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Collision Avoidance Technology (CAT) is the latest technology

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Collision Avoidance Technology (CAT) is the latest technology  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2019, 08:00
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Collision Avoidance Technology (CAT) is the latest technology for improving the safety of drivers on the road. In a recent study conducted by the Highway Data Loss Institute (HDLI), the researchers found that individuals driving the Volvo XC60—a specific model equipped with CAT—reported 27 percent fewer auto insurance claims than did drivers of comparable vehicles. In spite of this, the research concluded that CAT is not expected to significantly bring down the rates of auto accidents in the long run.

Which of the following most helps to explain the above situation?

A. Since Volvo XC60 is one of the most expensive models in the market, the propensity of an XC60 owner to make an insurance claim is generally higher than the average propensity of other car owners.
B. A car needs to make specific space arrangement for fitting in the CAT equipment, an arrangement that some car makers currently do not make in their cars.
C. Many drivers will see the enhanced safety of the car as a reason to drive more recklessly.
D. There are other technologies currently in the market that also improve the safety of the drivers, but none of them has been successful.
E. The research conducted by HDLI was carried out for only a few months against an earlier budgeted time of two years.

 

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Re: Collision Avoidance Technology (CAT) is the latest technology  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2019, 08:10
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Official explanation
Pre-thinking

Conclusion Clarification
The research concluded that despite the relatively fewer auto insurance claims reported by individuals driving the vehicle having CAT, CAT is not expected to significantly bring down the rates of auto accidents in the long run.
Pre-Thinking Approach
To resolve the paradox, let’s see how we can select a scenario in which both situations can be true without contradicting each other. To do so, we will look at the logical structure, focusing on the seemingly contradictory situations.
• Potential explanations
• Instance 1: What if there is some other factor related to CAT that leads to increased accidents? In such a case, it’s possible that despite the safety provided by CAT, the overall accidents won’t come down significantly.
For example: What if the improved safety of the cars makes drivers take the safety measures for granted? The very fact that they are safer because of CAT can make them negligent while driving, increasing the risk of accident. Thus, such a scenario may explain why CAT is not expected to bring down the rates of auto accidents in the long run.
Answer Choices

Choice A
• Incorrect - Doesn’t explain the situation
o We know that individuals driving XC60 had made fewer claims.
o If their tendency to make claims is high but they still made lower claims, then it could mean that CAT worked very well in avoiding accidents.
o Then, the conclusion that it won’t bring down accidents in the long term becomes even more puzzling.
Choice B
• Incorrect - Doesn’t explain the situation
o Even if some car makers don’t make such arrangements, there might be others who do so and thus CAT can still bring down auto accidents significantly if the proportion of those who make this arrangement is high.
o Also, this statement talks about only the current situation whereas the conclusion of the research talks about the long run. A current impediment can’t be taken as a definite problem in the long term.
Choice C
• Correct
o This option is written along the lines of our pre-thinking per instance1. If many drivers drive carelessly because of the enhanced safety available in the form of CAT, it may give rise to more auto accidents.
o There are other technologies currently in the market that also improve the safety of the drivers, but none of them has been successful.
Choice D
• Incorrect - Doesn’t explain the situation
o The fact that none of the other technologies that improve the safety of the drivers have been successful doesn’t explain why CAT in particular will not have a certain effect, i.e. bring down the rates of auto accidents in the long run.

Choice E
• Incorrect- Doesn’t explain the situation
o This option tells us that research was carried out for a shorter time than estimated. However, we can’t derive whether it’s good or bad that the research was conducted for a shorter time than estimated. The duration of the research is not related to the impact of CAT on the rate of accident.
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Re: Collision Avoidance Technology (CAT) is the latest technology  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2019, 08:18
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conclusion ;
the research concluded that CAT is not expected to significantly bring down the rates of auto accidents in the long run.
answer option will be the one which has an alternate reason why CAT wont be successful.
IMO C;
it provides a reason that installaton of CAT in cars would make driver drive recklessly and cause accidents..

Collision Avoidance Technology (CAT) is the latest technology for improving the safety of drivers on the road. In a recent study conducted by the Highway Data Loss Institute (HDLI), the researchers found that individuals driving the Volvo XC60—a specific model equipped with CAT—reported 27 percent fewer auto insurance claims than did drivers of comparable vehicles. In spite of this, the research concluded that CAT is not expected to significantly bring down the rates of auto accidents in the long run.

Which of the following most helps to explain the above situation?

A. Since Volvo XC60 is one of the most expensive models in the market, the propensity of an XC60 owner to make an insurance claim is generally higher than the average propensity of other car owners.
B. A car needs to make specific space arrangement for fitting in the CAT equipment, an arrangement that some car makers currently do not make in their cars.
C. Many drivers will see the enhanced safety of the car as a reason to drive more recklessly.
D. There are other technologies currently in the market that also improve the safety of the drivers, but none of them has been successful.
E. The research conducted by HDLI was carried out for only a few months against an earlier budgeted time of two years.
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Re: Collision Avoidance Technology (CAT) is the latest technology  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2019, 08:27
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Collision Avoidance Technology (CAT) is the latest technology for improving the safety of drivers on the road. In a recent study conducted by the Highway Data Loss Institute (HDLI), the researchers found that individuals driving the Volvo XC60—a specific model equipped with CAT—reported 27 percent fewer auto insurance claims than did drivers of comparable vehicles. In spite of this, the research concluded that CAT is not expected to significantly bring down the rates of auto accidents in the long run.

Which of the following most helps to explain the above situation?

A. Since Volvo XC60 is one of the most expensive models in the market, the propensity of an XC60 owner to make an insurance claim is generally higher than the average propensity of other car owners. - Incorrect it actually strengthens the conclusion that cat systems should be successful.
B. A car needs to make specific space arrangement for fitting in the CAT equipment, an arrangement that some car makers currently do not make in their cars. - Incorrect The option talks about some cars. Hence cannot be generalized to analyze its impact.
C. Many drivers will see the enhanced safety of the car as a reason to drive more recklessly. - Correct. This may lead to more accidents. Hence number of accidents might not come down.
D. There are other technologies currently in the market that also improve the safety of the drivers, but none of them has been successful. - Incorrect - Irrelevant choice. No impact on the argument.
E. The research conducted by HDLI was carried out for only a few months against an earlier budgeted time of two years. - Incorrect - Irrelevant choice. No impact on the argument.
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New post 04 Jul 2019, 08:28
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IMO : C

Collision Avoidance Technology (CAT) is the latest technology for improving the safety of drivers on the road. In a recent study conducted by the Highway Data Loss Institute (HDLI), the researchers found that individuals driving the Volvo XC60—a specific model equipped with CAT—reported 27 percent fewer auto insurance claims than did drivers of comparable vehicles. In spite of this, the research concluded that CAT is not expected to significantly bring down the rates of auto accidents in the long run.

Which of the following most helps to explain the above situation?

A. Since Volvo XC60 is one of the most expensive models in the market, the propensity of an XC60 owner to make an insurance claim is generally higher than the average propensity of other car owners.The drivers of the XC60 are more inclined to claim insurance and the decrease means that the CAT is actually working but this is again the conclusion of the HDLI and this point does not explains that.Also the comparison was between xc60 and other cars and not xc60 vs xc60.
B. A car needs to make specific space arrangement for fitting in the CAT equipment, an arrangement that some car makers currently do not make in their cars.The space req is not addressed by the car makers at present but they may add more space to adjust the CAT system and this means that the system will be successfull in the long run but this also is against the argument and for this reason it is out.
C. Many drivers will see the enhanced safety of the car as a reason to drive more recklessly.
Correct answer according to me because if the drivers are ware of the CAT in thier cars then they may become recless and ignore the safety conserns that they currently go through. and for this reason this is correctly addressing the argument.
D. There are other technologies currently in the market that also improve the safety of the drivers, but none of them has been successful.The other technologies may be tested but currently are not successfull, also even if the new technologies appear then also it does not means that the CAT system is failing it just means that there is competition.
E. The research conducted by HDLI was carried out for only a few months against an earlier budgeted time of two years.
This is a strong contender that the research was not conducted for a longer period but this does not mean that we can conclude that the system will not be as expected this only means that there is uncertainty and not proving that CAT will not succeed in the long run.
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Re: Collision Avoidance Technology (CAT) is the latest technology  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2019, 08:31
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This is a Resolve a paradox question. Basically, we need to explain the discrepancy between a specific situation (decrease in auto insurance claims for Volvo) and a future prediction that the new technology won't decrease the accident rates.

The only answer that points to this discrepancy is C -- people will drive worse because they will rely on this new technology and, perhaps, as the result more accidents will happen.
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New post 04 Jul 2019, 08:31
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From the stimulus, the CAT is suppose to reduce accidents and thus, reduce insurance claim, but the author believe that in spite of achieving this objective with the Volvo that was tested with the CAT, it is not expected that CAT will significantly bring down the rates of auto accidents in the long run. The stem asked us to explain this situation. Which means, the answer will tell us why CAT cannot bring down the rate of accidents or insurance claims. "C" is the appealing answer as it states that "Many drivers will see the enhanced safety of the car as a reason to drive more recklessly". Final answer is "C".
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New post Updated on: 04 Jul 2019, 23:48
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Conclusion - In spite of the study finding fewer insurance claims, the research concluded that CAT is not expected to significantly bring down the rates of auto accidents in the long run

With Volvo XC60, insurance claims have come down. However, if there is a reason outside the use of the particular vehicle like drivers becoming more reckless due to the presence of this device, then accidents may not reduce over the long run.

A. Since Volvo XC60 is one of the most expensive models in the market, the propensity of an XC60 owner to make an insurance claim is generally higher than the average propensity of other car owners.
This is not relevant

B. A car needs to make specific space arrangement for fitting in the CAT equipment, an arrangement that some car makers currently do not make in their cars.
Space required for fitting the equipment does not have an impact on accidents.

C. Many drivers will see the enhanced safety of the car as a reason to drive more recklessly.
Correct. Matches our prediction.

D. There are other technologies currently in the market that also improve the safety of the drivers, but none of them has been successful.
This is out of scope of this argument.

E. The research conducted by HDLI was carried out for only a few months against an earlier budgeted time of two years.
This is not relevant as well.

So, answer should be C


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Originally posted by prashanths on 04 Jul 2019, 08:34.
Last edited by prashanths on 04 Jul 2019, 23:48, edited 1 time in total.
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New post Updated on: 05 Jul 2019, 09:18
C is correct

- The technology can make drivers reckless
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Originally posted by GmatPrime on 04 Jul 2019, 08:36.
Last edited by GmatPrime on 05 Jul 2019, 09:18, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Collision Avoidance Technology (CAT) is the latest technology  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2019, 08:47
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Which of the following most helps to explain the above situation?

A. Since Volvo XC60 is one of the most expensive models in the market, the propensity of an XC60 owner to make an insurance claim is generally higher than the average propensity of other car owners. - it doesn't say anything about the reduction of auto accidents
B. A car needs to make specific space arrangement for fitting in the CAT equipment, an arrangement that some car makers currently do not make in their cars. - currently, but not in the long run; car makers can start creating space arrangement
C. Many drivers will see the enhanced safety of the car as a reason to drive more recklessly. - IMO correct. People will rely on their "safe" cars, which will lead to more dangerous driving
D. There are other technologies currently in the market that also improve the safety of the drivers, but none of them has been successful. - nothing about long-run perspectives
E. The research conducted by HDLI was carried out for only a few months against an earlier budgeted time of two years. - not a good argument when talking about future perspectives
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New post 04 Jul 2019, 08:57
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Collision Avoidance Technology (CAT) is the latest technology for improving the safety of drivers on the road. In a recent study conducted by the Highway Data Loss Institute (HDLI), the researchers found that individuals driving the Volvo XC60—a specific model equipped with CAT—reported 27 percent fewer auto insurance claims than did drivers of comparable vehicles. In spite of this, the research concluded that CAT is not expected to significantly bring down the rates of auto accidents in the long run.

Which of the following most helps to explain the above situation?
The above situation assumes that even the safety standards of Collision Avoidance Technology (CAT) in Volvo XC60 will not significantly bring down the rates of auto accidents in the long run. Hence we should assume that there will be something compensating the safety of CAT.
We should find the statement that weakens the safety


A. Since Volvo XC60 is one of the most expensive models in the market, the propensity of an XC60 owner to make an insurance claim is generally higher than the average propensity of other car owners.It has no effect on less number of accidents as the amount of insurance claim does not depend on number of accidents
B. A car needs to make specific space arrangement for fitting in the CAT equipment, an arrangement that some car makers currently do not make in their cars.this is out of scope since expectation is limited to CAT applications
C. Many drivers will see the enhanced safety of the car as a reason to drive more recklessly.This weakens that safety is compensated by wreckless driving
D. There are other technologies currently in the market that also improve the safety of the drivers, but none of them has been successful.Irrelevant and other technologies are not discussed
E. The research conducted by HDLI was carried out for only a few months against an earlier budgeted time of two years.Again no impact and beyond discussion
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New post 04 Jul 2019, 08:57
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The only C option that explains the mystery is that the driving habits might change which might not be effective in safety for long term reduction in accidents

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New post 04 Jul 2019, 08:59
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IMO C

A. Since Volvo XC60 is one of the most expensive models in the market, the propensity of an XC60 owner to make an insurance claim is generally higher than the average propensity of other car owners. - if the XC60 owners have more tendency to claim, but the no. of auto insurance claim has gone down, that means fewer accidents. The latter research says otherwise. So does not explain
B. A car needs to make specific space arrangement for fitting in the CAT equipment, an arrangement that some car makers currently do not make in their cars. - The latter research talks about "long run", but in this option car makers' "current" arrangement is mentioned. What if that changes soon
C. Many drivers will see the enhanced safety of the car as a reason to drive more recklessly. - Correct
D. There are other technologies currently in the market that also improve the safety of the drivers, but none of them has been successful. - Other technologies are out of scope
E. The research conducted by HDLI was carried out for only a few months against an earlier budgeted time of two years. - Time or duration is irrelevant
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New post 04 Jul 2019, 09:04
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Collision Avoidance Technology (CAT) is the latest technology for improving the safety of drivers on the road. In a recent study conducted by the Highway Data Loss Institute (HDLI), the researchers found that individuals driving the Volvo XC60—a specific model equipped with CAT—reported 27 percent fewer auto insurance claims than did drivers of comparable vehicles. In spite of this, the research concluded that CAT is not expected to significantly bring down the rates of auto accidents in the long run.

Which of the following most helps to explain the above situation?

CAT --> improve driver safety
CAT --> not expected to bring down the rates of auto accidents in the long run ?? -->prethinking: if it doesn't work for many or if people become more careless then the carelessness will outweigh the safety feature

A. Since Volvo XC60 is one of the most expensive models in the market, the propensity of an XC60 owner to make an insurance claim is generally higher than the average propensity of other car owners. --> can't resolve the paradox: propensity of an XC60 owner compare to that of other car owners will not resolve the paradox
B. A car needs to make specific space arrangement for fitting in the CAT equipment, an arrangement that some car makers currently do not make in their cars. --> can't resolve the paradox: some car doesn't have the arrangement, but in long-run/in-future they can add, or other cars except this few cars have CAT so accidents should come down
C. Many drivers will see the enhanced safety of the car as a reason to drive more recklessly. --> correct match w/ prethinking, this will resolve the paradox
D. There are other technologies currently in the market that also improve the safety of the drivers, but none of them has been successful.--> can't resolve the paradox: other tech is irrelevant
E. The research conducted by HDLI was carried out for only a few months against an earlier budgeted time of two years.--> can't resolve the paradox: the time of the HDLI research is irrelevant
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New post 04 Jul 2019, 09:07
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Summary : CAT tries to improve the safety on the road.
Researchers found that individuals driving X—equipped with CAT—reported 27 percent fewer auto insurance claims than other vehicles (comparable) . Still CAT is NOT Expected to help in long run

Pre-thinking: auto insurance claims are not the basis for comparison OR people because of CAT become reckless

Which of the following most helps to explain the above situation?

A. Since Volvo XC60 is one of the most expensive models in the market, the propensity of an XC60 owner to make an insurance claim is generally higher than the average propensity of other car owners. - Weakener as inspite of higher claims 27% fall means CAT is working

B. A car needs to make specific space arrangement for fitting in the CAT equipment, an arrangement that some car makers currently do not make in their cars. - Will not impact in LONG RUN as it is mentioned in the stem.

C. Many drivers will see the enhanced safety of the car as a reason to drive more recklessly. Correct, In line with analysis

D. There are other technologies currently in the market that also improve the safety of the drivers, but none of them has been successful. - Not related to CAT so is out of consideration to arrive at conclusion

E. The research conducted by HDLI was carried out for only a few months against an earlier budgeted time of two years. - May have impacted but does not provide evidence that the research is wrong
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New post 04 Jul 2019, 09:09
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Collision Avoidance Technology (CAT) is the latest technology for improving the safety of drivers on the road. In a recent study conducted by the Highway Data Loss Institute (HDLI), the researchers found that individuals driving the Volvo XC60—a specific model equipped with CAT—reported 27 percent fewer auto insurance claims than did drivers of comparable vehicles. In spite of this, the research concluded that CAT is not expected to significantly bring down the rates of auto accidents in the long run.

Which of the following most helps to explain the above situation?

Conclusion: the research concluded that CAT is not expected to significantly bring down the rates of auto accidents in the long run.

A. Since Volvo XC60 is one of the most expensive models in the market, the propensity of an XC60 owner to make an insurance claim is generally higher than the average propensity of other car owners.
The statement does not talk about bringing down rates of auto accidents and does not affect the conclusion. Incorrect.
B. A car needs to make specific space arrangement for fitting in the CAT equipment, an arrangement that some car makers currently do not make in their car.
The statement does not affect the conclusion since it does not talk about bringing rate of accident down. Incorrect
C. Many drivers will see the enhanced safety of the car as a reason to drive more recklessly.
This statement provides the reason why CAT will not be able to bring down rate of accidents in long run since drivers will drive more recklessly if they know that safety of car is ensured by CAT. Correct
D. There are other technologies currently in the market that also improve the safety of the drivers, but none of them has been successful.
This statement does not related to the conclusion. Incorrect.
E. The research conducted by HDLI was carried out for only a few months against an earlier budgeted time of two years.
This statement does not related to the conclusion. Incorrect.

IMO C
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New post 04 Jul 2019, 09:12
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The evidence is that there is fewer auto insurance claims in one model with CAT technology.
The conclusion is that the rate of auto accidents will not decrease in the long run.

A. Since Volvo XC60 is one of the most expensive models in the market, the propensity of an XC60 owner to make an insurance claim is generally higher than the average propensity of other car owners. - they are not talking about the rate of insurance claims, but the rate of auto accidents and this contradicts the earlier evidence.
B. A car needs to make specific space arrangement for fitting in the CAT equipment, an arrangement that some car makers currently do not make in their cars - regardless of current, they are talking about the future, so this is not relevant
C. Many drivers will see the enhanced safety of the car as a reason to drive more recklessly. - this may be a genuine reason that accidents rise for reasons not related to the risks that the CAT equipment mitigates, so consider this
D. There are other technologies currently in the market that also improve the safety of the drivers, but none of them has been successful. - regardless of other technology success, we should consider the merits of the CAT specifically
E. The research conducted by HDLI was carried out for only a few months against an earlier budgeted time of two years. - the timeline of the survey is not relevant at all

Best answer is C
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New post 04 Jul 2019, 09:17
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Identify the question:Paradox

Crux: Some CAT technology enabled CAR has reported lower accidents recently but its predicted this wont happen or continue in the long run.In the sense we need to look for an option which says even if your car is enabled with this CAT technology in future ,the accident rate wont improve.

Only option C explains the above reason.Just thinking..what if the drivers start driving such cars recklessly.This means knowing the fact that you are driving the safest car in the world ,you becomes careless .

This should increase the number of accidents and so best explains the above discrepancy.
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New post 04 Jul 2019, 09:19
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Collision Avoidance Technology (CAT) is the latest technology for improving the safety of drivers on the road. In a recent study conducted by the Highway Data Loss Institute (HDLI), the researchers found that individuals driving the Volvo XC60—a specific model equipped with CAT—reported 27 percent fewer auto insurance claims than did drivers of comparable vehicles. In spite of this, the research concluded that CAT is not expected to significantly bring down the rates of auto accidents in the long run.

Which of the following most helps to explain the above situation?

in this context, research shows conclusion opposing the evidence regarding the use of CAT for decreasing auto road accident. the answer will be the information which will bridge the gap between premise and conclusion and solve the dilemma. it also uttered the word "in the long run" which is a key point to consider.
considering the above issues, option C efficiently states that this enhanced security system will make them more reckless in driving and dependent on CAT instead of using self-consciousness.
So, the correct answer choice is (C).
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New post 04 Jul 2019, 09:21
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Paradox in the question is: The insurance claims that the CAT equipped cars ( XC60) are taking are 27% fewer than those of other auto comparable cars. But still the research claims that in the long run the CAT is not going to bring down the rates of auto accidents in the longer run SIGNIFICANTLY.

To resolve the paradox, one might think that what possibly could resolve it. Maybe over the period these CAT devices start to be less precise or even disastrous. On the basis of current data, the researchers claim that still they would not be preventing accidents in the future ( then a leap has to be bridged) and our answer should bridge this gap

Also to resolve the paradox means that if we choose an option and fit it in the argument, then overall both the extremes in the paradox ( low insurance claims - one end and YET high accident rates - the other end) must give us a belief that they both could co-exist at the same time. With this understanding if we look at the options:
A. This option says that CAT XC60 car owners are likely to report more insurance claims. Yet the overall claims are few. This gives us a belief that CAT XC60 is in truth a proper protector. So, rather than resolving or narrowing the gap between both ends, it tends to increase the gap. This option can't be our answer. ELIMINATE

B. Even though they need to make space to fit CAT equipment, we don't know whether this design change would lead to accidents or not. So it does not help to reconcile or narrow the gaps between the two ends. ELIMINATE

C. CORRECT. The given stats gives us an indication that at present the car is well equipped. Now, this addional feature if leads the drivers to ride more recklessly, then there is a POSSIBILITY to increase the chances of accidents in XC60 cars. This option does try to resolve the paradox by presenting a future scope.


D. The SUCCESS RATE of other technologies NOW, can't in any way help us evaluate the conditions of CAT in XC60 in future within the scope of the argument.

E. This option basically says that the duration of the research was two months rather than two years. This option can be eliminated on two grounds:
i) We do not know after one year, what the researchers would have concluded from the results. One of the basis (the given fact about 27% fewer cases) of the paradox would change if we were to consider one year rather than two months. And in that condition explaining the paradox would be difficult.

ii) Based on the current data, the conclusion is derived by the researchers, where they have presented a paradox. Had this experiment being conducted over a longer duration, the paradox might have not existed in the first place. ( a possibility that could bend in either of the ways -> elongating the paradox or resolving it)

So Option E could be eliminated.

Correct answer should be C.


Regards,
Rishav
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Collision Avoidance Technology (CAT) is the latest technology   [#permalink] 04 Jul 2019, 09:21

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