GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 17 Oct 2019, 03:39

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 19 Jan 2009
Posts: 60
Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 04 Mar 2019, 07:24
4
1
44
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

25% (01:46) correct 75% (01:47) wrong based on 982 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a great number of this newspaper’s readers. One thousand readers were surveyed and asked to name the one book that had the most influence on their lives. The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second.

The answer to which one of the following questions would most help in evaluating the columnist’s argument?


A. How many books had each person surveyed read?

B. How many people chose books other than 1984?

C. How many people read the columnist’s newspaper?

D. How many books by George Orwell other than 1984 were chosen?

E. How many of those surveyed had actually read the books they chose?

Originally posted by serbiano on 04 Mar 2010, 04:15.
Last edited by Bunuel on 04 Mar 2019, 07:24, edited 2 times in total.
OA Corrected
Most Helpful Expert Reply
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
S
Joined: 20 Nov 2016
Posts: 255
Re: Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Apr 2017, 19:34
Quote:
Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a
great number of this newspaper’s readers. One thousand readers were
surveyed and asked to name the one book that had the most influence on
their lives. The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second. The
answer to which one of the following questions would most help in
evaluating the columnist’s argument?

A. How many books had each person surveyed read?
B. How many people chose books other than 1984?
C. How many people read the columnist’s newspaper?
D. How many books by George Orwell other than 1984 were chosen?
E. How many of those surveyed had actually read the books they chose?


Quote:
George Orwell???s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a
great number of this newspaper???s readers: Conclusion

Premise: survey of 1000 readers suggests that 1984 was the second most often chosen book in terms of influence

If number of readers of newspaper is 1000000000 then the survey of 1000 people can t be used to conclude that a great number of newspaper readers are influenced by 1984.

if number of readers of newspaper is 1010 then survey is right to conclude that great number of newspaper readers are influenced by 1984.

What is the point I am missing here.
I often get CR questions wrong and dont even understand the correct answer explanation.
Where am I missing the point here and how do I improve ?

PS: already reading Powerscore CR and have gone through many OG questions and CR strategies.

Any help would be highly appreciated.

Kudos !!

Regards,
Saksham


sakshamgmat, thanks for your question! You've already taken a great first step, which is, if possible, to identify the conclusion, "George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a great number of this newspaper’s readers." Now, make sure to pay close attention to what is being asked... we are looking for a question whose answer would most help in evaluating the columnist’s argument. Note that this does not mean that we need to prove whether the columnist's conclusion is true or false. With that in mind, consider choice B..

Quote:
B. How many people chose books other than 1984?


If we know how many people out of the 1000 chose books OTHER than 1984, then we know how many people chose 1984 (ie if 990 people chose books other than 1984, that means that only 10 chose 1984; if 600 people chose books other than 1984, then 400 chose 1984). If only 10 chose 1984, then we could easily criticize the columnist's argument because we have no idea if only 10 readers were influenced by 1984 or if a large number of those not surveyed were also influenced by 1984. The actual number of newspaper readers influenced by 1984 could be 10 or it could be 10,000; without more information, we cannot safely reach the columnist's conclusion, but we can indeed evaluate the columnist's conclusion and determine that it is insufficient. Now, what if 400 people chose 1984? If the survey is reasonably accurate, this data tells us that nearly half of the newspaper's readers were influenced by 1984. Sure, it is possible that the newspaper actually has 1,000,000 readers and that only 400 total were influenced by 1984, but it is far more likely that a larger portion were influenced by 1984. And even if only 400 people in total were influenced by 1984, one could still argue that this is a "great number" of readers (the columnist only argued that a great number of readers were influenced by 1984, not that a large percentage of readers were influenced by 1984). Thus, the columnist's argument is reasonable.

Knowing the number of people out of the 1000 surveyed helps us evaluate the columnist's argument better than the answers to the questions in the other choices would, so choice B is the best option. I hope that helps!
_________________
Most Helpful Community Reply
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 25 Jul 2010
Posts: 125
Re: Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Dec 2010, 02:29
7
1
serbiano wrote:
Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a
great number of this newspaper’s readers. One thousand readers were
surveyed and asked to name the one book that had the most influence on
their lives. The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second. The
answer to which one of the following questions would most help in
evaluating the columnist’s argument?

A. How many books had each person surveyed read?

B. How many people chose books other than 1984?

C. How many people read the columnist’s newspaper?

D. How many books by George Orwell other than 1984 were chosen?

E. How many of those surveyed had actually read the books they chose?


I don't think C is the answer, because the stimulus says that 1000 people were surveyed. So we need to look for an option that would question the validity of the author's conclusion based on the survey data.

The answer should be B. If out of the 1000 people, 995 said Bible,4 said 1984 and 1 opted for another book, then it doesn't make sense to conclude that 1984 was an influential book.
_________________
Raptor
General Discussion
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 18 Sep 2009
Posts: 13
Re: Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Mar 2010, 05:26
1
Hi, Everyone

thanks for your help! all of you!


Well, this is my opinion:

Conclusion:
George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a
great number of this newspaper’s readers
Facts:
One thousand readers were surveyed and asked to name the one book that had the most influence on
their lives. The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second
Assumptions?
Here, it's important to make some relationship between the readers of the newspaper and the Orwell's book......
And
The answer to which one of the following questions would most help in evaluating the columnist’s argument?

C. How many people read the columnist’s newspaper? For me, this one, make this RELATIONSHIP!

what do you think guys?

Cheers!
Intern
Intern
User avatar
Status: Ross MBA/MS (SNRE) class of 2014
Joined: 19 Dec 2010
Posts: 25
Location: USA
Schools: Ross (admit after WL), Foster (admit), Wharton (ding), Thunderbird (admit)
WE 1: US Army logistics
WE 2: Client management & business development (Russian Auditing & accounting firm)
WE 3: Sales for renewable energy firm
Reviews Badge
Re: Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Dec 2010, 03:52
2
1
This question comes down to B & E.

E is supposed to be the trick answer for this question. One must keep in mind that a book doesn't have to be read in its entirety (or at all) in order to be influential on people. A perfect example of this would be religious texts; without getting into particularly sensitive specifics, there are plenty of people out there who will do crazy things and citing religious doctrine written in some "holy religious text" as justification, even if they have not read said text in its entirety or have no understanding of its context.

B is the neatly "hidden" right answer for the exact reason cited by vraptor in the post above.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 22 Sep 2010
Posts: 23
Re: Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Sep 2011, 18:01
1
http://www.manhattanlsat.com/forums/q24 ... t4797.html

here the question is different from what is in this post. The people who were surveyed were readers of the news paper. This information is helpful to eliminate C.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: Birds fly because they have wings, not because they have sky.
Joined: 21 Sep 2014
Posts: 208
Location: Singapore
Concentration: Strategy, Technology
GMAT 1: 740 Q50 V40
GPA: 3.65
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Re: Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Apr 2015, 10:12
1
IMO E.

The statement of Columnist says '1984' stood second. Now there is a possibility that out of 1000, only 5 chose '1984', in which case its influence is not that high. Moreover, lets consider that the book '1984' stood second with 999 readers but there is a third book ''XYZ' which stood third with 998 readers, even this assumption calls influence of 1984 into question. Hence, it is necessary to know how many chose '1984' in order to accept it as 'Much Influential'.
_________________
Regards,
J

--------------------------------------------------
Consider Kudos if I helped in some way!!!

Perseverance is the hard work you do after you get tired of doing the hard work you already did.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 07 Sep 2014
Posts: 341
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
Re: Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Aug 2016, 02:21
1
jugglerG2 wrote:
IMO E.

The statement of Columnist says '1984' stood second. Now there is a possibility that out of 1000, only 5 chose '1984', in which case its influence is not that high. Moreover, lets consider that the book '1984' stood second with 999 readers but there is a third book ''XYZ' which stood third with 998 readers, even this assumption calls influence of 1984 into question. Hence, it is necessary to know how many chose '1984' in order to accept it as 'Much Influential'.


How come the book '1984' stood second with 999 readers, in that case only 1 chose bible and "1984" become the first.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 07 Sep 2014
Posts: 341
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
Re: Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Aug 2016, 02:38
Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a great number of this newspaper’s readers. One thousand readers were surveyed and asked to name the one book that had the most influence on their lives. The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second.

Author claims that - George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a great number of this newspaper’s readers. THis is based on a survey of 1000 members.

2nd best popular => so influenced a great no. of the people's reader.

The answer to which one of the following questions would most help in evaluating the columnist’s argument?

A. How many of those surveyed had actually read the books they chose?

B. How many books had each person surveyed read?

C. How many people read the columnist’s newspaper?
Although this option questions the validity of sample size, Just knowing how many people read the columnist wont help to evaluate further. if it is 2000, 20000, or 200000, we still dont know what sample size is appropriate that represent the entire population. So C inccorect.

D. How many books by George Orwell other than 1984 were chosen?
How many books won't help. even if it is 50 books and 48 people chose 48 books and 476 chosen Bible and 474 1984, conclusion stands corrected. or 202 books and 200 people chose from 200 books (other than bible) and rest almost equally bible and 1984, conclusion stands corrected.


E. How many people chose 1984?

Lets say only 10 people chose 1984,and all other people chose other books (bible or any other book) can we say "George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a great number of this newspaper’s readers. " No, because 10 is not a great number.

But a different reasoning could be this

what no. is good enough for "George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a great number of this newspaper’s readers. " I mean 400, 200, 300 ????
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 9705
Location: Pune, India
Re: Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Aug 2016, 04:52
4
4
souvik101990 wrote:
Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a great number of this newspaper’s readers. One thousand readers were surveyed and asked to name the one book that had the most influence on their lives. The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second.

The answer to which one of the following questions would most help in evaluating the columnist’s argument?

A. How many of those surveyed had actually read the books they chose?

B. How many books had each person surveyed read?

C. How many people read the columnist’s newspaper?

D. How many books by George Orwell other than 1984 were chosen?

E. How many people chose 1984?


Premises:
1000 readers were surveyed and asked to name the one book that had the most influence on their lives.
The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second.

Conclusion: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a great numberof this newspaper’s readers.

A. How many of those surveyed had actually read the books they chose?
The readers claim that the book influenced their lives. Whether the book cover was profound or the preface took their breath away or they actually read the book, we don't know. They claim that the book influenced their lives and that's that. Whether they actually read the book is irrelevant.

B. How many books had each person surveyed read?
Again, doesn't matter. Even if they read just one book, if it influenced their lives, it did have the most influence on their lives. Just because one person read 1000 books, his claim is not more justifiable than the person who read only 10 books.

C. How many people read the columnist’s newspaper?
Doesn't matter. The columnist is talking about the readers of the newspaper. That is the super set. How many are there in the super set is immaterial. We need to find what percentage of this super set claims that this book most influenced their lives.

D. How many books by George Orwell other than 1984 were chosen?
Doesn't matter. We only care about 1984. All other George Orwell books are out of scope.

E. How many people chose 1984?
If out of 1000, 990 chose the Bible and 10 chose 1984, we CANNOT say that 1984 influenced a great number of readers.
If out of 1000, 501 chose the Bible and 499 chose 1984, we CAN say that 1984 influenced a great number of readers.
So the answer to this question is important in evaluating the columnist's argument.

Answer (E)
_________________
Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

Learn more about how Veritas Prep can help you achieve a great GMAT score by checking out their GMAT Prep Options >
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 02 Nov 2016
Posts: 21
Schools: ISB '18
WE: Consulting (Consulting)
Re: Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Apr 2017, 12:44
George Orwell???s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a
great number of this newspaper???s readers: Conclusion

Premise: survey of 1000 readers suggests that 1984 was the second most often chosen book in terms of influence

If number of readers of newspaper is 1000000000 then the survey of 1000 people can t be used to conclude that a great number of newspaper readers are influenced by 1984.

if number of readers of newspaper is 1010 then survey is right to conclude that great number of newspaper readers are influenced by 1984.

What is the point I am missing here.
I often get CR questions wrong and dont even understand the correct answer explanation.
Where am I missing the point here and how do I improve ?

PS: already reading Powerscore CR and have gone through many OG questions and CR strategies.

Any help would be highly appreciated.

Kudos !!

Regards,
Saksham
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
P
Joined: 15 Oct 2017
Posts: 295
GMAT 1: 560 Q42 V25
GMAT 2: 570 Q43 V27
GMAT 3: 710 Q49 V39
Reviews Badge
Re: Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Mar 2018, 09:20
The conclusion of the argument is: The book has exercised much influence on a great number of this newspapers readers. Keywords to focus- "much influence", "great number" and "newspapers readers". Clearly we are concerned with just the readers of the newspaper. And for this conclusion to make sense it is important to know whether the readers who said that the book had influence on them were a considerable number for this argument to hold true. Only B gives an indication in that direction. Since if the number of people choosing the book is not greater by a considerable degree than people choosing other books, then the conclusion will not make sense. Hence, B.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 13 Apr 2019
Posts: 181
Location: India
Concentration: Marketing, Operations
GMAT 1: 690 Q49 V35
GPA: 3.5
WE: General Management (Retail)
Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Aug 2019, 08:43
GMATNinjaTwo wrote:
Quote:
Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a
great number of this newspaper’s readers. One thousand readers were
surveyed and asked to name the one book that had the most influence on
their lives. The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second. The
answer to which one of the following questions would most help in
evaluating the columnist’s argument?

A. How many books had each person surveyed read?
B. How many people chose books other than 1984?
C. How many people read the columnist’s newspaper?
D. How many books by George Orwell other than 1984 were chosen?
E. How many of those surveyed had actually read the books they chose?


Quote:
George Orwell???s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a
great number of this newspaper???s readers: Conclusion

Premise: survey of 1000 readers suggests that 1984 was the second most often chosen book in terms of influence

If number of readers of newspaper is 1000000000 then the survey of 1000 people can t be used to conclude that a great number of newspaper readers are influenced by 1984.

if number of readers of newspaper is 1010 then survey is right to conclude that great number of newspaper readers are influenced by 1984.

What is the point I am missing here.
I often get CR questions wrong and dont even understand the correct answer explanation.
Where am I missing the point here and how do I improve ?

PS: already reading Powerscore CR and have gone through many OG questions and CR strategies.

Any help would be highly appreciated.

Kudos !!

Regards,
Saksham


sakshamgmat, thanks for your question! You've already taken a great first step, which is, if possible, to identify the conclusion, "George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a great number of this newspaper’s readers." Now, make sure to pay close attention to what is being asked... we are looking for a question whose answer would most help in evaluating the columnist’s argument. Note that this does not mean that we need to prove whether the columnist's conclusion is true or false. With that in mind, consider choice B..

Quote:
B. How many people chose books other than 1984?


If we know how many people out of the 1000 chose books OTHER than 1984, then we know how many people chose 1984 (ie if 990 people chose books other than 1984, that means that only 10 chose 1984; if 600 people chose books other than 1984, then 400 chose 1984). If only 10 chose 1984, then we could easily criticize the columnist's argument because we have no idea if only 10 readers were influenced by 1984 or if a large number of those not surveyed were also influenced by 1984. The actual number of newspaper readers influenced by 1984 could be 10 or it could be 10,000; without more information, we cannot safely reach the columnist's conclusion, but we can indeed evaluate the columnist's conclusion and determine that it is insufficient. Now, what if 400 people chose 1984? If the survey is reasonably accurate, this data tells us that nearly half of the newspaper's readers were influenced by 1984. Sure, it is possible that the newspaper actually has 1,000,000 readers and that only 400 total were influenced by 1984, but it is far more likely that a larger portion were influenced by 1984. And even if only 400 people in total were influenced by 1984, one could still argue that this is a "great number" of readers (the columnist only argued that a great number of readers were influenced by 1984, not that a large percentage of readers were influenced by 1984). Thus, the columnist's argument is reasonable.

Knowing the number of people out of the 1000 surveyed helps us evaluate the columnist's argument better than the answers to the questions in the other choices would, so choice B is the best option. I hope that helps!


Hi,

Wouldn't the same argument be applicable to choice C ? If the number of subscriptions were a billion, surveying a 1000 was of little use but if the number of subscriptions were 1000, then it makes sense.

Please guide. What's wrong in my understanding ?
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on   [#permalink] 25 Aug 2019, 08:43
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne