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# Children develop the ability to form the sounds necessary for speech

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Children develop the ability to form the sounds necessary for speech  [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2016, 10:58
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95% (hard)

Question Stats:

34% (01:35) correct 66% (01:46) wrong based on 294 sessions

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Children develop the ability to form the sounds necessary for speech between the ages of two and five. A team of linguists studied groups of children between two and five years of age in several regions of Australia and found that children pronounced certain phonemes differently in different regions. For example, children from a rural town in the South consistently pronounced the phonemes differently from their counterparts in Sydney. The linguists concluded that pronunciation of these phonemes is learned from contact with adults and other children and not inherited genetically.

Which of the following, if true, would lend the most support to the linguists' conclusion?

A. There are more similarities than differences found in the pronunciation patterns of any two groups of Australian children involved in the study.
B. Compared to the younger children in the study, the older children who had begun preschool were consistently better able to pronounce the phonemes.
C. Children from one of the regions studied had more difficulty pronouncing certain phonemes than did the children from every other region.
D. Australian children under the age of six have little contact with adults or children outside their region.
E. It has been proven that young children acquire social behavior patterns from contact with others and not through genetics.

OE
Only answer choice (B) gives us more reason to believe that pronunciation is learned rather than inherited. If older children who have had more contact with others in a school setting demonstrate better pronunciation, then we have more reason to believe that pronunciation is learned.

Answer choices (A) and (C) are irrelevant comparisons. Neither answer gives more credence to learning or genetics as an explanation of how pronunciation is acquired. Choice (D) is out of scope since without more information we don't know what effect contact with people outside the region might have on pronunciation. Answer choice (E) is also out of scope because it refers to social behavior, which has no clear link to pronunciation.

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Re: Children develop the ability to form the sounds necessary for speech  [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2016, 20:06
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B has a fault : The ARGUMENT is about "DIFFERENTLY" pronouncing phonemes and NOT ABOUT "BEING better able to pronounce the phonemes"

to prove that this PROCESS IS not GENETIC but is learned the AUTHOR should have studied THOSE AUSTRALIAN babies who have settled in some other region .

B DOES not prove that THIS PROCESS is NOT GENETIC . B just claims that older kids are BETTER ABLE to PRONOUNCE the phonemes ---->this could very well be a genetic development, a tendency that develops with age . case in point : diabetes is GENETIC disorder but it is MORE PRONOUNCED with AGED people or in there words it gets MORE DEVELOPED in OLDER PEOPLE than in TEENAGE PEOPLE ---->by this we cannot conclude that OLDER PEOPLE GETS this DISEASE from OTHER PEOPLE around them !!
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Re: Children develop the ability to form the sounds necessary for speech  [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2016, 03:34
B has a fault : The ARGUMENT is about "DIFFERENTLY" pronouncing phonemes and NOT ABOUT "BEING better able to pronounce the phonemes"

to prove that this PROCESS IS not GENETIC but is learned the AUTHOR should have studied THOSE AUSTRALIAN babies who have settled in some other region .

B DOES not prove that THIS PROCESS is NOT GENETIC . B just claims that older kids are BETTER ABLE to PRONOUNCE the phonemes ---->this could very well be a genetic development, a tendency that develops with age . case in point : diabetes is GENETIC disorder but it is MORE PRONOUNCED with AGED people or in there words it gets MORE DEVELOPED in OLDER PEOPLE than in TEENAGE PEOPLE ---->by this we cannot conclude that OLDER PEOPLE GETS this DISEASE from OTHER PEOPLE around them !!

The argument is concerned with younger children and that too between 2 to 6.

I don't see any valid answer in this.

I really wish that gmatclub should also have some prerequisites before posting any question.

Because of limited resources, its very difficult to practice within scope of GMAT standard questions
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Re: Children develop the ability to form the sounds necessary for speech  [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2016, 04:27
Though i initially selected C, but later realized that B is only answer.

The option B states that "Compared to the younger children in the study, the older children who had begun preschool were consistently better able to pronounce the phonemes."

It compares two groups of children and implies that preschool contributed to pronouncing the phonemes clearly. Now look at the last part of the argument, which says that "The linguists concluded that pronunciation of these phonemes is learned from contact with adults and other children and not inherited genetically".Attending the preschool means interaction with the other children.

So option B is right answer.
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Re: Children develop the ability to form the sounds necessary for speech  [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2016, 07:25
1
B has a fault : The ARGUMENT is about "DIFFERENTLY" pronouncing phonemes and NOT ABOUT "BEING better able to pronounce the phonemes"

to prove that this PROCESS IS not GENETIC but is learned the AUTHOR should have studied THOSE AUSTRALIAN babies who have settled in some other region .

B DOES not prove that THIS PROCESS is NOT GENETIC . B just claims that older kids are BETTER ABLE to PRONOUNCE the phonemes ---->
...

The argument is not about pronouncing 'phonemes' differently or same way, but that "pronunciation of these phonemes is learned from contact with adults and other children and not inherited genetically."
"DIFFERENTLY" pronouncing phonemes or [i]"BEING better able to pronounce the phonemes" .. are just the premise or observations..

Quote:
the AUTHOR should have studied THOSE AUSTRALIAN babies who have settled in some other region .
..
Ofcourse when the author says Compared to the younger children in the study, the older children who had begun preschool were consistently better able to pronounce the phonemes., he is comparing the australian younger kids and those into preschool of the same area and there is an improvement in pronounciation when a kid goes to preschool.
this clearly shows the same child when entering the pre school learns the correct/better way of pronouncing the phonemes; It proves that pronounciation of phonemes has changed in the school and is learnt and not inherited..
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Re: Children develop the ability to form the sounds necessary for speech  [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2016, 07:29
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RAHKARP27071989 wrote:
B has a fault : The ARGUMENT is about "DIFFERENTLY" pronouncing phonemes and NOT ABOUT "BEING better able to pronounce the phonemes"

to prove that this PROCESS IS not GENETIC but is learned the AUTHOR should have studied THOSE AUSTRALIAN babies who have settled in some other region .

B DOES not prove that THIS PROCESS is NOT GENETIC . B just claims that older kids are BETTER ABLE to PRONOUNCE the phonemes ---->this could very well be a genetic development, a tendency that develops with age . case in point : diabetes is GENETIC disorder but it is MORE PRONOUNCED with AGED people or in there words it gets MORE DEVELOPED in OLDER PEOPLE than in TEENAGE PEOPLE ---->by this we cannot conclude that OLDER PEOPLE GETS this DISEASE from OTHER PEOPLE around them !!

The argument is concerned with younger children and that too between 2 to 6.

I don't see any valid answer in this.

I really wish that gmatclub should also have some prerequisites before posting any question.

Because of limited resources, its very difficult to practice within scope of GMAT standard questions

Hi,
The argument is not about any age or about different pronounciation, it is about the pronounciation of phonemes being genetic or learned ..
the usage of kids going to preschool and learning the better way tells us that it can be taught in school..
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3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html

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Re: Children develop the ability to form the sounds necessary for speech  [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2018, 09:26
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Re: Children develop the ability to form the sounds necessary for speech &nbs [#permalink] 30 Jul 2018, 09:26
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