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Question Stats: 76% (02:41) correct 24% (02:57) wrong based on 991 sessions

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David used part of $100,000 to purchase a house. Of the remaining portion, he invested 1/3 of it at 4 percent simple annual interest and 2/3 of it at 6 percent simple annual interest. If after a year the income from the two investments totaled$320, what was the purchase price of the house?

(A) $96,000 (B)$94,000
(C) $88,000 (D)$75,000

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10
6
Let the Price of house was x.

Then

$$\frac{1}{3}$$(10000-x) * $$\frac{4}{100}$$ --> 1st investment

$$\frac{2}{3}$$(10000-x) * $$\frac{6}{100}$$ --> 2nd investment

$$\frac{4}{300}$$(10000-x) *(1+3) = 320

(10000-x) = 20 * 300 = 6000

x = 94000

Option B is correct
##### General Discussion
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Re: David used part of $100,000 to purchase a house. Of the remaining port [#permalink] ### Show Tags 5 1 nalinnair wrote: David used part of$100,000 to purchase a house. Of the remaining portion, he invested 1/3 of it at 4 percent simple annual interest and 2/3 of it at 6 percent simple annual interest. If after a year the income from the two investments totaled $320, what was the purchase price of the house? (A)$96,000
(B) $94,000 (C)$88,000
(D) $75,000 (E)$40,000

An alternative solution:

"Of the remaining portion" is split two ways - 1/3 & 2/3. The interest earned is an integer amount. So, we can pick some smart numbers for the remaining amount and calculate the interest rate. Use answer choices to pick a number that is divisible by 3.

Of all the answer choices, (A) and (D) do not offer a number divisible by 3. (E) can be eliminated easily because when you invest 1/3 of $60,000 ($20,000) @ 4% interest rate, you earn $800 interest, which is definitely more than$320. But, if you calculate 2/3 of $60,000 ($40,000) @ 6% interest rate, you earn $2400 interest. Total interest when$60,000 is the remaining amount: $800 +$2400 = $3200. We need$320. It means the remaining amount should be $6000. Therefore, (B) is the answer. It may seem like a little bit lengthy approach, but with enough practice you can save yourself some trouble solving algebraic equations and save some time Happy solving! Intern  B Joined: 26 Sep 2017 Posts: 12 Re: David used part of$100,000 to purchase a house. Of the remaining port  [#permalink]

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Let the Price of house was x.

Then

$$\frac{1}{3}$$(10000-x) * $$\frac{4}{100}$$ --> 1st investment

$$\frac{2}{3}$$(10000-x) * $$\frac{6}{100}$$ --> 2nd investment

$$\frac{4}{300}$$(10000-x) *(1+3) = 320

(10000-x) = 20 * 300 = 6000

x = 94000

Option B is correct

Could you please clarify why there is no (1+%) in your base formula. As I remember simple interest formula should be interest*(1+years*%/100).
What am I doing wrong?
Thanks you in advance
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David used part of $100,000 to purchase a house. Of the remaining port [#permalink] ### Show Tags 1 nalinnair wrote: David used part of$100,000 to purchase a house. Of the remaining portion, he invested 1/3 of it at 4 percent simple annual interest and 2/3 of it at 6 percent simple annual interest. If after a year the income from the two investments totaled $320, what was the purchase price of the house? (A)$96,000
(B) $94,000 (C)$88,000
(D) $75,000 (E)$40,000

Let $$x$$ be the amount of money left after purchase of the house. So $$\frac{1}{3} * x$$ was invested under $$\frac{104}{100}$$ percent and $$\frac{2}{3} * x$$ was invested under $$\frac{106}{100}$$. and $$x + 320$$ we will get our investment back with the interests

$$\frac{x}{3} * \frac{104}{100} + \frac{2}{3}x * \frac{106}{100}$$ =$$x + 320$$
$$\frac{104x + 2 * 106x}{300} = x + 320$$
$$316x = 300x + 320 * 300$$
$$16x = 32 * 10 * 300$$
$$x = 6000$$

To get the price of the house we should substract the money left after after purchasing from 100,000 :

$$100000 - 6000 = 94000$$

Hence, the answer is B

Originally posted by Vorovski on 24 Nov 2017, 04:17.
Last edited by Vorovski on 25 Nov 2017, 23:29, edited 1 time in total.
Senior SC Moderator V
Joined: 22 May 2016
Posts: 3409
David used part of $100,000 to purchase a house. Of the remaining port [#permalink] ### Show Tags lor12345 wrote: adiagr wrote: Let the Price of house was x. Then $$\frac{1}{3}$$(10000-x) * $$\frac{4}{100}$$ --> 1st investment $$\frac{2}{3}$$(10000-x) * $$\frac{6}{100}$$ --> 2nd investment $$\frac{4}{300}$$(10000-x) *(1+3) = 320 (10000-x) = 20 * 300 = 6000 x = 94000 Option B is correct Hi adiagr, Could you please clarify why there is no (1+%) in your base formula. As I remember simple interest formula should be interest*(1+years*%/100). What am I doing wrong? Thanks you in advance lor12345 , I think adiagr might not be around anymore. It looks as if you just got the formulas slightly mixed up. There is no (1 + %) in his formula because$320 is interest only. See his RHS: it's $320. That's interest only. (We weren't given$6,320, which in this case is principal + interest.)

Simple interest with principal PLUS accrued interest ("A") formula is indeed

A = P(1 + rt)

But interest only for simple interest formula is

I = (P)(r)(t)

adiagr used this formula, and defined P as ($100,000 - x)*(1/3) in one case, and ($100,000 - x)*(2/3) in the other.

True, both are multiplied by the respective interest rates, but without the 1 because his x is derived from subtraction from $100,000. If you use a multiplier with a 1, you include interest earned on$100,000. That is not how it worked. David earned interest on some small part of $100,000. If you want to include 1 in the multiplier, it seems easiest if you separate the principal (which earned interest) from the$100,000 (most of which did not). It's plenty hard either way, IMO.

See Vorovski , above, who used a (1+%) multiplier by considering ONLY x as principal (and not $100,000 - x, until the end). (Whew. I backsolved (used the answer choices) in about 90 seconds. See how I used the answer choices, here.) Hope that helps. _________________ SC Butler has resumed! Get two SC questions to practice, whose links you can find by date, here. There are only two ways to live your life: as though nothing is a miracle, or as though everything is a miracle. -- Einstein Intern  B Joined: 26 Sep 2017 Posts: 12 Re: David used part of$100,000 to purchase a house. Of the remaining port  [#permalink]

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genxer123 wrote:
lor12345 wrote:
Let the Price of house was x.

Then

$$\frac{1}{3}$$(10000-x) * $$\frac{4}{100}$$ --> 1st investment

$$\frac{2}{3}$$(10000-x) * $$\frac{6}{100}$$ --> 2nd investment

$$\frac{4}{300}$$(10000-x) *(1+3) = 320

(10000-x) = 20 * 300 = 6000

x = 94000

Option B is correct

Could you please clarify why there is no (1+%) in your base formula. As I remember simple interest formula should be interest*(1+years*%/100).
What am I doing wrong?
Thanks you in advance

lor12345 , I think adiagr might not be around anymore. It looks as if you just got the formulas slightly mixed up.

There is no (1 + %) in his formula because $320 is interest only. See his RHS: it's$320. That's interest only. (We weren't given $6,320, which in this case is principal + interest.) Simple interest with principal PLUS accrued interest ("A") formula is indeed A = P(1 + rt) But interest only for simple interest formula is I = (P)(r)(t) adiagr used this formula, and defined P as ($100,000 - x)*(1/3) in one case, and ($100,000 - x)*(2/3) in the other. True, both are multiplied by the respective interest rates, but without the 1 because his x is derived from subtraction from$100,000. If you use a multiplier with a 1, you include interest earned on $100,000. That is not how it worked. David earned interest on some small part of$100,000.

If you want to include 1 in the multiplier, it seems easiest if you separate the principal (which earned interest) from the $100,000 (most of which did not). It's plenty hard either way, IMO. See Vorovski , above, who used a (1+%) multiplier by considering ONLY x as principal (and not$100,000 - x, until the end).

(Whew. I backsolved in about 90 seconds. Much faster for me.)

Hope that helps.

Thank you for your help!
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David used part of $100,000 to purchase a house. Of the remaining port [#permalink] ### Show Tags 2 nalinnair wrote: David used part of$100,000 to purchase a house. Of the remaining portion, he invested 1/3 of it at 4 percent simple annual interest and 2/3 of it at 6 percent simple annual interest. If after a year the income from the two investments totaled $320, what was the purchase price of the house? (A)$96,000
(B) $94,000 (C)$88,000
(D) $75,000 (E)$40,000

100,000 = 100 K
h = house

[100k - h]/3 * (4/100) + [100k - h]/3* (12/100) = 320

Taking [100k - h]/3 * (4/100) as a factor

[100k - h]/3 * (4/100) *[ 1+3] = 320

[100k - h]/3 * (4/100)*4 = 320

[100k - h]*16/100 =320 *3

100k - h = (320*3*100)/16

h= 96000
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### Show Tags

nalinnair wrote:
David used part of $100,000 to purchase a house. Of the remaining portion, he invested 1/3 of it at 4 percent simple annual interest and 2/3 of it at 6 percent simple annual interest. If after a year the income from the two investments totaled$320, what was the purchase price of the house?

(A) $96,000 (B)$94,000
(C) $88,000 (D)$75,000
(E) $40,000 Does the term income indicates that we need to use (100000-x)/3 * 4/100 + (100000-x)* 2/3 * 6/100 = 320? INSTEAD OF (100000-x)/3 * 104/100 + (100000-x)* 2/3 * 106/100 =320 ? please help Director  G Joined: 26 Oct 2016 Posts: 620 Location: United States Concentration: Marketing, International Business Schools: HBS '19 GMAT 1: 770 Q51 V44 GPA: 4 WE: Education (Education) Re: David used part of$100,000 to purchase a house. Of the remaining port  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

6
Of every 3 dollars invested, $1 earns 4% interest and$2 earns 6% interest.
Average interest earned by every $3 = (1*4 + 2*6)/3 = 16/3% = 16/300. From here we can plug in the answers, which represent the purchase price of the house. Answer choice C: 88,000 Amount invested = 100,000 - 88,000 = 12000. Interest earned = (16/300)(12000) = 640. Since the interest earned is too great, the purchase price of the house must INCREASE, so that the amount invested DECREASES. Answer choice B: 94,000 Amount invested = 100,000 - 94,000 = 6000. Interest earned = (16/300)(6000) = 320. Success! The correct answer is B. _________________ Thanks & Regards, Anaira Mitch VP  D Joined: 09 Mar 2016 Posts: 1248 David used part of$100,000 to purchase a house. Of the remaining port  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

1
generis wrote:
lor12345 wrote:
Let the Price of house was x.

Then

$$\frac{1}{3}$$(10000-x) * $$\frac{4}{100}$$ --> 1st investment

$$\frac{2}{3}$$(10000-x) * $$\frac{6}{100}$$ --> 2nd investment

$$\frac{4}{300}$$(10000-x) *(1+3) = 320

(10000-x) = 20 * 300 = 6000

x = 94000

Option B is correct

Could you please clarify why there is no (1+%) in your base formula. As I remember simple interest formula should be interest*(1+years*%/100).
What am I doing wrong?
Thanks you in advance

lor12345 , I think adiagr might not be around anymore. It looks as if you just got the formulas slightly mixed up.

There is no (1 + %) in his formula because $320 is interest only. See his RHS: it's$320. That's interest only. (We weren't given $6,320, which in this case is principal + interest.) Simple interest with principal PLUS accrued interest ("A") formula is indeed A = P(1 + rt) But interest only for simple interest formula is I = (P)(r)(t) adiagr used this formula, and defined P as ($100,000 - x)*(1/3) in one case, and ($100,000 - x)*(2/3) in the other. True, both are multiplied by the respective interest rates, but without the 1 because his x is derived from subtraction from$100,000. If you use a multiplier with a 1, you include interest earned on $100,000. That is not how it worked. David earned interest on some small part of$100,000.

If you want to include 1 in the multiplier, it seems easiest if you separate the principal (which earned interest) from the $100,000 (most of which did not). It's plenty hard either way, IMO. See Vorovski , above, who used a (1+%) multiplier by considering ONLY x as principal (and not$100,000 - x, until the end).

(Whew. I backsolved in about 90 seconds. Much faster for me.)

Hope that helps.

Hi generis how is life ?:)

well explained:) i actually had the same question but after reading your post got it,

so in general 1+% means a principal account +acrrued percent right ? but we are interested only in finding accrued percent so that's why we use only 0.04 and 0.06 without "+1" , correct ?
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rocko911 wrote:
nalinnair wrote:
David used part of $100,000 to purchase a house. Of the remaining portion, he invested 1/3 of it at 4 percent simple annual interest and 2/3 of it at 6 percent simple annual interest. If after a year the income from the two investments totaled$320, what was the purchase price of the house?

(A) $96,000 (B)$94,000
(C) $88,000 (D)$75,000
(E) $40,000 Does the term income indicates that we need to use (100000-x)/3 * 4/100 + (100000-x)* 2/3 * 6/100 = 320? INSTEAD OF (100000-x)/3 * 104/100 + (100000-x)* 2/3 * 106/100 =320 ? please help rocko911 , yes, exactly. The word "income" tells us we are solving for interest only. Interest is defined in one way as the income earned on a principal amount of money. The original principal amount of money is NOT defined as "income." In addition, here, we are NOT told something such as: "after a year, the total amount of money from David's investment is$_____"

So the word "income" lets us know that we need to use the "interest only" formula.

The income earned from the money invested
= interest = $320 Interest only = (Principal Amt) * $$\frac{rate}{100}$$ * time OR, Interest only = (Principal Amt * rate * time), if the interest rate is in decimal form Your first equation is correct. Hope that helps. _________________ SC Butler has resumed! Get two SC questions to practice, whose links you can find by date, here. There are only two ways to live your life: as though nothing is a miracle, or as though everything is a miracle. -- Einstein Senior SC Moderator V Joined: 22 May 2016 Posts: 3409 David used part of$100,000 to purchase a house. Of the remaining port  [#permalink]

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1
dave13 wrote:
generis wrote:

There is no (1 + %) in his formula because $320 is interest only. See his RHS: it's$320. That's interest only.
(We weren't given $6,320, which in this case is principal + interest.) Simple interest with principal PLUS accrued interest ("A") formula is indeed A = P(1 + rt) But interest only for simple interest formula is I = (P)(r)(t) (Whew. I backsolved in about 90 seconds. Much faster for me.) Hope that helps. Hi generis how is life ?:) well explained:) i actually had the same question but after reading your post got it, so in general 1+% means a principal account +acrrued percent right ? but we are interested only in finding accrued percent so that's why we use only 0.04 and 0.06 without "+1" , correct ? Hi dave13 - life is good. You? Yes, you are 100% correct. If you see a 1.xx for an interest rate, it almost always means the principal has been included... If you see a 0.xx for an interest rate, it means the principal has not been included. Nice work. Below is an explanation for WHY the "1" usually means that we're talking about principal, too. The 1 means 100% of Principal= $$\frac{100}{100} P= 1P$$ For SIMPLE INTEREST (not compound) interest only formula is $$i = P * r * t$$ $$i$$ = interest $$P$$ = principal $$r$$ = rate in decimal form $$t$$ = time Total Amount(principal plus interest) has a different formula. But it borrows from the interest only formula. The "1" stands for 100% of original Principal, or $$\frac{100}{100}P$$ or $$1P$$ Total amount (principal plus interest) earned formula is: $$A = P(1 + rt)$$ Breaking it down, Total Amount, A A = Principal + Interest A = Principal + (P*r*t) (from above for interest only) A = P + (P*r*t) Now factor out P A = P (1 + rt) If this makes no sense to you, ignore it. You have the basic concept! _________________ SC Butler has resumed! Get two SC questions to practice, whose links you can find by date, here. There are only two ways to live your life: as though nothing is a miracle, or as though everything is a miracle. -- Einstein Senior SC Moderator V Joined: 22 May 2016 Posts: 3409 David used part of$100,000 to purchase a house. Of the remaining port  [#permalink]

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2
dave13 wrote:
Let the Price of house was x.
Then
$$\frac{1}{3}$$(10000-x) * $$\frac{4}{100}$$ --> 1st investment

$$\frac{2}{3}$$(10000-x) * $$\frac{6}{100}$$ --> 2nd investment

$$\frac{4}{300}$$(10000-x) *(1+3) = 320

(10000-x) = 20 * 300 = 6000

x = 94000

Option B is correct

generis, how de got this $$\frac{4}{300}$$(100,000-x) * (1+3) = 320[/m]

dave13 - important steps were not spelled out.

This one is a bear to explain.
I tacked (*1) to the first expression in the equation
because (*1) changes nothing but makes the factoring out easier to see.
I have broken the steps down below.

That said, I would not and did not use much algebra to solve.

$$x$$ = price of house
$$(100,000 - x)$$= amount invested
End game: Find a common factor

Original equation (not in solution above)
($$\frac{1}{3}*(100,000-x)*\frac{4}{100}) + (\frac{2}{3}*(100,000-x)*\frac{6}{100})= 320$$

$$(\frac{100,000-x}{3} * \frac{4}{100} * 1) + ((\frac{1}{3}*\frac{2}{1})*(100,000-x)*\frac{6}{100})= 320$$

$$(\frac{100,000-x}{3} * \frac{4}{100} * 1) = (\frac{1}{3}*(100,000-x)*\frac{2}{1}*\frac{6}{100}) = 320$$

$$(\frac{100,000-x}{3} * \frac{4}{100} * 1) + (\frac{100,000-x}{3}*\frac{12}{100}) = 320$$

$$(\frac{100,000-x}{3} * \frac{4}{100} * 1) + (\frac{100,000-x}{3}*\frac{4*3}{100}) = 320$$

$$(\frac{100,000-x}{3} * \frac{4}{100} * 1) + (\frac{100,000-x}{3}*\frac{4}{100} * 3) = 320$$

COMMON FACTOR in both terms: $$\frac{100,000-x}{3}*\frac{4}{100}$$

COMMON FACTOR, factored OUT of blue equation above
$$(\frac{100,000-x}{3} * \frac{4}{100} * 1) + (\frac{100,000-x}{3}*\frac{4}{100} * 3) = 320$$
$$(\frac{100,000-x}{3} *\frac{4}{100})$$ * $$(1 + 3) = 320$$

When you factor it out of the first expression, you "leave" 1; out of the second expression, you "leave" 3.
(Try multiplying it back the other way, e.g. A(b+c) = Ab + Ac)

The rest:
$$(\frac{100,000-x}{3} *\frac{4}{100})* (1 + 3) = 320$$

$$(\frac{100,000-x}{3} *\frac{4}{100})* (4) = 320$$

$$\frac{100,000-x}{3} * (\frac{4}{100} * 4) = 320$$

$$(\frac{100,000-x}{3} * \frac{16}{100})= 320$$

Clear the 3 in the denominator. Multiply both sides by 3

$$100,000-x * \frac{16}{100}= 960$$

$$100,000 - x = 960 * \frac{100}{16}$$

$$100,000 - x = \frac{960}{16}*100$$

$$100,000 - x = 60 * 100$$

$$100,000 - x = 6,000$$

$$100,000 - 6,000 = x$$

$$94,000 = x$$ If you cannot follow that algebra, do not worry.
It is not necessary to solve the problem with that particular version of algebra.
You can use another kind of algebra. Or very little. I backsolved.
Quote:
David used part of $100,000 to purchase a house. Of the remaining portion, he invested 1/3 of it at 4 percent simple annual interest and 2/3 of it at 6 percent simple annual interest. If after a year the income from the two investments totaled$320, what was the purchase price of the house?

(A) $96,000 (B)$94,000
(C) $88,000 (D)$75,000
(E) $40,000 Start with C)$88,000

If the house cost $88,000, then (100,000 - 88,000) =$12,000 is left over

1/3 of that $12,000 is invested at 4 percent$4,000 earns .04
2/3 of that $12,000 is invested at 6 percent$8,000 earns .06

Combined, do they earn $320 in a year? $$.04(4,000) + .06(8,000) =$$ $$160 + 480 = 600$$ NO. If the house costs$88,000, the leftover money is $12,000. It earns$600 in one year. Too much.
The base principal (the leftover money ) is too great.
The house needs to be more expensive.

Try B) $94,000 If the house cost$94,000, then (100,000 - 94,000) = $6,000 is left over 1/3 of that$6,000 is invested at 4 percent
$2,000 earns .04 2/3 of that$6,000 is invested at 6 percent
$4,000 earns .06 Combined, do they earn$320 in a year?

$$.04(2,000) + .06(4,000) =$$
$$80 + 240 = 320$$

BINGO

Hope that helps, dave13 _________________
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nalinnair wrote:
David used part of $100,000 to purchase a house. Of the remaining portion, he invested 1/3 of it at 4 percent simple annual interest and 2/3 of it at 6 percent simple annual interest. If after a year the income from the two investments totaled$320, what was the purchase price of the house?

(A) $96,000 (B)$94,000
(C) $88,000 (D)$75,000
(E) $40,000 I found it easier to start with backsolving. If the house costs 88,000 that means the remaining is 12,000 12,000 * 1/3 * 4/100 = 4,000 * 4/100 = 160. Without further calculation we can tell that the value from the 8,000 * 6/100 + 160 > 320 so we pick another choice. Pick B 94,000 means 6,000 is the remaining balance. 6,000 * 1/3 = 2,000 2,000 * 4/100 = 80 4,000 * 6/100 = 240 80 + 240 = 320 Intern  B Joined: 02 Jun 2018 Posts: 3 Re: David used part of$100,000 to purchase a house. Of the remaining port  [#permalink]

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1
Let y be the house and 6x the left over, then y+6x=100000

Given 2x * 4% + 4x* 6% =320
8x + 24x = 320*100
32x=320*100
Therefore x=1000
We need 6x= 6000
Therefore y=Price of house =94000
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Re: David used part of $100,000 to purchase a house. Of the remaining port [#permalink] ### Show Tags x/3 *4% + 2/3x *6% = 320 solve for X ---> 6000 100,000 - 6000 --> Ans B Re: David used part of$100,000 to purchase a house. Of the remaining port   [#permalink] 16 Jan 2019, 06:08

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