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Re: Collision Avoidance Technology (CAT) is the latest technology [#permalink]
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Collision Avoidance Technology (CAT) is the latest technology for improving the safety of drivers on the road. In a recent study conducted by the Highway Data Loss Institute (HDLI), the researchers found that individuals driving the Volvo XC60—a specific model equipped with CAT—reported 27 percent fewer auto insurance claims than did drivers of comparable vehicles. In spite of this, the research concluded that CAT is not expected to significantly bring down the rates of auto accidents in the long run.

Which of the following most helps to explain the above situation?

A. Since Volvo XC60 is one of the most expensive models in the market, the propensity of an XC60 owner to make an insurance claim is generally higher than the average propensity of other car owners. - Incorrect it actually strengthens the conclusion that cat systems should be successful.
B. A car needs to make specific space arrangement for fitting in the CAT equipment, an arrangement that some car makers currently do not make in their cars. - Incorrect The option talks about some cars. Hence cannot be generalized to analyze its impact.
C. Many drivers will see the enhanced safety of the car as a reason to drive more recklessly. - Correct. This may lead to more accidents. Hence number of accidents might not come down.
D. There are other technologies currently in the market that also improve the safety of the drivers, but none of them has been successful. - Incorrect - Irrelevant choice. No impact on the argument.
E. The research conducted by HDLI was carried out for only a few months against an earlier budgeted time of two years. - Incorrect - Irrelevant choice. No impact on the argument.
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Re: Collision Avoidance Technology (CAT) is the latest technology [#permalink]
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Bit of a weirdly worded question that is missing articles such as "the".

The argument is that the CAT is not expected to significantly bring down the rates of auto accidents in the long run.
This is based on the evidence of a recent study conducted by HDLI that found volvo xc60 drivers, a model equipped with the CAT, reported 27% fewer insurance claims than did drivers of comparable vehicles.

We need to evaluate the argument. The conditions of our answer must include a situation where the CAT exists in order for the effect to actually be a reality.

A weakens the argument actually. If the XC60 drivers make the highest # claims then other drivers make the lowest number of claims, so their claims would also be reduced and potentially this reduction would make more of a percentage change difference to overall claims.
B - doesn't allow for a situation in which the CAT exists. If the CAT won't exist it obviously wont have its intended effect. The situation we want is one in which the CAT exists but it may not have its intended effect.
C - this is spot on. It allows both premise and conclusion to exist. Substitute C into the question:

Many drivers will see the enhanced safety of the car as a reason to drive more recklessly; therefore, the CAT is not expected to significantly bring down the rates of auto accidents in the long run.

D - The argument isn't concerned with other technologies, it's concerned with CAT.
E - doesn't matter. Maybe HDLI was extremely efficient? Maybe they received the responses they needed in a shorter period of time than was previously budgeted? Heaps of reasons why this AC is incorrect.
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Re: Collision Avoidance Technology (CAT) is the latest technology [#permalink]
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PARADOX: During the research the CAT proved that it is helpful in decreasing the number of the insurance claims. However, researchers concluded that the CAT will not decrease the RATES of auto accidents IN THE LONG RUN. Why? (Key words are important)

A talks about the increase in the number of insurance claims. We are interested in what may happen before the accident (will it happen or not), not after the accident. Thus OUT.

B says that not all cars are going to have the CAT currently. Two objections to B: 1. we are interested in what would happen if the CAT is already set up in the car, not in cars without the CAT. 2. the stimulus says ‘in the long run’, not ‘currently ‘. OUT

D. We are considering the capability of the CAT, not other technologies. OUT

E. The fact that research was conducted only two months instead of 24 doesn’t disprove its authenticity.

C. Bingo! Overconfidence may make drivers prone to reckless drive. 83 % of a greater number is greater than the similar % of a smaller number.

Hence C
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Re: Collision Avoidance Technology (CAT) is the latest technology [#permalink]
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Collision Avoidance Technology (CAT) is the latest technology [#permalink]
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