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# Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution to

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Intern
Joined: 27 Aug 2012
Posts: 12
Schools: Anderson '15
Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution to  [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2012, 04:20
1
7
00:00

Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

32% (02:15) correct 68% (02:14) wrong based on 756 sessions

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Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution to function autonomously. This always permits more realistic planning and strongly encourages innovation, since the people responsible for decision making are directly involved in implementing the policies they
design. Decentralization also permits the central
administration to focus on institution-wide issues without being overwhelmed by the details of daily operations.

The statements above most strongly support which one of the following?

(A) In large institutions whose divisions do not function autonomously, planning is not
maximally realistic.

(B) Innovation is not always encouraged in large centralized institutions.

(D) The central administrations of large institutions are usually partially responsible for most of the details of daily operations.

(E) The people directly involved in implementing
policies are always able to make innovative and realistic policy decisions.

kindly explain if you are able to successfully eliminate the incorrect choices by POE
Joined: 19 Jul 2012
Posts: 145
Location: India
GMAT 1: 630 Q49 V28
GPA: 3.3
Re: Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution to  [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2012, 04:45
2
We are looking for "must be true" answer based on the argument.

(A) In large institutions whose divisions do not function autonomously, planning is not maximally realistic: Correct. This must be true. As provided in the argument, function autonomous always permits more realistic planning which means scope of realistic planning exists.
(B) Innovation is not always encouraged in large centralized institutions: Incorrect. We cannot infer from the argument whether large centralized institutions encourage innovations or not.
(C) For large institutions the advantages of decentralization outweigh its disadvantages: Incorrect. No disadvantage is mentioned in the passage. Thus, we cannot infer any comparison.
(D) The central administrations of large institutions are usually partially responsible for most of the details of daily operations: Incorrect. We cannot infer this from the argument.
(E) The people directly involved in implementing policies are always able to make innovative and realistic policy decisions: Incorrect. This one is tricky. It is not necessary that the people will come up with both innovative and realistic policy decisions. Some can be realistic and not innovative.
Manager
Joined: 22 Nov 2010
Posts: 222
Location: India
GMAT 1: 670 Q49 V33
WE: Consulting (Telecommunications)
Re: Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution to  [#permalink]

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22 Feb 2013, 05:06
Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution to function autonomously. This always permits more realistic planning and strongly encourages innovation, since the people responsible for decision making are directly involved in implementing the policies they design. Decentralization also permits the central administration to focus on institution-wide issues without being overwhelmed by the details of daily
operations.

The statements above most strongly support which one
of the following?

(A) In large institutions whose divisions do not function autonomously, planning is not maximally realistic. Maximally is key word, which molds the tone of the statement as used in passage

(B) Innovation is not always encouraged in large centralized institutions. Very strong word: Not always

(D) The central administrations of large institutions are usually partially responsible for most of the details of daily operations. OFS. Very strong word: Most of the details
(E) The people directly involved in implementing policies are always able to make innovative and realistic policy decisions.
OFS. Very strong word:always

Therefore, A.
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Manager
Joined: 23 May 2013
Posts: 104
Re: Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution to  [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2014, 17:32
1
From the below link it appears that this is taken from Manhattan, LSAT questions. Do we get such questions in GMAT?

http://www.manhattanlsat.com/forums/q18 ... -t784.html
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Manager
Joined: 14 May 2017
Posts: 54
Location: India
GPA: 3.5
Re: Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution to  [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2017, 05:58
Let's break it down:-

#1Decentralization -> Autonomous functioning -> Encourages realistic planning and innovation

#2Decision making folks -> Directly involved in implementing policies designed by them

#3Central administration -> (Due to Decentralization)Need not worry about the details of daily operations(Note: This does not imply that the central administration were a part of the daily operations before Decentralization. Maybe this department(daily operations) were taken care by some other administration.

With these points in mind let's jump straight into the answer choices

A. Yes. Definitely makes sense when you look at #1. HOLD ONTO THIS OPTION
B. We cannot support this statement for sure. What if they indeed are always encouraged ?
C. No. Not supported by the passage. The passage merely states the benefits of decentralization for large institutions. It makes no comparison between strengths and weaknesses of any sort.
D. Tricky !!. Read carefully. See what #3 says. Hence not true.
E. Not not true. This isn't supported by the passage. Moreover the word 'always' makes this an extreme claim. Also notice that the word 'realistic' is used for planning and not policy implementing. A lot of reasons to RULE this option OUT.

We are left with A which is the best choice.

Hope this helps.
Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Apr 2014
Posts: 474
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V34
Re: Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution to  [#permalink]

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28 Dec 2017, 09:49
I feel A has mistaken negation error.

function autonomously(A) -> Encourages realistic planning and innovation(B)

but this does not mean that ~A -> ~B, there could be other ways to achieve realistic planning, decentralisation may be one of them. May be, there are some institutions that have achieved realistic planning, not necessarily through Decentralisation and autonomous functioning. Had the premise said, only decentralisation enables realistic planning, then Answer (A) would have been perfect.

Thanks.
Intern
Joined: 19 Sep 2017
Posts: 37
WE: Account Management (Other)
Re: Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution to  [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2018, 22:38
hellosanthosh2k2 wrote:
I feel A has mistaken negation error.

function autonomously(A) -> Encourages realistic planning and innovation(B)

but this does not mean that ~A -> ~B, there could be other ways to achieve realistic planning, decentralisation may be one of them. May be, there are some institutions that have achieved realistic planning, not necessarily through Decentralisation and autonomous functioning. Had the premise said, only decentralisation enables realistic planning, then Answer (A) would have been perfect.

Thanks.

I thought so too. But after rejecting rest of the choices on solid grounds, A seemed correct with the clock ticking.
Re: Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution to &nbs [#permalink] 18 Apr 2018, 22:38
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