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Egyptian archaeologists have discovered an ancient burial site that

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Senior SC Moderator
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Egyptian archaeologists have discovered an ancient burial site that  [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2020, 21:48
1
3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

68% (00:52) correct 32% (00:53) wrong based on 199 sessions

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Egyptian archaeologists have discovered an ancient burial site that they believe will yield important artifacts.

A) that they believe will

B) that is believed to

C) they believe it will

D) they believe is to

E) that they believe it to

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Senior SC Moderator
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Egyptian archaeologists have discovered an ancient burial site that  [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2020, 21:54
3
OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

THE PROMPT
Quote:
Egyptian archaeologists have discovered an ancient burial site that they believe will yield important artifacts.

THE OPTIONS
Quote:
A) that they believe will

• I see no issues. The archaeologists believe that they will find artifacts.
KEEP

Quote:
B) that is believed to

• Huh? We have a meaning problem.
The burial site was discovered. As in, it had not been found before.
How could the thus-far-unknown site be "believed to yield" anything?
This answer suggests that the archaeologists had foreknowledge.

The fact that (B) changes the meaning of (A) is okay.
Option A does not determine intended meaning.
But option A is more logical.

Hmm. I suppose that this site might resemble others.
But "believed to yield" and "believe will yield" aren't the same the thing.
In the first case, the site is already yielding something, but the experts don't know what that something is.
In the second case, the site will yield something fairly predictable: artifcats.
KEEP, but I don't like this one as much as (A)

Quote:
C) they believe it will

• Run-on. Two sentences are "stuck" together.
• You cannot stick two independent clauses together without a [comma + conjunction].
Sentence #1: Egyptian archaeologists have discovered an ancient burial site
Sentence #2: They believe it will yield important artifacts.
Option C just sticks the two sentences together without punctuation to separate the clauses and without a conjunction
ELIMINATE C

Quote:
D) they believe is to

• same run-on problem as that in (C)
• same meaning problem as that in (B), and
• the phrasing is off. ". . . is to yield . . ." is not correct. To speak about the future in English, we use will.
ELIMINATE D
Quote:
E) that they believe it to

• this option is babble. The babble is so bad that it's hard to explain.
• what is the pronoun "it" doing? Nothing. Making a mess.
ELIMINATE E

Between options A and B, the call is easy.
But if I cannot eliminate an answer the moment I am finished reading it, I keep the option and move on.
Aspirants, I would spend no more than 3 seconds trying to decide whether to keep an option.
If you cannot decide, keep the option and move on.
Practice getting to that speed as far as decisionmaking goes.

Option B is logically kinda weird.
I have to suppose all kinds of facts not in evidence (such as that other nearly identical sites exist) in order to accept (B).
Option A present no such problems.

The best answer is A.

Notes

The word "to" does not always signal intention, though I know people are often taught this not-rule.
These sentences use to and do not involve intention:
She sent the package to his house.
To err is human.

It is true that [verb + TO] frequently signals intention. Just not always. We'll tweak that layer of understanding just a little.

COMMENTS

Sarkar93 and Codebug4it , welcome to SC Butler.

These answers are mostly outstanding.
A few wobbles here and there? Good!
No wobbles, no learning.
And others will have thought exactly the same somewhat wobbly thing.
They will feel relieved to see that aspirants who preceded them made the same small errors.

Nicely done. Kudos to all.
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Re: Egyptian archaeologists have discovered an ancient burial site that  [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2020, 23:49
1
Answer is Option A.

Options (B), (D) and (E) have the word 'to' which signifies intention. These options make it seem as if it was the intention of the burial site to yield important artifacts.

Out of options (A) and (C), the pronoun 'that' is required to refer to the burial site. Also, in (A) 'they' correctly refers to the archaeologists which is plural. Burial site is singular so there is no ambiiguity regarding the pronoun 'they'.
Hence, option (A) is the correct choice.
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Re: Egyptian archaeologists have discovered an ancient burial site that  [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2020, 00:37
1
A wins

1) B, D and E is eliminated because "to" always implies an intention which is not definitely a case here.
2) C is a run on sentence.

A) that they believe will- CHAMP

B) that is believed to

C) they believe it will

D) they believe is to

E) that they believe it to

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Re: Egyptian archaeologists have discovered an ancient burial site that  [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2020, 01:22
1
Egyptian archaeologists have discovered an ancient burial site that they believe will yield important artifacts.

FACT 1-> I actually don't see any problem with Option A. But let's go with all the options.
FACT 2-> The site was discovered, hence saying that site is believed to yield important artifacts alters the meaning. Hence B is out.
FACT 3-> site they believe is an abrupt change of course. Hence, C, D are out.
FACT 4-> that is already referring to site, it is adding an unnecessary repetition. Hence E is out.


A) that they believe will

B) that is believed to

C) they believe it will

D) they believe is to

E) that they believe it to
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Re: Egyptian archaeologists have discovered an ancient burial site that  [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2020, 11:19
1
A) that they believe will
Correct

B) that is believed to
change in meaning. Here the archaeologist does not believe, it is believed in general.

C, D and E are grammatically wrong.

Answer: A
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Re: Egyptian archaeologists have discovered an ancient burial site that  [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2020, 15:01
1
Answer: Option A


A) that they believe will: CORRECT
=> "that" is correctly used here as "relative pronoun" for "burial site".

B) that is believed to: INCORRECT
=> use of "believed to" changes the meaning, it is not suggesting that "Egyptian archaeologists" believe, rather a general belief.

C) they believe it will: INCORRECT
=> "that" is missing, pronoun needed to point to "burial site"

D) they believe is to: INCORRECT
=> "that" is missing, pronoun needed to point to "burial site"

E) that they believe it to: INCORRECT
=> changes the meaning, it says "Egyptian archaeologists" believe burial site rather than what burial site will yield.
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Re: Egyptian archaeologists have discovered an ancient burial site that  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2020, 01:33
The official explanation is here
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Re: Egyptian archaeologists have discovered an ancient burial site that  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2020, 03:01
generis wrote:
OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

THE PROMPT
Quote:
Egyptian archaeologists have discovered an ancient burial site that they believe will yield important artifacts.

THE OPTIONS
Quote:
A) that they believe will

• I see no issues. The archaeologists believe that they will find artifacts.
KEEP

Quote:
B) that is believed to

• Huh? We have a meaning problem.
The burial site was discovered. As in, it had not been found before.
How could the thus-far-unknown site be "believed to yield" anything?
This answer suggests that the archaeologists had foreknowledge.

The fact that (B) changes the meaning of (A) is okay.
Option A does not determine intended meaning.
But option A is more logical.

Hmm. I suppose that this site might resemble others.
But "believed to yield" and "believe will yield" aren't the same the thing.
In the first case, the site is already yielding something, but the experts don't know what that something is.
In the second case, the site will yield something fairly predictable: artifcats.
KEEP, but I don't like this one as much as (A)

Quote:
C) they believe it will

• Run-on. Two sentences are "stuck" together.
• You cannot stick two independent clauses together without a [comma + conjunction].
Sentence #1: Egyptian archaeologists have discovered an ancient burial site
Sentence #2: They believe it will yield important artifacts.
Option C just sticks the two sentences together without punctuation to separate the clauses and without a conjunction
ELIMINATE C

Quote:
D) they believe is to

• same run-on problem as that in (C)
• same meaning problem as that in (B), and
• the phrasing is off. ". . . is to yield . . ." is not correct. To speak about the future in English, we use will.
ELIMINATE D
Quote:
E) that they believe it to

• this option is babble. The babble is so bad that it's hard to explain.
• what is the pronoun "it" doing? Nothing. Making a mess.
ELIMINATE E

Between options A and B, the call is easy.
But if I cannot eliminate an answer the moment I am finished reading it, I keep the option and move on.
Aspirants, I would spend no more than 3 seconds trying to decide whether to keep an option.
If you cannot decide, keep the option and move on.
Practice getting to that speed as far as decisionmaking goes.

Option B is logically kinda weird.
I have to suppose all kinds of facts not in evidence (such as that other nearly identical sites exist) in order to accept (B).
Option A present no such problems.

The best answer is A.

Notes

The word "to" does not always signal intention, though I know people are often taught this not-rule.
These sentences use to and do not involve intention:
She sent the package to his house.
To err is human.

It is true that [verb + TO] frequently signals intention. Just not always. We'll tweak that layer of understanding just a little.

COMMENTS

Sarkar93 and Codebug4it , welcome to SC Butler.

These answers are mostly outstanding.
A few wobbles here and there? Good!
No wobbles, no learning.
And others will have thought exactly the same somewhat wobbly thing.
They will feel relieved to see that aspirants who preceded them made the same small errors.

Nicely done. Kudos to all.



Thank you generis.

This SC butler project is really great and very helpful, thank you and Bunuel for that too!
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Re: Egyptian archaeologists have discovered an ancient burial site that   [#permalink] 29 May 2020, 03:01

Egyptian archaeologists have discovered an ancient burial site that

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