It is currently 20 Jan 2018, 19:07

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the United State

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

1 KUDOS received
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 03 Aug 2012
Posts: 902

Kudos [?]: 956 [1], given: 322

Concentration: General Management, General Management
GMAT 1: 630 Q47 V29
GMAT 2: 680 Q50 V32
GPA: 3.7
WE: Information Technology (Investment Banking)
Premium Member
Re: Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 May 2013, 22:00
1
This post received
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
pqhai wrote:
targetgmatchotu wrote:
Hi,

Although your explanation is appropriate,I am still unable to get the stimulus as to why it is a paradox.

Before the Defense Department publicly connected this security issue with the import quota issue, however, the machine-tool industry raised the national security issue in its petition for import quotas.

Above statement says that "Before DD connected security with import , MTI raised NSI in its petition for Import Quotas".Somehow I am unable to get this statement because of the usage of "However".Don't know where the contrast lies when MTI and DD both are connecting Security Issue with the Imports.

Shrinkage of MTI => USA ability decreases to wage a prolonged war.

Plz Advise

Rgds,
TGC !



Hi TGC.

The most important thing is the intended meaning of the stimulus, don't simply see signal words such as however, but, etc... and determine two sides of the paradox. In 700+ questions, many signal words are trap.. You should read the stimulus carefully to digest the intended meaning.

I will reorganize and rephrase some parts of the stimulus.

Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the United States to wage a prolonged war would be seriously endangered if the machine-tool manufacturing base shrinks further. [So Government set the import quotas policies to support the machine-tool industry.] However, the machine-tool industry raised the national security issue in its petition for import quotas. [Finally, the Defense Department publicly realized and connected this security issue with the import quota issue.]

The question stem is:

Which of the following, if true, contributes most to an explanation of the machine-tool industry’s raising the issue [of import quotas to] national security?

Does it help you? Let me know.


Yes , now its clear enough.However,I would have never got the stimulus the way you interpreted it for me.In fact, this question literally killed me.

Rgds,
TGC !
_________________

Rgds,
TGC!
_____________________________________________________________________
I Assisted You => KUDOS Please
_____________________________________________________________________________

Kudos [?]: 956 [1], given: 322

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 07 Nov 2012
Posts: 333

Kudos [?]: 444 [0], given: 4

Schools: LBS '14 (A)
GMAT 1: 770 Q48 V48
Re: Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 May 2013, 06:27
Quote:
In fact, this question literally killed me.


LITERALLY killed you?

+1 kudos for posting from beyond the grave.
_________________

Former GMAT Pill student, now on staff. Used GMATPILL OG 12 and nothing else: 770 (48,48) & 6.0



... and more

Kudos [?]: 444 [0], given: 4

Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 03 Aug 2012
Posts: 902

Kudos [?]: 956 [0], given: 322

Concentration: General Management, General Management
GMAT 1: 630 Q47 V29
GMAT 2: 680 Q50 V32
GPA: 3.7
WE: Information Technology (Investment Banking)
Premium Member
Re: Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 May 2013, 11:11
plumber250 wrote:
Quote:
In fact, this question literally killed me.


LITERALLY killed you?

+1 kudos for posting from beyond the grave.


Hi Plumber,

The stimulus was killing.As the one explained by pghai , I was nowhere near to that when I attempted this question.

Rgds,
TGC !!!
_________________

Rgds,
TGC!
_____________________________________________________________________
I Assisted You => KUDOS Please
_____________________________________________________________________________

Kudos [?]: 956 [0], given: 322

Non-Human User
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10270

Kudos [?]: 287 [0], given: 0

Premium Member
Re: Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Nov 2014, 03:29
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 287 [0], given: 0

Non-Human User
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10270

Kudos [?]: 287 [0], given: 0

Premium Member
Re: Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Sep 2015, 02:14
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 287 [0], given: 0

Retired Moderator
User avatar
S
Joined: 18 Sep 2014
Posts: 1199

Kudos [?]: 929 [0], given: 75

Location: India
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the United State [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Oct 2015, 00:14
OE from OG13

Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the United States to wage a prolonged war would be seriously endangered if the machine-tool manufacturing base shrinks further. Before the Defense Department publicly connected this security issue with the import quota issue, however, the machine-tool industry raised the national security issue in its petition for import quotas.

Which of the following, if true, contributes most to an explanation of the machine-tool industry's raising the issue above regarding national security?

A. When the aircraft industries retooled, they provided a large amount of work for tool builders.
B. The Defense Department is only marginally concerned with the effects of foreign competition on the machine-tool industry.
C. The machine-tool industry encountered difficulty in obtaining governmental protection against imports on grounds other than defense.
D. A few weapons important for defense consist of parts that do not require extensive machining.
E. Several federal government programs have been designed which will enable domestic machine-tool manufacturing firms to compete successfully with foreign toolmakers.

Explanation:

Since the size of the machine-tool manufacturing base presumably has implications in the areas beyond national security, one might find it surprising that the industry raised the security issue in its petition.
Choice C, the best answer, explains that the industry turned to this issue because others tended to be ineffective in efforts to obtain governmental protection.

Choices A and B, on the other hand, merely explain why the industry might not raise the security issue.
Choice A suggests that the industry might have raised the issue of jobs instead.
Choice B suggests that the part of the government concerned with security is not concerned enough with the industry's import problem to take action.
Neither D nor E is relevant to the industry's choice of strategy for securing import quotas.
_________________

The only time you can lose is when you give up. Try hard and you will suceed.
Thanks = Kudos. Kudos are appreciated

http://gmatclub.com/forum/rules-for-posting-in-verbal-gmat-forum-134642.html
When you post a question Pls. Provide its source & TAG your questions
Avoid posting from unreliable sources.


My posts
http://gmatclub.com/forum/beauty-of-coordinate-geometry-213760.html#p1649924
http://gmatclub.com/forum/calling-all-march-april-gmat-takers-who-want-to-cross-213154.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/possessive-pronouns-200496.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/double-negatives-206717.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-greatest-integer-function-223595.html#p1721773
https://gmatclub.com/forum/improve-reading-habit-233410.html#p1802265

Kudos [?]: 929 [0], given: 75

Non-Human User
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10270

Kudos [?]: 287 [0], given: 0

Premium Member
Re: Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Nov 2015, 22:02
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 287 [0], given: 0

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 29 Oct 2016
Posts: 268

Kudos [?]: 34 [0], given: 906

Concentration: Finance, Economics
GMAT 1: 620 Q50 V24
GRE 1: 314 Q167 V147
Re: Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the United State [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Jan 2017, 08:09
Hi expert,
I couldn't dissect the argument.What does the second sentence explain?

Kudos [?]: 34 [0], given: 906

Expert Post
Verbal Expert
User avatar
G
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3278

Kudos [?]: 3799 [0], given: 22

Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the United State [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Jan 2017, 20:19
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
sleepynut wrote:
Hi expert,
I couldn't dissect the argument.What does the second sentence explain?


The second part of the second sentence (the machine-tool industry raised the national security issue in its petition for import quotas) is important for arriving at option C.

The (domestic) machine tools industry wants the government to ban or hinder imports of machine tools so that the domestic industry flourishes. In order to support its petition (to persuade the government to hinder the imports), the industry has cited that national security may be compromised if machine tools are imported.

Option C explains why the industry did so.

Kudos [?]: 3799 [0], given: 22

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Status: Active
Affiliations: NA
Joined: 23 Oct 2012
Posts: 328

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 59

GMAT 1: 590 Q50 V21
GMAT 2: 600 Q48 V25
GMAT 3: 730 Q51 V37
GPA: 3.5
Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the United State [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Apr 2017, 07:45
olive wrote:
Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the United States to wage a prolonged war would be seriously endangered if the machine-tool manufacturing base shrinks further. Before the Defense Department publicly connected this security issue with the import quota issue, however, the machine-tool industry raised the national security issue in its petition for import quotas.

Which of the following, if true, contributes most to an explanation of the machine-tool industrys raising the issue above regarding national security?

A. When the aircraft industries retooled, they provided a large amount of work for too builders.

B. The Defense Department is only marginally concerned with the effects of foreign competition on the machine-tool industry.

C. The machine-tool industry encountered difficulty in obtaining governmental protection against imports on grounds other than defense.

D. A few weapons important for defense consist of parts that do not require extensive machining.

E. Several federal government programs have been designed which will enable domestic machine-tool manufacturing firms to compete successfully with foreign toolmakers.



To explain : he machine-tool industry raised the national security issue in its petition for import quotas.

A. When the aircraft industries retooled, they provided a large amount of work for tool builders.
Out of scope . Topic is related to defense .

B. The Defense Department is only marginally concerned with the effects of foreign competition on the machine-tool industry.
Irrelevant

C. The machine-tool industry encountered difficulty in obtaining governmental protection against imports on grounds other than defense.
This choice explains machine tool industry raised national security issue because it was unable to obtain protection against any other factor except defense.

D. A few weapons important for defense consist of parts that do not require extensive machining.
Irrelevant

E. Several federal government programs have been designed which will enable domestic machine-tool manufacturing firms to compete successfully with foreign toolmakers.
Irrelevant
_________________

#If you like my post , please encourage me by giving Kudos :)

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 59

Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Status: Final Call! Will Achieve Target ANyHow This Tym! :)
Joined: 05 Jan 2016
Posts: 90

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 135

Location: India
GMAT 1: 620 Q49 V25
GPA: 3.8
Reviews Badge
Re: Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Jul 2017, 21:02
Even after going through the above explanations, I am not able to understand the following argument itself. Can anyone please help in explaining the argument only.

Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the United States to wage a prolonged war would be seriously endangered if the machine-tool manufacturing base shrinks further. Before the Defense Department publicly connected this security issue with the import quota issue, however, the machine-tool industry raised the national security issue in its petition for import quotas.

My understanding :

Defense Department is worried about the ability of the US to wage and support a prolonged war is endangered if machine-tool manufacturing base shrinks further. (Some Machine Tool manufacturing Base is shrinking which will endanger the ability of the US to wage(?) a prolonged war, this is causing Defense Department to worry)

Now, there is some connection of security issue with some import quota issue (I am not able to get this statement at all, please can you explain). In earlier statement we were talking about the worry of DD which was related to wage a war. Now security issue I get, but what is the meaning of import quota?
Security Issue - US not able to wage a war, so it can be a security concern
Import Quota Issue - As per my understanding, the import of machine tools by machine-tool manufacturing base, as it is shrinking

The machine tool industry raised the national security issue in its petition for import quotas. (As cannot follow the above line, so this conclusion does not make any sense to me) Even I did not get what does it mean "National Security Issue for Import Quotas". The security issue was that US was not able to wage a prolonged war, than how that is linked to import quotas.
_________________

Regards,
Varun


Trying my best..... will succeed definitely! :)

The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long.
+1 Kudos if you find this post helpful. :)

Do Check OG 2017 SC Solutions - http://gmatwithcj.com/solutions-gmat-official-guide-2017-sentence-correction-questions/

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 135

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 01 Feb 2015
Posts: 62

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 39

Re: Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Jul 2017, 22:17
TGC wrote:
pqhai wrote:
targetgmatchotu wrote:
Can some expert pour in and explain please.

I am unable to get the stimulus itself,answering it is another step.

Plz Advise!

Rgds,
TGC !!


Hi TGC,

First of all, we need to understand the logic of quotas. The reason for setting import quotas is to protect internal industries from competition of foreign competitors.
There are two cases:
(1) No quotas: Internal industries will have difficulties because foreign competitors can sell products without any restrictions.
(2) Have quotas: Internal industries will NOT have difficulties because there are some limitations for foreign competitors.

This is resolve the paradox question, so what is paradox here? The paradox is: If there are import quotas, Machine Tool Industry (MTI) should be protected and will grow. But why MTI still maintains that the import quotas policies do not help?

The reason is:
Machine Tool Industry products = Defense products + Other products.

MTI will have difficulties if
(1) Sales of Defense products decline
(2) Sales of Other products decline
(3) Sale of both Defense products and Other products decline

In this question, MTI asks for help because the industry's sales of other products account for bigger portion of the industry's sales. BUT this segment does not have protection from government ==> MTI industry cannot grow ==> It will affect the ability of the United States to wage a prolonged war.

C says exactly the same reason. Hence, it is correct.

Hope my post helps you.


Hi,

Although your explanation is appropriate,I am still unable to get the stimulus as to why it is a paradox.

Before the Defense Department publicly connected this security issue with the import quota issue, however, the machine-tool industry raised the national security issue in its petition for import quotas.

Above statement says that "Before DD connected security with import , MTI raised NSI in its petition for Import Quotas".Somehow I am unable to get this statement because of the usage of "However".Don't know where the contrast lies when MTI and DD both are connecting Security Issue with the Imports.

Shrinkage of MTI => USA ability decreases to wage a prolonged war.

Plz Advise

Rgds,
TGC !


Q says before DD connected, the MTI complained. Option C is correct because even if defense products were smooth and sales were good, other products could have a problem where the import quota isn't there. So MTI raised the issue.

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 39

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 01 Feb 2015
Posts: 62

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 39

Re: Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Jul 2017, 22:31
vnigam21 wrote:
Even after going through the above explanations, I am not able to understand the following argument itself. Can anyone please help in explaining the argument only.

Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the United States to wage a prolonged war would be seriously endangered if the machine-tool manufacturing base shrinks further. Before the Defense Department publicly connected this security issue with the import quota issue, however, the machine-tool industry raised the national security issue in its petition for import quotas.

My understanding :

Defense Department is worried about the ability of the US to wage and support a prolonged war is endangered if machine-tool manufacturing base shrinks further. (Some Machine Tool manufacturing Base is shrinking which will endanger the ability of the US to wage(?) a prolonged war, this is causing Defense Department to worry)

Now, there is some connection of security issue with some import quota issue (I am not able to get this statement at all, please can you explain). In earlier statement we were talking about the worry of DD which was related to wage a war. Now security issue I get, but what is the meaning of import quota?
Security Issue - US not able to wage a war, so it can be a security concern
Import Quota Issue - As per my understanding, the import of machine tools by machine-tool manufacturing base, as it is shrinking

The machine tool industry raised the national security issue in its petition for import quotas. (As cannot follow the above line, so this conclusion does not make any sense to me) Even I did not get what does it mean "National Security Issue for Import Quotas". The security issue was that US was not able to wage a prolonged war, than how that is linked to import quotas.


Let me attempt:

You are correct in understanding the security concern and the import quota issue.

What happens if there is import quota? Some reservation will be there hence no competition for those seats from foreign > This prevents the shrinking of manufacturing base. Makes sense?

Now, the link between the two that you are looking for is:

If the import quota isn't there > manufacturing base could shrink > leading to security concern.

Now - before DD could connect, the MTI raised this issue to NSI. Why do you think this could have happened?

Probably there is a chance of other departement/ products declining because he did not know about the import quota, competition etc so he jist raised the issue to NSI.

Does it sound logical?

Others can second/correct if needed.


Sent from my Redmi Note 3 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 39

Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Status: Private GMAT Tutor
Joined: 22 Oct 2012
Posts: 87

Kudos [?]: 287 [0], given: 48

Location: India
Concentration: Economics, Finance
Schools: IIMA (A)
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V47
Premium Member
Re: Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Jul 2017, 17:58
vnigam21 wrote:
Even after going through the above explanations, I am not able to understand the following argument itself. Can anyone please help in explaining the argument only.

Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the United States to wage a prolonged war would be seriously endangered if the machine-tool manufacturing base shrinks further. Before the Defense Department publicly connected this security issue with the import quota issue, however, the machine-tool industry raised the national security issue in its petition for import quotas.

My understanding :

Defense Department is worried about the ability of the US to wage and support a prolonged war is endangered if machine-tool manufacturing base shrinks further. (Some Machine Tool manufacturing Base is shrinking which will endanger the ability of the US to wage(?) a prolonged war, this is causing Defense Department to worry)

Now, there is some connection of security issue with some import quota issue (I am not able to get this statement at all, please can you explain). In earlier statement we were talking about the worry of DD which was related to wage a war. Now security issue I get, but what is the meaning of import quota?
Security Issue - US not able to wage a war, so it can be a security concern
Import Quota Issue - As per my understanding, the import of machine tools by machine-tool manufacturing base, as it is shrinking

The machine tool industry raised the national security issue in its petition for import quotas. (As cannot follow the above line, so this conclusion does not make any sense to me) Even I did not get what does it mean "National Security Issue for Import Quotas". The security issue was that US was not able to wage a prolonged war, than how that is linked to import quotas.


The link that you are missing is the link the question assumes (and even other questions will assume). The link is between the imports of goods and the impact on the local industry. What happens if there are imports of goods? It negatively impacts the local industry. Right? What if we limit the imports through some import quota? It'll be better for the local industry. Right?

Now, if your security is at stake if an industry shrinks further, isn't it logical that you'll start thinking of import quotas in that industry so that the local industry is saved?

- Chiranjeev
_________________

Website: http://www.GMATwithCJ.com

My articles:
My experience with GMAT (Score 780) and My analysis of my ESR
Three pillars of a successful GMAT strategy
Critical Reasoning and The Life of a GMAT Student
The 'Although' Misconception
Dear GMAT Aspirant, You need not swim against the tide

Kudos [?]: 287 [0], given: 48

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 06 Jul 2016
Posts: 437

Kudos [?]: 132 [0], given: 98

Location: Singapore
Concentration: Strategy, Finance
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Jul 2017, 19:29
DD - shrinking of machine tooling industry will have a negative effect on national security - ability to defend the country.
MT Industry - Import of goods are negatively affecting the industry.

MT issued a warning before DD connected defence to import goods as an issue.

Link - MT could not get protection before on other grounds.

A - irrelevant
B - trick option really. They might have been marginally concerned before, but they did get concerned by the end of the argument. OUT.
C - yes. Keep.
D - irrelevant. OUT
E - doesn’t help answer the question. OUT.


Sent from my iPhone using GMAT Club Forum
_________________

Put in the work, and that dream score is yours!

Kudos [?]: 132 [0], given: 98

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 06 Aug 2013
Posts: 1

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 17

Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the United State [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Jan 2018, 12:21
Paradaox -
Import quota - minimum limit on import.
It is important to understand that " Import Quota limit" can be good for one group and bad for another.

current supply for defense = Manufacturing industry + import

Manufacturing industry suppy may decrease so defense department wants to increase import hence increase import quota limit.

Import quota limit is bad for Defense Department because manufacture industry may shrink and for prolonged war defense department required more defense supply.
On the other hand,
import quota limit is good for Machine tool industry because it will help against foreign competition. Hence, machine tool industry wants the quota limit to be present or not increased.

Now, Paradox is-

Defense department wanted to use national security to increase quota raising security concern.
Machine tool industry gave same national security reason to put quota.

Why?

Option C explains that it will be easier to get the quota implemented by giving defense related (national security related) issue.

No other option explains this paradox.

Difficult part - It is difficult to comprehend that what is import quota and it can swing both ways good or bad for different groups.

Cheers!!

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 17

Re: Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the United State   [#permalink] 05 Jan 2018, 12:21

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 36 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the United State

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.