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Breast cancer researchers found that, out of a sample of 1000 women wh

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Breast cancer researchers found that, out of a sample of 1000 women wh  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2018, 11:45
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Breast cancer researchers found that, out of a sample of 1000 women who had been treated for breast cancer, over 60% had had a miscarriage in their lifetime. This led the researchers to conclude that there is a connection between breast cancer and miscarriages, and to encourage all women who have had miscarriages to be screened for breast cancer more frequently than women who have not had miscarriages.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the researchers' conclusions?


A Women who have had miscarriages are also often taking birth control pills, which have a known connection to breast cancer.

B Women who have not had breast cancer also have a high rate of miscarriage after age 35.

C Women who have had previous miscarriages sometimes use fertility treatments that are thought to have connections with uterine cancer.

D In the general population, roughly 6 out of 10 women will have a miscarriage at some point in their lifetime.

E Most of the women in the study had also had at least one living child.

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Re: Breast cancer researchers found that, out of a sample of 1000 women wh  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2018, 12:02
chesstitans wrote:
Breast cancer researchers found that, out of a sample of 1000 women who had been treated for breast cancer, over 60% had had a miscarriage in their lifetime. This led the researchers to conclude that there is a connection between breast cancer and miscarriages, and to encourage all women who have had miscarriages to be screened for breast cancer more frequently than women who have not had miscarriages.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the researchers' conclusions?


A Women who have had miscarriages are also often taking birth control pills, which have a known connection to breast cancer.

B Women who have not had breast cancer also have a high rate of miscarriage after age 35.

C Women who have had previous miscarriages sometimes use fertility treatments that are thought to have connections with uterine cancer.

D In the general population, roughly 6 out of 10 women will have a miscarriage at some point in their lifetime.

E Most of the women in the study had also had at least one living child.

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conclusion - encourage all women who have had miscarriages to be screened for breast cancer more frequently than women who have not had miscarriages.
the above conclusion is based on the research done on the sample size of 1000

now to weaken this conclusion we need to show that the sample size has more females with miscarriage / miscarriage is very common

a - strengthens
b- not related to conclusion
c - not related
d- if people without miscarriage are not checked for breast cancer now in future they might have miscarriage and thus shows miscarriage and breast cancer has no relation and weakens
e - not related

(D) imo
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Re: Breast cancer researchers found that, out of a sample of 1000 women wh  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Feb 2018, 23:43
chesstitans wrote:
Breast cancer researchers found that, out of a sample of 1000 women who had been treated for breast cancer, over 60% had had a miscarriage in their lifetime. This led the researchers to conclude that there is a connection between breast cancer and miscarriages, and to encourage all women who have had miscarriages to be screened for breast cancer more frequently than women who have not had miscarriages.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the researchers' conclusions?


A Women who have had miscarriages are also often taking birth control pills, which have a known connection to breast cancer.

B Women who have not had breast cancer also have a high rate of miscarriage after age 35.

C Women who have had previous miscarriages sometimes use fertility treatments that are thought to have connections with uterine cancer.

D In the general population, roughly 6 out of 10 women will have a miscarriage at some point in their lifetime.

E Most of the women in the study had also had at least one living child.

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IMO D. BECAUSE O FOLLOWING REASONS:-
A is strengthening eliminated
B Out of scope information.
C Again out of scope information.
D correct as we can see that breast cancer changes is 60% chance and this information also show miscarriage chance is 60% so its coincidence that both information matched.
E Out of scope.
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Re: Breast cancer researchers found that, out of a sample of 1000 women wh  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2018, 23:13
chesstitans wrote:
Breast cancer researchers found that, out of a sample of 1000 women who had been treated for breast cancer, over 60% had had a miscarriage in their lifetime. This led the researchers to conclude that there is a connection between breast cancer and miscarriages, and to encourage all women who have had miscarriages to be screened for breast cancer more frequently than women who have not had miscarriages.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the researchers' conclusions?


A Women who have had miscarriages are also often taking birth control pills, which have a known connection to breast cancer.

B Women who have not had breast cancer also have a high rate of miscarriage after age 35.

C Women who have had previous miscarriages sometimes use fertility treatments that are thought to have connections with uterine cancer.

D In the general population, roughly 6 out of 10 women will have a miscarriage at some point in their lifetime.

E Most of the women in the study had also had at least one living child.

testguide.com


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Hi chesstitans,

How is B wrong and D the correct answer. Can you please explain.

Thanks,

ucb2k7
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Re: Breast cancer researchers found that, out of a sample of 1000 women wh  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2018, 12:06
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ucb2k7 wrote:
chesstitans wrote:
Breast cancer researchers found that, out of a sample of 1000 women who had been treated for breast cancer, over 60% had had a miscarriage in their lifetime. This led the researchers to conclude that there is a connection between breast cancer and miscarriages, and to encourage all women who have had miscarriages to be screened for breast cancer more frequently than women who have not had miscarriages.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the researchers' conclusions?


A Women who have had miscarriages are also often taking birth control pills, which have a known connection to breast cancer.

B Women who have not had breast cancer also have a high rate of miscarriage after age 35.

C Women who have had previous miscarriages sometimes use fertility treatments that are thought to have connections with uterine cancer.

D In the general population, roughly 6 out of 10 women will have a miscarriage at some point in their lifetime.

E Most of the women in the study had also had at least one living child.

testguide.com


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Hi chesstitans,

How is B wrong and D the correct answer. Can you please explain.

Thanks,

ucb2k7


Hi, I hear you, but I was too busy to make a respond to your query.
Both A, and D are common and important in Gmat. B is also considered important pattern by some gmat prep companies.
The key word in B is "after the age 35" -> B attacks the wrong sample, or wrong targets. Some prep companies call B a shell game.
A is wrong b/c A either strengthens the argument or A is not good enough to weaken the argument.
Re: Breast cancer researchers found that, out of a sample of 1000 women wh &nbs [#permalink] 07 Mar 2018, 12:06
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