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# Designed to accommodate only 20 million tons of trash

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Intern
Joined: 23 Dec 2013
Posts: 13
Designed to accommodate only 20 million tons of trash [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2014, 03:40
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Designed to accommodate only 20 million tons of trash,
the mayor proposed that the landﬁll,
overﬂowing with more than 35 million tons of trash,
be expanded.

Corrected:

The mayor proposed that the landfill,
which was designed to accommodate only
20 million tons of trash but is now overflowing
with more than 35 million tons, be expanded.

Is it necessary to have 'which was' after landfill?

Moderator
Joined: 02 Jul 2012
Posts: 1223
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy
GMAT 1: 740 Q49 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Re: Designed to accommodate only 20 million tons of trash [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2014, 03:59
1
KUDOS
The simple answer is yes.

The original sentence has what is called a misplaced modifier.

A rule of GMAT (& grammer) is that a noun modifier should always touch the noun.

So, in the original sentence, the noun modifier "Designed to accomodate only 20 million tons of trash" wrongly modifies the noun "the mayor" thereby meaning to say that the mayor was designed to accomodate only 20 million tons of trash - which is obviously illogical (unless of course the mayor was a ginormous version of Wall-E).

The noun modifier begininng with "Which" modifies the word that it touches. i.e In this case "landill" and hence makes the sentence correct.
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Intern
Joined: 23 Dec 2013
Posts: 13
Re: Designed to accommodate only 20 million tons of trash [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2014, 05:17
Thank you MacFauz.

I am trying to understand if it is possible to say:

The mayor proposed that the landfill,
designed to accommodate only
20 million tons of trash but is now overflowing
with more than 35 million tons, be expanded.

Regards,
Zee
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Joined: 17 Sep 2013
Posts: 390
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Re: Designed to accommodate only 20 million tons of trash [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2014, 05:47
I guess the one you proposed would pass with the 'is' removed...I am not a rule geek...But this one sounds better...

The mayor proposed that the landfill,
designed to accommodate only
20 million tons of trash but now overflowing
with more than 35 million tons, be expanded.

I guess parallelism error with 'is' might be a possible reason for why it sounds awkward...expert advice needed
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Affiliations: CrackVerbal
Joined: 03 Oct 2013
Posts: 509
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GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
Re: Designed to accommodate only 20 million tons of trash [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2014, 05:51
ZeeUsuf wrote:
Thank you MacFauz.

I am trying to understand if it is possible to say:

The mayor proposed that the landfill,
designed to accommodate only
20 million tons of trash but is now overflowing
with more than 35 million tons, be expanded.

Regards,
Zee

The mayor proposed that the landfill,
which was designed[/color] to accommodate only
20 million tons of trash but is now overflowing
with more than 35 million tons, be expanded.

landfill was designed for XYZ but is now overflowing with ABC.
Verb 'was designed' is parallel with the verb 'is overflowing'.

The mayor proposed that the landfill,
designed to accommodate only
20 million tons of trash but is now overflowing
with more than 35 million tons, be expanded.

Here "designed" is a past participial modifier and is not parallel with the verb 'is now overflowing'

Hope this helps!
Dolly Sharma
Verbal Trainer
CrackVerbal
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Re: Designed to accommodate only 20 million tons of trash   [#permalink] 14 Mar 2014, 05:51
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# Designed to accommodate only 20 million tons of trash

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