between 1985 and 1988.

(B) The proportion of older people living in nursing homes was greater in 1988 than in 1975.

(C) Nursing home admission rates tend to decline whenever occupancy rates rise.

(D) Nursing homes built prior to 1985 generally had fewer beds than did nursing homes built between 1985 and 1988.

(E) The more beds a nursing home has, the higher its occupancy rate is likely to be.
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Re: Between 1975 and 1985, nursing-home occupancy rates averaged 87 percen  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2008, 17:31
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(A) The average length of time nursing-home residents stayed in nursing homes increased between 1985 and 1988.
I think this explains the discrepancy properly. Although admission rates declined, the average length of stay increased and this phenomenon leads to increased occupancy rates.

(B) The proportion of older people living in nursing homes was greater in 1988 than in 1975.
First of all older people are not discussed in passage, and secondly they constitute just a part of entire patients and not the complete part. Moreover this is not discussed in passage above so no conclusion of this sort can be drawn.

(C) Nursing home admission rates tend to decline whenever occupancy rates rise.
Although this can be a plausible conclusion but there is no relationship shown between increased admission rates and declining occupancy rates.

(D) Nursing homes built prior to 1985 generally had fewer beds than did nursing homes built between 1985 and 1988.
Hospital capacity is not discussed in passage above so no conclusion of this sort can be drawn.

(E) The more beds a nursing home has, the higher its occupancy rate is likely to be.
Hospital capacity is not discussed in passage above so no conclusion of this sort can be drawn.

So Answer is A.
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Re: Between 1975 and 1985, nursing-home occupancy rates averaged 87 percen  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jan 2011, 08:47
I was stuck between A & B. But chose incorrectly.
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Re: Between 1975 and 1985, nursing-home occupancy rates averaged 87 percen  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jan 2011, 11:48
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cellydan wrote:
I was stuck between A & B. But chose incorrectly.

U can reject B because of the presence of the word "older".We are concerned with the occupancy duration and not the age of the occupants.If the Occupancy duration increases then the occupancy will increase without there neccesarily being an increase in the rate of admissions.
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Re: Between 1975 and 1985, nursing-home occupancy rates averaged 87 percen  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2011, 02:29
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The argument is basically stating that over two different time periods, occupancy rates in nursing homes increased. However, during those same time periods, the admission rates at the nursing homes decreased. The question asks us to find an answer that Resolves the Paradox (the question stem says "Find the Conclusion" but the conclusion is actually resolving the paradox)

(A) The average length of time nursing-home residents stayed in nursing homes increased between 1985 and 1988. - This helps explain why the occupancy increased (people stayed in nursing homes for a longer duration). This also explains why admission rates decreased (Less people stayed for a longer time occupying more number of beds). CORRECT ANSWER.

(B) The proportion of older people living in nursing homes was greater in 1988 than in 1975 - Older people not mentioned in the stimulus. So, a definite conclusion about them cannot be drawn.

(C) Nursing home admission rates tend to decline whenever occupancy rates rise. - As already pointed out above, just two time periods are taken into consideration in the stimulus. Those two time periods need not be representative of the entire truth in general. Thus, this statement, drawn as a generalization, may not necessarily be true. This option, IMO, is more of a real-world-true scenario and that is why a trap.

(D) Nursing homes built prior to 1985 generally had fewer beds than did nursing homes built between 1985 and 1988. - Not necessarily true. Does not resolve the paradox.

(E) The more beds a nursing home has, the higher its occupancy rate is likely to be. - Maybe real-world-true but not necessitated by the premises. A definite conclusion cannot be drawn.
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Re: Between 1975 and 1985, nursing-home occupancy rates averaged 87 percen  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jan 2017, 02:29
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(A) The average length of time nursing-home residents stayed in nursing homes increased between 1985 and 1988. - Correct.

(B) The proportion of older people living in nursing homes was greater in 1988 than in 1975. - Incorrect. Out of scope. Older people is not even the context.

(C) Nursing home admission rates tend to decline whenever occupancy rates rise. - Incorrect. A broad generalization. Need not be true always.

(D) Nursing homes built prior to 1985 generally had fewer beds than did nursing homes built between 1985 and 1988. - Incorrect. We cannot ascertain the number of beds from the given info

(E) The more beds a nursing home has, the higher its occupancy rate is likely to be. - Incorrect. Out of context.

Answer: A
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Re: Between 1975 and 1985, nursing-home occupancy rates averaged 87 percen  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jan 2017, 19:45
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Occupancy rate at a given time = No. of beds occupied / total number of beds.

We know that the occupancy rate has increased, from 87% to 92%.

three possibilities emerge -
1. The number of patients who are admitted has increased and hence the number of beds occupied also increases
2. The number of patients has remained the same, but the number of beds has reduced.
3. Patients spend more time being admitted. This leads to an increase in occupancy rates even though the other factors may not have changed.

Now, we are told that admission rates have decreased, from 95 per 1000 beds to 81 per 1000 beds.

Admission rates = No. of patients admitted / total number of beds.

We can rule out possibility 1 because if this quantity increases then the total number of beds has to increase much more (because the admission rates drop).
If the number of beds increases much more than the number of patients, then the occupancy rate will drop, not increase.

We can rule out possibility 2 because if the number of beds has reduced then the average number of patients admitted should decrease much more (because the admission rates drop).
If that is the case, then occupancy rates will not increase, as the numerator decreases by a higher proportion than the denominator

We are left with possibility 3. Which answer option states this? Option A.

B - Incorrect.
We are concerned with the entire population, not just with older people. Also, we are referring to periods, not one particular year.

C - Incorrect.
We cannot draw this conclusion from just two data points about two periods.

D - Incorrect.
We cannot conclude about individual nursing homes. Also, from the discussion above we cannot infer anything about the number of beds.

E - Incorrect.
We cannot conclude this based on just 2 data points.
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Re: Between 1975 and 1985, nursing-home occupancy rates averaged 87 percen  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2019, 10:34
Between 1975 and 1985, nursing-home occupancy rates averaged 87 percent of capacity, while admission rates remained constant, at an average of 95 admissions per 1,000 beds per year. Between 1985 and 1988, however, occupancy rates rose to an average of 92 percent of capacity, while admission rates declined to 81 per 1,000 beds per year.

If the statements above are true, which of the following conclusions can be most properly drawn?

(A) The average length of time nursing-home residents stayed in nursing homes increased between 1985 and 1988.true because when the admission rates declined but still the occupancy rates rose only means that the duration of occupany increased and this choice concludes that correctly.

(B) The proportion of older people living in nursing homes was greater in 1988 than in 1975old people is out of scope.

(C) Nursing home admission rates tend to decline whenever occupancy rates rise.not necessariliy true

(D) Nursing homes built prior to 1985 generally had fewer beds than did nursing homes built between 1985 and 1988.
not supported anywhere
(E) The more beds a nursing home has, the higher its occupancy rate is likely to be. Not supported anywhere
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Re: Between 1975 and 1985, nursing-home occupancy rates averaged 87 percen   [#permalink] 07 Apr 2019, 10:34
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Between 1975 and 1985, nursing-home occupancy rates averaged 87 percen

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