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Crimes are mainly committed by the young, and for this reason merely

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Crimes are mainly committed by the young, and for this reason merely  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 27 May 2019, 01:54
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Crimes are mainly committed by the young, and for this reason merely increasing the number of police officers or expenditures on police services has little effect on reducing the crime rate. In fact, the only factor associated with a crime-rate drop is a decrease in the number of people in the community aged fourteen to thirty.

The findings above can best serve as part of an argument against

(A) the likelihood that any law enforcement program will be effective in reducing the crime rate within a short time
(B) increasing prison terms for young people found guilty of crimes
(C) introducing compulsory military conscription for people aged seventeen to nineteen
(D) raising the age at which students are permitted to leave school
(E) a community’s plan to increase the number of recreational and educational activities in which young adults can participate

Originally posted by eyunni on 18 Jun 2007, 11:30.
Last edited by Bunuel on 27 May 2019, 01:54, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Crimes are mainly committed by the young, and for this reason merely  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 18 Jun 2007, 12:12
2
1
eyunni wrote:
Crimes are mainly committed by the young, and for this reason merely increasing the number of police officers or expenditures on police services has little effect on reducing the crime rate. In fact, the only factor associated with a crime-rate drop is a decrease in the number of people in the community aged fourteen to thirty.

The findings above can best serve as part of an argument against

(A) the likelihood that any law enforcement program will be effective in reducing the crime rate within a short time
Best answer.

(B) increasing prison terms for young people found guilty of crimes
Increasing prison terms will reduce the number of young people in the streets, therefore decreasing the crime rate.

(C) introducing compulsory military conscription for people aged seventeen to nineteen
Again, this will reduce the number of young people on the streets --> reducing crime rate

(D) raising the age at which students are permitted to leave school
Will reduce the number of young people on the streets --> reducing crime rate

(E) a community’s plan to increase the number of recreational and educational activities in which young adults can participate
Will reduce the number of young people on the streets --> reducing crime rate

Can someone please help me with this?
Thanks.


Unless I am missing something here, it is a pretty straightforward A.

The findings can actually be used to support all other answer choices.

Originally posted by empanado on 18 Jun 2007, 11:53.
Last edited by empanado on 18 Jun 2007, 12:12, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Crimes are mainly committed by the young, and for this reason merely  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2007, 12:08
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The findings above can best serve as part of an argument against <-- against is the KEY word here

(A) the likelihood that any law enforcement program will be effective in reducing the crime rate within a short time <-- best answer

(B) increasing prison terms for young people found guilty of crimes <-- this is an argument for the findings since increasing prison terms for young people will reduce the crime rate

(C) introducing compulsory military conscription for people aged seventeen to nineteen <-- such a program will reduce crime rate amount the youth

(D) raising the age at which students are permitted to leave school <--again, this will reduce youth crime rate

(E) a community’s plan to increase the number of recreational and educational activities in which young adults can participate <-- by engaging youth in other activities, this plan will reduce crime rate

Thus, all the answers except A do not serve as arguments against the findings
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Re: Crimes are mainly committed by the young, and for this reason merely  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2007, 13:40
agree with A.

The original passage states nothing about prison terms (b), military constriction for 17-19 y/o (c), leaving school (d), educational or recreational activities.

The original passage states:
- Young people commit majority of the crimes
- Increasing police expenditures will not reduce the crime rate
- Only way to reduce crime rate is to reduce the number of people in the age range 14-30.

These statements would support the the argument AGAINST having any law enforcement program (expenditure) to reduce the crime rate.
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Re: Crimes are mainly committed by the young, and for this reason merely  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2007, 18:36
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Initially, I was confused too after reading the question. But looks like "A" is the best choice.
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Re: Crimes are mainly committed by the young, and for this reason merely  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2014, 07:49
How can A be the answer here? Option B increasing prison terms for young people found guilty of crimes is one of the law enforcement programs that can be taken to control crime. option B is actually a sub-set of option A. If B is disqualified, A must be wrong also.
the likelihood that any law enforcement program ... word any includes all possible measures. Experts please confirm.
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Re: Crimes are mainly committed by the young, and for this reason merely  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2014, 03:52
A seems plausible: the likelihood that any law enforcement program will be effective in reducing the crime rate within a short time

from which paper test did u get this question?
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Re: Crimes are mainly committed by the young, and for this reason merely  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2014, 13:08
1
empanado wrote:
eyunni wrote:
Crimes are mainly committed by the young, and for this reason merely increasing the number of police officers or expenditures on police services has little effect on reducing the crime rate. In fact, the only factor associated with a crime-rate drop is a decrease in the number of people in the community aged fourteen to thirty.

The findings above can best serve as part of an argument against

(A) the likelihood that any law enforcement program will be effective in reducing the crime rate within a short time
Best answer.

(B) increasing prison terms for young people found guilty of crimes
Increasing prison terms will reduce the number of young people in the streets, therefore decreasing the crime rate.

(C) introducing compulsory military conscription for people aged seventeen to nineteen
Again, this will reduce the number of young people on the streets --> reducing crime rate

(D) raising the age at which students are permitted to leave school
Will reduce the number of young people on the streets --> reducing crime rate

(E) a community’s plan to increase the number of recreational and educational activities in which young adults can participate
Will reduce the number of young people on the streets --> reducing crime rate

Can someone please help me with this?
Thanks.


Unless I am missing something here, it is a pretty straightforward A.

The findings can actually be used to support all other answer choices.


yup buddy its A :) check the similarities of all answers, and check what questions stem demanded : question stem wants to decrease the number of youngsters between an age group and all wrong answers make youngster engage in activities to decrease their numbers.
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Re: Crimes are mainly committed by the young, and for this reason merely  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2014, 13:17
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simi200207 wrote:
Crimes are mainly committed by the young, and for this reason merely increasing the number of police officers or expenditures on police services has little effect on reducing the crime rate. In fact, the only factor associated with a crime-rate drop is a decrease in the number of people in the community aged fourteen to thirty.

The findings above can best serve as part of an argument against

(A) the likelihood that any law enforcement program will be effective in reducing the crime rate within a short time
(B) increasing prison terms for young people found guilty of crimes
(C) introducing compulsory military conscription for people aged seventeen to nineteen
(D) raising the age at which students are permitted to leave school
(E) a community’s plan to increase the number of recreational and educational activities in which young adults can participate

Giving +1 kudos is a better way of saying 'Thank You'.


hi please make "expenditures" singular as it does not fit the verb "has".
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Re: Crimes are mainly committed by the young, and for this reason merely  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2014, 08:22
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This argument is AGAINST an increase in law enforcement to deter crime and FOR measures that protect the community against criminal youth. A is the only argument FOR law enfocement while the rest are FOR measures against youth. Again, this argument is FOR measures against youth and looking to DISPELL the police theory. Since A is for and and the prompt is looking to DISCREDIT the police theory, the correct answer is A (to discredit)..
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Re: Crimes are mainly committed by the young, and for this reason merely  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2016, 00:23
Crimes are mainly committed by the young, and for this reason merely increasing the number of police officers or expenditures on police services has little effect on reducing the crime rate. In fact, the only factor associated with a crime-rate drop is a decrease in the number of people in the community aged fourteen to thirty.
The findings above can best serve as part of an argument against
(A) the likelihood that any law enforcement program will be effective in reducing the crime rate within a short time
(B) increasing prison terms for young people found guilty of crimes
(C) introducing compulsory military conscription for people aged seventeen to nineteen
(D) raising the age at which students are permitted to leave school
(E) a community’s plan to increase the number of recreational and educational activities in which young adults can participate

What I think is : this is sort of reverse question. The given statement work as a weakener and you have to find a conclusion for that, which weakens this conclusion. (as it is against)

A - any law enforcement program will not be effective in reducing the crime rate within a short time. :- The arguments says that only factor which is responsible for crime rate drop is "Age" nothing else will help. so Law enforcement will not help effective in reducing the crime rate. In long run crime will reduce because by that time, youngsters cross their age and will reach beyond thirty.

(E) a community’s plan to increase the number of recreational and educational activities in which young adults can participate :- Will the argument is against this? The question stem only provides link between crime rate and age.
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Re: Crimes are mainly committed by the young, and for this reason merely  [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2019, 03:18
GMATNinja I am not able to understand the question type and how exactly am i supposed to weaken/approach it.

The little i have deciphered is :

ONLY by decreasing the no. of Young ppl --------> Decrease the Crime Rate

( Merely increasing no. of police officers or expenditure on police service would have little effect )


Question says: The findings (FACTS ) above will WEAKEN which of the following ARGUMENT below? = (I assumed now that the ans. choices would weaken the argument i framed above)

Here,
if it were X leads to/ causes/ will lead to Y, an Alternative cause wouldn't have worked.
ONLY X ---> Y kind of a question. Since the word ONLY is mentioned , we can have an alternative cause to weaken the effect.

I only find choice A as a potential alternative cause and a weakener for the above argument as it in someway (law enforcement program will be effective) can be linked with increasing police officers giving the desired result.

Could you kindly guide me on the logic I used and whether my approach is correct?
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Re: Crimes are mainly committed by the young, and for this reason merely  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2019, 01:52
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sahilbhatia21 wrote:
GMATNinja I am not able to understand the question type and how exactly am i supposed to weaken/approach it.

The little i have deciphered is :

ONLY by decreasing the no. of Young ppl --------> Decrease the Crime Rate

( Merely increasing no. of police officers or expenditure on police service would have little effect )


Question says: The findings (FACTS ) above will WEAKEN which of the following ARGUMENT below? = (I assumed now that the ans. choices would weaken the argument i framed above)

Here,
if it were X leads to/ causes/ will lead to Y, an Alternative cause wouldn't have worked.
ONLY X ---> Y kind of a question. Since the word ONLY is mentioned , we can have an alternative cause to weaken the effect.

I only find choice A as a potential alternative cause and a weakener for the above argument as it in someway (law enforcement program will be effective) can be linked with increasing police officers giving the desired result.

Could you kindly guide me on the logic I used and whether my approach is correct?

I think you're on the right track. Just remember that (A) is not a weakener itself. The question stem states, "The findings above can best serve as part of an argument against..."

So, looking at (A), we need to argue AGAINST the likelihood "that any law enforcement program will be effective in reducing the crime rate within a short time". In other words, we need to argue that it is UNLIKELY "that any law enforcement program will be effective in reducing the crime rate within a short time."

The statements in the passage would certainly support that view. We are told that 1) "merely increasing the number of police officers or expenditures on police services has little effect on reducing the crime rate" and that 2) "the only factor associated with a crime-rate drop is a decrease in the number of people in the community aged fourteen to thirty".

A law enforcement program would NOT decrease the number of 14-30 year-old people in the community. Also, increasing expenditures on police services (such as a law enforcement program), "has little effect on reducing the crime rate". Therefore, it is UNLIKELY "that any law enforcement program will be effective in reducing the crime rate within a short time."

That's why (A) is the correct choice. I hope that helps!
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Re: Crimes are mainly committed by the young, and for this reason merely  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Oct 2019, 09:29
Hi GMATNinja,

Thank you for your great explanation.

However, in A , how can we know that "any law enforcement program " would not include program that can reduce the number of the young?

Please explain.

Thank you.
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Re: Crimes are mainly committed by the young, and for this reason merely   [#permalink] 04 Oct 2019, 09:29
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