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Dallol Ethiopia is one of the world's hottest places with a recorded

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Dallol Ethiopia is one of the world's hottest places with a recorded  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2019, 12:24
3
5
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

56% (00:52) correct 44% (01:03) wrong based on 145 sessions

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Project SC Butler: Day 66 Sentence Correction (SC1)


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Dallol, Ethiopia is one of the world's hottest places, with a recorded annual temperature of 94 degrees Fahrenheit, which is higher than in any other country on earth.

A) which is higher than in

B) which is higher than it is

C) and higher than that of

D) higher than that of

E) higher than in


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Re: Dallol Ethiopia is one of the world's hottest places with a recorded  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2019, 22:16
Which should be used to refer to 94 degree Fahrenheit other wise it would be an independent clause after the comma, which is incorrect.
That eliminates options C,D and E.

Option B doesn't convey the correct meaning.It doesn't compare temperaturea between the two countries.

So option A correctly does that and is Correct.

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Dallol Ethiopia is one of the world's hottest places with a recorded  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 12 Jan 2019, 00:40
Dallol, Ethiopia is one of the world's hottest places, with a recorded annual temperature of 94 degrees Fahrenheit, which is higher than in any other country on earth.

Meaning of the sentence is pretty clear. We just have to pay close attention to the modifiers and entities they modify.
Basic rule of "which" modifiers:
- they modify the noun that precedes the comma or if to be more accurately, "which" can modify noun+prepositional phrase that immediately precedes the comma.

Please see more about "which" in Ron's video (perfect explanation)

In the given sentence only "which" correctly modifies prededing noun+pp "annual temperature of 94 degrees Fahrenheit", so we are perfectly fine with it.

POE

A) which is higher than in
(as we discussed "which" is fine, "higher that" correct constraction for comparison, "in" preposition of a place - we are comparing temperature in Ethiopia and in other parts of the world, so comparison is also clear)

B) which is higher than it is
("it" -? - refers to? -"Ethiopia"? "Temperature"?, pronoun ambiguity is not a catastrophic disaster on GMAT SC but we don't need a IC (independent clause) here, moreover which has already started dependedt clause)

C) and higher than that of
("and" //ism marker and indicator of the presence of the list, but there is no conctraction to be made //, "that of any other country on earth"-illogical, we need "in" place preposition)

D) higher than that of
(,+higher - is not a better option to start IC or DC whatever, that of any other country on earth"-illogical, we need "in" place preposition)

E) higher than in
(,+higher - is not a better option to start IC or DC whatever, "in" is fine)

A is the answer
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Originally posted by GKomoku on 11 Jan 2019, 23:16.
Last edited by GKomoku on 12 Jan 2019, 00:40, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Dallol Ethiopia is one of the world's hottest places with a recorded  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2019, 00:33
IMO D

Comparison is between recorded annual temp of Ethiopia with recorded temp of any other country

Higher than .....Noun modifier...correctly modifying the 94 degree Fahrenheit

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Re: Dallol Ethiopia is one of the world's hottest places with a recorded  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2019, 08:55
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Meaning Analysis : -

- The author wants to convey that Dallol has the highest temperature as compared to any other place in the world
- We are comparing temperature in dallol vs all other paces

Now lets see the options

Dallol, Ethiopia is one of the world's hottest places, with a recorded annual temperature of 94 degrees Fahrenheit, which is higher than in any other country on earth.

A) which is higher than in---> Incorrect. The option is comparing the temperature to all other places

B) which is higher than it is---> Incorrect. What does it refer to?

C) and higher than that of---> Incorrect. This option does compare the temperature in dallol vs the temperature in all other places. But the "and" in the sentence is not connecting two independent clauses

D) higher than that of ---> Correct. bingo! now the comparison is correct.

E) higher than in---> Incorrect. The option makes the same mistake as option A
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Dallol Ethiopia is one of the world's hottest places with a recorded  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2019, 20:32
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Project SC Butler: Day 66 Sentence Correction (SC1)



Dallol, Ethiopia is one of the world's hottest places, with a recorded annual temperature of 94 degrees Fahrenheit, which is higher than in any other country on earth.

A) which is higher than in
B) which is higher than it is
C) and higher than that of
D) higher than that of
E) higher than in


OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

Note: The OE from the source has a strange error that I am going to rewrite. The typeface in blue is mine.

The sentence is supposed to compare the average temperature in Ethiopia to the average temperatures of other countries

• Options A and E compare the average temperature in Ethiopia to other countries.
average temperature of 94 degrees Fahrenheit is different from a country.

In options A and E, the temperature itself is "higher" than any other country.
The temperature is not higher than any other country.

The temperature needs to be "higher" than a temperature in any other country
.

• choices C and D differ only in that C incorrectly uses and to introduce a contrast.
Eliminate C.

Between B and D, D is more concise and is therefore correct.

We need the sentence to say:
E is one of the world's hottest places, with an annual temperature of 94° F, higher than [the annual temperature of/in] any other country.

• We can use a relative pronoun, which, to refer to "temperature of . . ." followed by a verb, as is the case in option B.

Option (B) in the sentence
Dallol, Ethiopia is one of the world's hottest places, with a recorded annual temperature of 94 degrees Fahrenheit, which is higher than it is any other country on earth.

OR
• We can make a "copy" of temperature with the pronoun that, as is the case in option D.

E's temperature is hotter than the temperature of all other countries.
E's temperature is hotter than THAT OF of all other countries.

D) in the sentence
Dallol, Ethiopia is one of the world's hottest places, with a recorded annual temperature of 94 degrees Fahrenheit, higher than that of any other country on earth.

Option D is better.


COMMENTS

This question is a challenge. Option B is not wrong.
Option B is not as good as option D.
(No pronoun ambiguity exists in B. The logical referent is "average temperature." That antecedent is fine.)

pikolo2510 wrote the best answer. Kudos!
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Re: Dallol Ethiopia is one of the world's hottest places with a recorded  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2019, 22:59
generis wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 66 Sentence Correction (SC1)



Dallol, Ethiopia is one of the world's hottest places, with a recorded annual temperature of 94 degrees Fahrenheit, which is higher than in any other country on earth.

A) which is higher than in
B) which is higher than it is
C) and higher than that of
D) higher than that of
E) higher than in


OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

Note: The OE from the source has a strange error that I am going to rewrite. The typeface in blue is mine.

The sentence is supposed to compare the average temperature in Ethiopia to the average temperatures of other countries

• Options A and E compare the average temperature in Ethiopia to other countries.
average temperature of 94 degrees Fahrenheit is different from a country.

In options A and E, the temperature itself is "higher" than any other country.
The temperature is not higher than any other country.

The temperature needs to be "higher" than a temperature in any other country
.

• choices C and D differ only in that C incorrectly uses and to introduce a contrast.
Eliminate C.

• Between B and D, D is more concise and is therefore correct.

We need the sentence to say:
E is one of the world's hottest places, with an annual temperature of 94° F, higher than [the annual temperature of/in] any other country.

• We can use a relative pronoun, which, to refer to "temperature of . . ." followed by a verb, as is the case in option B.

B) in the sentence
Dallol, Ethiopia is one of the world's hottest places, with a recorded annual temperature of 94 degrees Fahrenheit, which is higher than it is any other country on earth.

• We can make a "copy" of temperature with the pronoun that, as is the case in option D.

E's temperature is hotter than the temperature of all other countries.
E's temperature is hotter than THAT OF of all other countries.

D) in the sentence
Dallol, Ethiopia is one of the world's hottest places, with a recorded annual temperature of 94 degrees Fahrenheit, higher than that of any other country on earth.

Option D is better.


COMMENTS

This question is a challenge. Option B is not wrong.
Option B is not as good as option D.
(No pronoun ambiguity exists in B. The logical referent is "average temperature." That antecedent is fine.)

pikolo2510 wrote the best answer. Kudos!


Thank you generis
I've learned alot from it :thumbup:
_________________

(please correct if you see any mistakes or gaps in my explanation, thank you)

___________________
Practice makes perfect!

Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone!

Do not go gentle into that good night,
Old age should burn and rave at close of day;
Rage, rage against the dying of the light...

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Re: Dallol Ethiopia is one of the world's hottest places with a recorded  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2019, 09:32
GKomoku wrote:

Thank you generis
I've learned alot from it :thumbup:

GKomoku , thanks for the feedback. I am glad to know that my analysis was helpful. :)
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Re: Dallol Ethiopia is one of the world's hottest places with a recorded &nbs [#permalink] 13 Jan 2019, 09:32
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