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Claim: Country X’s government lowered tariff barriers because doing so

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Claim: Country X’s government lowered tariff barriers because doing so  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2019, 02:49
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A
B
C
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E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

58% (02:20) correct 42% (02:32) wrong based on 181 sessions

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Claim: Country X’s government lowered tariff barriers because doing so served the interests of powerful foreign companies.
Principle: In order for a change to be explained by the advantage some person or group gained from it, it must be shown how the interests of the person or group played a role in bringing about the change.

Which one of the following, if true, can most logically serve as a premise for an argument that uses the principle to counter the claim?


(A) Foreign companies did benefit when Country X lowered tariff barriers, but consumers in Country X benefited just as much.

(B) In the period since tariff barriers were lowered, price competition among importers has severely limited importers’ profits from selling foreign companies’ products in Country X.

(C) It was impossible to predict how Country X’s economic reforms, which included lowering tariff barriers, would affect the economy in the short term.

(D) Many of the foreign companies that benefited from Country X’s lowering tariff barriers compete fiercely among themselves both in Country X and in other markets.

(E) Although foreign companies benefited when Country X lowered tariff barriers, there is no other evidence that these foreign companies induced the change.

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Re: Claim: Country X’s government lowered tariff barriers because doing so  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2019, 16:56
Please help with the solution explanation, I am stuck between A and B
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Re: Claim: Country X’s government lowered tariff barriers because doing so  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2019, 20:05
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We are supposed to counter the claim with our assumption:-

(A) Foreign companies did benefit when Country X lowered tariff barriers, but consumers in Country X benefited just as much.
--> Though it is a possibility, but it doesn't counter the claim that Foreign companies induced the change.

(B) In the period since tariff barriers were lowered, price competition among importers has severely limited importers’ profits from selling foreign companies’ products in Country X.
-->It talks about profit of importers not of foreign companies. Low tariff doesn't necessarily means high imports

(C) It was impossible to predict how Country X’s economic reforms, which included lowering tariff barriers, would affect the economy in the short term.
-->out of scope

(D) Many of the foreign companies that benefited from Country X’s lowering tariff barriers compete fiercely among themselves both in Country X and in other markets.
--> changes doesn't affect competition.

(E) Although foreign companies benefited when Country X lowered tariff barriers, there is no other evidence that these foreign companies induced the change.
-->Here, it is clearly stated that there is no evidence that foreign companies induced the change, while accepting that companies gained from the change.
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Re: Claim: Country X’s government lowered tariff barriers because doing so   [#permalink] 15 Oct 2019, 20:05
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Claim: Country X’s government lowered tariff barriers because doing so

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