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Each increase of 1 percent in real disposable personal income per capi

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Each increase of 1 percent in real disposable personal income per capi  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 18 Dec 2018, 05:44
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69% (01:51) correct 31% (02:04) wrong based on 555 sessions

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Each increase of 1 percent in real disposable personal income per capita will increase the share of the electorate for an incumbent by about 2.2 percentage points, other things being equal. Since 1952 there has been a decline in real disposable income during only one presidential election year. The incumbent lost that election.

Which of the following conclusions can be properly drawn from the statements above?


(A) When an incumbent runs for office, he or she is likely to win.

(B) Political parties should take care to put forth a candidate who seems prosperous.

(C) Presidential candidates should put their greatest efforts into improving their public image.

(D) Because a presidential campaign requires the expenditure of large amounts of money, it frequently impoverishes a candidate and his or her supporters.

(E) The outcome of a presidential election is substantially affected by factors other than the ideological positions of the candidates.

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Originally posted by shikhar on 09 May 2012, 10:34.
Last edited by hazelnut on 18 Dec 2018, 05:44, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Each increase of 1 percent in real disposable personal income per capi  [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2012, 09:49
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shikhar wrote:
Each increase of 1 percent in real disposable personal income per capita will increase the share of the electorate for an incumbent by about 2.2 percentage points, other things being equal. Since 1952 there has been a decline in real disposable income during only one presidential election year. The incumbent lost that election.
Which of the following conclusions can be properly drawn from the statements above?
(A) When an incumbent runs for office, he or she is likely to win. - Not Necessarily
(B) Political parties should take care to put forth a candidate who seems prosperous. - Not based on premise
(C) Presidential candidates should put their greatest efforts into improving their public image. - Not based on premise
(D) Because a presidential campaign requires the expenditure of large amounts of money, it frequently impoverishes a candidate and his or her supporters. - Not based on premise

(E) The outcome of a presidential election is substantially affected by factors other than the ideological positions of the candidates. - Can be concluded safely - CORRECT


Argument says :
increase in disposable personal income impacts results of presidential elections. So it can be safely conclude Ideological position of the candidate is not the only thing that impacts the result of presidential election.
Ans Option E precisely does the same.
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Re: Each increase of 1 percent in real disposable personal income per capi  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jan 2017, 21:12
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Hi all,
I agree that option E is the best of all.However,what are "ideological positions" mentioned in this choice?
This is an inference question,and there is no other information which states that there are some other factor apart from "disposable personal income per capita" which can affect the election as well.We know that A causes B;how can we conclude that there something apart from C,which is A,causes B
What am I missing?
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Re: Each increase of 1 percent in real disposable personal income per capi  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2017, 00:00
sleepynut wrote:
Hi all,
I agree that option E is the best of all.However,what are "ideological positions" mentioned in this choice?
This is an inference question,and there is no other information which states that there are some other factor apart from "disposable personal income per capita" which can affect the election as well.We know that A causes B;how can we conclude that there something apart from C,which is A,causes B
What am I missing?


You have yourself effectively answered your own query.
The passage implies that A causes B.
C is not mentioned in the passage.
The passage implies that something other than C (i.e. A) causes B: this is option E. (However this option does not imply whether C can or cannot cause B - it just states that something other than C causes B.)

In option E, the cause C is stated as "ideological positions of the candidates". It could have been any factor other than cause A (change in real disposable income).
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Re: Each increase of 1 percent in real disposable personal income per capi  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2018, 01:38
Argument says :
increase in disposable personal income impacts results of presidential elections. So it can be safely conclude Ideological position of the candidate is not the only thing that impacts the result of presidential election. Choice E precisely does the same. Hence, E is the answer.
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Re: Each increase of 1 percent in real disposable personal income per capi   [#permalink] 18 Dec 2018, 01:38
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