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# Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wa

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Director
Joined: 17 Jun 2008
Posts: 829
Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wa  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 20 May 2019, 01:21
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Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

20% (01:17) correct 80% (01:20) wrong based on 4256 sessions

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Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wasteful use of resources, on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities alone.

(A) on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities alone
(B) on the grounds of avoiding duplicated facilities alone
(C) solely in that duplicated facilities should be avoided
(D) while the duplication of facilities should be avoided
(E) if only because the duplication of facilities should be avoided

I dont understand the OA at all
share explanations

Originally posted by spriya on 17 Jul 2008, 09:56.
Last edited by Bunuel on 20 May 2019, 01:21, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
Director
Joined: 20 Sep 2006
Posts: 531
Re: Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wa  [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2008, 06:19
54
1
42
spriya wrote:
rao_1857 wrote:
spriya wrote:
Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wasteful use of resources, on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities alone.

(A) on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities alone
(B) on the grounds of avoiding duplicated facilities alone
(C) solely in that duplicated facilities should be avoided
(D) while the duplication of facilities should be avoided
(E) if only because the duplication of facilities should be avoided

I dont understand the OA at all
share explanations

IMO E. "If" is ok here because its a different clause.

OA is (E) but i still wonder whats wrong with (B) can someoine explain this funda

The way I approached this is that you have a conditional uncertainity in 1st clause "would" which depends of sth that "should happen". When ever you have uncertain words (may, might, should, would, can , could), always make sure that the answer choice you are choosing is not distorting the meaning by make sth 'hypothetical' to 'actual'.

After this we are left with C, D and E. C and D is again not a clear contruction.

Again: 'IF' and 'would' SHOULD not come in same clause (if they are scratch that answer choice). But it is OK to have 'em in different clause. Also if you take a close look, this is a typical IF...then condition scentence. Using IF is ok here.

Hope this help
Thanks
##### General Discussion
Manager
Joined: 19 May 2008
Posts: 86
Location: Mumbai
Re: Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wa  [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2008, 21:07
2
1
C, D and E are wrong - the reason needs to be there, and like it has been mentioned, after the comma, it should be "on the...
For that B is the most appropriate. What is the OA?
Director
Joined: 20 Sep 2006
Posts: 531
Re: Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wa  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2008, 20:12
2
2
spriya wrote:
Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wasteful use of resources, on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities alone.

(A) on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities alone
(B) on the grounds of avoiding duplicated facilities alone
(C) solely in that duplicated facilities should be avoided
(D) while the duplication of facilities should be avoided
(E) if only because the duplication of facilities should be avoided

I dont understand the OA at all
share explanations

IMO E. "If" is ok here because its a different clause.
Director
Joined: 17 Jun 2008
Posts: 829
Re: Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wa  [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2008, 05:05
1
rao_1857 wrote:
spriya wrote:
Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wasteful use of resources, on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities alone.

(A) on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities alone
(B) on the grounds of avoiding duplicated facilities alone
(C) solely in that duplicated facilities should be avoided
(D) while the duplication of facilities should be avoided
(E) if only because the duplication of facilities should be avoided

I dont understand the OA at all
share explanations

IMO E. "If" is ok here because its a different clause.

OA is (E) but i still wonder whats wrong with (B) can someoine explain this funda
Manager
Joined: 23 May 2006
Posts: 181
Re: Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wa  [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2008, 11:42
6
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The way I approached this is that you have a conditional uncertainity in 1st clause "would" which depends of sth that "should happen". When ever you have uncertain words (may, might, should, would, can , could), always make sure that the answer choice you are choosing is not distorting the meaning by make sth 'hypothetical' to 'actual'.

After this we are left with C, D and E. C and D is again not a clear contruction.

Again: 'IF' and 'would' SHOULD not come in same clause (if they are scratch that answer choice). But it is OK to have 'em in different clause. Also if you take a close look, this is a typical IF...then condition scentence. Using IF is ok here.

Hope this help
Thanks[/quote]

Good explanation rao_1857. Kudos for you.
Senior Manager
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Re: Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wa  [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2008, 22:52
38
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This is a typical subjunctive mood question.

The subjunctive mood is when you have a sentence that refers to an opinion, a wish, etc. Something to the contrary.

If you read a sentence and you get a feel for the subjunctive mood, always match an IF with a WOULD. Also if you see a were/if/would, boom, that's your answer. Classic subjunctive mood.

eg.

I would most definitely buy a Ferrari Enzo, if I were to accumulate enough cash.
Manager
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WE 1: 6 years - Telecom
Re: Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wa  [#permalink]

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06 May 2010, 17:09
5
5
"If only because" is a special phrase. It is sometimes expressed more fully as "if for no other reason than (that)"
Director
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
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Re: Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wa  [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2010, 21:42
5
1
No one spoke about the duplicated facilities / duplication of facilities.

Latter is correct. Between D and E.

E it is.
Intern
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18 May 2011, 01:14
I am still sticking to B ..E is not sinking in ..

Can someone say why B is wrong

Posted from my mobile device
Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Oct 2008
Posts: 272
Location: United States
Concentration: Marketing, Technology
Re: Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2011, 13:11
18
8
gmataspirant2009 wrote:
184. Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wasteful use of resources, on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities alone.
(A) on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities alone
(B) on the grounds of avoiding duplicated facilities alone
(C) solely in that duplicated facilities should be avoided
(D) while the duplication of facilities should be avoided
(E) if only because the duplication of facilities should be avoided

There are quite some reasons why E is correct:
Reason#1 : Presence of comma which calls for a clause to explain the cause of non underlined sentence. We dont need that comma if we are using phrases "on the basis of ..." or "on the grounds of ...". This is a good enough reason to kick A and B out.

Reason#2 : It is typical cause-effect scenario where battle between "in that" and "because" happens. Spideys notes does say that "in that" (as in C) is mostly correct, but it is not so. This is a typical example of that. If any time, a "why" needs to be addressed, we have to use a "because" and that is what E does. So C is gone.

Reason#3 : Idiom to be crammed "if only because" Even I learnt it hard way.
"If only" is an addendum to "because" which specifies that there is no other reason apart from this reason.

Jack ate the last cookie if only because he wanted to wash the plate.
Jack ate the last cookie because he wanted to wash the plate.

The difference is that the second sentence leaves out the idea that the only reason for eating the cookie was to wash the plate. It also leaves out that certain stylistic 'something' that the first has. The reason in the first sentence has a certain subtractive value, whereas the reason in the second has additive value. In the first sentence, but only because might replace if only because. In the second sentence, one can easily imagine extending the thought with further reasons: because ... and because ... and because ...

Once you know Reason#3, it is flat E.

But even if you know only Reason#1 and 2, you should be able to get rid of A,B, and C. Usage of while is really bad in D to kick it out.

HTH
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Re: Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wa  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2011, 13:17
9
5
Jammy1976 wrote:
I am still sticking to B ..E is not sinking in ..

Can someone say why B is wrong

Posted from my mobile device

gmataspirant2009 wrote:
184. Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wasteful use of resources, on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities alone.
(A) on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities alone
(B) on the grounds of avoiding duplicated facilities alone
(C) solely in that duplicated facilities should be avoided
(D) while the duplication of facilities should be avoided
(E) if only because the duplication of facilities should be avoided

There are quite some reasons why E is correct:
Reason#1 : Presence of comma which calls for a clause to explain the cause of non underlined sentence. We dont need that comma if we are using phrases "on the basis of ..." or "on the grounds of ...". This is a good enough reason to kick A and B out.

Reason#2 : It is typical cause-effect scenario where battle between "in that" and "because" happens. Spideys notes does say that "in that" (as in C) is mostly correct, but it is not so. This is a typical example of that. If any time, a "why" needs to be addressed, we have to use a "because" and that is what E does. So C is gone.

Reason#3 : Idiom to be crammed "if only because" Even I learnt it hard way.
"If only" is an addendum to "because" which specifies that there is no other reason apart from this reason.
http://www.englishforums.com/English/If ... d/post.htm

Jack ate the last cookie if only because he wanted to wash the plate.
Jack ate the last cookie because he wanted to wash the plate.

The difference is that the second sentence leaves out the idea that the only reason for eating the cookie was to wash the plate. It also leaves out that certain stylistic 'something' that the first has. The reason in the first sentence has a certain subtractive value, whereas the reason in the second has additive value. In the first sentence, but only because might replace if only because. In the second sentence, one can easily imagine extending the thought with further reasons: because ... and because ... and because ...

Once you know Reason#3, it is flat E.

But even if you know only Reason#1 and 2, you should be able to get rid of A,B, and C. Usage of while is really bad in D to kick it out.

HTH

I am really not sure how this is a subjunctive, because I am not able to figure out "unreal" condition here which has to be there in an interrogative(if-kind of) subjunctive.
Manager
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Posts: 83
GMAT Date: 10-21-2011
Re: Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wa  [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2011, 06:32
4
3
Quote:
Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wasteful use of resources, on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities alone.

(A) on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities alone
(B) on the grounds of avoiding duplicated facilities alone
(C) solely in that duplicated facilities should be avoided
(D) while the duplication of facilities should be avoided
(E) if only because the duplication of facilities should be avoided

This is what I think it is...

A, B and C - 'on the grounds of', 'on the basis of' and 'solely in that':
In most cases, for these choices to be correct, you need a person or a body (govt agency or organization) to be present (or implied to be present) in the statement.

Sentence structure:
What comes before 'On the grounds of' and 'On the basis of' ...should involve an action or a decision (usually, between two choices i.e. polarity should be present e.g. to do or not to do, to agree with or not to agree with, to terminate or to continue...etc)
What comes after 'On the grounds of' and 'On the basis of' ...should be the reasoning/logic, which substantiates the choice of action or stand that a person or body has decided to go with
E.g. He terminated his contract with AT&T on the grounds of frustration.
E.g. Thaddeus is suing Bartholomew on the basis of U.S. patents or U.S. laws.

C is almost a variation of A and B - 'solely in that' is akin to 'the reason being'.

In the question:
1. No specific person/body
2. No obvious polarity and choice made between two options before 'on the grounds of/on the basis of'

Soooooooo...answer is most probably not A, B or C.

For 'D', 'while' is usually used when two things happen simultaneously.
E.g. While Sally plays, Sue works.
E.g. While I work hard, I make sure to play hard as well.
This is not the case for the above question statement. Hence, incorrect!

If you look at the question wholistically, is building hospitals a wasteful use of resource in reality? NO! So, that means this is a conditional situation. Therefore, answer should be E even though it sounds a little awkward.

Hope this helps!
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Re: Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wa  [#permalink]

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15 May 2013, 11:49
1
1
IMO (e)
Took some time .. but at the end finally chose the right answer..

Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wasteful use of resources, on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities alone.
<The intention of the statement is that duplication of facilities should be avoided, and by creating new hospitals we are adding to duplication in bistate

(A) on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities alone
< Vaguely carries out the intention of the statement but the placement of alone is awkward
(B) on the grounds of avoiding duplicated facilities alone
< "on the basis of" is better option than "on the grounds of"..
(C) solely in that duplicated facilities should be avoided
<changes the meaning of the statement.. it no more provides an explanation as to why the new hospitals should be built.. Usage of 'solely' also cumbersome..
(D) while the duplication of facilities should be avoided
<changes the meaning of the statement.. it no more provides an explanation as to why the new hospitals should be built..
(E) if only because the duplication of facilities should be avoided
Correct usage of "if" with the preceding "would".. (subjunctive clause)... since the premises is hypothetical (..'would constitute..'), the conculding statement should also be in the same sense...
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26 Sep 2015, 10:48
Anybody want to address the logic on this one? Being a native English speaker, I ended up with E just because it sounded the most natural. I cannot say why B or C are incorrect
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02 Oct 2015, 04:15
1
I think that (E) is correct because it's the only option that adresses correctly the conditional issue. In the non underlined portion of the sentence we have ''Building large new hospitals in the bi-state area would constitute a wasteful use of resources'' shows that this is a hypothetical situation. and thus the construction If.. Then (omitted) is the more appropriate here.
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Re: Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wa  [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2015, 04:53
3
OA is E.

(A) on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities alone
(1) In the context we see subjunctive mood "would", and therefore we need a condition. There is no conditional meaning in this option.
(2) The phrase "duplicated facilities" means that these facilities are the copies of original hospitals. No such meaning in the context.

(B) on the grounds of avoiding duplicated facilities alone
Same as A.

(C) solely in that duplicated facilities should be avoided
Same as A.

(D) while the duplication of facilities should be avoided
(1) Here “While” means transition. There is no such meaning in the context.
(2) In the context we see subjunctive mood "would", and therefore we need a condition. There is no conditional meaning in this option.

(E) if only because the duplication of facilities should be avoided
Correct.
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Re: Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wa  [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2015, 11:48
3
1
etdenlinger wrote:
Anybody want to address the logic on this one? Being a native English speaker, I ended up with E just because it sounded the most natural. I cannot say why B or C are incorrect

E seems to be the right choice to me since it's the only choice along with D that uses the correct term "Duplication". It's the duplication of facilities that should be avoided. Avoiding DUPLICATED facilities suggests that we are avoiding facilities that have already been duplicated. Hope I am making sense here. It's not the "duplicated facilities" but the action of "duplication" that needs to be avoided.

Option D is wrong because the subordinate clause starts with "While" that denotes simultaneity when it should rather be giving a reason as to why Building large new hospitals in the bi-state area would constitute a wasteful use of resources.

Thanks
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Re: Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wa  [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2017, 03:30
3
Sentence core:
Building X would constitute a wasteful use of Y, (modifier).

Meaning:
Building X would be wasteful, at the very least because of one particular reason. (It's not the only reason, but it's a large enough reason that it is sufficient all by itself as a reason not to build.

C changes the meaning - it indicates that the duplicated facilities thing is the ONLY reason why it would be wasteful, but that's not the original meaning. Eliminate.

D also changes the meaning. The modifier is supposed to be a reason why building is wasteful. The use of "while" here seems to be introducing a new general piece of info, not providing that piece of info as a reason not to build.

A's modifier has multiple prepositional phrases in a row. That's often a warning sign on this test - the GMAT writers generally prefer to avoid 3+ prepositional phrases in a row.

The placement of the word "alone" also is a bit problematic. Logically, we know they're trying to say "for this reason alone" but just that word alone could also be interpreted to mean "facilities alone" - as in, facilities by themselves, with nothing else around them. Finally, the "alone" part of the meaning here is a key part of what ties the main clause to this modifier: X is wasteful, and one reason for this is Y. So it would be better to have the "alone" language between the two - if we have that as an option in one of the choices.

B has many of the same problems as A. But take a look at E. It moves the "alone" meaning (but changed to "if only because") to the beginning of the modifier. And it make the remaining meaning very clear. Why is this wasteful? At the very least, because duplication should be avoided.

Building X would constitute a wasteful use of Y, if only because Z.

So my pick would be E. Smile

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Re: Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wa  [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2018, 09:23
mikemcgarry GMATNinja daagh

Quote:
The helping verbs "would" and "should" should NEVER go in the if part of the sentence, according to the GMAT! Be careful, as this construction is common in some regional forms of English.

Source: MGMAT SC

I rejected option E on the basis of above. Is there any exception of above stated Quote?
Re: Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wa   [#permalink] 24 Jun 2018, 09:23

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