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# Companies, which are paid by the government to

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Companies, which are paid by the government to  [#permalink]

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03 Apr 2017, 12:18
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Question Stats:

80% (01:05) correct 20% (01:22) wrong based on 99 sessions

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Companies, which are paid by the government to collect payments for the program’s mortgages and to guide borrowers through the process are eager to see the administration repeal the homeowner protection statute, which has minimized those companies’ leverage in cases of borrower default.

A) Companies, which are paid
B) Companies that are paid
C)Companies are paid
D)Companies, having been paid
E)ECompanies, paid

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03 Apr 2017, 12:37
A - incorrect because here in this case there can't be two non essential modifier with a subject and no verb
I.e. companies, which...., which..
B- can't find any error

C-incorrect.
Companies are paid...to collect..and to guide...are eager...
The two verbs of the sentence aren't joined properly.
D-incorrect
Companies having been paid-doesn't no any sense.
E- companies ,paid...,which...
Subject companies doesn't hv any verb

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Companies, which are paid by the government to  [#permalink]

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03 Apr 2017, 12:49
I think A would be correct IF
we used such form:
Companies, which are paid by the government to collect payments for the program’s mortgages and to guide borrowers through the process, - [comma here] are eager to see the administration repeal the homeowner protection statute, which has minimized those companies’ leverage in cases of borrower default.

I don't see anything wrong with E either...we have an -ed modifier, which modifies the companies
Companies are eager
which companies? the ones that are paid to do smth...
the only thing in E is that we don't have the indicative version of WHICH companies we are talking about.
Senior Manager
Status: You have to have the darkness for the dawn to come
Joined: 09 Nov 2012
Posts: 300
Daboo: Sonu
GMAT 1: 590 Q49 V20
GMAT 2: 730 Q50 V38
Re: Companies, which are paid by the government to  [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2017, 23:13
Official Explanation
A key to solving this problem, as with most Sentence Correction problems, is identifying your Decision Points. Note that three answer choices (A, D, and E) include commas after "companies," setting up modifiers set off by commas. And as you scan the rest of the sentence you should see that there is no logical ending comma to separate that modifier. The only remaining comma in the sentence comes before "which" - beginning a modifier of its own. If you were to lift out the portion between the commas, you would have "Companies...has minimized those companies' leverage..." which is clearly wrong.

Furthermore, even if there were a closing comma before "are paid," this modifier wouldn't really make sense as an unnecessary modifier -- after all, it is really only "those companies" (as the sentence later specifies) and not all companies, that would object to the statute.

Notice, also, the presence of the verb phrase "are eager to see" toward the middle of the sentence. This should help you eliminate choice C: if the beginning of the sentence were "Companies are paid..." then you would need an "and" before "are eager to see ."

The correct answer is B, and the context of the rest of the sentence should seal that deal for you. "that are paid..." tells you which companies are eager to see the statute repealed, and also serves as a logical antecedent for "those companies' leverage" later in the sentence. Which companies? Those that are paid to collect payments and guide borrowers.
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Re: Companies, which are paid by the government to &nbs [#permalink] 06 Apr 2017, 23:13
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